시장보고서
상품코드
1146541

세계의 병원용 가구 시장 - 시장 규모, 부문, 전망, 수익 예측(2022-2028년) : 제품 유형별, 제조 재료별, 용도별, 최종 사용자별, 지역별

Global Hospital Furniture Market Size, Segments, Outlook, and Revenue Forecast 2022-2028 by Product Type, Manufacturing Material, Application, End User, Region (North America, Europe, Asia Pacific, and Latin America, Middle East and Africa )

발행일: | 리서치사: Ken Research Private Limited | 페이지 정보: 영문 150 Pages | 배송안내 : 1-2일 (영업일 기준)

※ 본 상품은 영문 자료로 한글과 영문 목차에 불일치하는 내용이 있을 경우 영문을 우선합니다. 정확한 검토를 위해 영문목차를 참고해주시기 바랍니다.

세계의 병원용 가구 시장 규모는 2017년 약 70억 달러에서 2022년 약 110억 달러로 성장해 2028년 약 200억 달러에 이르며 CAGR 10% 성장이 예측 되었습니다. 이 성장은 세계적인 입원 환자 수 증가와 다양한 만성 질환 유병률 증가로 인한 전망입니다. 병원과 병원 수 증가, 의료 관광 인기, 다양한만성 질환 유행, 병원 인프라 환자 기대가 병원용 가구 시장 성장을 뒷받침할 전망입니다.

전 세계의 병원용 가구(Hospital Furniture) 시장을 조사했으며 시장 스냅샷, 부문별 분석, 주요 기업 프로필, 경쟁 상황 등 정보를 제공합니다.

목차

범위

제1장 주요 요약

  • 병원용 가구 시장 성장 실적과 예측 하이라이트
  • 시장 동향, 과제, 경쟁 기업 하이라이트
  • 시장 수익 점유율 하이라이트 : 부문별

제2장 시장 주요 요약와 성장에 영향을 미치는 주요 동향

  • 세계의 병원용 가구 시장 분류법
  • 업계 가치사슬
  • 세계의 병원용 가구 시장에서 주요 기업 생태계
  • 정부 규제와 개발
  • 시장에 영향을 미치는 주요 촉진 요인과 과제
  • 세계의 병원용 가구 시장에 COVID-19 영향
  • 세계의 병원용 가구 시장 성장 실적 : 부문 유형별(2017-2021년)
  • 세계의 병원용 가구 시장 성장 실적과 예측(2017-2028년)
  • 중요 포인트

제3장 시장 세분화 성장 실적, 전망, 예측 : 제품 유형별

  • 시장 정의-세분화 : 제품 유형별
  • 시장 수익 점유율, 성장 실적, 전망, 예측 : 제품 유형별(2017-2028년)
  • 시장 세분화 중요 포인트:제품 유형별

제4장 시장 세분화 성장 실적, 전망, 예측 : 제조 재료별

  • 시장 정의-세분화 : 제조 재료별
  • 시장 수익 점유율, 성장 실적, 전망, 예측 : 제조 재료별(2017-2028년)
  • 시장 세분화 중요 포인트 : 제조 재료별

제5장 시장 세분화 성장 실적, 전망, 예측 : 용도별

  • 시장 정의-세분화 : 용도별
  • 시장 수익 점유율, 성장 실적, 전망, 예측 : 용도별(2017-2028년)
  • 시장 세분화 중요 포인트 : 용도별

제6장 시장 세분화 성장 실적, 전망, 예측 : 최종 사용자별

  • 시장 정의-세분화 : 최종 사용자별
  • 시장 수익 점유율, 성장 실적, 전망, 예측 : 최종 사용자별(2017-2028년)
  • 시장 세분화 중요 포인트 : 최종 사용자별

제7장 업계/경쟁 분석-경쟁 상황

  • 기업(경쟁기업) 유형과 경쟁점유율
  • 세계의 병원용 가구 시장 경쟁 기업 포터의 5가지 경쟁요인 분석
  • 시장 성장에 영향을 미치는 세계의 병원용 가구 분야 주요 발전
  • 세계의 병원용 가구 시장에 있어서 주요 경쟁 비교(2021년)
  • 제품 유형별
  • 제조 재료별
  • 용도별
  • 최종 사용자별
  • 지역별
  • 경쟁 상황 중요 포인트

제8장 주요 경쟁 업체 프로필(기업 주요 요약, 제품 유형, 개발)

  • Stryker Corporation
  • Invacare Corporation
  • Konovax
  • LINET
  • J& J Medical Specialities
  • Skytron Corporation
  • Getinge
  • Herman Miller
  • Met-lak
  • Promotal
  • STERIS Corporation
  • GPC Medical Limited

제9장 지역 분석과 주요 국가 시장 성장 실적, 전망, 예측

  • 주요국 거시경제요인 비교
  • 시장 수익 점유율, 성장 실적, 전망, 예측 : 지역별(2017-2028년)
  • 주요 지역 시장 분석, 성장 실적, 전망, 예측
  • 북미-병원용 가구 시장 분석
  • 유럽-병원용 가구 시장 분석
  • 아시아태평양-병원용 가구 시장 분석
  • 라틴아메리카·중동·아프리카-병원용 가구 시장 분석

제10장 업계 전문가 의견/전망

  • 시장 현상과 장래 전망에 관한 업계 전문가와 경영 간부 주목할만한 성함/인용문

제11장 애널리스트 제언

  • 주요 기회와 기회에서 얻을 수 있는 전략 식별에 관한 애널리스트 제안

제12장 부록

NJH 22.11.15

Market Overview

A hospital infrastructure relies on its furnishings which are designed in a way to least interfere with the daily operations of medical personnel and patient comfort. Hospital furnishing includes hospital beds, cabinets, examination couches, and bedside tables. Hospital furniture has sole utilization in clinics, hospitals, nursing homes, and diagnostic centers. Most of the furniture is designed in such a way as to draw in potential consumers or patients.

According to Ken Research Analysis, the Global Hospital Furniture Market was valued at ~US$ 7 billion in 2017. It is estimated to be ~US$ 11 billion by 2022 and is expected to reach a market size of ~US$ 20 billion by 2028, growing with a CAGR of 10%. This growth is due to the rise in the number of hospital admissions globally, and the increasing prevalence of different chronic diseases.

The increasing number of hospitals and clinics, the popularity of medical tourism and the prevalence of different chronic diseases, and patient expectations towards the hospital infrastructure are driving the growth of the Hospital Furniture Market.

Chronic diseases such as cancer, cardiovascular diseases, chronic lung disease, stroke, Alzheimer's, diabetes, and chronic kidney diseases are on the rise all over the world, which is driving the growth of the Hospital Furniture Market. The demand for better hospital infrastructure due to rising medical tourism has also boosted the Hospital Furniture Market. Moreover, the rise in the geriatric population is increasing the number of diseases associated with age-related factors, hence increasing the number of patients visiting hospitals.

High costs attributable to hospital furniture, lack of design and creation, and patient-centered care issues pose challenges to the growth of the Hospital Furniture Market.

Hospital furniture such as operating tables and other examination tables have a higher cost as compared to hospital beds and chairs, which limits their adoption. The rising cost of medical furniture hinders the growth of the Hospital Furniture Market.

The COVID-19 pandemic boosted the Global Hospital Furniture Market. Since the outbreak of COVID-19, several people were admitted to hospitals for treatment and cure. Many governments opened up extensions with bed facilities, for a larger chunk of people to get treatment simultaneously. This led to an increase in demand for medical supplies to take care of the infected people. The increased demand for stretchers and hospital beds to provide adequate healthcare support to the people through hospitals and other temporary expansion sites propelled the growth of the Hospital Furniture Market during the pandemic.

Scope of the Report

Global Hospital Furniture Market is segmented by product type, manufacturing material, application, and end-user. In addition, the report also covers market size and forecasts for each of the four regions' Hospital Furniture Market. The revenue used to size and forecast the market for each segment is US$ billion.

By Product Type

Beds

Tables

Chairs

Cabinet and Lockers

Trolley and Stretchers

Others (Waste containers, Scrub Sinks, Instrument Stands)

By Manufacturing Material

Metal

Plastic

Wood

By Application

Physician's Furniture

Patient's Furniture

Staff Furniture

By End User

Hospitals & Clinics

Ambulatory Surgical Centers

Diagnostic Centers

Others (Mobile Clinics, Surgical Centers)

By Geography

North America (USA, Canada, Mexico)

Europe (Germany, UK, Italy, France, Spain)

Asia Pacific (China, India, Japan, South Korea, Indonesia)

LAMEA (Latin America, Middle East, Africa)

Key Players

Stryker Corporation

Invacare Corporation

Kovonax

LINET

J&J Medical Specialities

Skytron Supplies

Getinge

Herman Miller

Met-lak

Promotal

STERIS Corporation

GPC Medical Limited

Key Trends by Market Segment

By Product Type: Hospital bed segment held the largest market share in 2021 of the Global Hospital Furniture Market.

A hospital bed is a part of patient care as it helps in the process of recovery by ensuring proper recovery time and comfort of the patients. It is not a simple bed but multifunctional and designed under the guidance of medical experts. Some of these beds include OT beds, examination beds, ICU beds, and pediatric beds.

By Manufacturing Material: The metal segment held the largest market share in 2021 in the Global Hospital Furniture Market.

The metal hospital furniture has more agility, durability, and affordability and is compatible with integrating advanced systems to provide comfort and support towards patient recovery. Unlike wooden structures, metal does not require frequent maintenance and lasts longer.

The metal hospital beds enable the patient to make adjustments according to the situation, hosting functions such as hydraulics that enable them to evenly distribute the weight on the bed.

By Application: The patient furniture segment held the largest market share in 2021 in the Global Hospital Furniture Market.

The hospital furniture is primarily designed for patient diagnosis and treatment and with the rise in illness and other chronic diseases, the number of patients visiting the hospital has increased resulting in the growth of the patient furniture segment.

The requirement of hospital furniture is not only seen for the in-patient but the outpatient department also requires furniture such as chairs and tables based on durability and space consideration.

By End User: The hospitals & clinics segment held the largest market share in 2021 in the Global Hospital Furniture Market.

An increased number of hospital admission, growing medical tourism, and escalating number of illnesses worldwide is boosting the demand for better hospital infrastructure and thus, hospital furniture. In addition, the rising patient admission in hospitals with higher rates of acute conditions such as heart attacks, and strokes are driving the growth of the hospital segment.

By Geography: North America is expected to account for the largest share among all regions within the Global Hospital Furniture Market, during the forecasted period 2022-2028.

The growth is primarily attributed to the rise in the adoption of advanced techniques and systems for the manufacturing of hospital furniture. Countries such as USA and Canada in the region host several multi-specialty hospitals with a benchmarked infrastructure. Such hospitals also tend to increase their capacity to deal with the rising number of illness treatment cases.

Furthermore, the rising number of chronic disease cases in the region is expected to fuel the growth Hospital Furniture Market.

Competitive Landscape

According to Ken Research Study, it is estimated that the Global Hospital Furniture Market is highly fragmented among the global, regional, and country niche players. It is estimated that the market comprises nearly ~500 players across four major regions. Although the global players comprise ~5% of the competitors, they hold the second largest revenue share following country-niche players with ~40% dominance. Some of the major players in the market include Stryker Corporation, Invacare Corporation, Kovonax, LINET, J&J Medical Specialities, Skytron Supplies, Getinge, Herman Miller, Met-lak, Promotal, STERIS Corporation, GPC Medical Limited among others.

Recent Developments Related to Major Players

In May 2022, Invacare Corporation, a manufacturer and distributor of medical equipment launched its Birdie Evo XPLUS, a patient lift in USA for post-acute care settings. It uses technology that helps maximize comfort and security when lifting or transferring a patient to or from a bed, chair, or floor.

In May 2022, LINET, a supplier of health and nursing care products, launched the premium emergency and transportation stretcher, Sprint 200, a part of the new generation of stretchers taking patient transportation and patient care to the next level with its innovative solutions.

In July 2021, HermanMiller, acquired Knoll, Inc. The combined company comprises 19 leading brands, a presence across over 100 countries worldwide, a global dealer network, 64 showrooms globally, more than 50 physical retail locations, and global multi-channel eCommerce capabilities.

Conclusion

The Global Hospital Furniture Market is forecasted to continue positive growth primarily driven by the increasing number of hospital admissions globally. The market size is estimated to be ~US$ 11 billion by 2022 and is expected to reach a market size of ~US$ 20 billion by 2028 growing with a CAGR of 10%. The Hospital Furniture Market is growing due to the increasing prevalence of chronic diseases and rising medical tourism. North America is the dominating region, owing to the rise in the adoption of advanced techniques for manufacturing hospital furniture.

Note:This is an upcoming/planned report, so the figures quoted here for a market size estimate, forecast, growth, segment share, and competitive landscape are based on initial findings and might vary slightly in the actual report. Also, any required customizations can be covered to the best feasible extent for pre-booking clients, and the report delivered within a maximum of two working weeks.

Key Topics Covered in the Report

Snapshot of the Global Hospital Furniture Market

Industry Value Chain and Ecosystem Analysis

Market size and Segmentation of the Global Hospital Furniture Market

Historic Growth of the Overall Global Hospital Furniture Market and Segments

Competition Scenario of the Market and Key Developments of Competitors

Porter's 5 Forces Analysis of the Global Hospital Furniture Industry

Overview, Product Offerings, and SWOT Analysis of Key Competitors

COVID-19 Impact on the Overall Global Hospital Furniture Market

Future Market Forecast and Growth Rates of the Total Global Hospital Furniture Market and by Segments

Market Size of Product Type Segments with Historical CAGR and Future Forecasts

Market Size of Application / End User Segments with Historical CAGR and Future Forecasts

Analysis of the Hospital Furniture Market

Major Production / Consumption Hubs within Each Region

Major Production/Supply and Consumption/Demand Hubs within Each Major Country

Major Country-wise Historic and Future Market Growth Rates of the Total Market and Segments

Overview of Notable Emerging Competitor Companies within Each Region

Major Companies Mentioned in the Report

Stryker Corporation

Invacare Corporation

Kovonax

LINET

J&J Medical Specialities

Skytron Supplies

Getinge

Herman Miller

Met-lak

Promotal

STERIS Corporation

GPC Medical Limited

Emerging Companies Mentioned in the Report

Kalagar

Medimek Industries

Bariatric EQUIPMENT

Waterloo Healthcare

Drive Medical Designs and Manufacturing

Key Target Audience - Organizations and Entities Who Can Benefit by Subscribing This Report

Hospital Furniture Manufacturers

Hospital Bed Manufacturers

Hospital Chairs Manufacturers

Hospital Desks and Cabinets Manufacturers

Iron and Steel Suppliers Targeting Healthcare Furniture Manufacturers

Wood Suppliers Targeting Healthcare Furniture Manufacturers

Plastic and Fiber Materials Manufacturers

Furniture Industry Association

Healthcare Equipment Manufacturers Industry Association

Healthcare Investors

Investment Bankers Targeting Healthcare Sector

Banking and Financial Institutions

Environmental Regulatory Authorities

Government Ministries and Departments of Healthcare

Healthcare Research and Development Institutes

Healthcare Furniture Distributors & Resellers

Healthcare Start-ups

Time Period Captured in the Report

Historical Period: 2017H-2021H

Forecast Period: 2022E-2028F

Frequently Asked Questions

What is the Study Period of this Market Report?

The Global Hospital Furniture Market is covered from 2017-2028 in this report, which includes a forecast for the period 2022-2028.

What is the Future Growth Rate of the Global Hospital Furniture Market?

The Global Hospital Furniture Market is expected to witness a CAGR of ~10% over the next six years.

What are the Key Factors Driving the Global Hospital Furniture Market?

The increasing number of hospitals and clinics and the increasing prevalence of different chronic diseases is expected to be the primary driver of this market.

Which is the Largest Product Segment within the Global Hospital Furniture Market?

The bed segment holds the largest share of the Global Hospital Furniture Market.

Who are the Key Players in the Global Hospital Furniture Market?

Stryker Corporation, Invacare Corporation, Kovonax, LINET, J&J Medical Specialities, Skytron Supplies, Getinge, Herman Miller, Met-lak, Promotal, STERIS Corporation, GPC Medical Limited are some of the major companies operating in the Global Hospital Furniture Market.

Table Of Contents

Scope:

1. Executive Summary

  • 1.1 Highlights of Global Hospital Furniture Market Historic Growth & Forecast
  • 1.2 Highlights of Market Trends, Challenges, and Competition
  • 1.3 Highlights of Market Revenue Share by Segments

2. Market Overview and Key Trends Impacting Growth

  • 2.1 Global Hospital Furniture Market Taxonomy
  • 2.2 Industry Value Chain
  • 2.3 Ecosystem of Major Entities in the Global Hospital Furniture Market
  • 2.4 Government Regulations & Developments
  • 2.5 Key Growth Drivers & Challenges Impacting the Market
  • 2.6 COVID-19 Impact on Global Hospital Furniture Market
  • 2.7 Total Global Hospital Furniture Market Historic Growth by Segment Type, 2017-2021

2.7.1 By Product Type

2.7.2 By Manufacturing Material

2.7.3 By Application

2.7.4 By End-user

2.7.5 By Region

  • 2.8 Total Global Hospital Furniture Market Historic Growth and Forecast, 2017-2028
  • 2.9 Key Takeaways

3. Global - Market Segmentation by Product Type, Historic Growth, Outlook & Forecasts

  • 3.1 Market Definition - Segmentation by Product Type
  • 3.2 Market Revenue Share, Historic Growth, Outlook, and Forecasts by Product Type, 2017-2028

3.2.1 Beds

3.2.2 Tables

3.2.3 Chairs

3.2.4 Cabinet and Lockers

3.2.5 Trolley and Stretchers

3.2.6 Others

  • 3.3 Key Takeaways from Market Segmentation by Product Type

4. Global- Market Segmentation by Manufacturing Material, Historic Growth, Outlook & Forecasts

  • 4.1 Market Definition - Segmentation by Manufacturing Material
  • 4.2 Market Revenue Share, Historic Growth, Outlook, and Forecasts by Manufacturing Material, 2017-2028

4.2.1 Metal

4.2.2 Plastic

4.2.3 Wood

  • 4.3 Key Takeaways from Market Segmentation by Manufacturing Material

5. Global- Market Segmentation by Application, Historic Growth, Outlook & Forecasts

  • 5.1 Market Definition - Segmentation by Application
  • 5.2 Market Revenue Share, Historic Growth, Outlook, and Forecasts by Application, 2017-2028

5.2.1 Physician's Furniture

5.2.2 Patients Furniture

5.2.3 Staff Furniture

  • 5.3 Key Takeaways from Market Segmentation by Application

6. Global- Market Segmentation by End-user, Historic Growth, Outlook & Forecasts

  • 6.1 Market Definition - Segmentation by End-user
  • 6.2 Market Revenue Share, Historic Growth, Outlook, and Forecasts by End-user, 2017-2028

6.2.1 Hospitals & Clinics

6.2.2 Ambulatory Surgical Centers

6.2.3 Diagnostic Centers

6.2.4 Others

  • 6.3 Key Takeaways from Market Segmentation by End-user

7. Industry / Competition Analysis - Competitive Landscape

  • 7.1 Types of Players (Competitors) & Share of Competition
  • 7.2 Porter's 5 Forces Analysis of Global Hospital Furniture Market Competitors
  • 7.3 Key Developments in the Global Hospital Furniture Sector Impacting Market Growth
  • 7.4 Comparison of Leading Competitors within the Global Hospital Furniture Market, 2021
  • 7.5 Comparison of Leading Competitors within the Global Hospital Furniture Market by Coverage of Product Type, 2021
  • 7.6 Comparison of Leading Competitors within the Global Hospital Furniture Market by Coverage of Manufacturing Material, 2021
  • 7.7 Comparison of Leading Competitors within the Global Hospital Furniture Market by Coverage of Application, 2021
  • 7.8 Comparison of Leading Competitors within the Global Hospital Furniture Market by Coverage of End-user, 2021
  • 7.9 Comparison of Leading Competitors within the Global Hospital Furniture Market by Geographic Coverage, 2021
  • 7.10 Key Takeaways from Competitive Landscape

8. Key Competitor Profiles (Company Overview, Product Offerings, Developments)

  • 8.1 Stryker Corporation
  • 8.2 Invacare Corporation
  • 8.3 Konovax
  • 8.4 LINET
  • 8.5 J& J Medical Specialities
  • 8.6 Skytron Corporation
  • 8.7 Getinge
  • 8.8 Herman Miller
  • 8.9 Met-lak
  • 8.10 Promotal
  • 8.11 STERIS Corporation
  • 8.12 GPC Medical Limited

9. Geographic Analysis & Major Region Market Historic Growth, Outlook, and Forecasts

  • 9.1 Major Region Comparison of Macroeconomic Factors
  • 9.2 Global- Market Revenue Share, Historic Growth, Outlook, and Forecasts by Region, 2017-2028
  • 9.3 Major Region Market Analysis, Historic Growth, Outlook & Forecasts
  • 9.4 North America - Hospital Furniture Market Analysis

9.4.1 Major Production and Consumption Hubs in North America

9.4.2 Notable Emerging Hospital Furniture Companies in North America

9.4.3 Market Revenue Share, Historic Growth, Outlook, and Forecasts by Product Type, 2017-2028

9.4.4 Market Revenue Share, Historic Growth, Outlook, and Forecasts by Manufacturing Material, 2017-2028

9.4.5 Market Revenue Share, Historic Growth, Outlook, and Forecasts by Application, 2017-2028

9.4.6 Market Revenue Share, Historic Growth, Outlook, and Forecasts by End-user, 2017-2028

9.4.7 Market Revenue Share, Historic Growth, Outlook, and Forecasts by Country, 2017-2028

9.4.7.1 USA

9.4.7.2 Canada

9.4.7.3 Mexico

  • 9.5 Europe - Hospital Furniture Market Analysis

9.5.1 Major Production and Consumption Hubs in Europe

9.5.2 Notable Emerging Hospital Furniture Companies in Europe

9.5.3 Market Revenue Share, Historic Growth, Outlook, and Forecasts by Product Type, 2017-2028

9.5.4 Market Revenue Share, Historic Growth, Outlook, and Forecasts by Manufacturing Material, 2017-2028

9.5.5 Market Revenue Share, Historic Growth, Outlook, and Forecasts by Application, 2017-2028

9.5.6 Market Revenue Share, Historic Growth, Outlook, and Forecasts by End-user, 2017-2028

9.5.7 Market Revenue Share, Historic Growth, Outlook, and Forecasts by Country, 2017-2028

9.5.7.1 Germany

9.5.7.2 UK

9.5.7.3 Italy

9.5.7.4 France

9.5.7.5 Rest of Europe

  • 9.6 Asia Pacific - Hospital Furniture Market Analysis

9.6.1 Major Production and Consumption Hubs in the Asia Pacific

9.6.2 Notable Emerging Hospital Furniture Companies in the Asia Pacific

9.6.3 Market Revenue Share, Historic Growth, Outlook, and Forecasts by Product Type, 2017-2028

9.6.4 Market Revenue Share, Historic Growth, Outlook, and Forecasts by Manufacturing Material, 2017-2028

9.6.5 Market Revenue Share, Historic Growth, Outlook, and Forecasts by Application, 2017-2028

9.6.6 Market Revenue Share, Historic Growth, Outlook, and Forecasts by End-user, 2017-2028

9.6.7 Market Revenue Share, Historic Growth, Outlook, and Forecasts by Country, 2017-2028

9.6.7.1 China

9.6.7.2 India

9.6.7.3 Japan

9.6.7.4 South Korea

9.6.7.5 Rest of Asia Pacific

  • 9.7 LAMEA - Hospital Furniture Market Analysis

9.7.1 Major Production and Consumption Hubs in LAMEA

9.7.2 Notable Emerging Hospital Furniture Companies in LAMEA

9.7.3 Market Revenue Share, Historic Growth, Outlook, and Forecasts by Product Type, 2017-2028

9.7.4 Market Revenue Share, Historic Growth, Outlook, and Forecasts by Manufacturing Material, 2017-2028

9.7.5 Market Revenue Share, Historic Growth, Outlook, and Forecasts by Application, 2017-2028

9.7.6 Market Revenue Share, Historic Growth, Outlook, and Forecasts by End-user, 2017-2028

9.7.7 Market Revenue Share, Historic Growth, Outlook, and Forecasts by Major Region, 2017-2028

Latin America

Middle East

Africa

10. Industry Expert's Opinions/Perspectives

  • 10.1 Notable Statements/Quotes from Industry Experts and C-Level Executives on Current Status and Future Outlook of the Market

11. Analyst Recommendation

  • 11.1 Analyst Recommendations on Identified Major Opportunities and Potential Strategies to Gain from Opportunities

12. Appendix

  • 12.1 Research Methodology - Market Size Estimation, Forecast, and Sanity Check Approach
  • 12.2 Sample Discussion Guide

Disclaimer

비교리스트
0 건의 상품을 선택 중
상품 비교하기
전체삭제