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세계의 플렉서블 배터리, 프린티드 배터리, 박막 배터리 시장(2020-2030년) : 기술, 시장 및 기업

Flexible, Printed and Thin Film Batteries 2020-2030: Technologies, Markets and Players

리서치사 IDTechEx Ltd.
발행일 2020년 07월 상품 코드 948683
페이지 정보 영문 392 Pages
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세계의 플렉서블 배터리, 프린티드 배터리, 박막 배터리 시장(2020-2030년) : 기술, 시장 및 기업 Flexible, Printed and Thin Film Batteries 2020-2030: Technologies, Markets and Players
발행일 : 2020년 07월 페이지 정보 : 영문 392 Pages

세계의 플렉서블 배터리, 프린티드 배터리, 박막 배터리 시장은 2030년에는 5억 달러 규모로 성장할 것으로 예측됩니다.

세계의 플렉서블 배터리, 프린티드 배터리, 박막 배터리 시장을 조사했으며, 시장 정의와 개요, 주요 용도의 중요성·잠재성·이용 사례, 기술 종류와 개요, 기업에 의한 기술 개발 동향, 기술·용도별 10개년 시장 예측, 재료 분석, 주요 기업 개요 등을 정리했습니다.

제1장 주요 요약과 결론

제2장 용도

제3장 웨어러블 디바이스

  • 웨어러블 디바이스의 성장
  • 배터리 : 웨어러블 디바이스의 과제
  • 스마트워치, 리스트밴드, 브레이슬릿
  • 배터리 요건
  • 이용 사례
  • 개요·결론

제4장 의료·화장품

  • 모바일 헬스케어 : 대폭 성장 가능성
  • 코스메틱 스킨 패치
  • 화장품의 이온 도입
  • 심혈관 모니터링 패치
  • 무선 입원 환자 모니터링
  • 체온 모니터링
  • 생명과학 기술
  • 등각 변위 센서
  • COVID-19에서 사용되는 프린티드 배터리
  • 의료용 스킨 패치
  • 증가하는 의료용 스킨 패치 제품 리스트
  • 의료 임플란트

제5장 가전제품

  • 가전제품용 배터리 : 향후 동향
  • 유연성 : 대기업의 관심 상승
  • 얇음 : 현재에도 향후에도 중요
  • 박형 가전제품
  • 새로운 시장 : 박형 배터리에 의한 총용량 확대
  • 배터리 케이스 아이디어
  • 모듈형 전화 : 향후 방향성?
  • 가전제품용 박형 플렉서블 슈퍼커패시터
  • 플렉서블 폰 : 기타 플렉서블 컴포넌트가 필요

제6장 센서로부터 IoT로

  • IoT
  • IoT용 배터리
  • WSN 전원 옵션
  • 봉상 배터리 : 사례
  • IoT 디바이스 박형 배터리의 새로운 사례
  • 프린티드 배터리를 탑재한 골프 센서 패치
  • 고체 배터리를 탑재한 스마트 디바이스
  • 신규 디바이스의 박형 플렉서블 배터리에 관한 생각
  • IoT용 정비가 필요 없는 무선 전원
  • 에너지수확기기를 통합한 마이크로 배터리
  • RTC(Real Time Clock) 백업, SRAM 백업, MCU
  • 박형 배터리 탑재 RFID 센서/태그
  • RFID 태그/센서에 사용되는 박형 배터리 사례

제7장 스마트 패키징과 광고

  • 스마트 패키징과 광고 사례
  • Audio Paper : 토판 인쇄
  • 스마트 패키징용 전원 : 사례 연구

제8장 전원 탑재 스마트 카드

  • 스마트 카드내 배터리 배치
  • 배터리 대체 솔루션
  • 스마트 카드 분야의 변화

제9장 기타 시장

  • 용도 용례
  • 기타 일회용 용도용 프린티드 배터리

제10장 박막 배터리

  • 서론
  • 고체 박막 리튬 배터리
    • 상용 박막 배터리 성공 사례
    • 초박형 리튬 배터리 구축
    • 박막 배터리의 양극(Cathode) 재료 옵션
    • 박막 리튬 배터리의 양극(Cathode)
    • 박막 리튬 배터리의 음극(Anode)
    • 기판 옵션
    • 주요 재료의 장점·단점
    • 각사의 박막 배터리 재료·프로세스 동향
    • 표준 프리즘 배터리와 IPS 배터리 비용 비교
  • 고체 박막 리튬 배터리 제조 어프로치

제11장 배터리 사이즈 축소 : 마이크로 배터리

  • 마이크로 배터리 아키텍처
  • 마이크로 배터리 개요
  • 3D 프린트 리튬이온 마이크로 배터리
  • 1차 Li/CFx 마이크로 배터리

제12장 특별한 기계 특성을 갖춘 배터리 : 플렉서블, 스트레처블, 롤러블, 벤더블, 폴더블

  • 플렉서블 일렉트로닉스
  • 배터리의 기계적 성질 실현
  • 두께와 유연성
  • 소재와 유연성
  • 전해액·세퍼레이터에 대한 대처
  • 전극에 대한 대처
  • 집전체에 대한 대처
  • 포장에 대한 대처
  • 복합 기술
  • 디바이스 설계에 유래하는 유연성

제13장 플렉서블 배터리 : 특허 분석

제14장 프린티드 배터리

  • 프린티드 배터리 기술
  • 아연계 프린티드 배터리
  • 프린티드 배터리 레이아웃
  • 프린티드 배터리 컴포넌트 옵션
  • 연구중인 프린티드 배터리 재료·조성
  • 일회용 프린티드 배터리의 전형적인 구조와 반응
  • 프린티드 배터리 기업
  • 프린티드 배터리 개발의 연구 전략

제15장 프린티드 배터리 사례 연구

제16장 프린티드 배터리 제조 공정

제17장 기타 특성을 가지는 배터리

제18장 기타 플렉서블 층류 에너지 저장 기술

제19장 재료 선택

제20장 사례 연구

제21장 용어·약어

제22장 주요 기업

제24장 부록

KSM 20.07.30

Title:
Flexible, Printed and Thin Film Batteries 2020-2030: Technologies, Markets and Players
Flexible, Thin, Stretchable, Rollable, Bendable, Foldable, Micro- and Large-Area Batteries for Applications in Wearable Devices, Skin Patches, Healthcare and Cosmetics, Internet of Things and People, Portable Electronics, RFID, Smart Packaging and More.

"The market of flexible, printed and thin film batteries will reach ~$500 million in 2030."

The battery market has suddenly become alive again in recent years. On one hand, batteries are moving to new form factors, becoming ultra-thin, flexible, rollable, stretchable, etc. On the other hand, manufacturers are scrambling to offer large batteries aimed at addressing the large-sized electric vehicle, residential and grid applications. This market study is focused on the former.

The new batteries can be described from several dimensions including:

  • Footprints (micro-batteries or large-area batteries),
  • Thickness (thin-film or bulky batteries),
  • Mechanical properties (flexibility, bendability, rollability, stretchability, foldability, etc.)
  • Manufacturing methods (e.g. printing, coating, etc.) and
  • Technologies (e.g. solid-state batteries, lithium-polymer batteries, carbon-zinc batteries, etc.)

IDTechEx has been tracking flexible, thin-film, printed batteries with above-mentioned angles since 2014. This report will provide technology development, market progress, application areas, current status, future trends & opportunities and global player activities with assessment and analysis.

Flexible, thin and/or printed batteries (or batteries with novel form factors) are back on the agenda thanks to the rise of Internet of Things, wearables and environmental sensors. These applications require new features and battery designs that traditional battery technologies simply cannot provide. This has opened the door to innovation and added a new dimension to the global competition between battery suppliers.

Transforming industry

This is a fast-changing industry, with its technologies in a state of rapid progress as new designs, methods and modified chemistries are frequently announced. The business landscape is also being dramatically altered as many companies are now gearing up to progress their lab scale technologies into mass production. These are exciting years for this emerging technology.

The composition of the target market is undergoing drastic change, driven by the emergence of new addressable market categories. Traditionally, the micro-power thin and printed batteries were used in skin patches, RFID tags and smart cards. Today, however, many new emerging applications have appeared, enticing many large players to enter the foray and thus transforming a business landscape that was once populated predominantly by small firms.

IDTechEx provides detailed technology assessment and benchmarking, ten-year market forecasts segmented by application and technology type, and detailed interview-based business intelligence and profiles on key players and large end-users.

In this study IDTechEx has drawn upon at least 27 direct interviews and visits with key suppliers and large end-users from a variety of sectors and years of accumulated experience and market knowledge for the end use applications such as active RFIDs, smart cards, skin patches, smart packaging and recently wearables and IoT. Our team working on this project is highly technical, enabling it to fully understand the merits and challenges of each technology in this complex landscape.

Complex landscape to navigate

The market and technology landscape are complex. There are no black-and-white or clear technology winners and the definition of market requirements is in a constant state of flux.

Indeed, on the technology side, there are many solutions that fall within the broad category of thin film, flexible or printed batteries. These include printed batteries, thin-film batteries, advanced lithium-ion batteries, solid-state batteries, micro-batteries, stretchable batteries, thin flexible supercapacitors and a few more. It is therefore a confusing technology landscape to navigate and betting on the right technology is not straightforward.

On the market side, many applications are still emerging, and the requirements are fast evolving. The target markets are also very diverse and not overlapping, each with different requirements for power, lifetime, thinness, cost, charging cycles, reliability, flexibility, etc. This diversity of requirements means that no thin film battery offers a one-size-fits-all solution.

Applications

Wearable technology and electronic textiles are a major growth area for thin film and flexible batteries. Conventional secondary batteries may meet the energy requirements of wearable devices, but they struggle to achieve flexibility, thinness and light weight. These new market requirements open up the space for energy storage solutions with novel form factors. Indeed, the majority of thin-film battery companies tell us that they have on-going projects in the wearable technology field. High-energy thin film batteries have the highest potential here followed by printed rechargeable zinc batteries, provided the latter can improve.

The healthcare sector is also a promising target market. Skin patches using printed batteries are already a commercial reality, while IDTechEx anticipates that the market for disposable medical devices requiring micro-power batteries will also expand. This is a hot space as the number of skin patch companies is rapidly rising. Here, printed zinc batteries have the highest potential but price needs to continue falling before a higher market uptake takes place. Here too, new form factors will be the key differentiator, compared to the high-volume incumbents such as coin cell batteries. Medical diagnostic devices, medical sensors are also promising markets, although the current thin battery technology is not mature enough yet to be applied straightaway.

Connected device applications is another important trend especially combining special form factor and harsh temperature requirements. Here, there is a trend to combine energy harvesting with thin batteries with superior form factors.

Active and battery-assisted passive RFID is also a potential target market, although coin-cells are the main solutions unless there is a stringent requirement for laminar or flexible design such as in car plates. It is also in these small niches that thin film batteries might find a place.

Smart cards also remain an attractive sector and several thin-film battery technologies have been optimised to meet the lamination requirements for card manufacture. The price is however too steep to enable widespread market penetration. The emergence of online and mobile banking carries a long-term threat of substitution.

Technology assessment

IDTechEx provides a detailed assessment of all the key energy storage technologies that fall under the broad category of thin film, flexible or printed batteries. It provides a critical and quantitative analysis and benchmarks different solutions.

Market forecasts

IDTechEx has developed detailed and granular market forecasts segmented by technology type as well as end use applications. These forecasts are based on (a) primary information obtained through our direct interview programme with suppliers and end-users, attending conferences globally and also organising our own conferences on wearable technologies, RFIDs and printed electronics; and (b) a critical technical assessment of competing technologies.

The technologies and end use applications covered are:

End-uses

  • Wrist-worn wearables
  • Foot-worn wearables
  • Other wearables
  • Skin patch
  • Smart phone
  • Power bank/Power case
  • RFID
  • Smart packaging
  • Smart card
  • Connected devices
  • Backup power
  • Interactive Media, Toys, Games, Cards
  • Others

Technologies included in this report:

  • LiPON-based
  • Stackable thin-film battery
  • 2D and 3D Micro-battery
  • Primary Li/CFx micro-battery
  • Flexible lithium-ion battery
  • Thin and flexible alkaline battery
  • Lithium manganese disposable battery
  • Laminated packaged lithium-polymer cells
  • Batteries with highly conductive polymer gel electrolyte
  • Solid-state battery
  • Cable-type battery
  • Large-area multi-stacked textile battery
  • Stretchable battery
  • Foldable Kirigami lithium-ion battery
  • Fibre-shaped lithium-ion battery that can be woven into electronic textiles
  • Printed zinc-carbon disposable battery
  • Printed silver zinc battery
  • Printed rechargeable NMH battery
  • Needle battery
  • Transparent battery
  • Laminar fuel cells
  • Thin and flexible supercapacitor
  • Printed supercapacitors

With a special focus and analysis on:

  • Thin-film solid-state battery
  • Bulk solid-state battery
  • Advanced lithium-ion battery
  • Primary lithium-based battery
  • Zinc-carbon battery
  • Silver zinc battery

Analyst access from IDTechEx

All report purchases include up to 30 minutes telephone time with an expert analyst who will help you link key findings in the report to the business issues you're addressing. This needs to be used within three months of purchasing the report.

TABLE OF CONTENTS

1. EXECUTIVE SUMMARY AND CONCLUSIONS

  • 1.1. Overview
  • 1.2. Thin-film, flexible, printed batteries, and beyond
  • 1.3. Structure of the report
  • 1.4. Who should read this report
  • 1.5. Research methodology
  • 1.6. Thin, flexible and printed batteries are describing different aspects of battery features
  • 1.7. Technologies included in the report
  • 1.8. Technology benchmarking
  • 1.9. Future Direction of Battery Development
  • 1.10. Status of battery markets
  • 1.11. Major drivers for the development of new-form-and-structural-factor batteries
  • 1.12. Development roadmap of batteries
  • 1.13. Application market roadmap
  • 1.14. Business model
  • 1.15. A practical battery is a combination of many considerations
  • 1.16. Status of flexible batteries
  • 1.17. Value proposition
  • 1.18. Price perspectives
  • 1.19. Other challenges and difficulties
  • 1.20. Strategies for battery providers focusing on new form and structural factors
  • 1.21. Market by territory
  • 1.22. Market forecast assumptions
  • 1.23. Market forecast 2020-2030 by technology (unit)
  • 1.24. Market forecast 2020-2030 by technology (value)
  • 1.25. Market forecast 2020-2030 by application (units)
  • 1.26. Market forecast 2020-2030 by application (value)
  • 1.27. Market by application in 2020 and 2030
  • 1.28. Analysis of battery technologies
  • 1.29. Analysis of application markets
  • 1.30. Conclusions

2. APPLICATIONS

  • 2.1. Introduction to Applications
    • 2.1.1. Applications of battery with new form and structural factors
    • 2.1.2. Power range for electronic and electrical devices

3. WEARABLES: STAGNATING?

  • 3.1.1. The growth of wearables
  • 3.1.2. Changes towards wearable devices
  • 3.1.3. Batteries are the main bottleneck of wearables
  • 3.1.4. Wearables at different locations of a human body
  • 3.1.5. Wearables: smart watch, wristband and bracelet
  • 3.1.6. Battery requirements
  • 3.1.7. Wrist-worn application examples with flexible batteries 1
  • 3.1.8. Wrist-worn application examples with flexible batteries 2
  • 3.1.9. Wrist-worn application examples with flexible batteries 3
  • 3.1.10. Wrist-worn application examples with flexible batteries 4
  • 3.1.11. Ankle/foot-worn application examples
  • 3.1.12. Head/eye-worn application examples
  • 3.1.13. Electronic apparel: gloves and textiles
  • 3.1.14. Military
  • 3.1.15. Other wearable application examples
  • 3.1.16. Summary and conclusions for wearable applications

4. MEDICAL AND COSMETIC: HUGE OPPORTUNITIES?

  • 4.1. Mobile healthcare: Huge growth potential
  • 4.2. Cosmetic skin patches
  • 4.3. Iontophoresis for cosmetics
  • 4.4. Cardiovascular monitoring patch
  • 4.5. Wireless inpatient monitoring
  • 4.6. Temperature monitoring
  • 4.7. Life Science Technology
  • 4.8. Conformal displacement sensor
  • 4.9. Printed battery used in COVID-19
  • 4.10. Medical skin patches - the dark horse
  • 4.11. A list of increasing number of medical skin patch products
  • 4.12. Medical implants 1
  • 4.13. Medical implants 2
  • 4.14. Medical implants 3

5. CONSUMER ELECTRONICS: WHAT NEXT?

  • 5.1. Future trend in battery for consumer electronics
  • 5.2. Flexibility: Big giants' growing interest
  • 5.3. Thinness is still required for now and future
  • 5.4. Slim consumer electronics
  • 5.5. New market: Thin batteries can help to increase the total capacity
  • 5.6. Battery case ideas
  • 5.7. Will modular phones be the direction of the future?
  • 5.8. Thin and flexible supercapacitor for consumer electronics
  • 5.9. Flexible phone may require other flexible components in the future

6. FROM SENSORS TO INTERNET OF THINGS

  • 6.1. Something new vs renamed world of mobile phones
  • 6.2. Internet of Things
  • 6.3. Batteries for IoT
  • 6.4. Power supply options for WSN
  • 6.5. Rod-shape battery - examples
  • 6.6. Novel examples of thin batteries in IoT devices
  • 6.7. Golf sensor patch powered by printed battery
  • 6.8. Smart device powered by solid-state battery
  • 6.9. Thoughts about thin and flexible batteries in novel devices
  • 6.10. Maintenance-free wireless power for the IoT: Ready or not?
  • 6.11. Micro-batteries integrated with energy harvesting devices
  • 6.12. Real time clock backup, SRAM backup and microcontroller (MCU)
  • 6.13. RFID sensors/ tags with thin batteries
  • 6.14. Examples of thin batteries used in RFID tags/ sensors

7. SMART PACKAGING AND ADVERTISING

  • 7.1. Smart packaging and advertising examples
  • 7.2. Audio Paper™ developed by Toppan Printing
  • 7.3. Case studies of power for smart packaging

8. POWERED SMART CARDS

  • 8.1. Where will the powered smart cards go?
  • 8.2. Arrangement of batteries in smart cards
  • 8.3. Battery alternative solution
  • 8.4. Changes in smart card field

9. OTHER MARKETS

  • 9.1. Application examples
  • 9.2. Printed batteries for other disposable applications?

10. THIN FILM BATTERIES

  • 10.1. Introduction
    • 10.1.1. Typical thicknesses of the traditional battery components
    • 10.1.2. Design differences between thin-film batteries and bulk-size batteries
    • 10.1.3. Areal energy density vs. cell thickness
    • 10.1.4. Shortcomings of thin-film batteries
    • 10.1.5. Units used to characterize thin-film batteries
    • 10.1.6. Comparison of various solid-state lithium-based batteries
    • 10.1.7. Thin-film batteries from FDK
  • 10.2. Solid-state thin-film lithium battery
    • 10.2.1. Most successful commercial thin-film battery
    • 10.2.2. Players worked and working on thin-film lithium batteries
    • 10.2.3. Construction of an ultra-thin lithium battery
    • 10.2.4. Cathode material options for thin-film batteries
    • 10.2.5. Cathode of thin film lithium battery
    • 10.2.6. Anode of thin film lithium battery
    • 10.2.7. Substrate options
    • 10.2.8. Advantages and disadvantages of selected materials
    • 10.2.9. Trend of materials and processes of thin-film battery in different companies
    • 10.2.10. Ultra-thin micro-battery-NanoEnergy®
    • 10.2.11. Micro-Batteries suitable for integration
    • 10.2.12. From limited to mass production-STMicroelectronics
    • 10.2.13. Summary of the EnFilm™ rechargeable thin-film battery
    • 10.2.14. CEA Tech
    • 10.2.15. TDK
    • 10.2.16. CeraCharge's performance
    • 10.2.17. Main applications of CeraCharge
    • 10.2.18. NGK
    • 10.2.19. NGK's EnerCerachip
    • 10.2.20. Thin-film solid-state batteries made by Excellatron
    • 10.2.21. Johnson Battery Technologies
    • 10.2.22. JBT's advanced technology performance
    • 10.2.23. LiPON: capacity increase
    • 10.2.24. Technology of Infinite Power Solutions
    • 10.2.25. Cost comparison between a standard prismatic battery and IPS' battery
  • 10.3. Manufacturing approaches of solid-state thin-film lithium batteries
    • 10.3.1. Summary of main fabrication technique for thin film batteries
    • 10.3.2. PVD processes for thin-film batteries 1
    • 10.3.3. PVD processes for thin-film batteries 2
    • 10.3.4. PVD processes for thin-film batteries 3
    • 10.3.5. Direct vapor deposition for thin-film batteries
    • 10.3.6. Thin-film battery potentials

11. BATTERY SIZE REDUCTION: MICRO-BATTERIES

  • 11.1. Architectures of micro-batteries
  • 11.2. Introduction to micro-batteries
  • 11.3. 3D printed lithium-ion micro-batteries
  • 11.4. Primary Li/CFx micro-battery

12. BATTERIES WITH SPECIAL MECHANICAL PROPERTIES: FLEXIBLE, STRETCHABLE, ROLLABLE, BENDABLE AND FOLDABLE BATTERIES

  • 12.1.1. Flexible electronics
  • 12.1.2. Realization of batteries' mechanical properties 1
  • 12.1.3. Realization of batteries' mechanical properties 2
  • 12.2. Thickness-derived flexibility
    • 12.2.1. Stresses generated in a the battery during flexing
    • 12.2.2. A thin battery is usually flexible to some extent
  • 12.3. Material-derived flexibility
    • 12.3.1. Comparison of a flexible LIB with a traditional one
    • 12.3.2. Material choices for different battery components
  • 12.4. Efforts on the electrolyte/ separator
    • 12.4.1. Solid-state electrolyte
    • 12.4.2. Safety of solid-state batteries
    • 12.4.3. Improvement of solid-state battery
    • 12.4.4. Comparison of organic and inorganic solid-state electrolyte
    • 12.4.5. Polymer-based electrolytes
    • 12.4.6. Bendable lithium-based battery
    • 12.4.7. Lionrock Batteries
    • 12.4.8. Highly conductive polymer gel electrolyte and lamination processes for roll-to-roll Li-ion cell production
    • 12.4.9. BrightVolt batteries
    • 12.4.10. BrightVolt product matrix
    • 12.4.11. Electrolyte
    • 12.4.12. Toes Opto-Mechatronics
    • 12.4.13. Hitachi Zosen's solid-state electrolyte
    • 12.4.14. Hitachi Zosen's batteries
    • 12.4.15. Hitachi Maxell
    • 12.4.16. Lithium ion conducting glass-ceramic powder-01
    • 12.4.17. LICGCTM PW-01 for cathode additives
    • 12.4.18. Ohara's products for solid state batteries
    • 12.4.19. Ohara / PolyPlus
    • 12.4.20. Application of LICGC for all solid state batteries
    • 12.4.21. Properties of multilayer all solid-state lithium ion battery using LICGC as electrolyte
    • 12.4.22. LICGC products at the show
    • 12.4.23. Manufacturing process of Ohara glass
    • 12.4.24. Planar Energy
    • 12.4.25. ProLogium: Solid-state lithium ceramic battery
    • 12.4.26. ProLogium
    • 12.4.27. LiPON-based solid-state batteries
    • 12.4.28. Ilika's stacked solid-state micro-battery 1
    • 12.4.29. Ilika's stacked solid-state micro-battery 2
    • 12.4.30. Ilika 3
    • 12.4.31. Thin film vs. bulk solid-state batteries
  • 12.5. Efforts on the electrodes
    • 12.5.1. Innovative electrode
    • 12.5.2. From electrode innovation to flexible batteries
  • 12.6. Efforts on the current collectors
    • 12.6.1. Carbon materials for current collectors
    • 12.6.2. Thin and flexible alkaline battery developed by New Jersey Institute of Technology
    • 12.6.3. Flexible battery achieved by anode materials
  • 12.7. Efforts on the packaging
    • 12.7.1. Lithium-polymer pouch cells
    • 12.7.2. Techniques to fabricate aluminium laminated sheets
    • 12.7.3. Packaging procedures for pouch cells 1
    • 12.7.4. Packaging procedures for pouch cells 2
    • 12.7.5. IGMBPOW
    • 12.7.6. Showa Denko Packaging
    • 12.7.7. Flexible lithium-ion battery from QinetiQ
    • 12.7.8. Semiconductor Energy Laboratory
    • 12.7.9. Flexible and foldable batteries: still working after being washed by the washing machine
    • 12.7.10. Flexible pouch cells
    • 12.7.11. LiBEST's flexible battery 1
    • 12.7.12. LiBEST's flexible battery 2
    • 12.7.13. LIBEST's flexible battery 3
    • 12.7.14. Panasonic's flexible batteries 1
    • 12.7.15. Panasonic's flexible batteries 2
    • 12.7.16. Flexibility enabled by packaging materials
  • 12.8. Combination
    • 12.8.1. Improvements of multiple components done by BattFlex
    • 12.8.2. Nano and Advanced Materials Institute Limited & Compass Technology Company Limited
    • 12.8.3. AMO's flexible and bendable batteries: innovations
    • 12.8.4. AMO's flexible and bendable batteries: specifications
    • 12.8.5. AMO's flexible and bendable batteries: safety test
    • 12.8.6. AMO's flexible and bendable batteries: Product flow chart
  • 12.9. Device-design-derived flexibility
    • 12.9.1. Cable-type batteries
    • 12.9.2. Cable-type battery developed by LG Chem
    • 12.9.3. Battery on wire
    • 12.9.4. Huineng (Tianjin) Technology Development
    • 12.9.5. Large-area multi-stacked textile battery for flexible and rollable applications
    • 12.9.6. Stretchable lithium-ion battery - use spring-like lines
    • 12.9.7. Foldable kirigami lithium-ion battery developed by Arizona State University
    • 12.9.8. Flexible electrode assembly
    • 12.9.9. Fibre-shaped lithium-ion battery that can be woven into electronic textiles
    • 12.9.10. Fibre-shaped lithium-ion battery that can be woven into electronic textiles (continued)
    • 12.9.11. Stretchable batteries that stick to the skin like a band-aid

13. FLEXIBLE BATTERY PATENT ANALYSIS

  • 13.1. Flexible battery patent application and publication trend
  • 13.2. Flexible battery patent top assignees
  • 13.3. Flexible battery important companies
  • 13.4. Flexible battery geographic territories
  • 13.5. Flexible battery portfolio value distribution

14. PRINTED BATTERIES

  • 14.1. Printed battery technologies
  • 14.2. Zinc-based printed batteries
  • 14.3. Printed battery layout
  • 14.4. Component options of printed batteries
  • 14.5. Materials/compositions for printed batteries in research
  • 14.6. Typical construction and reaction of printed disposable battery
  • 14.7. Players in printed battery industry
  • 14.8. Research strategy for development of printed batteries

15. PRINTED BATTERY CASE STUDIES

  • 15.1. Printed batteries from Fraunhofer ENAS
  • 15.2. Fraunhofer ENAS' printed batteries
  • 15.3. Varta Microbattery/Varta Storage
  • 15.4. SoftBattery® from Enfucell
  • 15.5. Blue Spark batteries
  • 15.6. FlexEL LLC
  • 15.7. Printed battery from Printed Energy
  • 15.8. Paper batteries from Rocket Electric
  • 15.9. Zinergy
  • 15.10. Liten CEA Tech: printed battery
  • 15.11. Rechargeable ZincPolyTM from Imprint Energy
  • 15.12. Imprint Energy's technology innovations and specifications
  • 15.13. Flexographically printed Zn/MnO2 battery
  • 15.14. Screen printed secondary NMH batteries

16. MANUFACTURING PROCESSES OF PRINTED BATTERIES

  • 16.1. Printing techniques
  • 16.2. Descriptions of various printing techniques 1
  • 16.3. Descriptions of various printing techniques 2
  • 16.4. Descriptions of various printing techniques 3
  • 16.5. Descriptions of various printing techniques 4
  • 16.6. Comparison of printing techniques
  • 16.7. Throughput vs. feature size for typical printing processes
  • 16.8. Advantages and disadvantages of printing techniques used for printed battery fabrication
  • 16.9. Examples of production facilities

17. BATTERIES WITH OTHER VALUE PROPOSITIONS

  • 17.1. Needle battery from Panasonic
  • 17.2. Batteries with optical properties
  • 17.3. Transparent components for batteries
  • 17.4. Transparent battery developed by Waseda University
  • 17.5. Grid-like transparent lithium-ion battery

18. OTHER LAMINAR AND FLEXIBLE ENERGY STORAGE

  • 18.1. Laminar fuel cells
  • 18.2. What is a capacitor
  • 18.3. Comparison of construction diagrams of three basic types of capacitor
  • 18.4. Supercapacitor
  • 18.5. Electrolyte options for supercapacitors
  • 18.6. Thin and flexible supercapacitor - PowerWrapper
  • 18.7. Two product lines fill the power gap
  • 18.8. Battery-like thin-film supercapacitor by Rice University
  • 18.9. Printed supercapacitors
  • 18.10. University of Southern California
  • 18.11. Flexible, transparent supercapacitors
  • 18.12. Biological supercapacitors for pacemakers

19. MATERIAL SELECTION

  • 19.1. Main lithium producers and lithium sources
  • 19.2. Cobalt - From ore to metal
  • 19.3. Cathode materials for primary cells
  • 19.4. Cathode materials for secondary cells
  • 19.5. New cathode materials - FDK Corporation
  • 19.6. Graphite for batteries
  • 19.7. Anodes
  • 19.8. Anode alternatives - other carbon materials
  • 19.9. Anode alternatives - silicon, tin and alloying materials
  • 19.10. Summary of the electrolyte properties
  • 19.11. Liquid electrolytes
  • 19.12. Types of polymer electrolytes
  • 19.13. Solid-state electrolytes
  • 19.14. Gel Electrolytes
  • 19.15. Binders - aqueous vs. non-aqueous
  • 19.16. Current collectors
  • 19.17. Current collectors and packaging

20. STORIES

  • 20.1. Failure stories
  • 20.2. Companies that have stopped trading
  • 20.3. Power Paper 1
  • 20.4. Power Paper 2
  • 20.5. Planar Energy Devices
  • 20.6. Past stories
  • 20.7. Consumer electronics giants are moving into flexible batteries
  • 20.8. LG Chem's offerings
  • 20.9. Apple's contributions
  • 20.10. Samsung - never falling behind
  • 20.11. Nokia's approach

21. GLOSSARY AND ABBREVIATIONS

  • 21.1. Glossary
  • 21.2. Abbreviations

22. GLOBAL PLAYERS

  • 22.1. List of global players with descriptions
  • 23.22. COMPANY PROFILES
  • 23.1. Company profile list

24. APPENDIX

  • 24.1. Appendix: Background of battery knowledge
    • 24.1.1. What is a battery?
    • 24.1.2. Glossary of terms - specifications
    • 24.1.3. Useful charts for performance comparison
    • 24.1.4. Battery categories
    • 24.1.5. Commercial battery packaging technologies
    • 24.1.6. Comparison of commercial battery packaging technologies
    • 24.1.7. Electrode design & architecture: important for different applications
    • 24.1.8. Electrochemical inactive components in the battery
    • 24.1.9. Primary vs secondary batteries
    • 24.1.10. Popular battery chemistries
    • 24.1.11. Primary battery chemistries and common applications
    • 24.1.12. Numerical specifications of popular rechargeable battery chemistries
    • 24.1.13. Battery technology benchmark
    • 24.1.14. Nomenclature for lithium-based rechargeable batteries
    • 24.1.15. Lithium-ion & lithium metal batteries
    • 24.1.16. Lithium-ion batteries
  • 24.2. Appendix: Why is battery development so slow?
    • 24.2.1. Overview
    • 24.2.2. A big obstacle - energy density
    • 24.2.3. Battery technology is based on redox reactions
    • 24.2.4. Electrochemical reaction is essentially based on electron transfer
    • 24.2.5. Electrochemical inactive components reduce energy density
    • 24.2.6. The importance of an electrolyte in a battery
    • 24.2.7. Cathode & anode need to have structural order
    • 24.2.8. Failure story about metallic lithium anode
    • 24.2.9. Conclusion
  • 24.3. Appendix: Threats from other power sources
    • 24.3.1. Threats from other power sources
    • 24.3.2. Typical specifications for a CR2032 lithium coin battery
    • 24.3.3. Coin cell or thin battery, that is the question
    • 24.3.4. Advantages and limitations of supercapacitors
    • 24.3.5. Are supercapacitors threats to batteries?
    • 24.3.6. Trends towards multiple energy harvesting
    • 24.3.7. Comparison of different power options
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