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5G 시대로의 이동 : 기술, 애플리케이션 및 시장 평가

Transition to 5G Era- Technologies, Applications and Markets Assessment

리서치사 PracTel, Inc.
발행일 2015년 05월 상품 코드 330374
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5G 시대로의 이동 : 기술, 애플리케이션 및 시장 평가 Transition to 5G Era- Technologies, Applications and Markets Assessment
발행일 : 2015년 05월 페이지 정보 : 영문

한글목차

현재 세계의 정보 통신 시장에서는 여전히 3G 기술이 주류로 4G 기술의 시장 점유율은 5-7% 정도이지만 업계에서는 이미 5G 기술의 개발 및 도입을 향한 움직임이 활발해지고 있습니다.

세계의 정보 통신 기술(ICT) 시장이 현재 경험하고 있는 변화(5G 기술로의 이동)에 대해 분석했으며, 5G의 특징, 도입에 대한 주요 필요사항, 현재 및 향후 활용 상황 전망, 향후 기술 및 시장 추정, 주요 사용 사례 등의 정보를 전해드립니다.

제1장 서론

제2장 기여요인

  • 전체적 상황
  • 5G의 타임테이블(3GPP-ITU)
  • 활동 조사

제3장 현황 분석 : 5G 기술

  • 향후 전망
  • 유망한 방향성
    • 요건
    • 공통 견해
    • 지금부터 시작되는 "미래"
  • 과제
  • 사용 사례
    • 전체적인 특징
    • 모바일 브로드밴드
    • 자동차
    • 스마트 사회

제4장 소프트웨어 정의 및 인지 무선

  • 5G 및 CR/SDR
  • 범용 무선
  • 전용 무선
  • 정의(WIF, FCC, ITU)
  • 범용성
  • 과제
  • 감독기관과 규제
  • 의사결정
  • 특징
  • 요소
  • 활용 분야
    • 상업 활동
    • SDR(소프트웨어 정의 무선)과 군용
  • STRS
  • SDR/CR : 사용상 이점
  • 영향도
  • 차이점
  • 시장
    • 환경
    • 구성요소
    • 동향
    • 비용
    • 다양한 견해
    • 시장 성장 촉진요인
    • 시장 예측
  • 업계
    • Aeronix(SDR용 부품)
    • AirNet Communications(SDR용 기지국)
    • Alcatel-Lucent(기지국)
    • Analog Devices(칩셋)
    • Array Systems Computing(DSP)
    • Cambridge Consultants(Phy, 기지국)
    • Carlson Wireless(플랫폼)
    • Cisco(802.11a)
    • CRT(CR SW)
    • DataSoft(SDR 설계, 소프트웨어)
    • Etherstack(소프트웨어)
    • Green Hills(소프트웨어)
    • Harris(SDR)
    • Huawei(플랫폼)
    • Intel-Infineon(플랫폼)
    • Mercury Systems(툴세트)
    • Nokia Siemens Networks(기지국)
    • Nutaq
    • PrismTech(SDR 개발 환경)
    • Rockwell Collins(무선)
    • Spectrum Signal Processing(플랫폼)
    • Thales(무선)
    • TI(칩셋)
    • Wind River(소프트웨어)
    • xG Technology(무선)
    • ZTE(기지국)

제5장 MIMO와 5G

  • 연혁
  • 개념 : 무선 통신의 MIMO
    • 주요 기술
  • MIMO의 종류
  • 5G : MIMO의 사용
    • MMIMO : 초대형 MIMO
  • MIMO의 이점

제6장 mmWAVE - 802.11ad의 조사

  • 5G 및 802.11ad
    • 5G 주파수대역의 확장
    • 5G : 압축화
  • 목표
  • 일반적 상황
  • 60 GHz 주파수대역의 사용
    • 주파수 할당
    • 산소 흡수량
  • 안테나
  • 60 GHz까지의 출력 제한
  • 복합 효과
  • 칩 기술의 진보
    • 과제와 노력
    • 모듈화
    • 사양
  • 요약
  • 향후 전망 : 60GHz Wi-Fi
    • 이점과 과제
    • WiGig Alliance
    • IEEE 802.11ad - 60 GHz Wi-Fi
  • 업계
    • Beam Networks
    • Blu Wireless
    • Intel
    • Nitero
    • Peraso
    • Samsung
    • Tensorcom
    • Wilocity(2014년에 Qualcomm이 인수)
  • 시장 분석
    • 시장 성장 촉진요인
    • 사용 방법 모델
    • 사전 시장 예측

제7장 가시광 통신 : 5G 기술

  • 전체적 상황
    • 촉진요인
    • 산업 활동
  • VLC 규격 개발
    • The IEEE 802.15.7
    • JEITA(전자 정보 기술 산업 협회)
    • Visible Light Communications Consortium(VLCC)
    • Li-Fi Consortium
  • 상세
    • 통신 채널
    • 송신기
    • 수신기
    • 주요 특징
    • 주요 과제
  • 기업 및 조직
    • ECMA
    • ByteLight
    • Casio
    • LVX
    • Nakagawa Laboratories
    • NEC
    • Oledcomm
    • Omega Project
    • Outstanding Technology
    • PureVLC-PureLi-Fi
    • Renesas
    • Siemens
    • Supreme Architecture
    • TCL
    • Tamura
  • 주요 용도
    • ITS
    • 광무선 LAN
    • 헬스케어
    • 로컬라이즈
    • 전 도시의 무선 네트워크
    • 요약
  • 5G View
    • 셀 구조
  • 시장

제8장 결론

도표

KSM 15.05.29

영문목차

This report addresses issues related to WICT transition to the 5G era. Though, currently, 4G networking penetrated only not more than 5%-7% of the market on a global scale, the industry is already actively looking for changes and additions necessary to enter the next WICT generation - 5G.

The report provides details on:

  • Major 5G requirements
  • Major characteristics of 5G systems
  • Industry activity
  • Time frame for 5G
  • Associated issues
  • Use cases.

The report shows that 5G communications will be using advances of 4G networking. The main goal of 5G - ubiquitous connectivity between people, machines, and devices based on smart utilization of limited amount of the spectrum - started to materialize already in our time. In connection with this process, the report details four forward-looking technologies. They are:

  • Cognitive Radio/Software Defined Radio (CR/SDR)
  • Massive MIMO
  • 60 GHz Wi-Fi
  • Visible Light Communications (VLC).

All these technologies have a common denominator:

  • Their commercialization is still limited
  • They will allow either economical use of the spectrum, or shift to spectrum windows that were not previously utilized
  • They all are considered by the industry as 5G technologies.

-It is expected that CR/SDR technologies will prevail in mobile communications, making mobile networking much more efficient and economical. Self-adjusted to surrounding spectrum conditions, CR/SDR-based BSs will support multi-standards communications between users equipped with SDR-based mobile units. Major CR/SDR issues, such as excessive power consumption, bulkiness and high cost are expected to be resolved or softened in the 5G era.

The report analyzes the status of the CR/SDR development, technological and marketing features and vendors' profiles.

-Massive MIMO is a cornerstone technology in reaching the 5G target: thousand fold capacity increase in Base Stations by 2020. The massive MIMO concept is based on equipping base stations with hundreds or thousands of antenna elements, which, unlike conventional cellular technology, are operated in a coherent fashion. This can provide unprecedented array gains and a spatial resolution that allows for multi-user MIMO communication to tens or hundreds of user equipment per cell, while maintaining robustness to inter-user interference.

The report addresses the current status of the MIMO technology, their types and benefits.

-60 GHz WI-Fi (802.11d) - One of the directions to extend useable spectrum in the 5G era for mobile and other types of communications will be utilization of huge mmWAVE spectrum, which until now was practically closed to commercial communications. 802.11ad is one of the first international standards that utilize 7- 9 GHz of mmWAVE spectrum. Though still immature, the 802.11ad industry shows all signs of success. The report analyzes this technology, its specifics, applications and markets. It shows that this technology development supports 5G requirements that based on densification and shrinkage of cells.

-VLC is being in development for several years, but is still immature. 5G planners are considering this technology belonging to the 5G era - it opens unutilized previously for communications visible light frequencies bringing unlimited capabilities of so-called attocell BSs and multi-gigabit-per-second transmission. VLC is also combined with lighting and that makes it very cost-attractive. The report details this technology standardization, applications, specific features, industry and market.

The report is written for WICT planners, developers and a wide audience of technical and managerial staff of communications equipment vendors and users.

Table of Contents

1.0 Introduction

  • 1.1 General
  • 1.2 Planning Wireless Technologies: Generations
  • 1.3 Goal
  • 1.4 Structure
  • 1.5 Research Methodology
  • 1.6 Target Audience

2.0 Contributors

  • 2.1 General
  • 2.2 5G Timetable (3GPP-ITU)
    • 2.2.1 Leaders: 5G Activity
  • 2.3 Activity Survey
    • 2.3.1 METIS 2020
    • 2.3.2 EU Other 5G Projects
    • 2.3.3 Next Generation Mobile Networks (NGMN) Ltd
    • 2.3.4 5G-PPP (5G Public Private Partnership)
    • 2.3.5 4G Americas
    • 2.3.6 GSMA

3.0 Current View: 5G Technologies

  • 3.1 Look into the Future
  • 3.2 Promising Directions
    • 3.2.1 Requirements
    • 3.2.2 Common Views
    • 3.2.3 Future - Starts Today
    • 3.3 Issues
  • 3.4 Use Cases
    • 3.4.1 General -Characteristics
    • 3.4.2 Mobile Broadband
    • 3.4.3 Automotive
    • 3.4.4 Smart Society

4.0 Software Defined and Cognitive Radios

  • 4.1 5G and CR/SDR
  • 4.2 General
  • 4.3 Purpose
  • 4.4 Definition (WIF, FCC, ITU)
  • 4.5 Versatility
  • 4.6 Issues
  • 4.7 Organizations and Regulations
    • 4.7.1 Wireless Innovation Forum Position
    • 4.7.2 FCC
    • 4.7.3 Object Management Group - OMG
    • 4.7.4 ETSI
  • 4.8 Decisions
  • 4.9 Features
  • 4.10 Elements
  • 4.11 Applications
    • 4.11.1 Commercial
    • 4.11.2 SDR and Military
  • 4.12 STRS
  • 4.13 SDR/CR: Applications Benefits
  • 4.14 Impact
  • 4.15 Differences
  • 4.16 Market
    • 4.16.1 Landscape
    • 4.16.2 Components
    • 4.16.3 Trends
    • 4.16.4 Cost
    • 4.16.5 Different Perspective
    • 4.16.6 Drivers
    • 4.16.7 Market Forecast
  • 4.17 Industry
    • Aeronix (SDR Components)
    • AirNet Communications (SDR Base Stations)
    • Alcatel-Lucent (Base Station)
    • Analog Devices (Chipsets)
    • Array Systems Computing (DSP)
    • Cambridge Consultants (Phy, Base Station)
    • Carlson Wireless (Platform)
    • Cisco (802.11a)
    • CRT (CR SW)
    • DataSoft (SDR Design, SW)
    • Etherstack (Software)
    • Green Hills (Software)
    • Harris (SDR)
    • Huawei (Platform)
    • Intel-Infineon (Platform)
    • Mercury Systems (Toolsets)
    • Nokia Siemens Networks (Base Station)
    • Nutaq
    • PrismTech (SDR Development Environment)
    • Rockwell Collins (Radios)
    • Spectrum Signal Processing (Platforms)
    • Thales (Radio)
    • TI (Chips)
    • Wind River (Software)
    • xG Technology (Radio)
    • ZTE (Platforms)

5.0 MIMO and 5G

  • 5.1 History
  • 5.2 Concept: MIMO in Wireless Communications
    • 5.2.1 Major Techniques
  • 5.3 Types of MIMO
  • 5.4 5G - MIMO Specifics
    • 5.4.1 MMIMO - Massive MIMO
  • 5.5 MIMO Benefits

6.0 Exploring mmWAVE - 802.11ad

  • 6.1 5G and 802.11ad
    • 6.1.1 5G Spectrum Extension
    • 6.1.2 5G - Densification
  • 6.2 Goal
  • 6.3 General
  • 6.4 60 GHz Band Spectrum Specifics
    • 6.4.1 Frequencies Allocation
    • 6.4.2 Oxygen Absorption
  • 6.5 Antenna
  • 6.6 Radiation Limiting at 60 GHz
  • 6.7 Combined Effect
  • 6.8 Progress in the Chip Technology
    • 6.8.1 Challenges and Efforts
    • 6.8.2 Modulation
    • 6.8.3 Specifics
  • 6.9 Summary
  • 6.10 Prospectus: 60 GHz Wi-Fi
    • 6.10.1 Benefits and Issues
    • 6.10.2 WiGig Alliance
    • 6.10.3 IEEE 802.11ad - 60 GHz Wi-Fi
  • 6.11 Industry
    • Beam Networks
    • Blu Wireless
    • Intel
    • Nitero
    • Peraso
    • Samsung
    • Tensorcom
    • Wilocity (acquired by Qualcomm in 2014)
  • 6.12 Market Considerations
    • 6.12.1 Market Drivers
    • 6.12.2 Usage Models
    • 6.12.3 Preliminary Market Estimate

7.0 Visible Light Communications - 5G Technology

  • 7.1 General
    • 7.1.1 Drivers
    • 7.1.2 Industry Activity
  • 7.2 VLC Standards Development
    • 7.2.1 The IEEE 802.15.7
    • 7.2.2 Jeita (Japan Electronics and Information Technology Industries Association)
    • 7.2.3 Visible Light Communications Consortium (VLCC)
    • 7.2.4 Li-Fi Consortium
  • 7.3 Details
    • 7.3.1 Communications Channel
    • 7.3.2 Transmitter
    • 7.3.3 Receiver
    • 7.3.4 Major Characteristics
    • 7.3.5 Major Challenges
  • 7.4 Companies and Organizations
    • ECMA
    • ByteLight
    • Casio
    • LVX
    • Nakagawa Laboratories
    • NEC
    • Oledcomm
    • Omega Project
    • Outstanding Technology
    • PureVLC-PureLi-Fi
    • Renesas
    • Siemens
    • Supreme Architecture
    • TCL
    • Tamura
  • 7.5 Major Applications
    • 7.5.1 ITS
    • 7.5.2 Optical Wireless LAN
    • 7.5.3 Healthcare
    • 7.5.4 Localization
    • 7.5.5 City Wide Wireless Network
    • 7.5.6 Summary
  • 7.6 5G View
    • 7.6.1 Cell Structures
  • 7.7 Market

8.0 Conclusions

  • Figure 1: Mobile Generations
  • Figure 2: Time - Mobile Generations
  • Figure 3: ITU-R Schedule for IMT-2020
  • Figure 4: 3GPP - Tentative Timeline - 5G Standardization
  • Figure 5: Current View
  • Figure 6: Spectrum
  • Figure 7: Technologies Directions
  • Figure 8: Use Cases-General
  • Figure 9: Use Cases - Rate of Transmission and Latency
  • Figure 10: SDR and OSI Reference Model
  • Figure 11: SDR - Structure
  • Figure 12: TAM: Global SDR Sales ($B)
  • Figure 13: SDR Market Geography (2015)
  • Figure 14: Major Antenna Configurations
  • Figure 15: MIMO Concept (2x2)
  • Figure 16: Illustration - Beamforming
  • Figure 17: MU-MIMO - Downlink
  • Figure 18: SU-MIMO and MU-MIMO
  • Figure 19: MMIMO
  • Figure 20: Exploring IMT Spectrum
  • Figure 21: 60 GHz Channels
  • Figure 22: 60 GHz Frequencies Plan
  • Figure 23: Spectrum Details
  • Figure 24: Signal Attenuation in 60 GHz Band
  • Figure 25: Absorption Details
  • Figure 26: Bands Features Comparison
  • Figure 27: Planes
  • Figure 28: Usage Cases
  • Figure 29: 802.11ad MAC
  • Figure 30: Summary
  • Figure 31: TAM: 802.11ad Chipsets Sales - Global (Bil. Units)
  • Figure 32: TAM: 802.11ad Chipsets Global Sales ($B)
  • Figure 33: VLC - Comparison
  • Figure 34: Illustration-VLC Channel
  • Figure 35: VLC Market Categories
  • Figure 36: TAM: Global - VLC Technology ($B)
  • Table 1: Major Characteristics
  • Table 2: 5G Use Case Families
  • Table 3: Tiers
  • Table 4: CR Features
  • Table 5: ETSI Documents
  • Table 6: SDR Market Drivers
  • Table 7: SDR Market Segments (Military vs. Commercial)
  • Table 8: MIMO - 3GPP Releases
  • Table 9: MIMO Benefits
  • Table 10: 60 GHz Radio Standardization
  • Table 11: Directivity
  • Table 12: 60 GHz Links Characteristics
  • Table 13: 802.11ad Major Features
  • Table 14: 60 GHz Wi-Fi Usage Cases
  • Table 15: Use Cases
  • Table 16: Devices and Characteristics
  • Table 17: Frequency Plan
  • Table 18: VLC Properties
  • Table 19: VLC, IR and RF Communications ITS Applications Comparison
  • Table 20: Locations Technologies-VLC Place
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