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상용 수소 : 산업용 가스와 에너지 시장

Merchant Hydrogen: Industrial Gas and Energy Markets

리서치사 BCC Research
발행일 2018년 11월 상품 코드 228020
페이지 정보 영문 155 Pages
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상용 수소 : 산업용 가스와 에너지 시장 Merchant Hydrogen: Industrial Gas and Energy Markets
발행일 : 2018년 11월 페이지 정보 : 영문 155 Pages

이 페이지에 게재되어 있는 내용은 최신판과 약간 차이가 있을 수 있으므로 영문목차를 함께 참조하여 주시기 바랍니다. 기타 자세한 사항은 문의 바랍니다.

세계의 상용 수소(Merchant Hydrogen) 생산량은 2018년에 861만 톤, 2023년에는 1181만 톤으로, 연간 6.5%의 CAGR(연평균 성장률)로 증가할 전망입니다.

세계의 상용 수소 시장을 분석했으며, 산업용/상용 수소의 특성 및 기본적인 시장 구조, 세계 시장의 최신 동향과 전망, 현재까지의 기술개발 성과(바이오 수소의 생성, 지역 레벨에서의 생산, 나노테크놀로지의 활용 등)와 필요한 개발비용, 주요 연구 분야·최종 용도 시장·생산기술의 상세 내역, 특허·지적재산권(IP) 활동의 개요, 주요 기업 개요 등의 정보를 정리하여 전해드립니다.

제1장 서론

제2장 요약·하이라이트

제3장 시장·기술 배경

  • 수소
  • 시장 규모와 내역
    • 세계의 수소 생산량
    • 산업용 수소 시장
    • 상용 수소 시장
  • 상용 수소의 대규모 생산기술
    • 천연가스의 수증기메탄 개질
    • 석탄 가스화
  • 분산형 수소 생산 방식
    • 바이오 기반 액체의 개질
    • 석탄·바이오매스의 가스화
    • 컴팩트형 자열개질 장비, 연료전지 발전기
  • 상용 수소의 제공 방식
    • 제공 상태 : 액화/가스화
  • 경제성
    • 플랜트의 자본비용
    • 정유 비용의 역할
    • 에너지 연료로서의 수소
    • 파이프라인의 경제성
    • 상용 수소의 비용과 최종사용자

제4장 세계의 상용 수소 시장

  • 요약
  • 유럽 시장
    • 유럽 국가의 생산량
    • EU권내 파이프라인
  • 중국

제5장 미국내 상용 수소의 수요량

  • 상용/산업용 수소의 최종사용자 내역
    • 정유
    • 식품 산업/식용유
    • 화학 산업
    • 제철업/야금 산업
    • 일렉트로닉스 산업
    • 유리 가공 산업
    • 전력 산업
    • 연구개발(R&D) 수요
  • 미국내 상용 수소의 수요량 예측
  • 수소에너지 시장의 촉진요인
    • 수소의 환경면 이점
    • 연료전지의 기술 진보
    • 연료 보급 인프라의 정비
    • 분산형 수소 생산 시스템
  • 고순도 수소 시장
  • 정부 후원에 의한 수소 보급 프로그램
    • 정부 구상

제6장 미국내 수소 생산 상황

  • 미국내 수소 정제 시설의 입지 상황
  • 미국내 상용 수소 플랜트의 입지 상황
  • 재생에너지원 유래 수소

제7장 상용 수소 : 기술개발

  • 개요
  • 주요 기술
    • 열프로세스
    • 전해 프로세스
    • 광분해 프로세스
    • 기타
  • 새로운 생산기술
    • 첨단 멤브레인 기술
    • 플라즈마 개질
    • 하수처리에 의한 수소 정제
    • 일광을 수소로 직접 변환
  • 촉매
    • 원자단위 분산 백금 촉매
    • 산소/수소 발생 반응 촉매
    • 백금 촉매 대체품으로서의 황화몰리브덴
    • Stanford식 니켈·철 촉매
    • 나노 구조 수산화니켈

제8장 상용 수소의 배송 방식

  • 파이프라인
    • 수소 파이프라인용 신재료
    • 수소/천연가스 혼합 파이프라인
  • 탱크차, 철도 차량, 바지선
  • 원통형 트레일러
  • 현지 생산

제9장 수소 저장

  • 주요 기술
    • 수소의 직접 저장법
    • 탄화수소
    • 암모니아 저장법
    • 금속 수소화물
    • 제올라이트
    • 기타 나노구조 재료
    • 기타 저장 기술

제10장 특허

  • 특허 활동의 개요
    • 수소 생산
    • 저장
    • 벌크 유통
    • 연료전지
    • 수소의 직접 연소
    • 수소 센서
  • 대표적 특허

제11장 산업구조와 기업 개요

  • 엔지니어링 서비스
  • 산업용 가스 공급업체
  • 정유소·정유업체
  • 연료전지
  • 자동차
  • 전해조·분산형 개질기
  • 수소 정제·센서
  • 촉매
  • 수소 저장
  • 스타트업/연구개발(R&D)

제12장 부록 : 용어·약어 리스트

KSA 18.12.07

List of Tables

  • Summary Table: Global Production of Merchant Hydrogen, by Country/Region, Through 2023
    • Table 1: Hydrogen Production Feedstocks
    • Table 2: Global Hydrogen Production, by Segment, 2017
    • Table 3: U.S. Share of Merchant Hydrogen Production, by Industry Type, 2017
    • Table 4: North American Share of Merchant Hydrogen Capacity, by Company, 2017
    • Table 5: Global Market Share of Merchant Market Delivery Modes, by Sector, 2017
    • Table 6: Hydrogen's Share of Oil Refinery Fixed and Variable Operating Costs, 2017
    • Table 7: Global Production of Merchant Hydrogen, by Country/Region, Through 2023
    • Table 8: Global Production Share for End Uses of Hydrogen, by Country/Region, 2017
    • Table 9: E.U. Merchant Hydrogen Production, 2004-2014
    • Table 10: E.U. Merchant Hydrogen Production, Through 2023
    • Table 11: Merchant Liquid and Compressed Gas Hydrogen Production in the E.U., by Company and Location, 2017
    • Table 12: E.U. Hydrogen Pipeline, by Country, 2017
    • Table 13: E.U. Hydrogen Pipeline, by Company, 2017
    • Table 14: Chinese Consumption of Hydrogen, by End Use, 2017
    • Table 15: U.S. Merchant Hydrogen Production, by End Use, Through 2023
    • Table 16: U.S. Department of Energy Hydrogen and Fuel Cell Funding, Fiscal Years, 2004-2017
    • Table 17: U.S. Fuel Cell Bus Projects as of August 2017
    • Table 18: R&D Areas for Distributed Hydrogen Production
    • Table 19: U.S. Department of Energy Hydrogen and Fuel Cell Funding, Fiscal Years, 2004-2016
    • Table 20: U.S. Refinery Hydrogen Production Capacity, by State, 2016
    • Table 21: Merchant Liquid and Compressed Gas Hydrogen Production Capacity in the U.S., Canada and Mexico, by Company and Location, 2016
    • Table 22: Approaches to Using Renewable Power to Produce Hydrogen, by Project Category
    • Table 23: Sample of U.S. Renewables-Based Hydrogen Production Pilot Projects, 2017
    • Table 24: Thermal Processes for Hydrogen Production
    • Table 25: Electrolytic Processes for the Production of Hydrogen
    • Table 26: Photolytic Processes for the Production of Hydrogen
    • Table 27: Typical Hydrogen Sale Quantities
    • Table 28: U.S. Hydrogen Pipeline, by State, 2006-2016
    • Table 29: U.S. Hydrogen Pipeline, by Owner, 2016
    • Table 30: U.S. Department of Energy Targets for On-Board Hydrogen Storage Systems, 2020 and 2025
    • Table 31: Hydrogen Storage Technologies
    • Table 32: Distribution of Hydrogen Patents, by Major Field of Application, 1975-June 15, 2018
    • Table 33: U.S. Hydrogen Production Patents Issued, by Technology Type, 1975-June 15, 2018
    • Table 34: Major Hydrogen Production Intellectual Property Portfolios Issued, 1975-June 15, 2018
    • Table 35: U.S. Hydrogen Storage Patents Issued, by Technology Type, 1975-June 15, 2018
    • Table 36: Major Hydrogen Storage Intellectual Property Portfolios Issued, 1975-June 15, 2018
    • Table 37: U.S. Hydrogen Transmission and Distribution Technology Patents Issued, by Technology Type, 1975-June 15, 2018
    • Table 38: U.S. Fuel Cell Patents Issued, by Technology Type, 1975-June 15, 2018
    • Table 39: Major Fuel Cell Intellectual Property Portfolios of U.S. Hydrogen Storage Patents Issued, 1975-June 15, 2018
    • Table 40: Holders of U.S. Hydrogen Sensor Patents Issued, by Company, 1975-June 15, 2018

List of Figures

  • Summary Figure: Global Production of Merchant Hydrogen, by Country/Region, 2017-2023
    • Figure 1: Global Hydrogen Production Trends, 2017-2023
    • Figure 2: U.S. Merchant Hydrogen Demand, 2017-2023
    • Figure 3: U.S. Department of Energy Hydrogen and Fuel Cell Funding, Fiscal Years, 2008-2016

Report Highlights:

The global production of merchant hydrogen should grow from 8.61 million metric tons in 2018 to reach 11.81 million metric tons by 2023 at a compound annual growth rate (CAGR) of 6.5% for the period of 2018-2023.

U.S. production of merchant hydrogen should grow from 4.85 million metric tons in 2018 to reach $6.76 million metric tons by 2023 at a CAGR of 6.9% for the period of 2018-2023.

China production of merchant hydrogen should grow from 0.52 million metric tons in 2018 to reach 0.81 million metric tons by 2023 at a CAGR of 9.3% for the period of 2018-2023.

Report Scope:

This BCC Research study focuses on key hydrogen technologies and applications. It provides data about the size and growth of both captive and merchant hydrogen markets, lists company profiles and discusses patent trends and industry trends. Cutting-edge developments, research priorities and potential business opportunities are a key focus.

The report includes the following -

  • Investigation and assessment of the future use of merchant hydrogen as an industrial gas and the roles likely played by the emerging hydrogen energy market.
  • Analysis of trends in the market, with data for 2017, estimates for 2018 and projected compound annual growth rates through 2023.
  • An overview of the structure of the industry and extensive company profiles of the leading organizations.
  • Detailed analyses of research focus, end-use markets and production technologies.
  • Analysis of patent and intellectual property activity.

Report Includes:

  • 29 data tables and 12 additional tables
  • An overview of the global market for merchant hydrogen
  • Analysis of trends in the market, with data for 2017, estimates for 2018 and projected compound annual growth rates through 2023.
  • Coverage of cutting-edge development areas such as biological processing and localized production, research focus, end-use markets, and production technologies
  • Assessment of patent and intellectual property (IP) activities
  • Evaluation of the future use of merchant hydrogen and on-site distributed generation
  • Company profiles of the leading players in the industry, including Airgas, Inc., Air Liquide, Air Products and Chemicals, Inc., Linde AG and Praxair, Inc.

Table of Contents

Chapter 1 Introduction

  • Study Goals and Objectives
  • Reasons for Doing This Study
  • Scope of Report
  • Information Sources
  • Methodology
  • Geographic Breakdown
  • Analyst's Credentials
  • BCC Custom Research
  • Related BCC Research Reports

Chapter 2 Summary and Highlights

Chapter 3 Market and Technology Background

  • Hydrogen
  • Market Size and Segmentation
  • Global Production of Hydrogen
  • Industrial Hydrogen Market Segments
  • Merchant Hydrogen Segment
  • Large-Scale Merchant Hydrogen Production Technologies
  • Steam Methane Reformation of Natural Gas
  • Coal Gasification
  • Distributed Hydrogen Production
  • Reformation of Bio-Derived Liquids
  • Coal and Biomass Gasification
  • Compact Autothermal and Fuel Cell Generators
  • Merchant Market Delivery Modes
  • Delivery State: Liquefaction and Gasification
  • Economics
  • Plant Capital Costs
  • Role in Oil Refinery Cost
  • Hydrogen as an Energy Fuel
  • Pipeline Economics
  • Merchant Hydrogen Costs and End Users

Chapter 4 Global Merchant Hydrogen Markets

  • Summary
  • European Market
  • European Production
  • E.U. Pipelines
  • China

Chapter 5 U.S. Merchant Hydrogen Demand

  • Merchant Industrial Hydrogen End-User Segments
  • Oil Refining
  • Food Industry/Edible Oil
  • Chemical Industry
  • Steel Industry/Metallurgy
  • Electronics Industry
  • Glass Processing Industry
  • Power Industry
  • Research and Development Demand
  • U.S. Merchant Hydrogen Demand Forecast
  • Hydrogen Energy Market Drivers
  • Environmental Benefits of Hydrogen
  • Advances in Fuel Cell Technology
  • Development of Fueling Infrastructure
  • Distributed Hydrogen Production Systems
  • High-Purity Hydrogen Market
  • Government-Supported Hydrogen Initiatives
  • Government Initiatives

Chapter 6 U.S. Merchant Production

  • Location of U.S. Hydrogen Refinery Capacity
  • Location of U.S. Merchant Hydrogen Plants
  • Hydrogen from Renewable Resources

Chapter 7 Merchant Hydrogen Technology Development

  • Overview
  • Principal Technologies
  • Thermal Processes
  • Electrolytic Processes
  • Photolytic Processes
  • Other Types of Process
  • Emerging Production Technologies
  • Advanced Membrane Technology
  • Plasma Reforming
  • Hydrogen via Wastewater Remediation
  • Direct Sunlight-to-Hydrogen Conversion
  • Catalysts
  • Oxygen and Hydrogen Evolution Reaction Catalysts
  • Atomically Dispersed Platinum Catalyst
  • Molybdenum Sulfide as Platinum Catalyst Replacement
  • Stanford Nickel Iron Catalyst
  • Nanostructured Nickel Hydroxide

Chapter 8 Merchant Hydrogen Delivery Modes

  • Pipelines
  • New Hydrogen Pipeline Materials
  • Mixed Hydrogen/Natural Gas Pipelines
  • Tank Trucks, Railcars, Barges
  • Tube Trailers
  • On-Site Production

Chapter 9 Hydrogen Storage

  • Principal Technologies
  • Direct Storage of Hydrogen
  • Hydrocarbons
  • Ammonia Storage
  • Metal Hydrides
  • Zeolites
  • Other Nanostructured Materials
  • Other Storage Technologies

Chapter 10 Patents

  • Summary of Patent Activity
  • Hydrogen Production
  • Storage
  • Bulk Distribution
  • Fuel Cells
  • Direct Combustion of Hydrogen
  • Hydrogen Sensors
  • Sample Patents

Chapter 11 Industry Structure and Company Profiles

  • Engineering Services
  • AMEC FOSTER WHEELER LTD.
  • TECHNIPFMC
  • UHDE GMBH
  • Industrial Gas Providers
  • AIRGAS, INC.
  • AIR LIQUIDE
  • AIR PRODUCTS AND CHEMICALS, INC.
  • EQUISTAR CHEMICALS LP
  • GENERAL HYDROGEN CORP.
  • IWATANI INTERNATIONAL CORP.
  • LINDE AG
  • PRAXAIR, INC.
  • SINOPEC
  • UNITED HYDROGEN GROUP
  • Refiners and Refineries
  • AMEC FOSTER WHEELER LTD.
  • ANDEAVOR
  • BP PLC
  • CHEVRON CORP.
  • CONOCOPHILLIPS
  • EXXON MOBIL CORP.
  • FLINT HILLS RESOURCES
  • MARKWEST JAVELINA
  • MOTIVA ENTERPRISES LLC
  • ROYAL DUTCH SHELL PLC
  • SHELL DEER PARK REFINING
  • VALERO ENERGY CORP.
  • Fuel Cells
  • BALLARD POWER SYSTEMS
  • BLOOM ENERGY CORP.
  • CERAMATEC
  • FUEL CELL ENERGY, INC.
  • HYDROGENICS CORP.
  • MITSUBISHI HITACHI POWER SYSTEMS LTD.
  • PLUG POWER LLC
  • Vehicles
  • ASIA PACIFIC FUEL CELL TECHNOLOGIES LTD.
  • BAYERISCHE MOTOREN WERKE AG
  • HYUNDAI MOTORS
  • MAGNA STEYR AG & CO. KG
  • MERITOR, INC.
  • TOYOTA MOTORS
  • US FUEL CELL
  • Electrolyzers and Distributed Reformers
  • ACTA SPA
  • INTELLIGENT ENERGY
  • ITM POWER PLC
  • NEL HYDROGEN AS
  • NUVERA FUEL CELLS LLC
  • PROTON ONSITE, INC.
  • Hydrogen Purification and Sensors
  • ELEMENT ONE
  • H2SCAN
  • HY9 CORP.
  • MAKEL ENGINEERING, INC.
  • MEMBRANE TECHNOLOGY AND RESEARCH, INC.
  • XEBEC ADSORPTION, INC.
  • Catalysts
  • ACTA SPA
  • E. I. DU PONT DE NEMOURS AND CO.
  • HALDOR TOPSOE A/S
  • MEMBRANE TECHNOLOGY AND RESEARCH, INC.
  • NANOMIX, INC
  • Storage
  • PLASTIC OMNIUM GROUP
  • QUANTUM FUEL SYSTEMS TECHNOLOGIES WORLDWIDE, INC.
  • LUXFER GROUP LTD.
  • TOSHIBA CORP.
  • Start-Ups and R&D
  • ADVANCED MATERIALS CORP.
  • ALUMIFUEL POWER CORP.
  • BATELLE MEMORIAL INSTITUTE
  • DIVERSIFIED ENERGY CORP.
  • EPRIDA TECHNOLOGIES
  • ETUDES CHEMIQUES ET PHYSIQUES SARL
  • GAS TECHNOLOGY INSTITUTE
  • GENERAL ATOMICS
  • HCE LLC
  • HTC PURENERGY
  • INNOVATEK, INC.
  • JETSTREAM ENERGY TECHNOLOGIES, INC.
  • MO-SCI CORP.
  • NATIONAL CENTER FOR HYDROGEN TECHNOLOGY
  • POWERTECH LABS, INC.
  • SECAT, INC.
  • SOTACARBO SPA
  • YANGTZE ENERGY TECHNOLOGIES, INC.

Chapter 12 Appendix: Glossary and Acronyms

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