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세계의 상업 빌딩 자동화 시장

The Global Commercial Building Automation Market

리서치사 BERG Insight
발행일 2019년 03월 상품 코드 815329
페이지 정보 영문 290 Pages
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세계의 상업 빌딩 자동화 시장 The Global Commercial Building Automation Market
발행일 : 2019년 03월 페이지 정보 : 영문 290 Pages

세계의 상업 빌딩 자동화(Commercial Building Automation) 시장에 대해 조사 분석했으며, 시장 개요, 네트워크·통신 기술, 기술 프로바이더·OEM, 서비스 프로바이더·시스템 벤더, 시장 예측에 대한 체계적인 정보를 제공합니다.

제1장 스마트 빌딩 서론

제2장 네트워크 및 통신 기술

  • 개요
  • 스마트 빌딩의 프로토콜
  • 스마트 빌딩의 물리층 기술
  • 무선 vs. 유선 통신
  • Project Haystack
  • 소프트웨어 및 미들웨어
  • 빌딩 자동화 플랫폼
  • 자동 교정 및 자동 진단
  • 원격 네트워크 모니터링 및 트러블슈팅
  • 업계 단체, 인증, 규격
  • 업계 컨소시엄
  • 실내 환경 품질 기준
  • 물 효율성 규격
  • 지속가능 사이트 규격

제3장 기술 프로바이더 및 OEM

  • 시장 개요
  • HVAC 시스템
  • 조명 및 창문 컨트롤
  • 재실 쾌적성 및 생산성 시스템
  • 소방 및 안전
  • 접근 및 보안
  • 물 관리
  • 냉동
  • 엘리베이터 및 에스컬레이터 관리
  • 풀 및 스파 관리
  • 관개 시스템
  • 전기자동차 충전
  • 오디오, 비디오, 엔터테인먼트

제4장 서비스 프로바이더 및 빌딩 관리 시스템 벤더

  • 시장 관찰
  • 시장 진출 전략
  • 빌딩 관리 시스템 벤더
  • 빌딩 자동화 서비스 프로바이더
  • 사례 연구

제5장 시장 예측과 결론

  • 시장 동향과 분석
  • 유럽
  • 북미
  • 아시아태평양
  • 기타

용어집

KSM 19.04.11

Smart buildings and building automation are ambiguous terms used in reference to a wide range of solutions for controlling, monitoring and automating functions in buildings such as commercial office spaces, retail stores, hotels, schools, hospitals and industrial buildings. Berg Insight's definition of a building automation system requires that it has a smartphone app or a web portal as a user interface. Devices that only can be controlled with switches, timers, sensors and remote controls are thus not included in the scope of this study. Smart building systems can be grouped into twelve primary categories: HVAC systems; lighting and window control; occupancy comfort and productivity systems; fire and safety; access and security; water management; refrigeration; elevators and escalators management; pool and spa management, irrigation systems; charging for electric vehicles; and audio, video and entertainment.

Berg Insight estimates that 48 million connected devices were shipped globally into the BIoT market in 2018. Note that by connected devices we mean the functions encapsulated in sensors and actuators, I/O modules, controllers and gateways used to control the functions in a smart building. It does not include the servers that may run the dashboard & apps, nor does it include data storage & analytics. The market is broken down into twelve segments of which the access and security market was the largest, followed closely by the fire and safety segment. This intuitively makes sense because these two segments are not just "nice-tohave", but critical in any commercial building. Moreover, access and security for a commercial building will comprise of a large number of units; sensors and actuators have to go into multiple doors and entrance ways into lobbies, laboratories, IT and server rooms, gym and fitness centres and supply rooms. In terms of the fire and safety segment: heat detectors, smoke alarms, sprinkler device placements are governed by regulations. There has to be a minimum number spaced a certain distance apart. This segment thus turns out to be the second largest market. Berg Insight estimates that shipments for all segments will grow at a CAGR of 36.0 percent to reach 163 million units worldwide in 2022.

Berg Insight estimates that more than 151 million connected devices for BIoT were in operation throughout the world at the end of 2018. By 2022, Berg Insight estimates that roughly 483 million units will be active worldwide, representing a CAGR of 33.3 percent between 2018 and 2022. About 4.5 million of these devices were connected via cellular networks in 2018. The number of cellular connections in the building automation market will grow at a CAGR of 44.1 percent to reach 19.4 million in 2022. In terms of revenues, Berg Insight estimates that connected devices into the global BIoT market generated revenues of more than US$ 1.2 billion in 2018. This figure will grow at a CAGR of 21.4 percent to almost US$ 2.7 billion in 2022.

The most successful building automation solutions to date, in terms of sold units, include access and security, fire and safety, HVAC systems and elevators and escalators management. These solutions are marketed by product OEMs such as Assa Abloy, Avigilon, AMAG Technology, HID Global, Comark, Tyco, Albireo Energy, Cimetrics, Delta Controls, ENGIE Insight, Silvair, KONE, Otis, Schindler and ThyssenKrupp. The automatic control may be done through a centralized system such as a Building Management System (BMS). Examples of BMS solution providers include ABB, Honeywell, Johnson Controls, Schneider Electric, Siemens and United Technologies.

Building automation has been around for many decades but there is a new urgency due to factors such as energy conservation as well as mandates for green construction. IoT offers the technologies for building owners to easily measure and conserve energy. A major change is starting to happen now especially in new construction, where the primary driver is changing from cost reduction to features that enhance the user experience and change how users and buildings interact. Instead of there being a single "killer-app" for user-experience, we are starting to see a combination of use-cases. These use-cases leverage the Internet of Things, sensors and connectivity to enable customization of spaces in offices and conference rooms based on occupancy levels and occupant preferences, efficient mobility throughout the building, and they help occupants with location and wayfinding - all controllable by mobile platforms. Most important, they are capable of predictive awareness of individual needs.

Table of Contents

Table of Contents

List of Figures

Executive summary

1 Introduction to smart buildings

  • 1.1 Introduction
    • 1.1.1 Global population growth and urbanisation
    • 1.1.2 Sustainable development and building strategies
    • 1.1.3 Energy demands
    • 1.1.4 Definitions and brief history of commercial building automation
    • 1.1.5 Market penetration of building automation
    • 1.1.6 From building automation to smart buildings
    • 1.1.7 Smart buildings are an integral part of smart cities
  • 1.2 Market drivers
    • 1.2.1 Energy consumption of commercial buildings
    • 1.2.2 Optimising energy consumption in commercial buildings
    • 1.2.3 The next frontier - zero energy buildings
    • 1.2.4 Operational efficiency
    • 1.2.5 Occupancy comfort and productivity
    • 1.2.6 Space optimisation
    • 1.2.7 Regulations and standards
    • 1.2.8 Grants, loans, rebates and deductions
  • 1.3 Technology drivers
    • 1.3.1 IoT and Building IoT
    • 1.3.2 Big data and data analytics
    • 1.3.3 Cloud and edge computing
    • 1.3.4 Deep learning and artificial intelligence
    • 1.3.5 Wireless connectivity
  • 1.4 Market barriers
    • 1.4.1 Lack of clarity on return on investment
    • 1.4.2 Competitive markets versus oligopolies
    • 1.4.3 Proprietary solutions and lack of interoperability
    • 1.4.4 Security and privacy concerns
  • 1.5 Startup activity
  • 1.6 Partnerships
  • 1.7 Regional versus global efforts
  • 1.8 Types of commercial building automation
    • 1.8.1 HVAC systems
    • 1.8.2 Lighting and window control systems
    • 1.8.3 Occupancy comfort and productivity systems
    • 1.8.4 Fire and safety
    • 1.8.5 Access and security
    • 1.8.6 Water management
    • 1.8.7 Refrigeration
    • 1.8.8 Elevator and escalator management
    • 1.8.9 Pool and spa management
    • 1.8.10 Irrigation systems
    • 1.8.11 Electric vehicle charging
    • 1.8.12 Audio, video and entertainment
    • 1.8.13 Renewable energy sources
    • 1.8.14 Building management systems
  • 1.9 Automation market segments
    • 1.9.1 Government buildings
    • 1.9.2 Healthcare buildings and hospitals
    • 1.9.3 Hospitality buildings and hotels
    • 1.9.4 Office buildings
    • 1.9.5 Production buildings and factories
    • 1.9.6 Retail outlets
    • 1.9.7 New buildings versus existing buildings
  • 1.10 Commercial building stock by region

2 Networks and communications technologies

  • 2.1 Overview
    • 2.1.1 Integration in building automation
    • 2.1.2 Approaches to establishing interoperability
    • 2.1.3 Network protocols and topologies
    • 2.1.4 Technology choices of product OEMs
    • 2.1.5 Combine IT networks and building automation networks or keep them apart?
  • 2.2 Smart building protocols
    • 2.2.1 BACnet
    • 2.2.2 DALI
    • 2.2.3 INSTEON
    • 2.2.4 KNX
    • 2.2.5 LonWorks
    • 2.2.6 M-Bus
    • 2.2.7 Modbus
    • 2.2.8 OpenTherm
    • 2.2.9 SNMP
  • 2.3 Smart building physical layer technologies
    • 2.3.1 ANT
    • 2.3.2 Bluetooth
    • 2.3.3 DECT ULE
    • 2.3.4 EnOcean
    • 2.3.5 Li-Fi
    • 2.3.6 LPWAN
    • 2.3.7 Power over Ethernet
    • 2.3.8 Thread
    • 2.3.9 Wi-Fi
    • 2.3.10 ZigBee
    • 2.3.11 Z-Wave
  • 2.4 Wireless versus wired communications
  • 2.5 Getting meaning out of data: Project Haystack
  • 2.6 Software and middleware
  • 2.7 Building automation platforms
    • 2.7.1 Sensors
    • 2.7.2 Actuators
    • 2.7.3 Gateways
    • 2.7.4 Processors
    • 2.7.5 Dashboards and user interfaces
  • 2.8 Automatic calibration and automated diagnostics
  • 2.9 Remote network monitoring and trouble-shooting
  • 2.10 Industry bodies, certifications and standards
    • 2.10.1 ASHRAE
    • 2.10.2 BRE and BREEAM
    • 2.10.3 CSTB
    • 2.10.4 DGNB
    • 2.10.5 Energy Star
    • 2.10.6 GABC
    • 2.10.7 GBCA and Green Star
    • 2.10.8 GBI
    • 2.10.9 GRESB
    • 2.10.10 GRIHA
    • 2.10.11 HQE
    • 2.10.12 IAPMO
    • 2.10.13 ICC
    • 2.10.14 NABERS
    • 2.10.15 USGBC and LEED
    • 2.10.16 WorldGBC
  • 2.11 Industry consortiums
    • 2.11.1 BOMA
    • 2.11.2 BPIE
    • 2.11.3 CABA
    • 2.11.4 EU.BAC
    • 2.11.5 GBPN
    • 2.11.6 SBA
  • 2.12 Indoor environment quality standards
  • 2.13 Water efficiency standards
  • 2.14 Sustainable sites standards

3 Technology providers and OEMs

  • 3.1 Market overview
  • 3.2 HVAC systems
    • 3.2.1 Albireo Energy
    • 3.2.2 Asset Mapping
    • 3.2.3 Autani
    • 3.2.4 Cimetrics
    • 3.2.5 Delta Controls
    • 3.2.6 Distech Controls
    • 3.2.7 ENGIE Insight
    • 3.2.8 J2 Innovations
    • 3.2.9 KGS Buildings
    • 3.2.10 Levaux
    • 3.2.11 Lynxspring
    • 3.2.12 National Renewable Energy Laboratory
    • 3.2.13 Silvair
    • 3.2.14 SkyFoundry
    • 3.2.15 Verdigris Technologies
  • 3.3 Lighting and window control
    • 3.3.1 Digital Lumens
    • 3.3.2 Echelon (Adesto Technologies)
    • 3.3.3 Enlighted
    • 3.3.4 Lutron
    • 3.3.5 Signify
  • 3.4 Occupancy comfort and productivity systems
    • 3.4.1 Automated Logic
    • 3.4.2 BuildingIQ
    • 3.4.3 Building Robotics
    • 3.4.4 PointGrab
    • 3.4.5 75F
  • 3.5 Fire and safety
    • 3.5.1 Comark
    • 3.5.2 Renesas Electronics
    • 3.5.3 Texas Instruments
    • 3.5.4 Tyco
  • 3.6 Access and security
    • 3.6.1 AMAG Technology
    • 3.6.2 Assa Abloy
    • 3.6.3 Avigilon
    • 3.6.4 HID Global
    • 3.6.5 Nortek Security & Control
    • 3.6.6 Zaplox
  • 3.7 Water management
    • 3.7.1 Apana
    • 3.7.2 Intelligent Water Management
    • 3.7.3 SenseWare
  • 3.8 Refrigeration
    • 3.8.1 Accruent
    • 3.8.2 Amphenol Advanced Sensors
    • 3.8.3 Daikin
    • 3.8.4 Danfoss
    • 3.8.5 Entouch Controls
  • 3.9 Elevator and escalator management
    • 3.9.1 KONE
    • 3.9.2 MERak Telsis
    • 3.9.3 Otis
    • 3.9.4 Schindler
    • 3.9.5 ThyssenKrupp
  • 3.10 Pool and spa management
    • 3.10.1 AstralPool
    • 3.10.2 Hayward
  • 3.11 Irrigation systems
    • 3.11.1 BlueSpray
    • 3.11.2 Rachio
  • 3.12 Electric vehicle charging
    • 3.12.1 Advantech
    • 3.12.2 ChargePoint
    • 3.12.3 Delta
  • 3.13 Audio, video and entertainment
    • 3.13.1 Alpiq InTec
    • 3.13.2 Bosch
    • 3.13.3 Crestron
    • 3.13.4 Harman
    • 3.13.5 Elan Systems

4 Service providers and building management system vendors

  • 4.1 Market observations
    • 4.1.1 Confluence of technology and regulations
    • 4.1.2 Trying to find a scalable model for building automation
    • 4.1.3 Building automation systems increasingly being targeted for cyberattacks . 236
    • 4.1.4 Occupant demand for high-tech in the building
    • 4.1.5 Using the cloud to connect portfolio of buildings together
  • 4.2 Go-to-market strategies
    • 4.2.1 The BIoT ecosystem and business models
    • 4.2.2 One-off project pricing
    • 4.2.3 Maintenance agreements
    • 4.2.4 Software-as-a-Service (SaaS)
    • 4.2.5 Return-on-Investment
  • 4.3 Building management system vendors
    • 4.3.1 ABB
    • 4.3.2 Honeywell
    • 4.3.3 Johnson Controls
    • 4.3.4 Schneider Electric
    • 4.3.5 Siemens
    • 4.3.6 United Technologies (UTC)
    • 4.3.7 Yanzi Networks
  • 4.4 Building automation service providers
    • 4.4.1 Cisco Digital Ceiling
    • 4.4.2 GE Predix
    • 4.4.3 Hitachi Lumada
    • 4.4.4 IBM Watson
    • 4.4.5 Legrand ELIOT
    • 4.4.6 Switch Automation
  • 4.5 Case studies
    • 4.5.1 Daikin Technology and Innovation Center in Japan
    • 4.5.2 Dell Children's Medical Center in the US
    • 4.5.3 Duke Energy Center in the US
    • 4.5.4 The Edge in the Netherlands
    • 4.5.5 Hyatt Regency in the US
    • 4.5.6 Isquare in Hong Kong
    • 4.5.7 The Living Building at Georgia Tech in the US
    • 4.5.8 Los Angeles Convention Center in the US
    • 4.5.9 MGM Resorts in the US
    • 4.5.10 National Stadium in China
    • 4.5.11 Providence St. Peter Hospital in the US
    • 4.5.12 RBC Waterpark Place in Canada
    • 4.5.13 San Francisco Public Utility Commission in the US
    • 4.5.14 Shanghai Tower in China
    • 4.5.15 Subaru of America headquarters in the US
    • 4.5.16 Technische Betriebe Glarus Nord in Switzerland

5 Market forecasts and conclusions

  • 5.1 Market trends and analysis
    • 5.1.1 Major changes are coming to buildings
    • 5.1.2 How does NOI and capitalization rate change with smart buildings? .. 265
    • 5.1.3 BIoT has started a new trajectory for building automation
    • 5.1.4 BIoT enables integration of different building functions
    • 5.1.5 Regional differences continue to be important
    • 5.1.6 When is the right time for building owners to engage?
  • 5.2 Europe
    • 5.2.1 Revenues
    • 5.2.2 Shipments
    • 5.2.3 Installed base
  • 5.3 North America
    • 5.3.1 Revenues
    • 5.3.2 Shipments
    • 5.3.3 Installed base
  • 5.4 Asia-Pacific
    • 5.4.1 Revenues
    • 5.4.2 Shipments
    • 5.4.3 Installed base
  • 5.5 Rest-of-World
    • 5.5.1 Revenues
    • 5.5.2 Shipments
    • 5.5.3 Installed base
  • 5.6 Cellular IoT device shipments and connections

Glossary

List of Figures

  • Figure 1.1: Global population growth segmented by continent (World 2017-2100)
  • Figure 1.2: World population urban vs. rural (1950-2050)
  • Figure 1.3: Schematic overview of building automation
  • Figure 1.4: Building automation timeline
  • Figure 1.5: Commercial building sizes and percentage in the US
  • Figure 1.6: Cost comparison of traditional and IoT-based building automation
  • Figure 1.7: Evolution of building management
  • Figure 1.8: Characteristics of a smart building
  • Figure 1.9: Benefits of smart buildings
  • Figure 1.10: Energy consumption by commercial building type
  • Figure 1.11: Energy use in US commercial buildings by end uses (2012)
  • Figure 1.12: Building size vs energy used
  • Figure 1.13: Total Cost of Ownership of a building
  • Figure 1.14: Building lifecycle cost over 40 years, including costs of retrofit
  • Figure 1.15: Environmental factors that enhance employee productivity
  • Figure 1.16: Pendulum shift in expertise required to run buildings
  • Figure 1.17: Siemens pressure sensor and flow sensor
  • Figure 1.18: Philips Hue lighting system
  • Figure 1.19: Examples of security and access control systems
  • Figure 1.20: Example of an alarm system
  • Figure 1.21: Energy use in restaurants
  • Figure 1.22: Commercial building stock (US 2017)
  • Figure 1.23: Commercial building stock by size (US 2017)
  • Figure 1.24: Commercial building stock (EU28+2 2017)
  • Figure 1.25: Commercial building types in EU28+2
  • Figure 1.26: Commercial building stock by size (EU28+2 2017)
  • Figure 1.27: Commercial building stock (Asia-Pacific 2017)
  • Figure 1.28: Commercial building stock by size (Asia-Pacific 2017)
  • Figure 1.29: Commercial building stock (RoW 2017)
  • Figure 1.30: Commercial building stock by size (RoW 2017)
  • Figure 2.1: Building protocols market share (North America 2017)
  • Figure 2.2: Building protocols market share (World 2017)
  • Figure 2.3: Technology choices of product OEMs
  • Figure 2.4: Advantages and disadvantages of integrating OT and IT networks
  • Figure 2.5: Dotdot over Thread
  • Figure 2.6: Comparison of wired vs. wireless for building automation
  • Figure 3.1: Levaux sensors
  • Figure 3.2: 5i Intelligent Energy Platform
  • Figure 3.3: Comfy software app
  • Figure 3.4: 75F central control unit and smart node
  • Figure 3.5: TI reference design for building automation
  • Figure 3.6: Apana sensor
  • Figure 3.7: Senseware devices
  • Figure 3.8: Amphenol refrigeration sensors
  • Figure 3.9: Entouch dashboard
  • Figure 3.10: BlueSpray irrigation products
  • Figure 3.11: ChargePoint station
  • Figure 4.1: The BIoT ecosystem
  • Figure 4.2: Example of a building automation project cost
  • Figure 4.3: Shanghai Tower
  • Figure 5.1: Connected device shipments, revenues & installed base (World 2017-2022) 264
  • Figure 5.2: Connected device revenues by application area (EU28+2 2017-2022)
  • Figure 5.3: Connected device shipments by application area (EU28+2 2017-2022)
  • Figure 5.4: Installed base by application area (EU28+2 2017-2022)
  • Figure 5.5: Connected device revenues by application area (North America 2017-2022) 275
  • Figure 5.6: Connected device shipments by application area (N. America 2017-2022)
  • Figure 5.7: Installed base by application area (North America 2017-2022)
  • Figure 5.8: Connected device revenues by application area (Asia-Pacific 2017-2022)
  • Figure 5.9: Connected device shipments by application area (Asia-Pacific 2017-2022)
  • Figure 5.10: Installed base by application area (Asia-Pacific 2017-2022)
  • Figure 5.11: Connected device revenues by application area (RoW 2017-2022)
  • Figure 5.12: Connected device shipments by application area (RoW 2017-2022)
  • Figure 5.13: Installed base by application area (RoW 2017-2022)
  • Figure 5.14: BIoT cellular IoT shipments and connections (World 2017-2022)
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