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중국의 석탄 수입 동향 분석

Research Report on Coal Import in China, 2019-2023

리서치사 China Research and Intelligence
발행일 2019년 01월 상품 코드 770556
페이지 정보 영문 50 Pages
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중국의 석탄 수입 동향 분석 Research Report on Coal Import in China, 2019-2023
발행일 : 2019년 01월 페이지 정보 : 영문 50 Pages

중국의 석탄 수입 동향 전망에 대해 분석했으며, 석탄 시장의 구조와 배경(관련 정책, 주요 수입 상대국, 수요 구조 등), 전체적인 수입량 동향(과거 5년간), 종류별 상세 동향, 주요 시장 성장 촉진·억제요인, 향후 시장 동향 전망(향후 5년간) 등에 대해 조사했습니다.

제1장 중국의 석탄 산업 개요

  • 석탄의 정의
  • 석탄의 분류
  • 석탄 관련 산업

제2장 중국의 석탄 수입 환경 분석(향후 5년간)

  • 경제 환경
    • 1인당 GDP와 가처분 소득
    • 산업 부가가치액
  • 정책 환경
    • 석탄 산업에 대한 규제 정책
    • 석탄 수입에 관한 정책
  • 기술 환경

제3장 중국의 석탄 공급 동향 분석

  • 중국내 석탄 매장량
  • 중국 탄광의 생산능력
  • 중국내 석탄 생산량

제4장 중국의 석탄 수요 동향 분석

  • 중국내 다운스트림의 주요 석탄 소비자
    • 화력발전소
    • 제철소
    • 건축자재 산업
    • 화학원재료 및 화학제품 산업
  • 중국내 석탄 소비량
  • 중국의 석탄 시장 규모

제5장 중국의 석탄 수입 동향 분석

  • 중국의 석탄 수입 규모
    • 중국의 석탄 수입량
    • 중국의 석탄 수입액
  • 석탄의 평균 수입 가격
  • 중국의 수입 석탄에 대한 의존도

제6장 중국의 석탄 수입 동향 분석 : 종류별

  • 중국의 일반탄(보일러용탄) 수입량
    • 일반탄 수입량
    • 일반탄 수입액
    • 일반탄 평균 수입 가격
    • 평균 가격 비교 : 국내탄/수입탄
    • 일반탄 수입 상대국
  • 중국의 원료탄(코크스용탄) 수입량
    • 원료탄 수입량
    • 원료탄 수입액
    • 원료탄 평균 수입 가격
    • 평균 가격 비교 : 국내탄/수입탄
    • 원료탄 수입 상대국
  • 중국의 무연탄 수입량
    • 무연탄 수입량
    • 무연탄 수입액
    • 무연탄 평균 수입 가격
    • 평균 가격 비교 : 국내탄/수입탄
    • 무연탄 수입 상대국

제7장 중국의 석탄 수입 주요 상대국 분석

  • 인도네시아로부터의 석탄 수입
    • 석탄 수입량
    • 석탄 수입액
    • 평균 수입 가격
    • 종류별 수입량
  • 호주로부터의 석탄 수입
  • 몽골로부터의 석탄 수입
  • 러시아로부터의 석탄 수입

제8장 중국의 주요 석탄 수입업체

  • 주요 일반탄 수입업체
  • 주요 원료탄 수입업체

제9장 중국의 석탄 수입 전망(향후 5년간)

  • 중국의 석탄 수입에 대한 주요 영향요인
    • 긍정적 요인
    • 부정적 요인
  • 중국의 석탄 수입량 예측
  • 중국의 석탄 수입량 예측 : 종류별
KSM 19.02.01

Description

China is the largest coal producer and consumer. The huge coal consumption in China encourages foreign coal producers to expand their production capacity. In addition, overseas coal mines are mostly opencast ones, which makes it easy to increase production. However, coal production in China is restricted by environmental protection policies and other factors. In recent years, some small and medium-sized coal mines had to cut or even stop production because their environmental protection facilities failed to meet standards. Meanwhile, the rising mining costs have made the coal prices in China higher than the international coal prices. For example, in 2017, the average price of imported steam coal was only 429 CNY/ton, about 12% lower than that of domestic steam coal.

According to CRI's analysis, the logistics costs for imported coal are very low because imported coal mostly enters China by sea. While the logistics costs for domestic coal are far higher because the prices of refined oil are more expensive in China than in other parts of the world, and the expressway tolls are excessively high. Therefore, China imports a large quantity of coal every year. In 2017, the import volume of coal in China was about 270.9 million tons, up by 6% from 2016.

Coal imports are classified into anthracite, coking coal, other coal, other bituminous coal and lignite. The first three types of coal are used for thermal power generation and collectively called as steam coal in China. China's coal imports are dominated by steam coal that has a low average price. For example, in 2017, steam coal imports reached about 188.14 million tons, accounting for about 69.4% of China's coal imports. As the major sources of China's coal imports, in 2017, Indonesia, Australia, Mongolia and Russia exported 251 million tons of coal in total to China, contributing about 93% to the import volume of coal in China. Indonesia, the largest source of China's coal imports, exported about 109 million tons of coal to China in 2017, accounting for 40.2% of the import volume of coal in China.

According to CRI, coal import can bring the following benefits to China: (1) Appropriate amount of coal imports can suppress the price fluctuations and speculation on China's coal market so that the downstream industries can maintain stable production and operation; and (2) the import of high-quality coking coal that China lacks can promote the development of China's coke and metal smelting industries.

However, the Chinese government issues policies to restrict coal import from time to time, worrying that a large quantity of coal imports will harm the interests of domestic coal mining industry. For example, from Jul. 1, 2017, according to the Interim Measures for Administration of Quality of Commercial Coal, the ports administered by province-level governments stopped approving coal import. On Jan. 9, 2018, the National Energy Administration held talks with major power enterprises on assessing power plants' use of imported coal and the supply of coal for power generation. At the beginning of Apr.2018, the Customs of China's major coal importing provinces such as Fujian, Guangdong and Zhejiang began to restrict coal import.

It is expected by CRI that the import volume of coal in China will continue to grow from 2019 to 2023 but the growth rate may be limited. On one hand, imported coal can stabilize the coal prices in China and improve the operation of the major downstream industries of coal. On the other hand, a large quantity of coal imports will certainly impact China's coal mining industry. Therefore, the Chinese government will issue policies to regulate and rationalize coal imports.

Topics Covered:

  • China's major policies on coal import
  • Coal import in China
  • Comparison of prices of domestic and imported coal in China
  • Major sources of China's coal imports
  • Major factors influencing coal import in China
  • Forecast on coal import in China from 2019 to 2023

Table of Contents

Table of Contents

1 Overview of China's Coal Industry

  • 1.1 Definition of Coal
  • 1.2 Classification of Coal
  • 1.3 Industry Chain of Coal

2 Analysis on Environment of Coal Import in China, 2019-2023

  • 2.1 Economic Environment
    • 2.1.1 China's GDP and Disposable Income Per Capita
    • 2.1.2 China's Industrial Value Added
  • 2.2 Policy Environment
    • 2.2.1 China's Regulatory Policies on Coal Industry
    • 2.2.2 China's Policies on Coal Import
  • 2.3 Technological Environment

3 Analysis on Coal Supply in China

  • 3.1 China's Coal Reserves
  • 3.2 Production Capacity of China's Coal Mines
  • 3.3 Production Volume of Coal in China

4 Analysis on Coal Demand in China

  • 4.1 Major Downstream Consumers of Coal in China
    • 4.1.1 Thermal Power Generation
    • 4.1.2 Iron and Steel Smelting
    • 4.1.3 Building Materials Industry
    • 4.1.4 Chemical Raw Materials and Chemical Products Industry
  • 4.2 Consumption Volume of Coal in China
  • 4.3 Market Size of Coal in China

5 Analysis on Coal Import in China

  • 5.1 Scale of Coal Import in China
    • 5.1.1 Import Volume of Coal in China
    • 5.1.2 Import Value of Coal in China
  • 5.2 Average Import Prices of Coal in China
  • 5.3 China's Reliance on Coal Imports

6 Analysis on Coal Imports by Type in China

  • 6.1 Steam Coal Import in China
    • 6.1.1 Import Volume of Steam Coal in China
    • 6.1.2 Import Value of Steam Coal in China
    • 6.1.3 Average Import Prices of Steam Coal in China
    • 6.1.4 Comparison of Average Prices of Domestic and Imported Steam Coal in China
    • 6.1.5 Sources of China's Steam Coal Imports
  • 6.2 Coking Coal Import in China
    • 6.2.1 Import Volume of Coking Coal in China
    • 6.2.2 Import Value of Coking Coal in China
    • 6.2.3 Average Import Prices of Coking Coal in China
    • 6.2.4 Comparison of Average Prices of Domestic and Imported Coking Coal in China
    • 6.2.5 Sources of China's Coking Coal Imports
  • 6.3 Anthracite Import in China
    • 6.3.1 Import Volume of Anthracite in China
    • 6.3.2 Import Value of Anthracite in China
    • 6.3.3 Average Import Prices of Anthracite in China
    • 6.3.4 Comparison of Average Prices of Domestic and Imported Anthracite in China
    • 6.3.5 Sources of China's Anthracite Imports

7 Analysis on Major Sources of China's Coal Imports

  • 7.1 China's Coal Imports from Indonesia
    • 7.1.1 Volume of China's Coal Imports from Indonesia
    • 7.1.2 Value of China's Coal Imports from Indonesia
    • 7.1.3 Average Prices of China's Coal Imports from Indonesia
    • 7.1.4 China's Coal Imports from Indonesia by Type
  • 7.2 China's Coal Imports from Australia
    • 7.2.1 Volume of China's Coal Imports from Australia
    • 7.2.2 Value of China's Coal Imports from Australia
    • 7.2.3 Average Prices of China's Coal Imports from Australia
    • 7.2.4 China's Coal Imports from Australia by Type
  • 7.3 China's Coal Imports from Mongolia
    • 7.3.1 Volume of China's Coal Imports from Mongolia
    • 7.3.2 Value of China's Coal Imports from Mongolia
    • 7.3.3 Average Prices of China's Coal Imports from Mongolia
  • 7.4 China's Coal Imports from Russia
    • 7.4.1 Volume of China's Coal Imports from Russia
    • 7.4.2 Value of China's Coal Imports from Russia
    • 7.4.3 Average Prices of China's Coal Imports from Russia

8 Major Coal Importers in China

  • 8.1 Major Steam Coal Importers in China
  • 8.2 Major Coking Coal Importers in China

9 Prospect of Coal Import in China, 2019-2023

  • 9.1 Major Factors Influencing Coal Import in China
    • 9.1.1 Favorable Factors
    • 9.1.2 Unfavorable Factors
  • 9.2 Forecast on Import Volume of Coal in China
  • 9.3 Forecast on Types and Major Sources of China's Coal Imports

Selected Charts

  • Chart Classification of Coal in China
  • Chart China's Regulatory Policies on Coal Industry
  • Chart China's Import Tariffs on Coal
  • Chart Reserve Bases of Coal in China, 2012-2018
  • Chart Production Volume of Coal in China, 2013-2017
  • Chart Apparent Consumption of Coal in China, 2013-2017
  • Chart Import Volume of Coal in China, 2013-2017
  • Chart Import Value of Coal in China, 2013-2017
  • Chart Average Import Prices of Coal in China, 2013-2017
  • Chart China's Reliance on Coal Imports, 2013-2017
  • Chart Composition of China's Coal Imports in 2017
  • Chart Import Volume of Steam Coal in China, 2013-2017
  • Chart Import Value of Steam Coal in China, 2013-2017
  • Chart Average Import Prices of Steam Coal in China, 2013-2017
  • Chart Average Prices of Domestic and Imported Steam Coal, 2013-2017
  • Chart Import Volume of Coking Coal in China, 2013-2017
  • Chart Average Import Prices of Coking Coal in China, 2013-2017
  • Chart Average Prices of Domestic and Imported Coking Coal, 2013-2017
  • Chart Major Sources of China's Coking Coal Imports in 2017
  • Chart Major Sources of China's Coal Imports in 2017
  • Chart Value of China's Coal Imports from Indonesia, 2013-2017
  • Chart Average Prices of China's Coal Imports from Indonesia, 2013-2017
  • Chart Volume of China's Coal Imports from Australia, 2013-2017
  • Chart Average Prices of China's Coal Imports from Australia, 2013-2017
  • Chart Volume of China's Coal Imports from Mongolia, 2013-2017
  • Chart Volume of China's Coal Imports from Russia, 2013-2017
  • Chart Top 10 Steam Coal Importers in China in 2017
  • Chart Top 10 Coking Coal Importers in China in 2017
  • Chart Forecast on Import Volume of Coal in China, 2019-2023
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