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1302355

프라이빗 LTE 및 5G 네트워크 에코시스템 : 기회, 과제, 전략, 산업, 예측(2023-2030년)

The Private LTE & 5G Network Ecosystem: 2023 - 2030 - Opportunities, Challenges, Strategies, Industry Verticals & Forecasts

발행일: | 리서치사: SNS Telecom & IT | 페이지 정보: 영문 2,577 Pages; 134 Figures | 배송안내 : 1-2일 (영업일 기준)


※ 본 상품은 영문 자료로 한글과 영문 목차에 불일치하는 내용이 있을 경우 영문을 우선합니다. 정확한 검토를 위해 영문 목차를 참고해주시기 바랍니다.

프라이빗 LTE 및 5G 네트워크 에코시스템(The Private LTE & 5G Network Ecosystem)을 조사했으며, 전 세계 및 지역 시장 규모 예측, 밸류체인 및 에코시스템 구조, 시장 성장 촉진 요인 및 과제, 기업 개요 및 전략 등 정보를 제공합니다.

목차

제1장 서론

제2장 프라이빗 LTE 및 5G 네트워크 개요

  • 3GPP 정의 LTE 및 5G 표준 도입
  • LTE 및 5G 기반 프라이빗 무선 네트워크를 도입하는 이유
  • 프라이빗 LTE 및 5G 네트워크의 도입에 영향을 미치는 주요 테마
  • 프라이빗 LTE 및 5G 네트워크의 실용적인 측면
  • 프라이빗 LTE 및 5G 네트워크의 밸류체인
  • 시장 성장 촉진 요인
    • 고대역폭과 저지연 무선 용도에 대한 수요 증가
    • 크리티컬 통신과 인더스트리 4.0 부문으로부터의 지지
    • 실내, 산업, 원격 환경에서의 공중 휴대폰의 통신 가능 범위의 제한
    • 프라이빗 용도에 적합한 스펙트럼 옵션의 가용성
    • 보증된 연결성과 QoS(서비스 품질) 제어
    • 보다 높은 수준의 네트워크 보안 및 데이터 프라이버시
    • 새로운 수익원을 요구하는 통신 사업자와 벤더의 요청
    • 정부자금에 의한 5G이노베이션에 대한 대처
  • 시장 성장 저해 요인
    • 비용과 ROI(투자 수익률)의 정당성
    • 네트워크 배포 및 운영 기술의 복잡성
    • 기존 인프라와 용도과의 통합
    • 스펙트럼 조화의 부족에 의한 한정적인 스케일 효과
    • 비3GPP 기술과 솔루션과의 경쟁
    • LTE/5G 단말기기에 관한 과제
    • 스킬 갭과 숙련된 엔지니어의 부족
    • 보수주의와 변화가 느린 페이스

제3장 프라이빗 LTE/5G 시스템의 아키텍처와 기술

  • 프라이빗 LTE/5G 네트워크 아키텍처 컴포넌트
  • UE(사용자 기기)
  • RAN(무선 액세스 네트워크)
  • 모바일 코어
  • 전송 네트워크
  • 서비스와 상호 연결성
  • 주요 실현 기술과 컨셉

제4장 주요 수직 산업과 용도

  • 크로스 부문·엔터프라이즈 용도 기능
  • 수직 산업와 특정 응용 시나리오

제5장 스펙트럼 가용성, 할당, 사용

  • 국가 및 지역 라이선스 스펙트럼
  • 라이선스 면제(비면허) 스펙트럼
  • 북미
    • 미국
    • 캐나다
  • 아시아 태평양
    • 호주
    • 뉴질랜드
    • 중국
    • 홍콩
    • 대만
    • 일본
    • 한국
    • 싱가포르
    • 말레이시아
    • 인도네시아
    • 필리핀
    • 태국
    • 베트남
    • 라오스
    • 미얀마
    • 인도
    • 파키스탄
    • 기타 아시아 태평양
  • 유럽
    • 영국
    • 아일랜드 공화국
    • 프랑스
    • 독일
    • 벨기에
    • 네덜란드
    • 스위스
    • 오스트리아
    • 이탈리아
    • 스페인
    • 포르투갈
    • 스웨덴
    • 노르웨이
    • 덴마크
    • 핀란드
    • 에스토니아
    • 체코 공화국
    • 폴란드
    • 우크라이나
    • 투르키에
    • 그리스
    • 불가리아
    • 루마니아
    • 헝가리
    • 슬로베니아
    • 크로아티아
    • 러시아
    • 벨로루시
    • 기타 유럽
  • 중동 및 아프리카
    • 사우디아라비아
    • 아랍에미리트(UAE)
    • 카타르
    • 오만
    • 바레인
    • 쿠웨이트
    • 요르단
    • 이스라엘
    • 이집트
    • 알제리
    • 모로코
    • 튀니지
    • 남아프리카
    • 보츠와나
    • 잠비아
    • 케냐
    • 에티오피아
    • 앙골라
    • 콩고 공화국
    • 가봉
    • 나이지리아
    • 가나
    • 세네갈
    • 기타 중동 및 아프리카
  • 중남미
    • 브라질
    • 멕시코
    • 아르헨티나
    • 콜롬비아
    • 칠레
    • 페루
    • 에콰도르
    • 볼리비아
    • 도미니카 공화국
    • 발다도스
    • 트리니다드 토바고
    • 수리남
    • 기타 중남미

제6장 표준화, 규제, 공동 이니셔티브

  • 3GPP(Third Generation Partnership Project)
  • 450 MHz Alliance
  • 5G-ACIA(5G Alliance for Connected Industries and Automation)
  • 5GAIA(5G Applications Industry Array)
  • 5G Campus Network Alliance
  • 5GDNA(5G Deterministic Networking Alliance)
  • 5GFF(5G Future Forum)
  • 5G Forum(South Korea)
  • 5G Health Association
  • 5G-MAG(5G Media Action Group)
  • 5GMF(Fifth Generation Mobile Communication Promotion Forum, Japan)
  • 5GSA(5G Slicing Association)
  • 6G-IA(6G Smart Networks and Services Industry Association)
  • AGURRE(Association of Major Users of Operational Radio Networks, France)
  • APCO(Association of Public-Safety Communications Officials) International
  • ATIS(Alliance for Telecommunications Industry Solutions)
  • BTG(Dutch Association of Large-Scale ICT & Telecommunications Users)
  • B-TrunC(Broadband Trunking Communication) Industry Alliance
  • CAMET(China Association of Metros)
  • CEPT(European Conference of Postal and Telecommunications Administrations)
  • DSA(Dynamic Spectrum Alliance)
  • Electricity Canada(Canadian Electricity Association)
  • ENTELEC(Energy Telecommunications and Electrical Association)
  • EPRI(Electric Power Research Institute)
  • ERA(European Union Agency for Railways)
  • ETSI(European Telecommunications Standards Institute)
  • EU-Rail(Europe's Rail Joint Undertaking)
  • EUTC(European Utilities Telecom Council)
  • EUWENA(European Users of Enterprise Wireless Networks Association)
  • EWA(Enterprise Wireless Alliance)
  • free5GC
  • GSA(Global Mobile Suppliers Association)
  • GSMA(GSM Association)
  • GUTMA(Global UTM Association)
  • ITU(International Telecommunication Union)
  • JOTS(Joint Operators Technical Specification) Forum
  • JRC(Joint Radio Company)
  • KRRI(Korea Railroad Research Institute)
  • LF(Linux Foundation)
  • MFA(MulteFire Alliance)
  • NGA(Next G Alliance)
  • NGMN(Next-Generation Mobile Networks) Alliance
  • NSC(National Spectrum Consortium)
  • OCP(Open Compute Project) Foundation
  • one6G Association
  • ONF(Open Networking Foundation)
  • OnGo Alliance
  • OPC Foundation
  • Open RAN Policy Coalition
  • Open5GCore
  • Open5GS & NextEPC
  • OpenInfra(Open Infrastructure) Foundation
  • O-RAN Alliance
  • OSA(OpenAirInterface Software Alliance)
  • PIA(PSBN Innovation Alliance)
  • PMeV(German Professional Mobile Radio Association)
  • PSBTA(Public Safety Broadband Technology Association)
  • PSCE(Public Safety Communication Europe)
  • Safe-Net Forum
  • SCF(Small Cell Forum)
  • Seamless Air Alliance
  • SimpleRAN
  • srsRAN Project
  • TCA(Trusted Connectivity Alliance)
  • TCCA(The Critical Communications Association)
  • techUK
  • TIA(Telecommunications Industry Association)
  • TIP(Telecom Infra Project)
  • TTA(Telecommunications Technology Association, South Korea)
  • US NIST(National Institute of Standards and Technology)
  • US NPSTC(National Public Safety Telecommunications Council)
  • US NTIA(National Telecommunications and Information Administration)
  • UBBA(Utility Broadband Alliance)
  • UIC(International Union of Railways)
  • UK5G Innovation Network
  • UNIFE(The European Rail Supply Industry Association)
  • UTC(Utilities Technology Council)
  • UTCAL(Utilities Telecom & Technology Council Am?rica Latina)
  • VDMA(German Mechanical and Plant Engineering Association)
  • WBA(Wireless Broadband Alliance)
  • WhiteSpace Alliance
  • WInnForum(Wireless Innovation Forum)
  • XGP(eXtended Global Platform) Forum
  • 기타

제7장 세계의 프라이빗 LTE/5G 설치 현황 검토

  • 북미
    • 미국
    • 캐나다
  • 아시아 태평양
    • 호주
    • 뉴질랜드
    • 중국
    • 홍콩
    • 대만
    • 일본
    • 한국
    • 싱가포르
    • 말레이시아
    • 인도네시아
    • 파푸아뉴기니
    • 필리핀
    • 태국
    • 베트남
    • 라오스
    • 미얀마
    • 인도
    • 파키스탄
    • 방글라데시
    • 기타 아시아 태평양
  • 유럽
    • 영국
    • 아일랜드 공화국
    • 프랑스
    • 독일
    • 벨기에
    • 네덜란드
    • 스위스
    • 오스트리아
    • 이탈리아
    • 스페인
    • 포르투갈
    • 스웨덴
    • 노르웨이
    • 덴마크
    • 핀란드
    • 에스토니아
    • 체코 공화국
    • 폴란드
    • 우크라이나
    • 라트비아
    • 투르키에
    • 그리스
    • 불가리아
    • 루마니아
    • 헝가리
    • 슬로바키아
    • 슬로베니아
    • 크로아티아
    • 세르비아
    • 코소보
    • 러시아
    • 벨로루시
    • 기타 유럽
  • 중동 및 아프리카
    • 사우디아라비아
    • 아랍에미리트(UAE)
    • 카타르
    • 오만
    • 바레인
    • 쿠웨이트
    • 이라크
    • 요르단
    • 레바논
    • 이스라엘
    • 이집트
    • 알제리
    • 모로코
    • 튀니지
    • 남아프리카
    • 보츠와나
    • 짐바브웨
    • 잠비아
    • 케냐
    • 에티오피아
    • 소말리아
    • 마다가스카르
    • 모리셔스
    • 앙골라
    • 콩고 공화국
    • 가봉
    • 중앙 아프리카 공화국
    • 카메룬
    • 나이지리아
    • 가나
    • 코트디부아르
    • 말리
    • 세네갈
    • 기타 중동 및 아프리카
  • 중남미
    • 브라질
    • 멕시코
    • 아르헨티나
    • 콜롬비아
    • 칠레
    • 페루
    • 베네수엘라
    • 에콰도르
    • 볼리비아
    • 도미니카 공화국
    • 자메이카
    • 바베이도스
    • 트리니다드 토바고
    • 네덜란드령 카리브해
    • 수리남
    • 기타 중남미

제8장 프라이빗 LTE/5G 케이스 스터디

제9장 에코시스템의 주요 기업

  • 10T Tech
  • 1NCE
  • 1oT
  • 3D-P(Epiroc)
  • 450connect
  • 4K Solutions
  • 4RF
  • 6Harmonics/6WiLInk
  • 6WIND
  • 7P(Seven Principles)
  • A Beep/Diga-Talk
  • A1 Telekom Austria Group
  • A10 Networks
  • A5G Networks
  • AAEON Technology(ASUS-ASUSTeK Computer)
  • Aarna Networks
  • ABB
  • ABEL Mobilfunk
  • ABiT Corporation
  • ABS
  • Abside Networks
  • Accedian
  • AccelerComm
  • Accelink Technologies
  • Accelleran
  • Accenture
  • Access Spectrum
  • Accton Technology Corporation
  • Accuver(InnoWireless)
  • ACE Technologies
  • AceAxis
  • AceTel(Ace Solutions)
  • Achronix Semiconductor Corporation
  • ACOME
  • Actelis Networks
  • Action Technologies(Shenzhen Action Technologies)
  • Actiontec Electronics
  • Active911
  • Actus Networks
  • Adax
  • Adcor Magnet Systems
  • ADI(Analog Devices, Inc.)
  • ADLINK Technology
  • ADRF(Advanced RF Technologies)
  • ADT
  • Adtran
  • ADVA
  • Advanced Energy Industries
  • AdvanceTec Industries
  • Advantech
  • Advantech Wireless Technologies(Baylin Technologies)
  • Aegex Technologies
  • Aerial Applications
  • Aeris
  • Aerostar International
  • Aethertek
  • Affarii Technologies
  • Affirmed Networks(Microsoft Corporation)
  • AFL Global
  • AFRY
  • Agile(Agile Interoperable Solutions)
  • AGIS(Advanced Ground Information Systems)
  • AGM Mobile
  • AH NET(MVM NET)
  • AI-LINK
  • AINA Wireless
  • Airbus/SLC(Secure Land Communications)
  • Airfide Networks
  • Airgain
  • AirHop Communications
  • Airlinq
  • Airspan Networks
  • Airtower Networks
  • Airwavz Solutions
  • AIS(Advanced Info Service)
  • AiVader
  • Akamai Technologies
  • Akoustis Technologies
  • Alaxala Networks Corporation(Fortinet)
  • ALBEDO Telecom
  • albis-elcon(UET-United Electronic Technology)
  • Alcadis
  • Alea(Leonardo)
  • Alef(Alef Edge)
  • Alepo
  • Alibaba Group
  • Aliniant
  • Allbesmart
  • Allen Vanguard Wireless
  • Allerio
  • Allied Telesis
  • Allot
  • Alpha Networks
  • Alpha Wireless
  • Alsatis R?seaux
  • Alstom
  • Altaeros
  • Altair Semiconductor(Sony Semiconductor Israel)
  • ALTAN Redes
  • Altice Group
  • Altiostar(Rakuten Symphony)
  • ALVIS(Argentina)
  • AM Telecom
  • Amantya Technologies
  • Amarisoft
  • Amazon/AWS(Amazon Web Services)
  • Ambra Solutions-ECOTEL
  • AMD(Advanced Micro Devices)
  • Amdocs
  • Am?rica M?vil
  • American Tower Corporation
  • AMI(American Megatrends International)
  • AMIT Wireless
  • Ampere Computing
  • Amphenol Corporation
  • Ampleon
  • Amtele Communication
  • Andesat
  • ANDRO Computational Solutions
  • Anktion(Fujian) Technology
  • Anokiwave
  • Anritsu
  • ANS-Advanced Network Services(Charge Enterprises)
  • Antenna Company
  • Anterix
  • Antna Antenna Technology
  • Aorotech
  • Apple
  • APRESIA Systems
  • APSTAR(APT Satellite Company)
  • APT(Asia Pacific Telecom)
  • aql
  • Aquila(Suzhou Aquila Solutions)
  • Aqura Technologies(Telstra Purple)
  • Arabsat
  • Arcadyan Technology Corporation(Compal Electronics)
  • Archos
  • Arete M
  • Argela
  • ArgoNET
  • Aria Networks
  • Arista Networks
  • Arkessa(Wireless Logic Group)
  • Arm
  • Armour Communications
  • Arqit Quantum
  • ArrayComm(Chengdu ArrayComm Wireless Technologies)
  • Arrcus
  • Artemis Networks
  • Artiza Networks
  • Aruba(HPE-Hewlett Packard Enterprise)
  • Arukona
  • Asavie
  • ASELSAN
  • AsiaInfo Technologies
  • AsiaSat(Asia Satellite Telecommunications Company)
  • Askey Computer Corporation(ASUS-ASUSTeK Computer)
  • ASOCS
  • Aspire Technology(NEC Corporation)
  • ASR Microelectronics
  • Assured Wireless Corporation(Nextivity)
  • AST SpaceMobile
  • ASTELLA(Astella Technologies)
  • ASTRI(Hong Kong Applied Science and Technology Research Institute)
  • ASUS(ASUSTeK Computer)
  • Asylon
  • AT&T
  • ATDI
  • ATEL(Asiatelco Technologies)
  • Atel Antennas
  • Atesio
  • Athonet(HPE-Hewlett Packard Enterprise)
  • ATL-A Test Lab(Eurofins E&E-Electrical and Electronics)
  • Atlas Telecom
  • ATN International
  • Atos
  • Atrinet
  • Attabotics
  • AttoCore
  • Auden Techno
  • Auray Technology(Auden Techno)
  • Aurora Insight
  • Avanti Communications
  • Avari Wireless
  • AVI
  • Aviat Networks
  • Avidyne Corporation
  • AVIWEST(Haivision)
  • AVM
  • AW2S-Advanced Wireless Solutions and Services(SERMA Group)
  • AWTG
  • Axell Wireless
  • AXESS Networks(HISPASAT)
  • Axians(VINCI Energies)
  • Axiata Group
  • Axione
  • Axis Communications
  • Axon
  • Axtel
  • Axxcelera Broadband Wireless(Axxcss Wireless Solutions)
  • Axxcss Wireless Solutions
  • Azcom Technology
  • Azetti Networks
  • BB SmartWorx(Advantech)
  • BAE Systems
  • BAI Communications/Boldyn Networks
  • Baicells
  • Ball Aerospace
  • Ballast Networks
  • BandRich
  • BandwidthX
  • Barrett Communications(Motorola Solutions)
  • BATS Wireless(Broadband Antenna Tracking Systems)
  • BAYFU(Bayerische Funknetz)
  • Baylin Technologies
  • BBB(BB Backbone Corporation)
  • BBK Electronics
  • BCDVideo
  • Beam Semiconductor
  • Beamlink
  • BearCom
  • BEC Technologies
  • becon
  • Beeper Communications
  • Beijer Electronics Group
  • Belden
  • BelFone
  • Bell Canada
  • Bellantenna
  • Benetel
  • BesoVideo
  • Betacom
  • Bharti Airtel
  • BHE(Bonn Hungary Electronics)
  • BICS(Proximus)
  • Billion Electric
  • BinnenBereik(NOVEC)
  • Bird Technologies
  • BISDN(Berlin Institute for Software Defined Networks)
  • Bittium
  • BK Technologies
  • Black & Veatch
  • Black Box
  • BlackBerry
  • Blackned
  • BLiNQ Networks(CCI-Communication Components Inc.)
  • Blu Wireless
  • Blue Arcus Technologies
  • Blue Danube Systems(NEC Corporation)
  • Blue Wireless
  • Bluebird
  • Blueforce Development Corporation
  • BLUnet Schweiz(Axpo WZ-Systems)
  • Boeing/Aurora Flight Sciences
  • Boelink(Shanghai Boelink Communication Technology)
  • Boingo Wireless(DigitalBridge Group)
  • Bombardier
  • Booz Allen Hamilton
  • Boston Dynamics
  • Bouygues Telecom
  • Boxchip
  • Branch Communications
  • BravoCom
  • Bredengen
  • Broadcom
  • BroadForward
  • Broadmobi-Shanghai Broadmobi Communication Technology(Wutong Group)
  • Broadpeak
  • Broadtech
  • BSNL(Bharat Sanchar Nigam Limited)
  • BT Group
  • BTI Wireless
  • Bullitt Mobile
  • Bumicom Telecommunicatie
  • Bureau Veritas/7Layers
  • BVSystems(Berkeley Varitronics Systems)
  • BWT(BlueWaveTel)
  • BYD
  • B-Yond
  • C Spire
  • C Squared Systems
  • CableFree(Wireless Excellence)
  • CableLabs
  • CACI International/LGS Innovations
  • Cadence Design Systems
  • CalAmp
  • CalChip Connect
  • Caliber Public Safety
  • Calix
  • Calnex Solutions
  • Caltta Technologies
  • Cambium Networks
  • Cambridge Consultants(Capgemini Invent)
  • CampusGenius
  • Canoga Perkins
  • Canonical
  • Capgemini Engineering
  • CapX Nederland
  • Carbyne
  • Carlson Wireless Technologies
  • Casa Systems
  • CASIC(China Aerospace Science and Industry Corporation)
  • Casio Computer Company
  • Castor Marine
  • Catalyst Communications Technologies
  • Cavli Wireless
  • CBNG(Cambridge Broadband Networks Group)
  • CCI(Communication Components Inc.)
  • CCN(Cirrus Core Networks)
  • CCww(Communications Consultants Worldwide)
  • Cegeka
  • CeLa Link Corporation
  • Celfinet(Cyient)
  • CellAntenna Corporation
  • Cellcomm Solutions
  • Cellient
  • Celling 5G
  • CellMax Technologies(Rosenberger)
  • Cellnex Telecom
  • CellOnyx
  • Cellwize(Qualcomm)
  • cellXica
  • cellXion
  • Celona
  • CelPlan Technologies
  • Centerline Communications
  • CENTRA Technology
  • CentralSquare Technologies
  • Ceragon Networks
  • Cerillion
  • CertusNet
  • CETC(China Electronics Technology Group Corporation)
  • CEVA
  • CGI
  • Challenge Networks(Vocus)
  • Charter Communications
  • Cheerzing(Xiamen Cheerzing IoT Technology)
  • Chelton
  • Chemring Technology Solutions
  • Chengdu NTS
  • China All Access
  • China Mobile
  • China Satcom(China Satellite Communications)
  • China Telecom
  • China Unicom
  • Chunghwa Telecom
  • Cibicom
  • CICT-China Information and Communication Technology Group(China Xinke Group)
  • Ciena Corporation
  • CIG(Cambridge Industries Group)
  • CIO(Connected IO)
  • Cirpack
  • Cisco Systems
  • Citymesh(Cegeka/DIGI Communications)
  • CitySwitch
  • CKH IOD(CK Hutchison)
  • Clavister
  • Clever Logic
  • CloudMinds
  • CMIoT(China Mobile IoT)
  • Cobham
  • COCUS
  • Codan Communications
  • Codium Networks
  • Cogisys
  • Cognizant
  • Cohere Technologies
  • Coherent Logix
  • Coiler Corporation
  • Collinear Networks(EOS-Electro Optic Systems)
  • Collins Aerospace(Raytheon Technologies Corporation)
  • Colt Technology Services
  • Com4(Wireless Logic Group)
  • Comander(ANDRA)
  • Comarch
  • Comba Telecom
  • Combain Mobile
  • Comcast Corporation
  • Comcores
  • Comfone
  • COMLAB
  • CommAgility(E-Space)
  • CommandWear Systems
  • Commnet Wireless(ATN International)
  • Comms365
  • CommScope
  • Compal Electronics
  • Comprod
  • Comptek Technologies(Aero Wireless Group)
  • Comrod Communication Group
  • COMSovereign
  • Comtech Telecommunications Corporation
  • Comtest Wireless
  • Comtrend Corporation
  • Comviva(Tech Mahindra)
  • CONET Technologies
  • CONEXIO Corporation
  • CONGIV(ROBUR Industry Service Group)
  • Connect Tech
  • Connect44Group
  • Connectivity Wireless Solutions(M/C Partners)
  • Contela
  • Continual
  • Coolpad
  • CopaSAT
  • coreNOC
  • Cornerstone(CTIL)
  • Cornet Technology
  • Corning
  • Cortina Access
  • Cosemi Technologies
  • COSMOTE(OTE Group)
  • Council Rock
  • Coweaver
  • Cox Communications
  • Cradlepoint(Ericsson)
  • Creanord
  • CrisisGo
  • CROSSCALL
  • Crown Castle International Corporation
  • CRSC(China Railway Signal & Communication Corporation)/CASCO Signal
  • CS Corporation
  • CSG Systems International
  • CTG(Celestia Technologies Group)
  • CTS(Communication Technology Services)
  • CTS Corporation
  • Cubic Corporation
  • Cubic Telecom
  • Cumucore
  • Custom MMIC
  • CybertelBridge
  • Cyient
  • Cyrus Technology
  • D2 Technologies
  • DAEL Group
  • Daeyoun System Company
  • Dahua Technology
  • Dali Wireless
  • DAMM Cellular Systems
  • DATACOM
  • DataSoft
  • DBcom
  • DeepSig
  • Dejero Labs
  • DEKRA
  • Dell Technologies
  • Delta Electronics
  • DENGYO(Nihon Dengyo Kosaku)
  • Dense Air(SIP-Sidewalk Infrastructure Partners)
  • DGS(Digital Global Systems)
  • Dialogic
  • Diamond Communications
  • Digi International
  • Digicert
  • Digita(DigitalBridge Group)
  • Digital Ally
  • Digital Enhancement
  • DigitalBridge Group
  • DigitalRoute
  • Digitata
  • DigitGate(Nanjing DigitGate Communication Technology)
  • Dimetor
  • DISH Network Corporation
  • DKK(Denki Kogyo)
  • D-Link Corporation
  • DMI
  • Doogee
  • Doosan Corporation
  • DragonWave-X(COMSovereign)
  • Drakontas
  • DriveNets
  • Drone Aviation(COMSovereign)
  • DroneSense
  • Druid Software
  • DSBJ(Suzhou Dongshan Precision Manufacturing)
  • DT(Deutsche Telekom)
  • DTAC(Total Access Communication)
  • du(EITC-Emirates Integrated Telecommunications Company)
  • Duons
  • Durabook(Twinhead International Corporation)
  • Duubee
  • DZS
  • Eahison Communication
  • EANTC
  • Eastcom(Eastern Communications)
  • Easycom(Shenzhen Easycom Electronics)
  • E-Band Communications(Axxcss Wireless Solutions)
  • e-BO Enterprises
  • ECE(European Communications Engineering)
  • EchoStar Corporation
  • Ecom Instruments(Pepperl Fuchs)
  • Ecrio
  • Edgecore Networks(Accton Technology Corporation)
  • EdgeQ
  • Edgybees
  • edotco Group(Axiata Group)
  • EDX Wireless
  • Edzcom(Cellnex Telecom)
  • Effnet
  • Eigencomm
  • eino
  • EION Wireless
  • Eir(Eircom)
  • Ekinops
  • Elbit Systems
  • Elefante Group
  • E-Lins Technology
  • Elisa
  • Elisa Polystar
  • Elistair
  • Elsight
  • Elta Systems(IAI-Israel Aerospace Industries)
  • Eltex
  • ELUON Corporation
  • ELVA-1
  • Emblasoft
  • Embraer
  • Embratel
  • Emerson
  • EMnify
  • EMS(Electronic Media Services)
  • Encore Networks
  • Endress Hauser
  • Enea
  • ENENSYS Technologies
  • Energizer Mobile(Avenir Telecom)
  • EnerSys
  • Entropia
  • Entropy Solution
  • Eoptolink Technology
  • Epiroc
  • Equiendo
  • Eravant(SAGE Millimeter)
  • Ericsson
  • Errigal
  • Eseye
  • Esharah Etisalat Security Solutions
  • E-Space
  • Estalky(K-Mobile Technology)
  • ETELM
  • ETera(Sinotech R&D Group)
  • Ethernity Networks
  • Etherstack
  • Etisalat Group(e&)
  • ETRI(Electronics & Telecommunications Research Institute, South Korea)
  • Etteplan
  • EUCAST
  • Eurofins E&E(Electrical and Electronics)
  • Eurotech
  • Eutelsat Communications
  • Eventide Communications
  • Exacom
  • Exaware
  • Excelerate Technology
  • EXFO
  • Exium
  • Expandium
  • Expeto
  • ExteNet Systems(DigitalBridge Group)
  • Extreme Networks
  • EY(Ernst & Young)
  • Eyecom Telecommunications Group
  • EZcon Network
  • F2G(Far-Together) Solutions
  • F5
  • Fairspectrum
  • Fairwaves
  • Faraday Technology Corporation
  • Fastback Networks(COMSovereign)
  • FCNT(Fujitsu Connected Technologies)-JEMS(Japan EM Solutions)
  • Federal Engineering
  • Federated Wireless
  • Fenix Group
  • Festo
  • FET(Far EasTone Telecommunications)
  • FIBERSTAMP
  • Fibocom
  • Fibrolan
  • Filtronic
  • Fingu(Wuhan Fingu Electronic Technology)
  • Fiplex Communications(Honeywell International)
  • Firecell
  • Fivecomm
  • Flash Networks
  • Flash Private Mobile Networks
  • Fleet Complete
  • Flex
  • Flex Logix Technologies
  • Flightcell International
  • FLIR Systems
  • floLIVE
  • Flymotion
  • FMBE(FMB Engineering)
  • Forsk
  • Fortinet
  • Fortress Solutions
  • Four-Faith Communication Technology
  • Foxconn(Hon Hai Technology Group)
  • Franklin Wireless
  • Fraunhofer FOKUS(Institute for Open Communication Systems)
  • Fraunhofer HHI(Heinrich Hertz Institute)
  • Fraunhofer IIS(Institute for Integrated Circuits)
  • Fraunhofer IPT(Institute for Production Technology)
  • FreedomFi
  • Freeeway
  • Frequentis
  • Freshwave Group(DigitalBridge Group)
  • Frog Cellsat
  • FRTek
  • FSG(Field Solutions Group)
  • FTS-Formula Telecom Solutions(Magic Software Group)
  • Fujikura
  • Fujitsu
  • Funk-Electronic Piciorgros
  • Funkwerk
  • Furukawa Electric
  • Furuno Electric
  • Future Technologies Venture
  • G REIGNS(HTC Corporation)
  • GD(Giesecke Devrient)
  • G3 Global
  • Galtronics(Baylin Technologies)
  • Gamma Nu
  • Gapwaves
  • Garderos
  • Gazprom Space Systems
  • GCT Semiconductor
  • GD(General Devices)
  • GE(General Electric)
  • Gemtek Technology
  • General Dynamics
  • Genesis Group
  • GENEViSiO(QNAP Systems)
  • Genew Technologies
  • Genmix Technology
  • GenXComm
  • Geotab
  • GeoTraq
  • Getac Technology Corporation
  • Gewei(Wuhan Gewei Electronic Technology)
  • GF(GlobalFoundries)
  • GIGABYTE Technology
  • Gigalane
  • GIGALIGHT
  • Gigamon
  • GigaTera Communications(KMW)
  • GigSky
  • Gilat Satellite Networks
  • GL Communications
  • Global Telecom
  • Globalgig
  • Globalstar
  • Globe Telecom
  • GNConnect(Greenet)
  • Gogo Business Aviation
  • Goodman Telecom Services
  • Goodmill Systems
  • Google(Alphabet)
  • Goosetown Communications
  • Gore(WL Gore & Associates)
  • GosuncnWelink Technology(Gosuncn Group)
  • Granite Telecommunications
  • Grape One(Sumitomo Corporation)
  • Green Communications
  • Green Packet
  • GreenPalm(Hangzhou GreenPalm Technology)
  • GrenTech
  • GridGears
  • Groundhog Technologies
  • GroupTalk
  • GS Lab(Great Software Laboratory)
  • GSI(GS Instech)/GST(GS Teletech)
  • Guavus(Thales)
  • Guerrilla RF
  • HAAS Alert
  • Haier
  • Haivision
  • Halys
  • Hancom MDS
  • Handheld Group
  • Handsfree Group
  • Hansen Technologies
  • Hanswell
  • Hanwha Techwin
  • HAPSMobile
  • Harbor Max
  • HARMAN DTS(Digital Transformation Solutions)
  • HARTING
  • Harvilon(Shenzhen Harvilon Technology)
  • Hawk Networks(Althea)
  • Haystax Technology(Fishtech Group/Cyderes)
  • HBFEC(Hebei Far East Communication System Engineering)
  • HCL Technologies
  • Helios(Fujian Helios Technologies)
  • Hengxin(Jiangsu Hengxin Technology)
  • Henkel
  • Herystorm(Guangzhou Herystorm Technology)
  • Hexagon
  • Hexagon Communication(Suzhou Hexagon Communication Technologies)
  • HFCL
  • HFR Networks
  • HG Genuine(HGTECH-Huagong Technology)
  • Highstreet Technologies
  • Hikvision(Hangzhou Hikvision Digital Technology)
  • Hilinks Technology
  • HipLink Software
  • Hisense
  • HiSilicon Technologies(Huawei)
  • HISPASAT
  • Hitachi
  • HKT(PCCW)
  • HKTech(Howking Tech)
  • HLS(HARD-LINE Solutions)
  • HMD Global
  • HMF(Hytera Mobilfunk)
  • HMS Networks
  • Hoimyung ICT
  • Hologram
  • Honeywell International
  • Hongdian Corporation
  • HONOR
  • Hoverfly Technologies
  • HP
  • HPE(Hewlett Packard Enterprise)
  • HQT(Shenzhen HQT Science and Technology)
  • HSC(Hughes Systique Corporation)
  • HTC Corporation
  • Huahuan(Beijing Huahuan Electronics)
  • Huaptec
  • Huawei
  • HUBER SUHNER
  • HUCOM Wireless
  • Hughes Network Systems(EchoStar Corporation)
  • HXI(Renaissance Electronics & Communications)
  • Hypha(Wireless Innovation)
  • Hytec Inter
  • Hytera Communications
  • i.safe MOBILE
  • i2i Systems
  • iBASIS(Tofane Global)
  • IBM
  • IBO Technology Company
  • iBwave Solutions
  • iCana(Foxconn-Hon Hai Technology Group)
  • Ice Norway(Lyse)
  • Icom
  • Iconec
  • iConNext
  • iDAQS
  • IDEMIA
  • IDY Corporation
  • IFLY Electronics
  • ifm
  • IIJ(Internet Initiative Japan)
  • II-VI
  • IM Technology
  • Imec
  • IMPTT
  • InCoax Networks
  • Indra
  • iNET(Infrastructure Networks)
  • INEX Microtechnology
  • Infineon Technologies
  • Infinera
  • InfiNet Wireless
  • Infinite Electronics
  • Infomark Corporation
  • Infosys
  • Infovista
  • InHand Networks
  • Inmanta
  • Inmarsat
  • Innertron
  • InnoGence Technology(TROY Information)
  • InnoLight Technology
  • Innonet
  • Innovile
  • InnoWireless
  • Inrico Technologies
  • Inseego Corporation
  • Inspur
  • Insta Group
  • Instant Connect
  • INSYS icom(INSYS Microelectronics)
  • Intec E&C
  • Intel Corporation
  • Intelbras
  • Intelliport Solutions
  • Intelsat
  • Intenna Systems
  • InterDigital
  • INTERLEV
  • Interop Technologies
  • InterTalk Critical Information Systems
  • Intracom Telecom
  • Intrado Corporation
  • Intrepid Networks
  • Inventec Corporation
  • INWIT(Infrastrutture Wireless Italiane)
  • IoT4Net
  • IoTAS(IoT & Approval Solutions)
  • IP Infusion(ACCESS CO.)
  • IPAGEON
  • IPITEK(Integrated Photonics Technology)
  • IPLOOK Technologies
  • iPosi
  • Iradio Electronics
  • Iridium Communications
  • ISCO International
  • IS-Wireless
  • Italtel
  • ITCEN
  • ITRI(Industrial Technology Research Institute, Taiwan)
  • Itron
  • IWT(Innovative Wireless Technologies)
  • Jabil
  • JACS Solutions
  • JATONTEC(Jaton Technology)
  • JCI(Japan Communications Inc.)
  • JET Connectivity
  • Jezetek(Sichuan Jiuzhou Electric Group)
  • Jiaxun Feihong(Beijing Jiaxun Feihong Electrical)
  • Jinan USR IoT Technology(Mokuai/Wenheng)
  • JIT(JI Technology)
  • JMA Wireless
  • Johnson Controls
  • JOUAV
  • JPC Connectivity
  • JPS Interoperability Solutions
  • JQL Technologies
  • JRC(Japan Radio Company)
  • JSC Ingenium
  • JT IoT
  • Juniper Networks
  • Junkosha
  • Juvare
  • JVCKENWOOD Corporation
  • Kacific Broadband Satellites
  • Kaelus
  • Kaifa(Shenzen Kaifa Technology)
  • Kajeet
  • Kalmar(Cargotec)
  • Kaloom
  • Kalray
  • Katela Networks
  • KBR
  • KBT(Kenbotong Technology)
  • KDDI Corporation
  • Key Bridge Wireless
  • Keysight Technologies
  • Kiana Analytics
  • Kigen
  • Kindroid-Shanghai Jinzhuo Technology(Kyland Technology)
  • Kirisun Communications
  • Kisan Telecom
  • KLA Laboratories
  • Klas Telecom
  • Klein Electronics
  • Kleos
  • KMW
  • Knightscope
  • Komatsu
  • Konecranes
  • Kontron
  • KORE Wireless
  • KPN
  • KT Corporation
  • Kudelski Group
  • KUKA
  • Kumu Networks
  • K-Won/Hunter Technology
  • Kyland Technology
  • Kymeta Corporation
  • Kyndryl
  • Kyocera Corporation
  • Kyrio(CableLabs)
  • KZ TECH(KZ Broadband Technologies)
  • L3Harris Technologies
  • Laird Connectivity
  • Landis Gyr
  • Landmark Dividend(DigitalBridge Group)
  • Lanner Electronics
  • Lantronix
  • Lattice Semiconductor
  • LCR Embedded Systems
  • Leenos Corporation
  • Leidos
  • Lekha Wireless Solutions
  • Lemko Corporation
  • Lenovo
  • Leonardo
  • Lextrum(COMSovereign)
  • LG Corporation
  • LG Uplus
  • Lierda Science & Technology Group
  • Lifecycle Software
  • Ligado Networks
  • Lightron
  • Lime Microsystems
  • Lindsay Broadband
  • Linkem
  • Linksys
  • Linx Technologies
  • LIONS Technology
  • Lisheng Fujian Communications
  • LITE-ON Technology Corporation
  • LitePoint(Teradyne)
  • LiveU
  • Lociva
  • Lockheed Martin Corporation
  • Logicalis(Datatec)
  • LogicTree IT Solutions
  • Longsung Technology(Sunsea AIoT Technology)
  • Lookout
  • LS Mtron
  • LS telcom
  • LTTS(L&T Technology Services)
  • Luceor
  • Lumen Technologies
  • Lumentum
  • Lumineye
  • LuxCarta
  • Luxoft(DXC Technology)
  • Lyfo
  • Lynk Global
  • M1
  • m3connect
  • M4PS(Mobility 4 Public Safety)
  • MACOM
  • Magneste Technologies
  • Maipu Communication Technology
  • Maja Systems
  • MantisNet
  • MarchNet
  • Marlink
  • Marquistech
  • Martin UAV
  • Marubeni Corporation
  • Marubun Corporation
  • Marvell Technology
  • MASMOVIL
  • Mathworks
  • Matrix Electr?nica/Webdyn(Flexitron Group)
  • MATRIXX Software
  • MatSing
  • Maven Wireless
  • Mavenir
  • MaxComm
  • Maxis
  • MaxLinear
  • MC Technologies
  • MCP(Mission Critical Partners)
  • MCS Benelux
  • MD(MICRODRIVE)
  • Mdex(Wireless Logic Group)
  • MEASAT Satellite Systems
  • MECSware
  • Media Broadcast(freenet Group)
  • MediaTek
  • Meeami Technologies
  • MegaChips Corporation
  • MegaFon
  • Meglab(Epiroc)
  • MeiG Smart Technology
  • Meizu
  • Mentura Group
  • MER Group
  • Meta
  • Metanoia Communications
  • Metaswitch Networks(Microsoft Corporation)
  • Metawave Corporation
  • Metismake
  • MetTel
  • MHD(Muhan Digital)
  • MIC Nordic
  • MICAS-RF(MICAS Shenzhen Telecommunication)
  • MiCOM Labs
  • Micran
  • Microamp Solutions
  • Microchip Technology
  • Microlab(RF Industries)
  • MicroNova
  • Microsoft Corporation
  • Microwave Networks
  • MikroTik
  • Mikwave(Guangdong Mikwave Communication Tech)
  • Milesight
  • Milestone Systems
  • Miliwave
  • MiMOMax
  • MIPS
  • MiTAC Computing Technology Corporation
  • MitraStar Technology(Unizyx Holding Corporation)
  • MITRE Corporation
  • Mitsubishi Electric Corporation
  • MKI(Mitsui Knowledge Industry)
  • MOBI(Mobi Antenna Technologies)
  • Mobile Mark
  • Mobile Tornado
  • Mobile Viewpoint
  • MobileDemand
  • MobileIron
  • MobileTek(Shanghai Mobiletek Communication)
  • Mobileum
  • Mobilicom
  • Mobilitie(BAI Communications)
  • Mobiveil
  • Modular Mining Systems(Komatsu)
  • Molex
  • Monogoto
  • Morningcore Technology(CICT-China Information and Communication Technology Group)
  • Morningstar Corporation
  • Moseley Associates(Axxcss Wireless Solutions)
  • MosoLabs(Sercomm Corporation)
  • Motive Infrastructure Solutions
  • Motorola Mobility(Lenovo)
  • Motorola Solutions
  • Mott MacDonald
  • Movandi
  • Moxa
  • MP Antenna
  • MRK Media
  • MRT Technology(Suzhou)
  • MSB(MS Benbow & Associates)
  • MST Global-Mine Site Technologies(Komatsu)
  • MTI(Microelectronics Technology Inc.)
  • MTI Wireless Edge
  • MTN Group
  • MTS(Mobile TeleSystems)
  • MUGLER
  • MultiTech(Multi-Tech Systems)
  • Murata Manufacturing
  • Mushroom Networks
  • Mutualink
  • MVI Group
  • MYCOM OSI
  • Mynaric
  • MYT Electronics
  • NAT
  • Nable Communications
  • NanoSemi(MaxLinear)
  • Napatech
  • Nash Technologies
  • Nearby Computing
  • NEC Corporation
  • Nemergent Solutions
  • Nemko
  • Neolink Communications Technology
  • NeoPlane
  • Neoway Technology
  • Neptune Communications
  • Neragon Networks
  • Net AI
  • Netas
  • NETBEE(NET-Automation)
  • NetCity(GEOS Telecom/GEOS Holding)
  • Netcracker Technology(NEC Corporation)
  • NetFoundry
  • Netgear
  • NetModule(Belden)
  • Netmore Group
  • NETSCOUT Systems
  • Netsia(Argela)
  • Netvision Telecom
  • Neutral Wireless
  • Neutroon Technologies
  • New H3C Technologies(Tsinghua Unigroup)
  • New Postcom Equipment
  • NewEdge Signal Solutions
  • NEXCOM International
  • Nexign
  • Nexpring
  • Nextivity
  • NextNav
  • NextWave
  • Nextworks
  • ng4T
  • NGK Group(NGK Insulators)
  • ng-voice
  • NI(National Instruments)
  • NICE
  • NimbeLink
  • Niral Networks
  • Nitto Denko Corporation
  • NKG(New Kinpo Group)
  • Node-H
  • Nokia
  • Nomad Digital(Alstom)
  • Nordic Semiconductor
  • Northrop Grumman Corporation
  • NOTION Information Technology
  • Nova Labs(Helium)
  • NOVEC
  • NOVELSAT
  • NRB(Network Research Belgium)
  • NS Solutions Corporation
  • Nsight
  • NT(National Telecom)
  • NTMore(Network Technology More)
  • NTT DoCoMo
  • NTT Group
  • Nubia Technology(ZTE)
  • NuRAN Wireless
  • Nurlink Technology
  • NVIDIA Corporation
  • NXP Semiconductors
  • Oasis Smart SIM
  • Ocado Technology
  • Oceus Networks
  • Octasic
  • O-Cubes
  • ODN(Orbital Data Network)
  • OE Solutions
  • OFS Fitel(Furukawa Electric)
  • OKI Electric Industry
  • Omnispace
  • Omnitele
  • Omnitron Systems
  • Omnitronics
  • One2many(Everbridge)
  • OneLayer
  • OnePlus(BBK Electronics)
  • OneSimCard
  • OneWeb
  • Onomondo
  • Ontix
  • Onwave
  • Ooredoo
  • Opanga Networks
  • Open Valley
  • Opencode Systems
  • Openet(Amdocs)
  • OPPO(BBK Electronics)
  • O'Prueba Technology
  • OPTAGE
  • OptConnect
  • Optical Zonu Corporation
  • Opticoms
  • Option
  • Optiva
  • OQ Technology
  • Oracle Communications
  • Orange
  • ORBCOMM
  • Ori Industries
  • Orion Labs
  • Oscilloquartz(Adtran)
  • OV(Manx Telecom)
  • OVHcloud
  • PI Works
  • PacStar(Pacific Star Communications)
  • Padtec
  • Palo Alto Networks
  • Panasonic Connect
  • Panda Electronics
  • PanOptis
  • Panorama Antennas
  • Parallel Wireless
  • Parsec Technologies
  • Particle
  • PAStech
  • Patrocinium Systems
  • Patton
  • Pavlov Media
  • PCS Technologies
  • PCTEL
  • PCTEST Lab(PCTEST Engineering Laboratory)
  • Peatalk Corporation
  • Pegatron Corporation
  • Pei Tel Communications
  • Pelion
  • Penguin Solutions(SGH-SMART Global Holdings)
  • Pente Networks
  • Pentonet
  • Peplink(Plover Bay Technologies)
  • Pepperl Fuchs
  • Pepro
  • Peraso
  • Peraton Labs
  • Percepto
  • Perle Systems
  • PGE Systemy(PGE-Polish Energy Group)
  • Pharrowtech
  • Phirst Technologies/xCraft Enterprises
  • Phluido
  • Phoenix Contact
  • Phytium Technology(Tianjin Phytium Information Technology)
  • PHYTunes
  • Picocom
  • Pierson Wireless
  • Pivot Technology Services
  • Pivotal Commware
  • Pivotel Group
  • Pivotone
  • Pixavi(BARTEC)
  • PK Solutions
  • Platform9
  • Pletronics
  • Plextek
  • Plintron
  • Plus(Polkomtel)
  • POCSTARS
  • Pod Group(GD-Giesecke Devrient)
  • Polaris Networks(Motorola Solutions)
  • Polaris Wireless
  • Pollen Mobile
  • Positron Access Solutions
  • Potevio(CETC-China Electronics Technology Group Corporation)
  • PPC(Power Plus Communications)
  • PPC Broadband(Belden)
  • Precision OT(Optical Transceivers)
  • PRESCOM
  • PrioCom
  • Proef
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  • Proscend Communications
  • PROSE Technologies(Rosenberger)
  • PROTEI
  • Proxim Wireless Corporation(SRA Holdings)
  • Proximus
  • Pryme Radio Products
  • pSemi Corporation(Murata Manufacturing)
  • PT INTI(PT Industri Telekomunikasi Indonesia)
  • PT LEN Industri
  • PTC
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  • Publicis Sapient
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  • Pycom
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  • QCT(Quanta Cloud Technology)
  • Qinetiq
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  • Quintel(Cirtek Holdings Philippines Corporation)
  • Qulsar
  • Quortus(CradlePoint)
  • Qwake Technologies
  • Qwilt
  • R Systems(Computaris International)
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  • RACOM Corporation
  • RAD
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  • Range Networks(AMN-Africa Mobile Networks)
  • Ranger Systems
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  • Raycap
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  • Ready Wireless
  • Realme(BBK Electronics)
  • Red Hat(IBM)
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  • Reliance Jio Infocomm(Jio Platforms)
  • REMEC Broadband Wireless Networks(Bridgewave Communications/SAGE SatCom)
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  • RF Connect
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  • Ricon Mobile
  • RigNet(Viasat Energy Services)
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  • RKTPL(RK Telesystem Private Limited)
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  • Rohde & Schwarz
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  • Rolling Wireless(Fibocom)
  • Rolloos(FMJ Group)
  • Rosenberger
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  • RSConnect
  • RTX A/S
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  • RugGear
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  • Saab
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  • SABIC
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  • SAE IT-Systems(LACROIX Group)
  • SAF Tehnika
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  • SageRAN(Guangzhou SageRAN Technology)
  • Saguna Networks(COMSovereign)
  • SAI Technology
  • SAIC(Science Applications International Corporation)
  • Samji Electronics
  • Samsung
  • SAMWON FA
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  • Sandvik
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  • Sanjole
  • San-tron
  • Sanxing(Ningbo Sanxing Smart Electric)
  • Sasken Technologies
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  • Sateliot
  • SatixFy
  • Saviah Technologies
  • Savox Communications
  • SBA Communications
  • Sceye
  • Schneider Electric
  • SEA-Systems Engineering & Assessment(Cohort)
  • Seamless Waves
  • Sectra Communications
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  • Select Spectrum
  • SEMPRE
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  • Senko Advanced Components
  • Sensorview
  • Senstar Corporation
  • Sensus(Xylem)
  • Sentient Energy(Koch Engineered Solutions)
  • Sentinel Camera Systems
  • Seong Ji Industrial
  • SEONTECH
  • Seowon Intech
  • Sepura
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  • Sercomm Corporation
  • SES
  • SETUP Protokolltester
  • SGS
  • Shannon Wireless(Zhejiang Shannon Communication Technology)
  • Shared Access
  • Sharp Corporation(Foxconn-Hon Hai Technology Group)
  • Shenglu(Guangdong Shenglu Telecommunication)
  • Shenzhen CXD Science & Technology
  • Shenzhen Recoda Technologies
  • SIAE Microelettronica
  • SICK
  • Siemens
  • Sierra Wireless(Semtech Corporation)
  • Sigma Wireless
  • Signal Information & Communication Corporation
  • Signalchip
  • Signalwing
  • Siklu
  • Silicom Connectivity Solutions
  • Silicom SAS(France)
  • SIMCom Wireless Solutions(Sunsea AIoT Technology)
  • Simnovus
  • Simoco Wireless Solutions
  • Sinclair Technologies(Norsat International/Hytera Communications)
  • Singtel
  • Sinnwell(audius)
  • SIRADEL
  • SITA
  • siticom(Logicalis)
  • SiTime Corporation
  • SITRONICS(Sistema)
  • SiTune Corporation
  • Sivers Semiconductors
  • Siyata Mobile
  • SK Telecom
  • SK Telesys
  • Skoltech(Skolkovo Institute of Science and Technology)
  • SKY Perfect JSAT
  • SkyFive
  • Skylark Wireless
  • Skylo Technologies
  • Skytic Telecom
  • Skyvera(TelcoDR)
  • Skyworks Solutions
  • SLA Corporation
  • SM Optics(SIAE Microelettronica)
  • Smart Communications(PLDT)
  • Smart Mobile Labs
  • Smartfren
  • SmarTone
  • SmartSky Networks
  • SMAWave(Shanghai SMAWave Technology)
  • Socionext
  • SoftBank Group
  • Softil
  • Soitec
  • Solectek Corporation/Cielo Networks
  • SOLiD
  • Solidtronic
  • Soliton Systems
  • Sonim Technologies
  • Sony Group Corporation
  • Sooktha
  • Soracom
  • Source Photonics
  • Southern Linc
  • Space Data Corporation
  • SpaceBridge
  • Spacecom
  • SpaceX
  • Spark New Zealand
  • Spectra Group
  • SpectraRep
  • Spectre(Rostec)
  • Spectronite
  • Spectronn
  • Spectrum Effect
  • Speedcast
  • Spideradio(Suzhou Spideradio Telecommunication Technology)
  • SPIE Group
  • Spirent Communications
  • SPIRIT DSP
  • SPL(Stratospheric Platforms Limited)
  • Sporton International
  • SQUAN
  • Squire Technologies
  • SRS(Software Radio Systems)
  • SRTechnology
  • SSC(Shared Spectrum Company)
  • SSS Public Safety
  • ST(STMicroelectronics)
  • ST Engineering iDirect
  • Star Microwave
  • Star Solutions
  • StarHub
  • StarPoint(Beijing StarPoint Technology)
  • STC(Saudi Telecom Company)
  • Steep
  • STEP CG
  • STL(Sterlite Technologies Ltd.)
  • Stop Noise
  • sTraffic
  • Strata Worldwide
  • Streambox
  • Streamwide
  • Subex
  • Sumitomo Electric Industries
  • Summa Networks
  • Summit Tech
  • Sunrise UPC(Liberty Global)
  • Sunsea AIoT Technology
  • Sunwave Communications
  • Supermicro(Super Micro Computer)
  • SureSite Consulting Group
  • SUSE
  • Swisscom
  • Swissphone
  • Sylincom(Beijing Sylincom Technology)
  • Synctechno
  • Syniverse
  • SYRTEM
  • Systech Corporation
  • System Innovation Group
  • Systemics-PAB
  • T&W(Shenzhen Gongjin Electronics)
  • T2M
  • TacSat Networks
  • Tait Communications
  • Taiwan Mobile
  • TAIYO YUDEN
  • Talia Communications(Commercis)
  • Talk-IP International
  • Talkpod Technology
  • Tambora Systems
  • Tampa Microwave(Thales)
  • Tampnet
  • Tango Networks
  • Tango Tango
  • Taoglas
  • Tarana Wireless
  • TASSTA
  • Tata Elxsi
  • Tatfook(Shenzhen Tatfook Technology)
  • TCL Communication
  • TCOM
  • TCS(Tata Consultancy Services)
  • TD Tech
  • TDC NET
  • TDCOMM
  • TE Connectivity
  • Teal Communications
  • Tech Mahindra
  • Techbros
  • Technicolor
  • Tecom
  • Tecore Networks
  • Tejas Networks
  • TEKTELIC Communications
  • Telco Systems(BATM Advanced Communications)
  • Telcoware
  • Teldat
  • Tele2
  • Tele2 Russia(Rostelecom)
  • Telecom26
  • Teleena(Tata Communications MOVE)
  • Telefield
  • Telefonica Group
  • Telekom Slovenije
  • Telenet
  • Telenor Group
  • Telent
  • Telesat
  • Telespazio(Leonardo/Thales)
  • Teleste
  • teleSys Software
  • Telet Research
  • Televate
  • Telewave
  • Teleworld Solutions(Samsung)
  • Telia Company
  • Telit Cinterion
  • Telkomsel
  • Tellabs
  • Tellion
  • Telna
  • TELNET Redes Inteligentes
  • TELOX(Telo Systems)
  • Telrad Networks
  • Telsasoft
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  • Teltronic(Hytera Communications)
  • Telus
  • TEOCO
  • Teracom
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  • TeraGo
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  • Tessares
  • TESSCO Technologies/Ventev
  • Thaicom
  • Thales
  • ThinkRF
  • Three Group Solutions(CK Hutchison)
  • Thundercomm
  • TI(Texas Instruments)
  • Tianyi(Sichuan Tianyi Comheart Telecom)
  • Tibco Telecoms
  • TytoEVRY
  • Tillman Global Holdings
  • Tilson
  • TIM(Telecom Italia Mobile)
  • Titan ICT
  • Titan.ium Platform
  • TJ Innovation
  • TLC Solutions
  • TM(Telekom Malaysia)
  • T-Mobile US
  • TMYTEK(TMY Technology)
  • TNS(Transaction Network Services)
  • TO21COMMS
  • Tofane Global
  • TOKIE(Irvees Technology)
  • TOMIA
  • Tongyu Communication
  • Toshiba Corporation
  • Totogi
  • TowerJazz
  • TPG Telecom
  • TPL Systemes
  • TP-Link Technologies
  • Transatel(NTT Group)
  • Transit Wireless(BAI Communications)
  • TransPacket
  • TriaSys Technologies Corporation
  • TRIOPT
  • Triorail
  • Tr?pico(CPQD-Center for Research and Development in Telecommunications, Brazil)
  • TrueMove H(True Corporation)
  • TRUMPF
  • Truphone
  • TRX Systems
  • TSMC(Taiwan Semiconductor Manufacturing Company)
  • Tsofun
  • TST Systems(Thorcom Systems/Sonic Communications/Tioga Electronic Assembly)
  • T-Systems International
  • TTG International
  • TTM Technologies
  • Tupl
  • T?rk Telekom
  • Turkcell
  • TUSUR(Tomsk State University of Control Systems and Radioelectronics)
  • TUV SUD
  • Two Six Labs
  • Tyler Technologies
  • US Cellular
  • UANGEL
  • UBCS
  • Ubicquia
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  • U-Blox
  • Ucloudy(Shanghai Ucloudy Information Technology)
  • UCtel
  • UfiSpace
  • UL
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  • Ultraband Technologies
  • UMC(United Microelectronics Corporation)
  • Umlaut(Accenture)
  • UMS(United Monolithic Semiconductors)
  • UNIMO Technology
  • UNISOC(Tsinghua Unigroup)
  • UniStrong
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  • UROS
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  • US Digital Designs
  • USI(Universal Scientific Industrial)
  • Utility(Utility Associates)
  • Utility Connect(Alliander/Stedin)
  • UTStarcom
  • V&M(Venus & Mercury) Telecom
  • V5 Systems
  • Valid(Brazil)
  • Valid8
  • Vantage Towers
  • Vanu
  • Vapor IO
  • Vavitel(Shenzhen Vavitel Technology)
  • VDI(Virginia Diodes, Inc.)
  • Vector Data
  • Veea
  • VEON
  • Verana Networks
  • Verizon Communications
  • Verkotan
  • Versa Networks
  • Vertel
  • Vertical Bridge(DigitalBridge Group)
  • Vertiv
  • Verveba Telecom
  • VHT(Viettel High Tech)
  • Viasat
  • VIAVI Solutions
  • VIDA Technologies
  • Vigilate
  • Vilicom(BAI Communications)
  • VinSmart(Vingroup)
  • Viper RF
  • Viprinet
  • ViPRO Corporation
  • Virtual Access(Westermo Network Technologies)
  • Virtusa Corporation
  • Vislink Technologies
  • Visual Labs
  • Vital(New Zealand)
  • VITES
  • Vivo(BBK Electronics)
  • VMware
  • VNC-Virtual NetCom(COMSovereign)
  • VNL-Vihaan Networks Limited(Shyam Group)
  • Vodacom Group
  • Vodafone Group
  • VoerEir
  • VoiceAge Corporation
  • Voipfuture
  • Volvo CE(Construction Equipment)
  • Voxer
  • VTT Technical Research Centre of Finland
  • Vubiq Networks
  • VVDN Technologies
  • WAGO
  • WAV4M
  • WAVE(AGC)
  • Wave1
  • Wave-In Communication
  • Wavelabs
  • Wavesight
  • Wavetel Technology
  • Waycare
  • WCCTV(Wireless CCTV)
  • WDNA(Wireless DNA)
  • Weaccess Group
  • WebRadar
  • Weidm?ller
  • Welotec
  • Westell Technologies
  • Wevercomm
  • Wewins(Shenzhen Wewins Wireless)
  • wgtwo(Working Group Two)
  • WH Bence Group
  • Whale Cloud Technology(Alibaba Group)
  • Whizz Systems
  • Widelity
  • WIG(Wireless Infrastructure Group)
  • Wildox(Shenzhen Happy Technology)
  • Wilson Electronics
  • Wilus
  • WIN Connectivity(Wireless Information Networks)
  • Wind River Systems
  • Wind Tre
  • Wingtech Technology
  • WINITECH
  • Winmate Communications
  • Winncom Technologies
  • Wipro
  • Wireless Logic Group
  • Wireless Technologies Finland
  • Wireless Telecom Group
  • WiSig Networks
  • Wistron Corporation
  • Wiwynn(Wistron Corporation)
  • WM Systems
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  • WNC(Wistron NeWeb Corporation)
  • Wolfspeed
  • WooriNet
  • Workz
  • World View
  • WorldCell Solutions
  • Wouxun(Quanzhou Wouxun Electronics)
  • WTL(World Telecom Labs)
  • WTW Electronic
  • WWT(World Wide Technology)
  • Wytec International
  • Xantaro
  • XAVi Technologies Corporation(Chicony Electronics)
  • XCOM Labs
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  • Xena Networks
  • Xiamen Puxing Electronics Science & Technology
  • Xiamen Sanan Integrated Circuit
  • Xiaomi
  • Xilinx(AMD-Advanced Micro Devices)
  • Xingtera
  • Xinwei Group
  • XINYI Information Technology
  • XipLink
  • XIUS
  • YADRO(ICS Holding)
  • YAGEO Corporation
  • Yahsat(Al Yah Satellite Communications)/Thuraya
  • YaleBTS
  • Yanton(Quanzhou Yanton Electronics)
  • YOFC(Yangtze Optical Fibre and Cable)
  • Yokogawa Electric Corporation
  • Yuge Technology(Shanghai Yuge Information Technology)
  • Zain Group
  • ZaiNar
  • Zaram Technology
  • Z-Com
  • Zealync
  • Zebra Technologies
  • Zeetta Networks
  • Zello
  • ZenFi Networks(BAI Communications)
  • Zengyi Technology
  • Zepcam
  • ZeroEyes
  • Zetron(Codan)
  • Zhengkai Electronics(Jiangsu Zhengkai Electronics Technology)
  • ZILLNK
  • Zinwave(McWane)
  • Zioncom
  • Zmtel(Shanghai Zhongmi Communication Technology)
  • ZT Systems
  • ZTE
  • Zyxel(Unizyx Holding Corporation)

제10장 시장 규모 및 예측

제11장 결론 및 전략적 제언

LYJ 23.07.13

Synopsis

Historically a niche segment of the wider cellular communications industry, private cellular networks - also referred to as NPNs (Non-Public Networks) in 3GPP terminology - have rapidly gained popularity in recent years due to privacy, security, reliability and performance advantages over public mobile networks and competing wireless technologies as well as their potential to replace hardwired connections with non-obstructive wireless links. With the 3GPP-led standardization of features such as MCX (Mission-Critical PTT, Video & Data), URLLC (Ultra-Reliable, Low-Latency Communications), TSC (Time-Sensitive Communications), SNPNs (Standalone NPNs), PNI-NPNs (Public Network-Integrated NPNs) and network slicing, private networks based on LTE and 5G technologies have gained recognition as an all-inclusive connectivity platform for critical communications, Industry 4.0 and enterprise transformation-related applications. Traditionally, these sectors have been dominated by LMR (Land Mobile Radio), Wi-Fi, industrial Ethernet, fiber and other disparate networks.

The liberalization of spectrum is another factor that is accelerating the adoption of private LTE and 5G networks. National regulators across the globe have released or are in the process of granting access to shared and local area licensed spectrum. Examples include but are not limited to the three-tiered CBRS (Citizens Broadband Radio Service) spectrum sharing scheme in the United States, Canada's planned NCL (Non-Competitive Local) licensing framework, United Kingdom's shared and local access licensing model, Germany's 3.7-3.8 GHz and 28 GHz licenses for 5G campus networks, France's vertical spectrum and sub-letting arrangements, Netherlands' geographically restricted mid-band spectrum assignments, Finland's 2.3 GHz and 26 GHz licenses for local 4G/5G networks, Sweden's 3.7 GHz and 26 GHz permits, Norway's regulation of local networks in the 3.8-4.2 GHz band, Poland's spectrum assignment for local government units and enterprises, Bahrain's private 5G network licenses, Japan's 4.6-4.9 GHz and 28 GHz local 5G network licenses, South Korea's e-Um 5G allocations in the 4.7 GHz and 28 GHz bands, Taiwan's provision of 4.8-4.9 GHz spectrum for private 5G networks, Hong Kong's LWBS (Localized Wireless Broadband System) licenses, Australia's apparatus licensing approach, India's CNPN (Captive Non-Public Network) leasing framework and Brazil's SLP (Private Limited Service) licenses. Even China - where mobile operators have been at the forefront of initial private 5G installations - has started allocating private 5G spectrum licenses directly to end user organizations. Vast swaths of globally and regionally harmonized license-exempt spectrum are also available worldwide that can be used for the operation of unlicensed LTE and 5G NR-U equipment for private networks. In addition, dedicated national spectrum in sub-1 GHz and higher frequencies has been allocated for specific critical communications-related applications in many countries.

LTE and 5G-based private cellular networks come in many different shapes and sizes, including isolated end-to-end NPNs in industrial and enterprise settings, local RAN equipment for targeted cellular coverage, dedicated on-premise core network functions, virtual sliced private networks, secure MVNO (Mobile Virtual Network Operator) platforms for critical communications, and wide area networks for application scenarios such as PPDR (Public Protection & Disaster Relief) broadband, smart utility grids, railway communications and A2G (Air-to-Ground) connectivity. However, it is important to note that equipment suppliers, system integrators, private network specialists, mobile operators and other ecosystem players have slightly different perceptions as to what exactly constitutes a private cellular network. While there is near universal consensus that private LTE and 5G networks refer to purpose-built cellular communications systems intended for the exclusive use of vertical industries and enterprises, some industry participants extend this definition to also include other market segments - for example, 3GPP-based community and residential broadband networks deployed by non-traditional service providers. Another closely related segment is multi-operator or shared neutral host infrastructure, which may be employed to support NPN services in specific scenarios.

Despite the somewhat differing views on market definition, one thing is clear - private LTE and 5G networks are continuing their upward trajectory with deployments targeting a multitude of use cases across various industries, ranging from localized wireless systems for dedicated connectivity in factories, warehouses, mines, power plants, substations, offshore wind farms, oil and gas facilities, construction sites, maritime ports, airports, hospitals, office buildings and university campuses to regional and nationwide sub-1 GHz private wireless broadband networks for utilities, FRMCS (Future Railway Mobile Communication System)-ready networks for train-to-ground communications, and hybrid government-commercial public safety LTE networks, as well as rapidly deployable systems such as the German Armed Forces' ZNV (Deployable Cellular Networks) solution, Hsinchu City Fire Department's satellite-backhauled portable 5G network for emergency communications and BBC's (British Broadcasting Corporation) temporary private 5G network used during King Charles' coronation. Custom-built cellular networks have also been implemented in locations as remote as Antarctica and there are even plans for installations on the moon's surface and outer space.

SNS Telecom & IT estimates that global spending on private LTE and 5G network infrastructure for vertical industries will grow at a CAGR of approximately 18% between 2023 and 2026, eventually accounting for more than $6.4 Billion by the end of 2026. As much as 40% of these investments - nearly $2.8 Billion - will be directed towards the build-out of standalone private 5G networks that will become the predominant wireless communications medium to support the ongoing Industry 4.0 revolution for the digitization and automation of manufacturing and process industries. This unprecedented level of growth is likely to transform private LTE and 5G networks into an almost parallel equipment ecosystem to public mobile operator infrastructure in terms of market size by the late 2020s.

The "Private LTE & 5G Network Ecosystem: 2023 - 2030 - Opportunities, Challenges, Strategies, Industry Verticals & Forecasts" report presents an in-depth assessment of the private LTE and 5G network ecosystem, including the value chain, market drivers, barriers to uptake, enabling technologies, operational and business models, vertical industries, application scenarios, key trends, future roadmap, standardization, spectrum availability and allocation, regulatory landscape, case studies, ecosystem player profiles and strategies. The report also presents global and regional market size forecasts from 2023 till 2030. The forecasts cover three infrastructure submarkets, two technology generations, four spectrum licensing models, 15 vertical industries and five regional markets.

The report comes with an associated Excel datasheet suite covering quantitative data from all numeric forecasts presented in the report, as well as a database of over 6,000 global private LTE/5G engagements - as of Q2'2023.

Key Findings

The report has the following key findings:

  • SNS Telecom & IT estimates that global spending on private LTE and 5G network infrastructure for vertical industries will grow at a CAGR of approximately 18% between 2023 and 2026, eventually accounting for more than $6.4 Billion by the end of 2026.
  • As much as 40% of these investments - nearly $2.8 Billion - will be directed towards the build-out of standalone private 5G networks that will become the predominant wireless communications medium to support the ongoing Industry 4.0 revolution for the digitization and automation of manufacturing and process industries.
  • This unprecedented level of growth in the coming years is likely to transform private LTE and 5G networks into an almost parallel equipment ecosystem to public mobile operator infrastructure in terms of market size by the late 2020s.
  • Existing private cellular network deployments range from localized wireless systems in industrial and enterprise settings to sub-1 GHz private wireless broadband networks for utilities, FRMCS-ready networks for train-to-ground communications, and hybrid government-commercial public safety broadband networks, as well as rapidly deployable LTE/5G systems that deliver temporary or on-demand cellular connectivity.
  • As for the practical and quantifiable benefits of private LTE and 5G networks, end user organizations across manufacturing, mining, oil and gas, ports and other vertical industries have credited private cellular network installations with productivity and efficiency gains in the range of 30 to 70%, cost savings of more than 20%, and an uplift of up to 80% in worker safety and accident reduction.
  • Spectrum liberalization initiatives - particularly shared and local spectrum licensing frameworks - are playing a pivotal role in accelerating the adoption of private LTE and 5G networks. Telecommunications regulators in multiple national markets - including the United States, Canada, United Kingdom, Germany, France, Netherlands, Finland, Sweden, Norway, Poland, Bahrain, Japan, South Korea, Taiwan, China, Hong Kong, Australia, India and Brazil - have released or are in the process of granting access to shared and local area licensed spectrum.
  • By capitalizing on their extensive licensed spectrum holdings, infrastructure assets and cellular networking expertise, national mobile operators have continued to retain a strong foothold in the private LTE and 5G network market. With an expanded focus on vertical B2B (Business-to-Business) opportunities in the 5G era, mobile operators are actively involved in diverse projects extending from localized 5G networks for secure and reliable wireless connectivity in industrial and enterprise environments to nationwide public safety broadband networks.
  • New classes of private network operators have also found success in the market. Notable examples include but are not limited to Celona, Betacom, Kajeet, BearCom, Ambra Solutions, iNET (Infrastructure Networks), Tampnet, Smart Mobile Labs, MUGLER, Telent, Logicalis, Citymesh, Netmore, RADTONICS, Combitech, Grape One (Japan), NS Solutions, OPTAGE, Wave-In Communication and the private 4G/5G business units of neutral host infrastructure providers such as Boingo Wireless, Crown Castle, Cellnex Telecom, BAI Communications/Boldyn Networks, Freshwave and Digita.
  • NTT, Kyndryl and other global system integrators have been quick to seize the private cellular opportunity with strategic technology alliances and early commercial wins. Meanwhile, hyperscalers - most notably AWS (Amazon Web Services), Google and Microsoft - are offering managed private 5G services by leveraging their cloud and edge platforms.
  • Although greater vendor diversity is beginning to be reflected in infrastructure sales, larger players are continuing to invest in strategic acquisitions as highlighted by HPE's (Hewlett Packard Enterprise) recent acquisition of Italian mobile core technology provider Athonet.
  • The service provider segment is not immune to consolidation either. For example, in Australia, mobile operator Telstra - through its Telstra Purple division - has acquired industrial private wireless specialist Aqura Technologies. More recently, specialist fiber and network solutions provider Vocus has acquired Challenge Networks - another Australian pioneer in private LTE and 5G networks.

Summary of Private LTE/5G Engagements

Some of the existing and planned private LTE and 5G engagements are summarized below:

  • Agriculture: Private cellular network installations in the agriculture industry range from custom-built 250 MHz LTE networks that provide wide area cellular coverage for agribusiness machinery, vehicles, sensors and field workers in Brazil to Japan's standalone local 5G networks supporting 4K UHD (Ultra-High Definition) video transmission, mobile robotics, remote-controlled tractors and other advanced smart agriculture-related application capabilities.
  • Aviation: Private LTE and 5G networks have been deployed or are being trialed to support internal operations at some of the busiest international and domestic airports, including Hong Kong, Shanghai Pudong and Hongqiao, Tokyo Narita, London Heathrow, Paris-Charles de Gaulle, Orly and Le Bourget, Frankfurt, Cologne Bonn, Brussels, Amsterdam Schiphol, Vienna, Athens, Oslo, Helsinki, Bahrain, Chicago O'Hare, DFW (Dallas Fort Worth), Dallas Love Field and MSP (Minneapolis-St. Paul). Lufthansa Technik and JAL (Japan Airlines), among others, are leveraging private 5G connectivity for aircraft maintenance operations. In addition, national and cross-border A2G (Air-to-Ground) networks for inflight broadband and critical airborne communications are also beginning to gain significant traction.
  • Broadcasting: Within the broadcasting industry, FOX Sports, BBC (British Broadcasting Corporation), BT Group, RTE (Raidió Teilifís Éireann), Media Broadcast, WDR (Westdeutscher Rundfunk Köln), RTVE (Radiotelevisión Española), SVT (Sveriges Television), NRK (Norwegian Broadcasting Corporation), TV 2, TVBS, CMG (China Media Group) and several other media and broadcast players are utilizing private 5G networks - both temporary and fixed installations - to support live production and other use cases.
  • Construction: Mortenson, Ferrovial, BAM Nuttall (Royal BAM Group), Fira (Finland), Kumagai Gumi, Obayashi Corporation, Shimizu Corporation, Taisei Corporation, Takenaka Corporation, CSCEC (China State Construction Engineering Corporation), Hoban Construction, Hip Hing Engineering, Gammon Construction and Hyundai E&C (Engineering & Construction) are notable examples of companies that have employed the use of private LTE and 5G networks to enhance productivity and worker safety at construction sites.
  • Education: Higher education institutes are at the forefront of hosting on-premise 5G networks in campus environments. Tokyo Metropolitan University, McMaster University, Texas A&M University, Purdue University, Cal Poly (California Polytechnic State University), Northeastern University, UWM (University of Wisconsin-Milwaukee), RWTH Aachen University, TU Kaiserslautern (Technical University of Kaiserslautern) and CTU (Czech Technical University in Prague) are among the many universities that have deployed private 5G networks for experimental research or smart campus-related applications. Another prevalent theme in the education sector is the growing number of purpose-built LTE networks aimed at eliminating the digital divide for remote learning - particularly CBRS networks for school districts in the United States.
  • Forestry: There is considerable interest in private cellular networks to fulfill the communications needs of the forestry industry for both industrial and environmental purposes. For example, Swedish forestry company SCA (Svenska Cellulosa Aktiebolaget) is deploying local 5G networks to facilitate digitization and automation at its timber terminals and paper mills, while Tolko Industries and Resolute Forest Products are utilizing portable LTE systems to support their remote forestry operations in remote locations in Quebec and British Columbia, Canada, where cellular coverage has previously been scarce or non-existent.
  • Healthcare: Dedicated 5G campus networks have been installed or are being implemented to support smart healthcare applications in many hospitals, including Nagasaki University Hospital, West China Second University Hospital (Sichuan University), SMC (Samsung Medical Center), Ewha Womans University Mokdong Hospital, Bethlem Royal Hospital, Frankfurt University Hospital, Helios Park Hospital Leipzig, UKD (University Hospital of Düsseldorf), UKSH (University Hospital Schleswig-Holstein), UKB (University Hospital Bonn), Cleveland Clinic's Mentor Hospital and Hospital das Clínicas (São Paulo). In addition, on-premise LTE networks are also operational at many hospitals and medical complexes across the globe.
  • Manufacturing: AGC, Airbus, Arçelik, ASN (Alcatel Submarine Networks), Atlas Copco, BASF, BMW, BorgWarner, British Sugar, Calpak, China Baowu Steel Group, COMAC (Commercial Aircraft Corporation of China), Del Conca, Delta Electronics, Dow, Ford, Foxconn, GM (General Motors), Gerdau, Glanbia, Haier, Holmen Iggesund, Inventec, John Deere, Logan Aluminum, Magna Steyr, Mercedes-Benz, Midea, Miele, Navantia, Renault, Ricoh, Saab, SANY Heavy Industry, Schneider Electric, SIBUR, Whirlpool, X Shore and Yara International and dozens of additional manufacturers - including LTE/5G equipment suppliers themselves - have already integrated private cellular connectivity into their production operations at their factories. Many others - including ArcelorMittal, Bayer, Bosch, Hyundai, KAI (Korea Aerospace Industries), Nestlé, Nissan, SEAT, Siemens, Stellantis, Toyota, Volkswagen and WEG - are treading cautiously in their planned transition from initial pilot installations to live 5G networks for Industry 4.0 applications.
  • Military: Led by the U.S. DOD's (Department of Defense) "5G-to-Next G" initiative, several programs are underway to accelerate the adoption of private 5G networks at military bases and training facilities, defense-specific network slices and portable cellular systems for tactical communications. The U.S. military, Canadian Army, Bundeswehr (German Armed Forces), Italian Army, Norwegian Armed Forces, Finnish Defense Forces, Latvian Ministry of Defense, Qatar Armed Forces, ADF (Australian Defence Force), ROK (Republic of Korea) Armed Forces and Brazilian Army are among the many adopters of private cellular networks in the military sector.
  • Mining: Mining companies are increasingly deploying 3GPP-based private wireless networks at their surface and underground mining operations to support mine-wide communications between workers, real-time video monitoring, teleoperation of mining equipment, fleet management, self-driving trucks and other applications. Some noteworthy examples include Agnico Eagle, Albemarle, Anglo American, AngloGold Ashanti, Antofagasta Minerals, BHP, Boliden, Codelco, China Shenhua Energy, China National Coal, Eldorado Gold, Exxaro, Fortescue Metals, Freeport-McMoRan, Glencore, Gold Fields, Jiangxi Copper, Metalloinvest, Newcrest Mining, Newmont, Northern Star Resources, Nornickel (Norilsk Nickel), Nutrien, Polyus, Polymetal International, Rio Tinto, Roy Hill, Severstal, Shaanxi Coal, South32, Southern Copper (Grupo México), Teck Resources, Vale, Yankuang Energy and Zijin Mining.
  • Oil & Gas: Arrow Energy, BP, Centrica, Chevron, CNOOC (China National Offshore Oil Corporation), ConocoPhillips, Equinor, ExxonMobil, Gazprom Neft, Neste, PCK Raffinerie, Petrobras, PetroChina/CNPC (China National Petroleum Corporation), Phillips 66, PKN ORLEN, Repsol, Santos, Schlumberger, Shell, Sinopec (China Petroleum & Chemical Corporation), TotalEnergies and many others in the oil and gas industry are utilizing private cellular networks. Some companies are pursuing a multi-faceted approach to address their diverse connectivity requirements. For instance, Aramco (Saudi Arabian Oil Company) is adopting a 450 MHz LTE network for critical communications, LEO satellite-based NB-IoT coverage to enable connectivity for remote IoT assets, and private 5G networks for advanced Industry 4.0-related applications.
  • Ports & Maritime Transport: Many port and terminal operators are investing in private LTE and 5G networks to provide high-speed and low-latency wireless connectivity for applications such as AGVs (Automated Guided Vehicles), remote-controlled cranes, smart cargo handling and predictive maintenance. Prominent examples include but are not limited to APM Terminals (Maersk), CMPort (China Merchants Port Holdings), COSCO Shipping Ports, Hutchison Ports, PSA International, SSA Marine (Carrix) and Steveco. In the maritime transport segment, onboard private cellular networks - supported by satellite backhaul links - are widely being utilized to provide voice, data, messaging and IoT connectivity services for both passenger and cargo vessels while at sea.
  • Public Safety: A myriad of fully dedicated, hybrid government-commercial and secure MVNO/MOCN (Multi-Operator Core Network)-based public safety LTE networks are operational or in the process of being rolled out throughout the globe, ranging from national mission-critical broadband platforms such as FirstNet, South Korea's Safe-Net, France's RRF (Radio Network of the Future), Spain's SIRDEE and Finland's VIRVE 2.0 to the Royal Thai Police's 800 MHz LTE network and Halton-Peel region PSBN (Public Safety Broadband Network) in Canada's Ontario province. 5G NR-equipped PPDR (Public Protection & Disaster Relief) broadband systems are also starting to be adopted by first responder agencies. For example, Taiwan's Hsinchu City Fire Department is using an emergency response vehicle - which features a satellite-backhauled private 5G network based on Open RAN standards - to establish high-bandwidth, low-latency emergency communications in disaster zones.
  • Railways: Although the GSM-R to FRMCS (Future Railway Mobile Communication System) transition is not expected until the late 2020s, a number of LTE and 5G-based networks for railway communications are being deployed, including Adif AV's private 5G network for logistics terminals, SGP's (Société du Grand Paris) private LTE network for the Grand Paris Express metro system, PTA's (Public Transport Authority of Western Australia) radio systems replacement project, NCRTC's (National Capital Regional Transport Corporation) private LTE network for the Delhi-Meerut RRTS (Regional Rapid Transit System) corridor, KRNA's (Korea Rail Network Authority) LTE-R network and China State Railway Group's 5G-R program. DB (Deutsche Bahn), SNCF (French National Railways), Network Rail and others are also progressing their 5G-based rail connectivity projects prior to operational deployment.
  • Utilities: Private cellular networks in the utilities industry range from wide area 3GPP networks - operating in 410 MHz, 450 MHz, 900 MHz and other sub-1 GHz spectrum bands - for smart grid communications to purpose-built LTE and 5G networks aimed at providing localized wireless connectivity in critical infrastructure facilities such as power plants, substations and offshore wind farms. Some examples of end user adopters include Ameren, CNNC (China National Nuclear Corporation), CPFL Energia, CSG (China Southern Power Grid), E.ON, Edesur Dominicana, EDF, Enel, ESB Networks, Bahrain EWA (Electricity and Water Authority), Evergy, Fortum, Hokkaido Electric Power, Iberdrola, Kansai Electric Power, KEPCO (Korea Electric Power Corporation), LCRA (Lower Colorado River Authority), Osaka Gas, PGE (Polish Energy Group), SDG&E (San Diego Gas & Electric), SGCC (State Grid Corporation of China), Southern Company, Tampa Electric (Emera) and Xcel Energy.
  • Other Sectors: Private LTE and 5G networks have also been deployed in other vertical sectors, extending from sports, arts and culture to retail, hospitality and public services. From a horizontal perspective, enterprise RAN systems for indoor coverage enhancement are relatively common and end-to-end private networks are also starting to be implemented in office buildings and campuses. BlackRock, Imagin'Office (Icade), Mitsui Fudosan, NAVER, Rudin Management Company and WISTA Management are among the companies that have deployed on-premise private 5G networks in office environments.

Topics Covered

The report covers the following topics:

  • Introduction to private LTE and 5G networks
  • Value chain and ecosystem structure
  • Market drivers and challenges
  • System architecture and key elements of private LTE and 5G networks
  • Operational and business models, network size, geographic reach and other practical aspects of private LTE and 5G networks
  • Critical communications broadband evolution, Industry 4.0, enterprise transformation and other themes shaping the adoption of private LTE and 5G networks
  • Enabling technologies and concepts, including 3GPP-defined MCX, URLLC, TSC, NR-U, SNPN and PNI-NPN, cellular IoT, high-precision positioning, network slicing, edge computing and network automation capabilities
  • Key trends such as the emergence of new classes of specialized network operators, shared and local area spectrum licensing, private NaaS (Network-as-a-Service) offerings, IT/OT convergence, Open RAN, vRAN (Virtualized RAN) and rapidly deployable LTE/5G systems
  • Analysis of vertical industries and application scenarios, extending from mission-critical group communications and real-time video transmission to reconfigurable wireless production lines, collaborative mobile robots, AGVs (Automated Guided Vehicles) and untethered AR/VR/MR (Augmented, Virtual & Mixed Reality)
  • Future roadmap of private LTE and 5G networks
  • Review of private LTE and 5G network installations worldwide, including 100 case studies spanning 15 verticals
  • Database tracking more than 6,000 private LTE and 5G engagements in over 120 countries across the globe
  • Spectrum availability, allocation and usage across the global, regional and national domains
  • Standardization, regulatory and collaborative initiatives
  • Profiles and strategies of more than 1,800 ecosystem players
  • Strategic recommendations for LTE/5G equipment and chipset suppliers, system integrators, private network specialists, mobile operators and end user organizations
  • Market analysis and forecasts from 2023 till 2030

Forecast Segmentation

Market forecasts are provided for each of the following submarkets and their subcategories:

Infrastructure Submarkets

  • RAN (LTE & 5G NR Radio Access Network)
    • Base Station RUs (Radio Units)
    • DUs/CUs (Distributed & Centralized Baseband Units)
  • Mobile Core (EPC & 5GC)
    • User Plane Functions
    • Control Plane Functions
  • Transport Network (Fronthaul, Midhaul & Backhaul)
    • Fiber & Wireline
    • Microwave
    • Satellite Communications

Technology Generations

  • LTE
  • 5G

Cell Sizes

  • Small Cells
    • Indoor
    • Outdoor
  • Macrocells

Spectrum Licensing Models

  • Mobile Operator-Owned Spectrum
  • Wide Area Licensed Spectrum
  • Shared & Local Area Licensed Spectrum
  • Unlicensed Spectrum

Frequency Ranges

  • Low-Band (Sub-1 GHz)
  • Mid-Band (1-6 GHz)
  • High-Band mmWave (Millimeter Wave)

End User Markets

  • Vertical Industries
    • Agriculture
    • Aviation
    • Broadcasting
    • Construction
    • Education
    • Forestry
    • Healthcare
    • Manufacturing
    • Military
    • Mining
    • Oil & Gas
    • Ports & Maritime Transport
    • Public Safety
    • Railways
    • Utilities
    • Others
  • Offices, Buildings & Corporate Campuses

Regional Markets

  • North America
  • Asia Pacific
  • Europe
  • Middle East & Africa
  • Latin & Central America

Key Questions Answered:

The report provides answers to the following key questions:

  • How big is the private LTE and 5G network opportunity?
  • What trends, drivers and challenges are influencing its growth?
  • What will the market size be in 2026, and at what rate will it grow?
  • Which submarkets, verticals and regions will see the highest percentage of growth?
  • What is the status of private LTE and 5G network adoption in each country, and what are the primary application scenarios of these networks?
  • How is private cellular connectivity facilitating the digital transformation of manufacturing, mining, oil and gas, ports and other vertical industries?
  • What are the practical and quantifiable benefits of private LTE and 5G networks in terms of productivity improvement, cost reduction and worker safety?
  • How can satellite backhaul and direct-to-device NTN (Non-Terrestrial Network) access expand the reach of private networks in remote environments?
  • How are MCPTT (Mission-Critical PTT) capabilities enabling the transition from narrowband LMR systems to 3GPP-based private broadband networks?
  • What are the key characteristics of standalone private 5G connectivity, and when will URLLC, TSC and other 3GPP-defined IIoT (Industrial IoT) features be widely employed?
  • How can private edge computing accommodate latency-sensitive applications while enhancing data sovereignty and security?
  • Where does network slicing for differentiated service requirements fit in the private cellular networking landscape?
  • What are the existing and candidate frequency bands for the operation of private LTE and 5G networks?
  • How are CBRS and other coordinated shared/local spectrum licensing frameworks accelerating the uptake of private networks?
  • When will sub-1 GHz critical communications LTE networks begin their transition to 5G technology?
  • What are the prospects of private 5G networks operating in mmWave spectrum?
  • What is the impact of post-pandemic changes on private LTE and 5G network deployments?
  • What opportunities exist for hyperscalers, managed services providers and other new entrants?
  • Who are the key ecosystem players, and what are their strategies?
  • What strategies should LTE/5G equipment suppliers, system integrators, private network specialists and mobile operators adopt to remain competitive?

Table of Contents

Chapter 1: Introduction

  • 1.1. Executive Summary
  • 1.2. Topics Covered
  • 1.3. Forecast Segmentation
  • 1.4. Key Questions Answered
  • 1.5. Key Findings
  • 1.6. Summary of Private LTE/5G Engagements
  • 1.7. Methodology
  • 1.8. Target Audience
  • 1.9. Companies & Organizations Mentioned

Chapter 2: An Overview of Private LTE & 5G Networks

  • 2.1. An Introduction to the 3GPP-Defined LTE & 5G Standards
    • 2.1.1. LTE: The First Global Standard for Cellular Communications
    • 2.1.2. LTE-Advanced: Delivering the Promise of True 4G Performance
    • 2.1.3. LTE-Advanced Pro: Laying the Foundation for the 5G Era
    • 2.1.4. 5G: Accelerating 3GPP Expansion in Vertical Industries
      • 2.1.4.1. 5G Service Profiles
        • 2.1.4.1.1. eMBB (Enhanced Mobile Broadband)
        • 2.1.4.1.2. URLLC (Ultra-Reliable, Low-Latency Communications)
        • 2.1.4.1.3. mMTC/mIoT (Massive Machine-Type Communications/Internet of Things)
    • 2.1.5. 5G-Advanced & the Evolution to 6G
  • 2.2. Why Adopt LTE & 5G-Based Private Wireless Networks?
    • 2.2.1. Performance, Mobility, Reliability & Security Characteristics
    • 2.2.2. Ability to Address Both Wide Area & Localized Coverage Needs
    • 2.2.3. Variety of Frequency Bands, Bandwidth Flexibility & Spectral Efficiency
    • 2.2.4. Interworking With Public Mobile Networks & Non-3GPP Technologies
    • 2.2.5. 3GPP Support for Industrial-Grade & Mission-Critical Applications
    • 2.2.6. Future-Proof Transition Path Towards 6G Networks
    • 2.2.7. Thriving Ecosystem of Chipsets, Devices & Network Equipment
    • 2.2.8. Economic Viability of Deployment & Operational Costs
  • 2.3. Key Themes Influencing the Adoption of Private LTE & 5G Networks
    • 2.3.1. Critical Communications Broadband Evolution
    • 2.3.2. Industry 4.0-Driven Wireless Connectivity Requirements
    • 2.3.3. Localized Cellular Coverage for Enterprise Transformation Initiatives
    • 2.3.4. Neutral Hosting, Smart Cities, Community Broadband & Other Themes
  • 2.4. Practical Aspects of Private LTE & 5G Networks
    • 2.4.1. LTE & 5G Technology Deployment Modes
      • 2.4.1.1. LTE
      • 2.4.1.2. NSA (Non-Standalone) 5G
      • 2.4.1.3. SA (Standalone) 5G
    • 2.4.2. Spectrum Options
      • 2.4.2.1. National Spectrum for Specific Applications
        • 2.4.2.1.1. Defense & PPDR (Public Protection & Disaster Relief)
        • 2.4.2.1.2. Utilities & Critical Infrastructure Industries
        • 2.4.2.1.3. Aviation, Maritime & Railway Communications
        • 2.4.2.1.4. Other Segments
      • 2.4.2.2. Local Area Licensed Spectrum
        • 2.4.2.2.1. Local Area Licenses for Enterprises & Vertical Users
        • 2.4.2.2.2. Local Leasing of Public Mobile Operator Frequencies
        • 2.4.2.2.3. ASA (Authorized Shared Access) & Light Licensing
      • 2.4.2.3. Unlicensed Spectrum
        • 2.4.2.3.1. Designated License-Exempt Bands
        • 2.4.2.3.2. Opportunistic Unlicensed Access
    • 2.4.3. Network Size & Geographic Reach
      • 2.4.3.1. Wide Area Private Cellular Networks
      • 2.4.3.2. Medium-Scale Local Area Networks
      • 2.4.3.3. On-Premise Campus Networks
    • 2.4.4. Operational Scenarios
      • 2.4.4.1. Isolated NPNs (Non-Public Networks)
      • 2.4.4.2. Public Mobile Operator-Integrated NPNs
        • 2.4.4.2.1. Dedicated Mobile Operator RAN Coverage
        • 2.4.4.2.2. Shared RAN With On-Premise Core
        • 2.4.4.2.3. Shared RAN & Control Plane
        • 2.4.4.2.4. NPNs Hosted By Public Networks
      • 2.4.4.3. Virtual Sliced Private Networks
      • 2.4.4.4. Hybrid Public-Private Networks
      • 2.4.4.5. Shared Core Private Networks
      • 2.4.4.6. Secure MVNO (Mobile Virtual Network Operator) Arrangements
      • 2.4.4.7. Other Approaches
    • 2.4.5. Business Models
      • 2.4.5.1. Fully Independent Private Networks
      • 2.4.5.2. Service Provider-Managed Private Networks
      • 2.4.5.3. Hybrid Ownership, Management & Control
      • 2.4.5.4. Private NaaS (Network-as-a-Service)
      • 2.4.5.5. Other Business Models
  • 2.5. The Value Chain of Private LTE & 5G Networks
    • 2.5.1. Semiconductor & Enabling Technology Specialists
    • 2.5.2. Terminal OEMs (Original Equipment Manufacturers)
    • 2.5.3. RAN, Core & Transport Infrastructure Suppliers
    • 2.5.4. Service Providers
      • 2.5.4.1. Critical Communications, Industrial, OT & IT System Integrators
      • 2.5.4.2. Pure-Play Private 4G/5G Network Operators
      • 2.5.4.3. National Mobile Operators
      • 2.5.4.4. MVNOs
      • 2.5.4.5. Neutral Hosts
      • 2.5.4.6. Towercos (Tower Companies)
      • 2.5.4.7. Cloud & Edge Platform Providers
      • 2.5.4.8. Fixed-Line Service Providers
      • 2.5.4.9. Fiber Network Operators
      • 2.5.4.10. Satellite Communications Service Providers
    • 2.5.5. End User Organizations
    • 2.5.6. Other Ecosystem Players
  • 2.6. Market Drivers
    • 2.6.1. Growing Demand for High-Bandwidth & Low-Latency Wireless Applications
    • 2.6.2. Endorsement From the Critical Communications & Industry 4.0 Sectors
    • 2.6.3. Limited Public Cellular Coverage in Indoor, Industrial & Remote Environments
    • 2.6.4. Availability of Suitable Spectrum Options for Private Use
    • 2.6.5. Guaranteed Connectivity & QoS (Quality-of-Service) Control
    • 2.6.6. Greater Levels of Network Security & Data Privacy
    • 2.6.7. Operators' & Vendors' Desire for New Revenue Sources
    • 2.6.8. Government-Funded 5G Innovation Initiatives
  • 2.7. Market Barriers
    • 2.7.1. Cost & ROI (Return-On-Investment) Justification
    • 2.7.2. Technical Complexities of Network Deployment & Operation
    • 2.7.3. Integration With Existing Infrastructure & Applications
    • 2.7.4. Limited Scale Effects Due to Lack of Spectrum Harmonization
    • 2.7.5. Competition From Non-3GPP Technologies & Solutions
    • 2.7.6. LTE/5G Terminal Equipment-Related Challenges
    • 2.7.7. Skills Gap & Shortage of Proficient Engineers
    • 2.7.8. Conservatism & Slow Pace of Change

Chapter 3: Private LTE/5G System Architecture & Technologies

  • 3.1. Architectural Components of Private LTE/5G Networks
  • 3.2. UE (User Equipment)
    • 3.2.1. Smartphones & Handportable Devices
    • 3.2.2. Industrial-Grade Routers & Gateways
    • 3.2.3. Mobile Hotspots & Vehicular Terminals
    • 3.2.4. Fixed Wireless CPEs (Customer Premises Equipment)
    • 3.2.5. Tablets & Notebook PCs
    • 3.2.6. Smart Wearables
    • 3.2.7. Cellular IoT Modules
    • 3.2.8. Add-On Dongles
  • 3.3. RAN (Radio Access Network)
    • 3.3.1. E-UTRAN - LTE RAN
      • 3.3.1.1. eNBs - LTE Base Stations
    • 3.3.2. NG-RAN - 5G NR Access Network
      • 3.3.2.1. gNBs - 5G NR Base Stations
      • 3.3.2.2. en-gNBs - Secondary Node 5G NR Base Stations
      • 3.3.2.3. ng-eNBs - Next-Generation LTE Base Stations
    • 3.3.3. Architectural Components of eNB/gNB Base Stations
      • 3.3.3.1. RUs (Radio Units)
      • 3.3.3.2. Integrated Radio & Baseband Units
      • 3.3.3.3. DUs (Distributed Baseband Units)
      • 3.3.3.4. CUs (Centralized Baseband Units)
  • 3.4. Mobile Core
    • 3.4.1. EPC (Evolved Packet Core): LTE Mobile Core
      • 3.4.1.1. SGW (Serving Gateway)
      • 3.4.1.2. PGW (Packet Data Network Gateway)
      • 3.4.1.3. MME (Mobility Management Entity)
      • 3.4.1.4. HSS (Home Subscriber Server)
      • 3.4.1.5. PCRF (Policy Charging & Rules Function)
    • 3.4.2. 5GC (5G Core): Core Network for Standalone 5G Implementations
      • 3.4.2.1. Access, Mobility & Session Management
        • 3.4.2.1.1. AMF (Access & Mobility Management Function)
        • 3.4.2.1.2. SMF (Session Management Function)
        • 3.4.2.1.3. UPF (User Plane Function)
      • 3.4.2.2. Subscription & Data Management
        • 3.4.2.2.1. AUSF (Authentication Server Function)
        • 3.4.2.2.2. AAnF (AKMA Anchor Function)
        • 3.4.2.2.3. UDM (Unified Data Management)
        • 3.4.2.2.4. UDR (Unified Data Repository)
        • 3.4.2.2.5. UDSF (Unstructured Data Storage Function)
        • 3.4.2.2.6. UCMF (UE Radio Capability Management Function)
        • 3.4.2.2.7. 5G-EIR (5G Equipment Identity Register)
      • 3.4.2.3. Policy & Charging
        • 3.4.2.3.1. PCF (Policy Control Function)
        • 3.4.2.3.2. CHF (Charging Function)
      • 3.4.2.4. Signaling & Routing
        • 3.4.2.4.1. SCP (Service Communication Proxy)
        • 3.4.2.4.2. SEPP (Security Edge Protection Proxy)
        • 3.4.2.4.3. BSF (Binding Support Function)
      • 3.4.2.5. Network Resource Management
        • 3.4.2.5.1. NEF (Network Exposure Function)
        • 3.4.2.5.2. NRF (Network Repository Function)
        • 3.4.2.5.3. NSSF (Network Slice Selection Function)
        • 3.4.2.5.4. NSSAAF (Network Slice-Specific & SNPN Authentication-Authorization Function)
        • 3.4.2.5.5. NSACF (Network Slice Admission Control Function)
      • 3.4.2.6. Data Analytics & Automation
        • 3.4.2.6.1. NWDAF (Network Data Analytics Function)
        • 3.4.2.6.2. AnLF (Analytics Logical Function)
        • 3.4.2.6.3. MTLF (Model Training Logical Function)
        • 3.4.2.6.4. DCCF (Data Collection Coordination Function)
        • 3.4.2.6.5. ADRF (Analytics Data Repository Function)
        • 3.4.2.6.6. MFAF (Messaging Framework Adaptor Function)
      • 3.4.2.7. Location Services
        • 3.4.2.7.1. LMF (Location Management Function)
        • 3.4.2.7.2. GMLC (Gateway Mobile Location Center)
      • 3.4.2.8. Application Enablement
        • 3.4.2.8.1. AFs (Application Functions)
        • 3.4.2.8.2. SMSF (Short Message Service Function)
        • 3.4.2.8.3. CBCF (Cell Broadcast Center Function)
        • 3.4.2.8.4. 5G DDNMF (5G Direct Discovery Name Management Function)
        • 3.4.2.8.5. TSCTSF (Time-Sensitive Communication & Time Synchronization Function)
        • 3.4.2.8.6. TSN AF (Time-Sensitive Networking Application Function)
        • 3.4.2.8.7. EASDF (Edge Application Server Discovery Function)
      • 3.4.2.9. Multicast-Broadcast Support
        • 3.4.2.9.1. MB-SMF (Multicast-Broadcast SMF)
        • 3.4.2.9.2. MB-UPF (Multicast-Broadcast UPF)
        • 3.4.2.9.3. MBSF (Multicast-Broadcast Service Function)
        • 3.4.2.9.4. MBSTF (Multicast-Broadcast Service Transport Function)
  • 3.5. Transport Network
    • 3.5.1. Fronthaul: RU-to-DU Transport
    • 3.5.2. Midhaul: DU-to-CU Transport
    • 3.5.3. Backhaul: RAN-to-Core Transport
    • 3.5.4. Physical Transmission Mediums
      • 3.5.4.1. Fiber & Wireline Transport Technologies
        • 3.5.4.1.1. Owned, Lit & Dark Fiber
        • 3.5.4.1.2. Ethernet & IP-Based Transport
        • 3.5.4.1.3. WDM (Wavelength Division Multiplexing)
        • 3.5.4.1.4. PON (Passive Optical Network)
        • 3.5.4.1.5. OTN (Optical Transport Network)
        • 3.5.4.1.6. DOCSIS, G.fast & Other Technologies
      • 3.5.4.2. Microwave & mmWave (Millimeter Wave) Wireless Links
        • 3.5.4.2.1. Traditional Bands (6 - 42 GHz)
        • 3.5.4.2.2. V-Band (60 GHz)
        • 3.5.4.2.3. E-Band (70/80 GHz)
        • 3.5.4.2.4. W-Band (92 - 114.25 GHz)
        • 3.5.4.2.5. D-Band (130 - 174.8 GHz)
      • 3.5.4.3. Satellite Communications
        • 3.5.4.3.1. GEO (Geostationary Earth Orbit)
        • 3.5.4.3.2. MEO (Medium Earth Orbit)
        • 3.5.4.3.3. LEO (Low Earth Orbit)
  • 3.6. Services & Interconnectivity
    • 3.6.1. End User Application Services
      • 3.6.1.1. Generic Broadband, Messaging & IoT Services
      • 3.6.1.2. IMS Core: VoLTE-VoNR (Voice-Over-LTE/5G NR) & MMTel (Multimedia Telephony)
      • 3.6.1.3. MBMS, eMBMS, FeMBMS & 5G MBS/5MBS (5G Multicast-Broadcast Services)
      • 3.6.1.4. Group Communications & MCS (Mission-Critical Services)
      • 3.6.1.5. IIoT (Industrial IoT), Cyber-Physical Control & Domain-Specific Connected Services
      • 3.6.1.6. ProSe (Proximity-Based Services) for Direct D2D (Device-to-Device) Discovery & Communications
      • 3.6.1.7. Vehicular, Aviation, Maritime & Railway-Related Applications
      • 3.6.1.8. 3GPP Service Frameworks for Vertical Industries
        • 3.6.1.8.1. CAPIF (Common API Framework)
        • 3.6.1.8.2. SEAL (Service Enabler Architecture Layer for Verticals)
        • 3.6.1.8.3. EDGEAPP (Architecture for Enabling Edge Applications)
      • 3.6.1.9. VAL (Vertical Application Layer) Enablers
        • 3.6.1.9.1. V2X (Vehicle-to-Everything)
        • 3.6.1.9.2. UAS (Uncrewed Aerial Systems)
        • 3.6.1.9.3. 5GMARCH/MSGin5G (Messaging in 5G)
        • 3.6.1.9.4. FF (Factories of the Future)
        • 3.6.1.9.5. PINAPP (Personal IoT Networks), XR (Extended Reality) & Others
    • 3.6.2. Interconnectivity With 3GPP & Non-3GPP Networks
      • 3.6.2.1. 3GPP Roaming & Service Continuity
        • 3.6.2.1.1. National & International Roaming
        • 3.6.2.1.2. Service Continuity Outside Network Footprint
      • 3.6.2.2. Non-3GPP Network Integration
        • 3.6.2.2.1. ePDG (Evolved Packet Data Gateway)
        • 3.6.2.2.2. TWAG/TWAP (Trusted WLAN Access Gateway/Proxy)
        • 3.6.2.2.3. ANDSF (Access Network Discovery & Selection Function)
        • 3.6.2.2.4. N3IWF (Non-3GPP Interworking Function)
        • 3.6.2.2.5. TNGF (Trusted Non-3GPP Gateway Function)
        • 3.6.2.2.6. TWIF (Trusted WLAN Interworking Function)
        • 3.6.2.2.7. NSWOF (Non-Seamless WLAN Offload Function)
        • 3.6.2.2.8. W-AGF (Wireline Access Gateway Function)
        • 3.6.2.2.9. IWF (Interworking Function) for LMR (Land Mobile Radio)
        • 3.6.2.2.10. ATSSS (Access Traffic Steering, Switching & Splitting)
  • 3.7. Key Enabling Technologies & Concepts
    • 3.7.1. 3GPP Support for NPNs (Non-Public Networks)
      • 3.7.1.1. Types of NPNs
        • 3.7.1.1.1. SNPNs (Standalone NPNs)
        • 3.7.1.1.2. PNI-NPNs (Public Network-Integrated NPNs)
      • 3.7.1.2. SNPN Identification & Selection
      • 3.7.1.3. PNI-NPN Resource Allocation & Isolation
      • 3.7.1.4. CAG (Closed Access Group) for Cell Access Control
      • 3.7.1.5. Mobility, Roaming & Service Continuity
      • 3.7.1.6. Interworking Between SNPNs & Public Networks
      • 3.7.1.7. UE Configuration & Subscription-Related Aspects
      • 3.7.1.8. Other 3GPP-Defined Capabilities for NPNs
    • 3.7.2. Critical Communications
      • 3.7.2.1. MCX (Mission-Critical PTT, Video & Data)
      • 3.7.2.2. QPP (QoS, Priority & Preemption)
      • 3.7.2.3. IOPS (Isolated Operation for Public Safety)
      • 3.7.2.4. Cell Site & Infrastructure Hardening
      • 3.7.2.5. HPUE (High-Power User Equipment)
      • 3.7.2.6. Other UE-Related Functional Enhancements
    • 3.7.3. Industry 4.0 & Cellular IoT
      • 3.7.3.1. URLLC Techniques: High-Reliability & Low-Latency Enablers
      • 3.7.3.2. 5G LAN (Local Area Network)-Type Service
      • 3.7.3.3. Integration With IEEE 802.1 TSN (Time-Sensitive Networking) Systems
      • 3.7.3.4. Native 3GPP Support for TSC (Time-Sensitive Communications)
      • 3.7.3.5. 5G NR Light: RedCap (Reduced Capability) UE Type
      • 3.7.3.6. eMTC, NB-IoT & mMTC: Wide Area & High-Density IoT Applications
    • 3.7.4. High-Precision Positioning
      • 3.7.4.1. Assisted-GNSS (Global Navigation Satellite System)
      • 3.7.4.2. RAN-Based Positioning Techniques
      • 3.7.4.3. RAN-Independent Methods
    • 3.7.5. Edge Computing
      • 3.7.5.1. Optimizing Latency, Service Performance & Backhaul Costs
      • 3.7.5.2. 3GPP-Defined Features for Edge Computing Support
      • 3.7.5.3. Public vs. Private Edge Computing
    • 3.7.6. Network Slicing
      • 3.7.6.1. Logical Partitioning of Network Resources
      • 3.7.6.2. 3GPP Functions, Identifiers & Procedures for Slicing
      • 3.7.6.3. RAN Slicing
      • 3.7.6.4. Mobile Core Slicing
      • 3.7.6.5. Transport Network Slicing
      • 3.7.6.6. UE-Based Network Slicing Features
      • 3.7.6.7. Management & Orchestration Aspects
    • 3.7.7. Network Sharing
      • 3.7.7.1. Service-Specific PLMN (Public Land Mobile Network) IDs
      • 3.7.7.2. DNN (Data Network Name)/APN (Access Point Name)-Based Isolation
      • 3.7.7.3. GWCN (Gateway Core Network): Core Network Sharing
      • 3.7.7.4. MOCN (Multi-Operator Core Network): RAN & Spectrum Sharing
      • 3.7.7.5. MORAN (Multi-Operator RAN): RAN Sharing Without Spectrum Pooling
      • 3.7.7.6. DECOR (Dedicated Core) & eDECOR (Enhanced DECOR)
      • 3.7.7.7. Roaming in Non-Overlapping Service Areas
      • 3.7.7.8. Passive Sharing of Infrastructure Resources
    • 3.7.8. E2E (End-to-End) Security
      • 3.7.8.1. UE Authentication Framework
      • 3.7.8.2. Subscriber Privacy
      • 3.7.8.3. Air Interface Confidentiality & Integrity
      • 3.7.8.4. Resilience Against Radio Jamming
      • 3.7.8.5. RAN, Core & Transport Network Security
      • 3.7.8.6. Security Aspects of Network Slicing
      • 3.7.8.7. Application Domain Protection
      • 3.7.8.8. Other Security Considerations
    • 3.7.9. Shared & Unlicensed Spectrum
      • 3.7.9.1. CBRS (Citizens Broadband Radio Service): Three-Tiered Sharing
      • 3.7.9.2. LSA (Licensed Shared Access): Two-Tiered Sharing
      • 3.7.9.3. Local Area Licensing of Shared Spectrum
      • 3.7.9.4. LTE-U, LAA (Licensed Assisted Access), eLAA (Enhanced LAA) & FeLAA (Further Enhanced LAA)
      • 3.7.9.5. MulteFire: Standalone LTE Operation in Unlicensed Spectrum
      • 3.7.9.6. License-Exempt 1.9 GHz sXGP (Shared Extended Global Platform)
      • 3.7.9.7. 5G NR-U (NR in Unlicensed Spectrum)
    • 3.7.10. Rapidly Deployable LTE & 5G Network Systems
      • 3.7.10.1. NIB (Network-in-a-Box) Systems
      • 3.7.10.2. Vehicular COWs (Cells-on-Wheels)
      • 3.7.10.3. Aerial Cell Sites
      • 3.7.10.4. Maritime Cellular Platforms
    • 3.7.11. Direct Communications & Coverage Expansion
      • 3.7.11.1. Sidelink for Direct Mode D2D Communications
      • 3.7.11.2. UE-to-Network & UE-to-UE Relays
      • 3.7.11.3. Indoor & Outdoor Small Cells
      • 3.7.11.4. DAS (Distributed Antenna Systems)
      • 3.7.11.5. IAB (Integrated Access & Backhaul)
      • 3.7.11.6. Mobile IAB: VMRs (Vehicle-Mounted Relays)
      • 3.7.11.7. NCRs (Network-Controlled Repeaters)
      • 3.7.11.8. NTNs (Non-Terrestrial Networks)
      • 3.7.11.9. ATG/A2G (Air-to-Ground) Connectivity
    • 3.7.12. Cloud-Native, Software-Driven & Open Networking
      • 3.7.12.1. Cloud-Native Technologies
      • 3.7.12.2. Microservices & SBA (Service-Based Architecture)
      • 3.7.12.3. Containerization of Network Functions
      • 3.7.12.4. NFV (Network Functions Virtualization)
      • 3.7.12.5. SDN (Software-Defined Networking)
      • 3.7.12.6. Cloud Compute, Storage & Networking Infrastructure
      • 3.7.12.7. APIs (Application Programming Interfaces)
      • 3.7.12.8. Open RAN & Core Architectures
    • 3.7.13. Network Intelligence & Automation
      • 3.7.13.1. AI (Artificial Intelligence)
      • 3.7.13.2. Machine & Deep Learning
      • 3.7.13.3. Big Data & Advanced Analytics
      • 3.7.13.4. SON (Self-Organizing Networks)
      • 3.7.13.5. Intelligent Control, Management & Orchestration
      • 3.7.13.6. Support for Network Intelligence & Automation in 3GPP Standards

Chapter 4: Key Vertical Industries & Applications

  • 4.1. Cross-Sector & Enterprise Application Capabilities
    • 4.1.1. Mobile Broadband
    • 4.1.2. FWA (Fixed Wireless Access)
    • 4.1.3. Voice & Messaging Services
    • 4.1.4. High-Definition Video Transmission
    • 4.1.5. Telepresence & Video Conferencing
    • 4.1.6. Multimedia Broadcasting & Multicasting
    • 4.1.7. IoT (Internet of Things) Networking
    • 4.1.8. Wireless Connectivity for Wearables
    • 4.1.9. Untethered AR/VR/MR (Augmented, Virtual & Mixed Reality)
    • 4.1.10. Real-Time Holographic Projections
    • 4.1.11. Tactile Internet & Haptic Feedback
    • 4.1.12. Precise Positioning & Tracking
    • 4.1.13. Industrial Automation
    • 4.1.14. Remote Control of Machines
    • 4.1.15. Connected Mobile Robotics
    • 4.1.16. Unmanned & Autonomous Vehicles
    • 4.1.17. BVLOS (Beyond Visual Line-of-Sight) Operation of Drones
    • 4.1.18. Data-Driven Analytics & Insights
    • 4.1.19. Sensor-Equipped Digital Twins
    • 4.1.20. Predictive Maintenance of Assets
  • 4.2. Vertical Industries & Specific Application Scenarios
    • 4.2.1. Agriculture
      • 4.2.1.1. Intelligent Monitoring of Crop, Soil & Weather Conditions
      • 4.2.1.2. IoT & Advanced Analytics-Driven Yield Optimization
      • 4.2.1.3. Sensor-Based Smart Irrigation Control Systems
      • 4.2.1.4. Real-Time Tracking & Geofencing in Farms
      • 4.2.1.5. Livestock & Aquaculture Health Management
      • 4.2.1.6. Video-Based Remote Veterinary Inspections
      • 4.2.1.7. Unmanned Autonomous Tractors & Farm Vehicles
      • 4.2.1.8. Robots for Planting, Weeding & Harvesting
      • 4.2.1.9. 5G-Equipped Agricultural Drones
      • 4.2.1.10. Connected Greenhouses & Vertical Farms
    • 4.2.2. Aviation
      • 4.2.2.1. Inflight Connectivity for Passengers & Cabin Crew
      • 4.2.2.2. Connected Airports for Enhanced Traveler & Visitor Experience
      • 4.2.2.3. Coordination of Ground Support Equipment, Vehicles & Personnel
      • 4.2.2.4. ATM (Air Traffic Management) for Drones & Urban Air Mobility Vehicles
      • 4.2.2.5. Wireless Upload of EFB (Electronic Flight Bag) & IFE (In-Flight Entertainment) Updates
      • 4.2.2.6. Aircraft Data Offload for Operational & Maintenance Purposes
      • 4.2.2.7. Video Surveillance of Airport Surface & Terminal Areas
      • 4.2.2.8. 5G-Enabled Remote Inspection & Repair of Aircraft
      • 4.2.2.9. Navigation, Weather & Other IoT Sensors
      • 4.2.2.10. Smart Baggage Handling
      • 4.2.2.11. Asset Awareness & Tracking
      • 4.2.2.12. Passenger Flow & Resource Management
      • 4.2.2.13. Automation of Check-In & Boarding Procedures
      • 4.2.2.14. Intelligent Airport Service Robots
    • 4.2.3. Broadcasting
      • 4.2.3.1. 3GPP-Based PMSE (Program Making & Special Events)
      • 4.2.3.2. Live AV (Audio-Visual) Media Production Using NPNs
      • 4.2.3.3. Private 5G-Enabled Production in Remote Locations
      • 4.2.3.4. Network Slicing for Contribution Feeds
      • 4.2.3.5. Wire-Free Cameras & Microphones
      • 4.2.3.6. Multicast & Broadcast Content Distribution
    • 4.2.4. Construction
      • 4.2.4.1. Wireless Connectivity for Construction Sites & Field Offices
      • 4.2.4.2. Instantaneous Access to Business-Critical Applications
      • 4.2.4.3. 5G-Based Remote Control of Heavy Machinery
      • 4.2.4.4. Autonomous Mobile Robots for Construction
      • 4.2.4.5. IoT Sensor-Driven Maintenance of Equipment
      • 4.2.4.6. Video Surveillance & Analytics for Site Security
      • 4.2.4.7. Real-Time Visibility of Personnel, Assets & Materials
      • 4.2.4.8. Aerial Surveying & Monitoring of Construction Sites
    • 4.2.5. Education
      • 4.2.5.1. Remote & Distance Learning Services
      • 4.2.5.2. Mobile Access to Academic Resources
      • 4.2.5.3. 5G-Connected Smart Classrooms
      • 4.2.5.4. Automation of Administrative Tasks
      • 4.2.5.5. Personalized & Engaging Learning
      • 4.2.5.6. AR/VR-Based Immersive Lessons
      • 4.2.5.7. 5G-Enabled Virtual Field Trips
      • 4.2.5.8. Educational Telepresence Robots
    • 4.2.6. Forestry
      • 4.2.6.1. Wireless Connectivity for Forestry Operations & Recreation
      • 4.2.6.2. 5G-Facilitated Teleoperation of Forestry Equipment
      • 4.2.6.3. Autonomous Harvesting & Milling Machinery
      • 4.2.6.4. Real-Time Tracking of Equipment, Vehicles & Personnel
      • 4.2.6.5. Cellular IoT Sensors for Biological & Environmental Monitoring
      • 4.2.6.6. Wireless Cameras for Wildlife Observation, Conservation & Security
      • 4.2.6.7. Early Wildfire Detection & Containment Systems
      • 4.2.6.8. Drones for Search & Rescue Operations
    • 4.2.7. Healthcare
      • 4.2.7.1. 5G-Connected Smart Hospitals & Healthcare Facilities
      • 4.2.7.2. Wireless Transmission of Medical Imagery & Rich Datasets
      • 4.2.7.3. Real-Time Monitoring of Patients in Acute & Intensive Care
      • 4.2.7.4. Telehealth Video Consultations for Visual Assessment
      • 4.2.7.5. Connectivity for AI-Based Healthcare Applications
      • 4.2.7.6. AR Systems for Complex Medical Procedures
      • 4.2.7.7. Remote-Controlled Surgery & Examination
      • 4.2.7.8. Assisted Living & Rehabilitation Robotics
      • 4.2.7.9. Immersive VR-Based Medical & Surgical Training
      • 4.2.7.10. Connected Ambulances for EMS (Emergency Medical Services)
    • 4.2.8. Manufacturing
      • 4.2.8.1. Untethered Connectivity for Production & Process Automation
      • 4.2.8.2. Wireless Motion Control & C2C (Control-to-Control) Communications
      • 4.2.8.3. Cellular-Equipped Mobile Control Panels
      • 4.2.8.4. Mobile Robots & AGVs (Automated Guided Vehicles)
      • 4.2.8.5. Autonomous Forklifts & Warehouse Robotics
      • 4.2.8.6. AR-Facilitated Factory Floor Operations
      • 4.2.8.7. Machine Vision-Based Quality Inspection
      • 4.2.8.8. Closed-Loop Process Control
      • 4.2.8.9. Process & Environmental Monitoring
      • 4.2.8.10. Precise Indoor Positioning for Asset Management
      • 4.2.8.11. Remote Access & Maintenance of Equipment
    • 4.2.9. Military
      • 4.2.9.1. 5G-Based Tactical Battlefield Communications
      • 4.2.9.2. Smart Military Bases & Command Posts
      • 4.2.9.3. ISR (Intelligence, Surveillance & Reconnaissance)
      • 4.2.9.4. Command & Control of Weapon Systems
      • 4.2.9.5. Remote Operation of Robotics & Unmanned Assets
      • 4.2.9.6. AR HUD (Heads-Up Display) Systems
      • 4.2.9.7. Wireless VR/MR-Based Military Training
      • 4.2.9.8. Perimeter Security & Force Protection
    • 4.2.10. Mining
      • 4.2.10.1. Safety-Critical Communications in Remote Mining Environments
      • 4.2.10.2. Wireless Control of Drilling, Excavation & Related Equipment
      • 4.2.10.3. Automated Loading, Haulage & Train Operations
      • 4.2.10.4. Video-Based Monitoring of Personnel & Assets
      • 4.2.10.5. Underground Positioning & Geofencing
      • 4.2.10.6. Smart Ventilation & Water Management
      • 4.2.10.7. Real-Time Operational Intelligence
      • 4.2.10.8. AR & VR for Mining Operations
    • 4.2.11. Oil & Gas
      • 4.2.11.1. Wireless Connectivity for Remote Exploration & Production Sites
      • 4.2.11.2. Critical Voice & Data-Based Mobile Workforce Communications
      • 4.2.11.3. Push-to-Video & Telepresence Conferencing for Field Operations
      • 4.2.11.4. Cellular-Equipped Surveillance Cameras for Situational Awareness
      • 4.2.11.5. IoT Sensor-Enabled Remote Monitoring & Automation of Processes
      • 4.2.11.6. SCADA (Supervisory Control & Data Acquisition) Communications
      • 4.2.11.7. Location Services for Worker Safety & Asset Tracking
      • 4.2.11.8. AR Smart Helmets for Hands-Free Remote Assistance
      • 4.2.11.9. Predictive Maintenance of Oil & Gas Facilities
      • 4.2.11.10. Mobile Robots for Safety Hazard Inspections
    • 4.2.12. Ports & Maritime Transport
      • 4.2.12.1. Critical Communications for Port Workers
      • 4.2.12.2. Automation of Port & Terminal Operations
      • 4.2.12.3. 5G-Connected AGVs for Container Transport
      • 4.2.12.4. Remote-Controlled Cranes & Terminal Tractors
      • 4.2.12.5. Video Analytics for Operational Purposes
      • 4.2.12.6. Environmental & Condition Monitoring
      • 4.2.12.7. Port Traffic Management & Control
      • 4.2.12.8. AR & VR Applications for Port Digitization
      • 4.2.12.9. Unmanned Aerial Inspections of Port Facilities
      • 4.2.12.10. Private Cellular-Enabled Maritime Communications
      • 4.2.12.11. Wireless Ship-to-Shore Connectivity in Nearshore Waters
      • 4.2.12.12. 5G-Facilitated Remote Steering of Unmanned Vessels
    • 4.2.13. Public Safety
      • 4.2.13.1. Mission-Critical PTT Voice Communications
      • 4.2.13.2. Real-Time Video & High-Resolution Imagery
      • 4.2.13.3. Messaging, File Transfer & Presence Services
      • 4.2.13.4. Secure & Seamless Mobile Broadband Access
      • 4.2.13.5. Location-Based Services & Enhanced Mapping
      • 4.2.13.6. Multimedia CAD (Computer-Aided Dispatch)
      • 4.2.13.7. Massive-Scale Video Surveillance & Analytics
      • 4.2.13.8. Smart Glasses & AR Headgear for First Responders
      • 4.2.13.9. 5G-Equipped Police, Firefighting & Rescue Robots
      • 4.2.13.10. 5G MBS/5MBS in High-Density Environments
      • 4.2.13.11. Sidelink-Based Direct Mode Communications
    • 4.2.14. Railways
      • 4.2.14.1. FRMCS (Future Railway Mobile Communication System)
      • 4.2.14.2. Train-to-Ground & Train-to-Train Connectivity
      • 4.2.14.3. Wireless Intra-Train Communications
      • 4.2.14.4. Rail Operations-Critical Voice, Data & Video Services
      • 4.2.14.5. ATO (Automatic Train Operation) & Traffic Management
      • 4.2.14.6. Video Surveillance for Operational Safety & Security
      • 4.2.14.7. Smart Maintenance of Railway Infrastructure
      • 4.2.14.8. Intelligent Management of Logistics Facilities
      • 4.2.14.9. Onboard Broadband Internet Access
      • 4.2.14.10. PIS (Passenger Information Systems)
      • 4.2.14.11. Smart Rail & Metro Station Services
    • 4.2.15. Utilities
      • 4.2.15.1. Multi-Service FANs (Field Area Networks)
      • 4.2.15.2. Critical Applications for Field Workforce Communications
      • 4.2.15.3. AMI (Advanced Metering Infrastructure)
      • 4.2.15.4. DA (Distribution Automation) Systems
      • 4.2.15.5. Microgrid & DER (Distributed Energy Resource) Integration
      • 4.2.15.6. 5G-Enabled VPPs (Virtual Power Plants)
      • 4.2.15.7. Low-Latency SCADA Applications for Utilities
      • 4.2.15.8. Teleprotection of Transmission & Distribution Grids
      • 4.2.15.9. Video Monitoring for Critical Infrastructure Protection
      • 4.2.15.10. Sensor-Based Detection of Water & Gas Leaks
      • 4.2.15.11. AR Information Overlays for Repairs & Maintenance
      • 4.2.15.12. Drone & Robot-Assisted Inspections of Utility Assets
      • 4.2.15.13. Local Wireless Connectivity for Remote & Offshore Facilities
    • 4.2.16. Other Verticals

Chapter 5: Spectrum Availability, Allocation & Usage

  • 5.1. National & Local Area Licensed Spectrum
    • 5.1.1. Low-Band (Sub-1 GHz)
      • 5.1.1.1. 200 - 400 MHz
      • 5.1.1.2. 410 & 450 MHz
      • 5.1.1.3. 600 MHz
      • 5.1.1.4. 700 MHz
      • 5.1.1.5. 800 MHz
      • 5.1.1.6. 900 MHz
    • 5.1.2. Mid-Band (1 - 6 GHz)
      • 5.1.2.1. 1.4 GHz
      • 5.1.2.2. 1.6 GHz
      • 5.1.2.3. 1.8 GHz
      • 5.1.2.4. 1.9 GHz
      • 5.1.2.5. 2.1 GHz
      • 5.1.2.6. 2.3 GHz
      • 5.1.2.7. 2.4 GHz
      • 5.1.2.8. 2.5 GHz
      • 5.1.2.9. 2.6 GHz
      • 5.1.2.10. 3.3 - 3.8 GHz
      • 5.1.2.11. 3.8 - 4.2 GHz
      • 5.1.2.12. 4.6 - 4.9 GHz
      • 5.1.2.13. Other Bands
    • 5.1.3. High-Band mmWave (Millimeter Wave)
      • 5.1.3.1. 26 GHz
      • 5.1.3.2. 28 GHz
      • 5.1.3.3. 37 GHz
      • 5.1.3.4. Other Bands
  • 5.2. License-Exempt (Unlicensed) Spectrum
    • 5.2.1. Sub-1 GHz Bands (470 - 790/800/900 MHz)
    • 5.2.2. 1.8 GHz DECT Guard Band
    • 5.2.3. 1.9 GHz sXGP Band
    • 5.2.4. 2.4 GHz (2,400 - 2,483.5 MHz)
    • 5.2.5. 3.5 GHz CBRS GAA Tier (3,550 - 3,700 MHz)
    • 5.2.6. 5 GHz (5,150 - 5,925 MHz)
    • 5.2.7. 6 GHz (5,925 - 7,125 MHz)
    • 5.2.8. 60 GHz (57 - 71 GHz)
    • 5.2.9. Other Bands
  • 5.3. North America
    • 5.3.1. United States
    • 5.3.2. Canada
  • 5.4. Asia Pacific
    • 5.4.1. Australia
    • 5.4.2. New Zealand
    • 5.4.3. China
    • 5.4.4. Hong Kong
    • 5.4.5. Taiwan
    • 5.4.6. Japan
    • 5.4.7. South Korea
    • 5.4.8. Singapore
    • 5.4.9. Malaysia
    • 5.4.10. Indonesia
    • 5.4.11. Philippines
    • 5.4.12. Thailand
    • 5.4.13. Vietnam
    • 5.4.14. Laos
    • 5.4.15. Myanmar
    • 5.4.16. India
    • 5.4.17. Pakistan
    • 5.4.18. Rest of Asia Pacific
  • 5.5. Europe
    • 5.5.1. United Kingdom
      • 5.5.1.1. Great Britain
      • 5.5.1.2. Northern Ireland
    • 5.5.2. Republic of Ireland
    • 5.5.3. France
    • 5.5.4. Germany
    • 5.5.5. Belgium
    • 5.5.6. Netherlands
    • 5.5.7. Switzerland
    • 5.5.8. Austria
    • 5.5.9. Italy
    • 5.5.10. Spain
    • 5.5.11. Portugal
    • 5.5.12. Sweden
    • 5.5.13. Norway
    • 5.5.14. Denmark
    • 5.5.15. Finland
    • 5.5.16. Estonia
    • 5.5.17. Czech Republic
    • 5.5.18. Poland
    • 5.5.19. Ukraine
    • 5.5.20. Türkiye
    • 5.5.21. Greece
    • 5.5.22. Bulgaria
    • 5.5.23. Romania
    • 5.5.24. Hungary
    • 5.5.25. Slovenia
    • 5.5.26. Croatia
    • 5.5.27. Russia
    • 5.5.28. Belarus
    • 5.5.29. Rest of Europe
  • 5.6. Middle East & Africa
    • 5.6.1. Saudi Arabia
    • 5.6.2. United Arab Emirates
    • 5.6.3. Qatar
    • 5.6.4. Oman
    • 5.6.5. Bahrain
    • 5.6.6. Kuwait
    • 5.6.7. Jordan
    • 5.6.8. Israel
    • 5.6.9. Egypt
    • 5.6.10. Algeria
    • 5.6.11. Morocco
    • 5.6.12. Tunisia
    • 5.6.13. South Africa
    • 5.6.14. Botswana
    • 5.6.15. Zambia
    • 5.6.16. Kenya
    • 5.6.17. Ethiopia
    • 5.6.18. Angola
    • 5.6.19. Republic of the Congo
    • 5.6.20. Gabon
    • 5.6.21. Nigeria
    • 5.6.22. Ghana
    • 5.6.23. Senegal
    • 5.6.24. Rest of the Middle East & Africa
  • 5.7. Latin & Central America
    • 5.7.1. Brazil
    • 5.7.2. Mexico
    • 5.7.3. Argentina
    • 5.7.4. Colombia
    • 5.7.5. Chile
    • 5.7.6. Peru
    • 5.7.7. Ecuador
    • 5.7.8. Bolivia
    • 5.7.9. Dominican Republic
    • 5.7.10. Bardados
    • 5.7.11. Trinidad & Tobago
    • 5.7.12. Suriname
    • 5.7.13. Rest of Latin & Central America

Chapter 6: Standardization, Regulatory & Collaborative Initiatives

  • 6.1. 3GPP (Third Generation Partnership Project)
    • 6.1.1. Releases 11-14: 3GPP-Based Critical Communications Features
    • 6.1.2. Release 15: 5G eMBB, Network Slicing, Improvements for MTC/IoT & MCX Extensions
    • 6.1.3. Release 16: 3GPP Support for NPNs, 5G URLLC, TSN, NR-U & Vertical Application Enablers
    • 6.1.4. Release 17: NPN Enhancements, Edge Computing, TSC, Expansion of IIoT Features, RedCap & NTN Connectivity
    • 6.1.5. Release 18: 5G-Advanced, Further NPN Refinements, DetNet, Intelligent Automation, Spectrum Flexibility & XR Services
    • 6.1.6. Releases 19, 20, 21 & Beyond: Succession From 5G-Advanced to the 6G Evolution
  • 6.2. 450 MHz Alliance
    • 6.2.1. Promoting 3GPP Technologies in the 380 - 470 MHz Frequency Range
  • 6.3. 5G-ACIA (5G Alliance for Connected Industries and Automation)
    • 6.3.1. Maximizing the Applicability of 5G Technology in the Industrial Domain
  • 6.4. 5GAIA (5G Applications Industry Array)
    • 6.4.1. Advancing the Development of China's 5G Applications Industry
  • 6.5. 5G Campus Network Alliance
    • 6.5.1. Supporting the Market Development of 5G Campus Networks in Germany
  • 6.6. 5GDNA (5G Deterministic Networking Alliance)
    • 6.6.1. Industry Collaboration & Promotion of 5GDN (5G Deterministic Networking)
  • 6.7. 5GFF (5G Future Forum)
    • 6.7.1. Accelerating the Delivery of 5G MEC (Multi-Access Edge Computing) Solutions
  • 6.8. 5G Forum (South Korea)
    • 6.8.1. Expanding Convergence Between 5G Technology & Vertical Industries
  • 6.9. 5G Health Association
    • 6.9.1. Interfacing 5G-Based Connectivity & Healthcare Applications
  • 6.1. 5G-MAG (5G Media Action Group)
    • 6.10.1. 5G-Based NPNs in Media Production
  • 6.11. 5GMF (Fifth Generation Mobile Communication Promotion Forum, Japan)
    • 6.11.1. Initiatives Related to Local 5G Networks in Japan
  • 6.12. 5GSA (5G Slicing Association)
    • 6.12.1. Addressing Vertical Industry Requirements for 5G Network Slicing
  • 6.13. 6G-IA (6G Smart Networks and Services Industry Association)
    • 6.13.1. Private 5G-Related Projects & Activities
  • 6.14. AGURRE (Association of Major Users of Operational Radio Networks, France)
    • 6.14.1. Spectrum Access, Regulatory Framework & Industrial Ecosystem for Private Mobile Networks
  • 6.15. APCO (Association of Public-Safety Communications Officials) International
    • 6.15.1. Public Safety LTE/5G-Related Advocacy Efforts
  • 6.16. ATIS (Alliance for Telecommunications Industry Solutions)
    • 6.16.1. Deployment & Operational Requirements of 5G-Based NPNs
    • 6.16.2. Shared HNI & IBN Administration for CBRS Spectrum
    • 6.16.3. Other Private LTE & 5G-Related Initiatives
  • 6.17. BTG (Dutch Association of Large-Scale ICT & Telecommunications Users)
    • 6.17.1. KMBG (Dutch Critical Mobile Broadband Users) Expert Group
  • 6.18. B-TrunC (Broadband Trunking Communication) Industry Alliance
    • 6.18.1. B-TrunC Standard for LTE-Based Critical Communications
  • 6.19. CAMET (China Association of Metros)
    • 6.19.1. Adoption of 3GPP Networks for Urban Rail Transit Systems
  • 6.2. CEPT (European Conference of Postal and Telecommunications Administrations)
    • 6.20.1. Common Spectrum Policies for Local 4G/5G, PPDR Broadband & FRMCS
  • 6.21. DSA (Dynamic Spectrum Alliance)
    • 6.21.1. Promoting Unlicensed & Dynamic Access to Spectrum
  • 6.22. Electricity Canada (Canadian Electricity Association)
    • 6.22.1. PVNO & Dedicated Spectrum for Smart Grid Communications
  • 6.23. ENTELEC (Energy Telecommunications and Electrical Association)
    • 6.23.1. Policy Advocacy & Other Private LTE/5G-Related Activities
  • 6.24. EPRI (Electric Power Research Institute)
    • 6.24.1. Research & Guidelines in Support of 3GPP-Based Utility Communications
  • 6.25. ERA (European Union Agency for Railways)
    • 6.25.1. Evolution of Railway Radio Communication Project
  • 6.26. ETSI (European Telecommunications Standards Institute)
    • 6.26.1. Technical Specifications for FRMCS, PPDR Broadband, MCX & TETRA-3GPP Interworking
    • 6.26.2. Other Work Relevant to Private LTE & 5G Networks
  • 6.27. EU-Rail (Europe's Rail Joint Undertaking)
    • 6.27.1. FRMCS-Related Research & Innovation Activities
  • 6.28. EUTC (European Utilities Telecom Council)
    • 6.28.1. Addressing LTE & 5G-Related Requirements for European Utilities
  • 6.29. EUWENA (European Users of Enterprise Wireless Networks Association)
    • 6.29.1. Catalyzing the Wider Adoption of 3GPP-Based Private Networks
  • 6.3. EWA (Enterprise Wireless Alliance)
    • 6.30.1. Supporting the Private Wireless Industry in the United States
  • 6.31. free5GC
    • 6.31.1. Open-Source 5GC Software
  • 6.32. GSA (Global Mobile Suppliers Association)
    • 6.32.1. Advocacy for Private Mobile Networks
  • 6.33. GSMA (GSM Association)
    • 6.33.1. Guidelines for 5G Private & Dedicated Networks
  • 6.34. GUTMA (Global UTM Association)
    • 6.34.1. ACJA (Aerial Connectivity Joint Activity) Initiative
  • 6.35. ITU (International Telecommunication Union)
    • 6.35.1. International & Regional Harmonization of LTE/5G Spectrum
    • 6.35.2. Defining the Role of IMT-2020 to Support Vertical Applications
  • 6.36. JOTS (Joint Operators Technical Specification) Forum
    • 6.36.1. NHIB (Neutral Host In-Building) Specification
  • 6.37. JRC (Joint Radio Company)
    • 6.37.1. Supporting LTE/5G-Based Smart Grid Initiatives
  • 6.38. KRRI (Korea Railroad Research Institute)
    • 6.38.1. Functional Testing & Certification of LTE-R (LTE-Based Railway Communications)
  • 6.39. LF (Linux Foundation)
    • 6.39.1. Magma Mobile Core Software Platform
    • 6.39.2. LF Networking's 5G Super Blueprint
    • 6.39.3. LF Edge's Akraino Private LTE/5G ICN (Integrated Cloud-Native) Blueprint
    • 6.39.4. Other Projects Relevant to Private LTE & 5G Networks
  • 6.4. MFA (MulteFire Alliance)
    • 6.40.1. Uni5G Technology Blueprints for Private 5G Networks
    • 6.40.2. Network Identifier Program Supporting Private & Neutral Host Networks
    • 6.40.3. MulteFire Specifications: LTE Operation in Unlicensed Spectrum
    • 6.40.4. Certification Program for MulteFire Equipment
    • 6.40.5. MulteFire OSU (Online Sign-Up) System
  • 6.41. NGA (Next G Alliance)
    • 6.41.1. Building the Foundation for North American Leadership in 6G
  • 6.42. NGMN (Next-Generation Mobile Networks) Alliance
    • 6.42.1. Work Related to Private 5G & Network Slicing
  • 6.43. NSC (National Spectrum Consortium)
    • 6.43.1. Enhancing Spectrum Superiority & 5G Capabilities for Federal Users
  • 6.44. OCP (Open Compute Project) Foundation
    • 6.44.1. Initiatives Aimed at Open Designs for Telco Hardware
  • 6.45. one6G Association
    • 6.45.1. Driving 6G Innovation & Development Across Vertical Industries
  • 6.46. ONF (Open Networking Foundation)
    • 6.46.1. Aether Private 5G Connected Edge Platform
    • 6.46.2. SD-RAN, SD-Core, OMEC & Other Relevant Projects
  • 6.47. OnGo Alliance
    • 6.47.1. Promoting 4G & 5G OnGo Wireless Network Technology
    • 6.47.2. Technical Specifications & Guidelines for 4G/5G-Based CBRS Networks
    • 6.47.3. Product Certification Program Supporting Multi-Vendor Interoperability
  • 6.48. OPC Foundation
    • 6.48.1. OPC UA (Unified Architecture) Over 5G for Industry 4.0 Applications
  • 6.49. Open RAN Policy Coalition
    • 6.49.1. Promoting Policies to Drive the Adoption of Open RAN
  • 6.5. Open5GCore
    • 6.50.1. Vendor-Independent 5GC Implementation
  • 6.51. Open5GS & NextEPC
    • 6.51.1. Open-Source 5GC & EPC Software
  • 6.52. OpenInfra (Open Infrastructure) Foundation
    • 6.52.1. StarlingX Software Stack for Ultra-Low Latency Edge Applications
    • 6.52.2. OpenStack Cloud Software & Other Projects
  • 6.53. O-RAN Alliance
    • 6.53.1. O-RAN Architecture Specifications
    • 6.53.2. O-RAN SC (Software Community)
    • 6.53.3. Testing & Integration Support
  • 6.54. OSA (OpenAirInterface Software Alliance)
    • 6.54.1. OAI (OpenAirInterface) 5G RAN, Core & MOSAIC5G Projects
  • 6.55. PIA (PSBN Innovation Alliance)
    • 6.55.1. PSBN (Public Safety Broadband Network) Governance in Canada's Ontario Province
  • 6.56. PMeV (German Professional Mobile Radio Association)
    • 6.56.1. Professional Broadband & 5G Campus Network-Related Activities
  • 6.57. PSBTA (Public Safety Broadband Technology Association)
    • 6.57.1. Public Safety LTE/5G-Related Activities
  • 6.58. PSCE (Public Safety Communication Europe)
    • 6.58.1. Public Safety Broadband-Related Standardization Activities
    • 6.58.2. BroadX Projects: Pan-European Interoperable Mobile Broadband System for Public Safety
  • 6.59. Safe-Net Forum
    • 6.59.1. Technical & Policy Guidance for 3GPP-Based Critical Communications Networks
  • 6.6. SCF (Small Cell Forum)
    • 6.60.1. Reference Blueprints for Private 5G Networks
    • 6.60.2. Neutral Hosting, Edge Computing & Other Relevant Work
  • 6.61. Seamless Air Alliance
    • 6.61.1. Leading Global Standards for Inflight Connectivity
  • 6.62. SimpleRAN
    • 6.62.1. Ensuring Interoperability & Transparency in the vRAN Ecosystem
  • 6.63. srsRAN Project
    • 6.63.1. Open-Source 4G & 5G Software Suites
  • 6.64. TCA (Trusted Connectivity Alliance)
    • 6.64.1. 5G SIM/eSIM Recommendations for Private Networks
  • 6.65. TCCA (The Critical Communications Association)
    • 6.65.1. CCBG (Critical Communications Broadband Group)
    • 6.65.2. BIG (Broadband Industry Group)
    • 6.65.3. SCADA, Smart Grid & IoT Group
    • 6.65.4. Future Technologies Group
  • 6.66. techUK
    • 6.66.1. SPF (Spectrum Policy Forum)
  • 6.67. TIA (Telecommunications Industry Association)
    • 6.67.1. Defining Requirements for LMR-3GPP Interworking & Critical Broadband Capabilities
  • 6.68. TIP (Telecom Infra Project)
    • 6.68.1. 5G Private Networks Solution Group
    • 6.68.2. Neutral Host NaaS Solution Group
    • 6.68.3. OpenRAN & Open Core Network Groups
    • 6.68.4. Other Relevant Product & Solution Groups
  • 6.69. TTA (Telecommunications Technology Association, South Korea)
    • 6.69.1. Standardization Efforts for 3GPP-Based Public Safety, Railway & Maritime Communications
  • 6.7. U.S. NIST (National Institute of Standards and Technology)
    • 6.70.1. Public Safety Broadband & 5G-Related R&D Initiatives
  • 6.71. U.S. NPSTC (National Public Safety Telecommunications Council)
    • 6.71.1. Leadership for LMR-3GPP Interworking & Public Safety Broadband Communications
  • 6.72. U.S. NTIA (National Telecommunications and Information Administration)
    • 6.72.1. Wireless Innovation & Supply Chain Security
  • 6.73. UBBA (Utility Broadband Alliance)
    • 6.73.1. Championing the Advancement of Private Broadband Networks for Utilities
  • 6.74. UIC (International Union of Railways)
    • 6.74.1. FRMCS Program for the Replacement of GSM-R Networks
  • 6.75. UK5G Innovation Network
    • 6.75.1. Promoting Private 5G Adoption Projects, Testbeds & Trials
  • 6.76. UNIFE (The European Rail Supply Industry Association)
    • 6.76.1. UNITEL Committee: Development & Implementation of FRMCS
  • 6.77. UTC (Utilities Technology Council)
    • 6.77.1. Private LTE & 5G-Related Advocacy, Technology Development & Policy Efforts
  • 6.78. UTCAL (Utilities Telecom & Technology Council América Latina)
    • 6.78.1. Promoting Private LTE & 5G Networks for Latin American Utilities
  • 6.79. VDMA (German Mechanical and Plant Engineering Association)
    • 6.79.1. Guidelines for 5G in Mechanical & Plant Engineering
  • 6.8. WBA (Wireless Broadband Alliance)
    • 6.80.1. 5G & Wi-Fi Convergence in Private 5G Networks
    • 6.80.2. OpenRoaming for Private LTE/5G
  • 6.81. WhiteSpace Alliance
    • 6.81.1. Promoting the Use of 3GPP, IEEE & IETF Standards for TVWS Spectrum
  • 6.82. WInnForum (Wireless Innovation Forum)
    • 6.82.1. CBRS Standards for the Implementation of FCC Rulemaking
    • 6.82.2. 6 GHz Unlicensed Sharing & Other Committees
  • 6.83. XGP (eXtended Global Platform) Forum
    • 6.83.1. Development & Promotion of the sXGP Unlicensed LTE Service
  • 6.84. Others
    • 6.84.1. Vendor-Led Private LTE/5G Alliances
    • 6.84.2. National Government Agencies & Regulators
    • 6.84.3. Regional & Country-Specific Associations
    • 6.84.4. Global Industry Initiatives & Organizations

Chapter 7: Review of Private LTE/5G Installations Worldwide

  • 7.1. North America
    • 7.1.1. United States
    • 7.1.2. Canada
  • 7.2. Asia Pacific
    • 7.2.1. Australia
    • 7.2.2. New Zealand
    • 7.2.3. China
    • 7.2.4. Hong Kong
    • 7.2.5. Taiwan
    • 7.2.6. Japan
    • 7.2.7. South Korea
    • 7.2.8. Singapore
    • 7.2.9. Malaysia
    • 7.2.10. Indonesia
    • 7.2.11. Papua New Guinea
    • 7.2.12. Philippines
    • 7.2.13. Thailand
    • 7.2.14. Vietnam
    • 7.2.15. Laos
    • 7.2.16. Myanmar
    • 7.2.17. India
    • 7.2.18. Pakistan
    • 7.2.19. Bangladesh
    • 7.2.20. Rest of Asia Pacific
  • 7.3. Europe
    • 7.3.1. United Kingdom
    • 7.3.2. Republic of Ireland
    • 7.3.3. France
    • 7.3.4. Germany
    • 7.3.5. Belgium
    • 7.3.6. Netherlands
    • 7.3.7. Switzerland
    • 7.3.8. Austria
    • 7.3.9. Italy
    • 7.3.10. Spain
    • 7.3.11. Portugal
    • 7.3.12. Sweden
    • 7.3.13. Norway
    • 7.3.14. Denmark
    • 7.3.15. Finland
    • 7.3.16. Estonia
    • 7.3.17. Czech Republic
    • 7.3.18. Poland
    • 7.3.19. Ukraine
    • 7.3.20. Latvia
    • 7.3.21. Türkiye
    • 7.3.22. Greece
    • 7.3.23. Bulgaria
    • 7.3.24. Romania
    • 7.3.25. Hungary
    • 7.3.26. Slovakia
    • 7.3.27. Slovenia
    • 7.3.28. Croatia
    • 7.3.29. Serbia
    • 7.3.30. Kosovo
    • 7.3.31. Russia
    • 7.3.32. Belarus
    • 7.3.33. Rest of Europe
  • 7.4. Middle East & Africa
    • 7.4.1. Saudi Arabia
    • 7.4.2. United Arab Emirates
    • 7.4.3. Qatar
    • 7.4.4. Oman
    • 7.4.5. Bahrain
    • 7.4.6. Kuwait
    • 7.4.7. Iraq
    • 7.4.8. Jordan
    • 7.4.9. Lebanon
    • 7.4.10. Israel
    • 7.4.11. Egypt
    • 7.4.12. Algeria
    • 7.4.13. Morocco
    • 7.4.14. Tunisia
    • 7.4.15. South Africa
    • 7.4.16. Botswana
    • 7.4.17. Zimbabwe
    • 7.4.18. Zambia
    • 7.4.19. Kenya
    • 7.4.20. Ethiopia
    • 7.4.21. Somalia
    • 7.4.22. Madagascar
    • 7.4.23. Mauritius
    • 7.4.24. Angola
    • 7.4.25. Republic of the Congo
    • 7.4.26. Gabon
    • 7.4.27. Central African Republic
    • 7.4.28. Cameroon
    • 7.4.29. Nigeria
    • 7.4.30. Ghana
    • 7.4.31. Côte d'Ivoire
    • 7.4.32. Mali
    • 7.4.33. Senegal
    • 7.4.34. Rest of the Middle East & Africa
  • 7.5. Latin & Central America
    • 7.5.1. Brazil
    • 7.5.2. Mexico
    • 7.5.3. Argentina
    • 7.5.4. Colombia
    • 7.5.5. Chile
    • 7.5.6. Peru
    • 7.5.7. Venezuela
    • 7.5.8. Ecuador
    • 7.5.9. Bolivia
    • 7.5.10. Dominican Republic
    • 7.5.11. Jamaica
    • 7.5.12. Barbados
    • 7.5.13. Trinidad & Tobago
    • 7.5.14. Dutch Caribbean
    • 7.5.15. Suriname
    • 7.5.16. Rest of Latin & Central America

Chapter 8: Private LTE/5G Case Studies

  • 8.1. 450connect: Nationwide 450 MHz LTE Network for the Digitization of German Energy & Water Utilities
    • 8.1.1. Operational Model
    • 8.1.2. Spectrum Type
    • 8.1.3. Integrators & Suppliers
    • 8.1.4. Deployment Summary
  • 8.2. ADF (Australian Defence Force): Revamping Military Training Facilities With Private Cellular Networks
    • 8.2.1. Operational Model
    • 8.2.2. Spectrum Type
    • 8.2.3. Integrators & Suppliers
    • 8.2.4. Deployment Summary
  • 8.3. Adif AV (Alta Velocidad): Private 5G Network for Strategic Logistics Terminals
    • 8.3.1. Operational Model
    • 8.3.2. Spectrum Type
    • 8.3.3. Integrators & Suppliers
    • 8.3.4. Deployment Summary
  • 8.4. Agnico Eagle Mines: Streamlining Mining Operations With Private 4G/5G Networks
    • 8.4.1. Operational Model
    • 8.4.2. Spectrum Type
    • 8.4.3. Integrators & Suppliers
    • 8.4.4. Deployment Summary
  • 8.5. Airport Authority Hong Kong: HKIA Public-Private 5G Infrastructure Project
    • 8.5.1. Operational Model
    • 8.5.2. Spectrum Type
    • 8.5.3. Integrators & Suppliers
    • 8.5.4. Deployment Summary
  • 8.6. Ameren: 900 MHz Private Communications Network for Grid Modernization
    • 8.6.1. Operational Model
    • 8.6.2. Spectrum Type
    • 8.6.3. Integrators & Suppliers
    • 8.6.4. Deployment Summary
  • 8.7. ANA (All Nippon Airways): Local 5G-Enabled Digital Transformation of Aviation Training
    • 8.7.1. Operational Model
    • 8.7.2. Spectrum Type
    • 8.7.3. Integrators & Suppliers
    • 8.7.4. Deployment Summary
  • 8.8. APM Terminals (Maersk): Revolutionizing Terminal Operations With Private 5G Networks
    • 8.8.1. Operational Model
    • 8.8.2. Spectrum Type
    • 8.8.3. Integrators & Suppliers
    • 8.8.4. Deployment Summary
  • 8.9. Aramco (Saudi Arabian Oil Company): Private LTE Network for Remote Oil & Gas Wells
    • 8.9.1. Operational Model
    • 8.9.2. Spectrum Type
    • 8.9.3. Integrators & Suppliers
    • 8.9.4. Deployment Summary
  • 8.1. ArcelorMittal: 5G Steel Project for the Digitization of Industries Sites
    • 8.10.1. Operational Model
    • 8.10.2. Spectrum Type
    • 8.10.3. Integrators & Suppliers
    • 8.10.4. Deployment Summary
  • 8.11. ASTRID: BLM (Blue Light Mobile) Secure MVNO Service for Belgian First Responders
    • 8.11.1. Operational Model
    • 8.11.2. Spectrum Type
    • 8.11.3. Integrators & Suppliers
    • 8.11.4. Deployment Summary
  • 8.12. BAM Nuttall: Accelerating Innovation at Construction Sites With Private 5G Networks
    • 8.12.1. Operational Model
    • 8.12.2. Spectrum Type
    • 8.12.3. Integrators & Suppliers
    • 8.12.4. Deployment Summary
  • 8.13. BlackRock: On-Premise Private 5G Network Installation for New York Global Headquarters
    • 8.13.1. Operational Model
    • 8.13.2. Spectrum Type
    • 8.13.3. Integrators & Suppliers
    • 8.13.4. Deployment Summary
  • 8.14. Brazilian Army: Leveraging Private LTE Infrastructure for National Defense Applications
    • 8.14.1. Operational Model
    • 8.14.2. Spectrum Type
    • 8.14.3. Integrators & Suppliers
    • 8.14.4. Deployment Summary
  • 8.15. BT Media & Broadcast: Portable Private 5G Networks for Live Sports Broadcasting
    • 8.15.1. Operational Model
    • 8.15.2. Spectrum Type
    • 8.15.3. Integrators & Suppliers
    • 8.15.4. Deployment Summary
  • 8.16. Bundeswehr (German Armed Forces): ZNV (Deployable Cellular Networks) Program
    • 8.16.1. Operational Model
    • 8.16.2. Spectrum Type
    • 8.16.3. Integrators & Suppliers
    • 8.16.4. Deployment Summary
  • 8.17. China National Coal Group: Multi-Band 700 MHz & 2.6 GHz Private 5G Network for Dahaize Coal Mine
    • 8.17.1. Operational Model
    • 8.17.2. Spectrum Type
    • 8.17.3. Integrators & Suppliers
    • 8.17.4. Deployment Summary
  • 8.18. City of Las Vegas: Municipal Private Wireless Network for Businesses, Government & Educational Institutions
    • 8.18.1. Operational Model
    • 8.18.2. Spectrum Type
    • 8.18.3. Integrators & Suppliers
    • 8.18.4. Deployment Summary
  • 8.19. Cologne Bonn Airport: Transforming Internal Operations With Private 5G Campus Network
    • 8.19.1. Operational Model
    • 8.19.2. Spectrum Type
    • 8.19.3. Integrators & Suppliers
    • 8.19.4. Deployment Summary
  • 8.2. COMAC (Commercial Aircraft Corporation of China): 5G-Connected Intelligent Aircraft Manufacturing Factories
    • 8.20.1. Operational Model
    • 8.20.2. Spectrum Type
    • 8.20.3. Integrators & Suppliers
    • 8.20.4. Deployment Summary
  • 8.21. ConocoPhillips: Private LTE Network for Curtis Island LNG (Liquefied Natural Gas) Facility
    • 8.21.1. Operational Model
    • 8.21.2. Spectrum Type
    • 8.21.3. Integrators & Suppliers
    • 8.21.4. Deployment Summary
  • 8.22. CSG (China Southern Power Grid): Harnessing Private LTE & 5G Network Slicing for Smart Grid Operations
    • 8.22.1. Operational Model
    • 8.22.2. Spectrum Type
    • 8.22.3. Integrators & Suppliers
    • 8.22.4. Deployment Summary
  • 8.23. DB (Deutsche Bahn): Digitizing & Automating Rail Operations With 5G-Based FRMCS
    • 8.23.1. Operational Model
    • 8.23.2. Spectrum Type
    • 8.23.3. Integrators & Suppliers
    • 8.23.4. Deployment Summary
  • 8.24. Dongyi Group Coal Gasification Company: Hybrid Public-Private Network for Xinyan Coal Mine
    • 8.24.1. Operational Model
    • 8.24.2. Spectrum Type
    • 8.24.3. Integrators & Suppliers
    • 8.24.4. Deployment Summary
  • 8.25. Dow: Modernizing Chemical Plant Maintenance With Private Cellular Networks
    • 8.25.1. Operational Model
    • 8.25.2. Spectrum Type
    • 8.25.3. Integrators & Suppliers
    • 8.25.4. Deployment Summary
  • 8.26. EAN (European Aviation Network): Hybrid Satellite-A2G Network for Inflight Broadband
    • 8.26.1. Operational Model
    • 8.26.2. Spectrum Type
    • 8.26.3. Integrators & Suppliers
    • 8.26.4. Deployment Summary
  • 8.27. Edesur Dominicana: Custom-Built 2.3 GHz LTE Network for Critical Grid Communications
    • 8.27.1. Operational Model
    • 8.27.2. Spectrum Type
    • 8.27.3. Integrators & Suppliers
    • 8.27.4. Deployment Summary
  • 8.28. EDF: Private Mobile Networks for Enhanced Connectivity at Nuclear Power Plants & Wind Farms
    • 8.28.1. Operational Model
    • 8.28.2. Spectrum Type
    • 8.28.3. Integrators & Suppliers
    • 8.28.4. Deployment Summary
  • 8.29. Enel: Global 3GPP-Based Private Wireless Communications Platform for Utility Communications
    • 8.29.1. Operational Model
    • 8.29.2. Spectrum Type
    • 8.29.3. Integrators & Suppliers
    • 8.29.4. Deployment Summary
  • 8.3. ESN (Emergency Services Network): Great Britain's Critical Communications Broadband System
    • 8.30.1. Operational Model
    • 8.30.2. Spectrum Type
    • 8.30.3. Integrators & Suppliers
    • 8.30.4. Deployment Summary
  • 8.31. Estonian Ministry of Defense: Private 5G Network for CR14 (Cyber Range 14)
    • 8.31.1. Operational Model
    • 8.31.2. Spectrum Type
    • 8.31.3. Integrators & Suppliers
    • 8.31.4. Deployment Summary
  • 8.32. Evergy: Facilitating Grid Modernization With Private Broadband Network
    • 8.32.1. Operational Model
    • 8.32.2. Spectrum Type
    • 8.32.3. Integrators & Suppliers
    • 8.32.4. Deployment Summary
  • 8.33. EWA (Electricity and Water Authority, Bahrain): 410 MHz Private LTE Network
    • 8.33.1. Operational Model
    • 8.33.2. Spectrum Type
    • 8.33.3. Integrators & Suppliers
    • 8.33.4. Deployment Summary
  • 8.34. Ferrovial: Standalone Private 5G Network for the Silvertown Tunnel Project
    • 8.34.1. Operational Model
    • 8.34.2. Spectrum Type
    • 8.34.3. Integrators & Suppliers
    • 8.34.4. Deployment Summary
  • 8.35. FirstNet (First Responder Network): United States' Nationwide Public Safety Broadband Network
    • 8.35.1. Operational Model
    • 8.35.2. Spectrum Type
    • 8.35.3. Integrators & Suppliers
    • 8.35.4. Deployment Summary
  • 8.36. Fraport: Private 5G Campus Network for Future-Oriented Operations at Frankfurt Airport
    • 8.36.1. Operational Model
    • 8.36.2. Spectrum Type
    • 8.36.3. Integrators & Suppliers
    • 8.36.4. Deployment Summary
  • 8.37. Gale South Beach Hotel: CBRS Network for Guest Engagement & Hotel Operations
    • 8.37.1. Operational Model
    • 8.37.2. Spectrum Type
    • 8.37.3. Integrators & Suppliers
    • 8.37.4. Deployment Summary
  • 8.38. Gogo Business Aviation: 5G A2G Wireless Network for Inflight Connectivity
    • 8.38.1. Operational Model
    • 8.38.2. Spectrum Type
    • 8.38.3. Integrators & Suppliers
    • 8.38.4. Deployment Summary
  • 8.39. Gold Fields: Enabling Surface & Underground Communications With LTE Networks
    • 8.39.1. Operational Model
    • 8.39.2. Spectrum Type
    • 8.39.3. Integrators & Suppliers
    • 8.39.4. Deployment Summary
  • 8.4. Groupe ADP: 3GPP-Based Private Mobile Network for Paris Airports
    • 8.40.1. Operational Model
    • 8.40.2. Spectrum Type
    • 8.40.3. Integrators & Suppliers
    • 8.40.4. Deployment Summary
  • 8.41. Heathrow Commercial Telecoms: WAMD (Wide Area Mobile Data) Network
    • 8.41.1. Operational Model
    • 8.41.2. Spectrum Type
    • 8.41.3. Integrators & Suppliers
    • 8.41.4. Deployment Summary
  • 8.42. Hip Hing Engineering: Dedicated 5G Network for Kai Tak Sports Park
    • 8.42.1. Operational Model
    • 8.42.2. Spectrum Type
    • 8.42.3. Integrators & Suppliers
    • 8.42.4. Deployment Summary
  • 8.43. Hiroshima Gas: Local 5G-Powered Safety Operations at Hatsukaichi LNG Terminal
    • 8.43.1. Operational Model
    • 8.43.2. Spectrum Type
    • 8.43.3. Integrators & Suppliers
    • 8.43.4. Deployment Summary
  • 8.44. Hsinchu City Fire Department: Satellite-Backhauled Private 5G Network for PPDR Communications
    • 8.44.1. Operational Model
    • 8.44.2. Spectrum Type
    • 8.44.3. Integrators & Suppliers
    • 8.44.4. Deployment Summary
  • 8.45. Hutchison Ports: Driving the Digitization & Automation of Ports Through Private 5G Networks
    • 8.45.1. Operational Model
    • 8.45.2. Spectrum Type
    • 8.45.3. Integrators & Suppliers
    • 8.45.4. Deployment Summary
  • 8.46. iNET (Infrastructure Networks): Private 4G/5G-Ready Network for Remote Industrial Connectivity
    • 8.46.1. Operational Model
    • 8.46.2. Spectrum Type
    • 8.46.3. Integrators & Suppliers
    • 8.46.4. Deployment Summary
  • 8.47. John Deere: Private Cellular Connectivity for Manufacturing Processes & Agricultural Applications
    • 8.47.1. Operational Model
    • 8.47.2. Spectrum Type
    • 8.47.3. Integrators & Suppliers
    • 8.47.4. Deployment Summary
  • 8.48. KEPCO (Korea Electric Power Corporation): Private 5G Networks for Substation Management
    • 8.48.1. Operational Model
    • 8.48.2. Spectrum Type
    • 8.48.3. Integrators & Suppliers
    • 8.48.4. Deployment Summary
  • 8.49. KRNA (Korea Rail Network Authority): LTE-R (LTE-Based Railway Communications) Network
    • 8.49.1. Operational Model
    • 8.49.2. Spectrum Type
    • 8.49.3. Integrators & Suppliers
    • 8.49.4. Deployment Summary
  • 8.5. Kumagai Gumi: Unleashing the Potential of Unmanned Construction Using Local 5G Networks
    • 8.50.1. Operational Model
    • 8.50.2. Spectrum Type
    • 8.50.3. Integrators & Suppliers
    • 8.50.4. Deployment Summary
  • 8.51. Latvian Ministry of Defense: Camp Adazi 5G Testbed for Defense Innovations
    • 8.51.1. Operational Model
    • 8.51.2. Spectrum Type
    • 8.51.3. Integrators & Suppliers
    • 8.51.4. Deployment Summary
  • 8.52. Lishui Municipal Emergency Management: 5G-Enabled Natural Disaster Management System
    • 8.52.1. Operational Model
    • 8.52.2. Spectrum Type
    • 8.52.3. Integrators & Suppliers
    • 8.52.4. Deployment Summary
  • 8.53. Lufthansa Technik: Industrial-Grade 5G Campus Network for Hamburg Engine Shops
    • 8.53.1. Operational Model
    • 8.53.2. Spectrum Type
    • 8.53.3. Integrators & Suppliers
    • 8.53.4. Deployment Summary
  • 8.54. Mercedes-Benz Group: World's First 5G Network for Automotive Production
    • 8.54.1. Operational Model
    • 8.54.2. Spectrum Type
    • 8.54.3. Integrators & Suppliers
    • 8.54.4. Deployment Summary
  • 8.55. Murray City School District: LTE-Based Private CBRS Network for K-12 Education
    • 8.55.1. Operational Model
    • 8.55.2. Spectrum Type
    • 8.55.3. Integrators & Suppliers
    • 8.55.4. Deployment Summary
  • 8.56. Nanjing Municipal Government: 1.4 GHz Broadband GRN (Government Radio Network)
    • 8.56.1. Operational Model
    • 8.56.2. Spectrum Type
    • 8.56.3. Integrators & Suppliers
    • 8.56.4. Deployment Summary
  • 8.57. NCRTC (National Capital Regional Transport Corporation): Private LTE Network for ETCS Level 2 Signaling
    • 8.57.1. Operational Model
    • 8.57.2. Spectrum Type
    • 8.57.3. Integrators & Suppliers
    • 8.57.4. Deployment Summary
  • 8.58. Nedaa: Dubai's Mission-Critical LTE & 5G-Ready Network for Professional Communications
    • 8.58.1. Operational Model
    • 8.58.2. Spectrum Type
    • 8.58.3. Integrators & Suppliers
    • 8.58.4. Deployment Summary
  • 8.59. Norwegian Armed Forces: Defense-Specific Network Slices & Tactical Private 5G Systems
    • 8.59.1. Operational Model
    • 8.59.2. Spectrum Type
    • 8.59.3. Integrators & Suppliers
    • 8.59.4. Deployment Summary
  • 8.6. Nutrien: Private Cellular Infrastructure for Improved Safety & Productivity in Underground Potash Mines
    • 8.60.1. Operational Model
    • 8.60.2. Spectrum Type
    • 8.60.3. Integrators & Suppliers
    • 8.60.4. Deployment Summary
  • 8.61. Ocado: 4G-Based Wireless Control System for Warehouse Automation
    • 8.61.1. Operational Model
    • 8.61.2. Spectrum Type
    • 8.61.3. Integrators & Suppliers
    • 8.61.4. Deployment Summary
  • 8.62. Ooredoo: Purpose-Built LTE Network for Qatar's Oil & Gas Industry
    • 8.62.1. Operational Model
    • 8.62.2. Spectrum Type
    • 8.62.3. Integrators & Suppliers
    • 8.62.4. Deployment Summary
  • 8.63. ørsted: Boosting Offshore Wind Farm Safety & Efficiency With Private Cellular Networks
    • 8.63.1. Operational Model
    • 8.63.2. Spectrum Type
    • 8.63.3. Integrators & Suppliers
    • 8.63.4. Deployment Summary
  • 8.64. PCK Raffinerie: Accelerating Oil Refinery Digitization With 5G Campus Network
    • 8.64.1. Operational Model
    • 8.64.2. Spectrum Type
    • 8.64.3. Integrators & Suppliers
    • 8.64.4. Deployment Summary
  • 8.65. Petrobras (Petróleo Brasileiro): Private Cellular Connectivity for Offshore Platforms & Production Sites
    • 8.65.1. Operational Model
    • 8.65.2. Spectrum Type
    • 8.65.3. Integrators & Suppliers
    • 8.65.4. Deployment Summary
  • 8.66. PGE Systemy: 450 MHz Mission-Critical LTE Network for Polish Electricity & Gas DSOs
    • 8.66.1. Operational Model
    • 8.66.2. Spectrum Type
    • 8.66.3. Integrators & Suppliers
    • 8.66.4. Deployment Summary
  • 8.67. Porsche: Private 5G for Smart Manufacturing & Intelligent Vehicle Development
    • 8.67.1. Operational Model
    • 8.67.2. Spectrum Type
    • 8.67.3. Integrators & Suppliers
    • 8.67.4. Deployment Summary
  • 8.68. Port of Tyne: Advancing Smart Port Transformation With Private 5G Network
    • 8.68.1. Operational Model
    • 8.68.2. Spectrum Type
    • 8.68.3. Integrators & Suppliers
    • 8.68.4. Deployment Summary
  • 8.69. PSA International: Private 5G Connectivity for Pasir Panjang Terminal & Tuas Mega Port
    • 8.69.1. Operational Model
    • 8.69.2. Spectrum Type
    • 8.69.3. Integrators & Suppliers
    • 8.69.4. Deployment Summary
  • 8.7. PTA (Public Transport Authority of Western Australia): Radio Systems Replacement Project
    • 8.70.1. Operational Model
    • 8.70.2. Spectrum Type
    • 8.70.3. Integrators & Suppliers
    • 8.70.4. Deployment Summary
  • 8.71. Royal Thai Police: 800 MHz Public Safety LTE Network for Secure Communications
    • 8.71.1. Operational Model
    • 8.71.2. Spectrum Type
    • 8.71.3. Integrators & Suppliers
    • 8.71.4. Deployment Summary
  • 8.72. RRF (Radio Network of the Future): France's National Mission-Critical Broadband Network
    • 8.72.1. Operational Model
    • 8.72.2. Spectrum Type
    • 8.72.3. Integrators & Suppliers
    • 8.72.4. Deployment Summary
  • 8.73. Rudin Management Company: Neutral Host CBRS Network for Multi-Tenant Office Building
    • 8.73.1. Operational Model
    • 8.73.2. Spectrum Type
    • 8.73.3. Integrators & Suppliers
    • 8.73.4. Deployment Summary
  • 8.74. Safe-Net: South Korea's National Disaster Safety Communications Network
    • 8.74.1. Operational Model
    • 8.74.2. Spectrum Type
    • 8.74.3. Integrators & Suppliers
    • 8.74.4. Deployment Summary
  • 8.75. Santos: Wireless to the Wellhead Private LTE Project
    • 8.75.1. Operational Model
    • 8.75.2. Spectrum Type
    • 8.75.3. Integrators & Suppliers
    • 8.75.4. Deployment Summary
  • 8.76. São Martinho: Private LTE & 5G Networks for Agribusiness Applications
    • 8.76.1. Operational Model
    • 8.76.2. Spectrum Type
    • 8.76.3. Integrators & Suppliers
    • 8.76.4. Deployment Summary
  • 8.77. SCA (Svenska Cellulosa Aktiebolaget): Local 5G Connectivity for Timber Terminals & Paper Mills
    • 8.77.1. Operational Model
    • 8.77.2. Spectrum Type
    • 8.77.3. Integrators & Suppliers
    • 8.77.4. Deployment Summary
  • 8.78. SDG&E (San Diego Gas & Electric): pLTE (Private LTE) Network for Advanced Safety & Protection Technologies
    • 8.78.1. Operational Model
    • 8.78.2. Spectrum Type
    • 8.78.3. Integrators & Suppliers
    • 8.78.4. Deployment Summary
  • 8.79. Seaboard Marine: Private Cellular Network Solution for Real-Time Cargo Vessel Monitoring
    • 8.79.1. Operational Model
    • 8.79.2. Spectrum Type
    • 8.79.3. Integrators & Suppliers
    • 8.79.4. Deployment Summary
  • 8.8. SGP (Société du Grand Paris): Private LTE Network for the Grand Paris Express Rapid Transit System
    • 8.80.1. Operational Model
    • 8.80.2. Spectrum Type
    • 8.80.3. Integrators & Suppliers
    • 8.80.4. Deployment Summary
  • 8.81. Shenzhen Metro: 3GPP Connectivity for Operations-Critical Railway Communications
    • 8.81.1. Operational Model
    • 8.81.2. Spectrum Type
    • 8.81.3. Integrators & Suppliers
    • 8.81.4. Deployment Summary
  • 8.82. Sinopec (China Petroleum & Chemical Corporation): 5G + Smart Petrochemical Project
    • 8.82.1. Operational Model
    • 8.82.2. Spectrum Type
    • 8.82.3. Integrators & Suppliers
    • 8.82.4. Deployment Summary
  • 8.83. SIRDEE: Spain's Mission-Critical Broadband Network for Public Safety Organizations
    • 8.83.1. Operational Model
    • 8.83.2. Spectrum Type
    • 8.83.3. Integrators & Suppliers
    • 8.83.4. Deployment Summary
  • 8.84. SNCF (French National Railways): Enabling Rail Innovations With 5G Technology
    • 8.84.1. Operational Model
    • 8.84.2. Spectrum Type
    • 8.84.3. Integrators & Suppliers
    • 8.84.4. Deployment Summary
  • 8.85. Southern Linc: CriticalLinc LTE Network for Utilities, Government & Business Customers
    • 8.85.1. Operational Model
    • 8.85.2. Spectrum Type
    • 8.85.3. Integrators & Suppliers
    • 8.85.4. Deployment Summary
  • 8.86. Swedish Armed Forces: Tactical 5G Bubbles for Secure Military Communications
    • 8.86.1. Operational Model
    • 8.86.2. Spectrum Type
    • 8.86.3. Integrators & Suppliers
    • 8.86.4. Deployment Summary
  • 8.87. Tampnet: Delivering Offshore Cellular Coverage Through Private 4G/5G-Ready Networks
    • 8.87.1. Operational Model
    • 8.87.2. Spectrum Type
    • 8.87.3. Integrators & Suppliers
    • 8.87.4. Deployment Summary
  • 8.88. Tianjin Port Group: On-Premise 5G Infrastructure for Intelligent & Automated Port Operations
    • 8.88.1. Operational Model
    • 8.88.2. Spectrum Type
    • 8.88.3. Integrators & Suppliers
    • 8.88.4. Deployment Summary
  • 8.89. TotalEnergies: 3GPP-Based PMR (Professional Mobile Radio) Network for Critical Communications
    • 8.89.1. Operational Model
    • 8.89.2. Spectrum Type
    • 8.89.3. Integrators & Suppliers
    • 8.89.4. Deployment Summary
  • 8.9. Toyota Motor Corporation: Private LTE & Local 5G Networks for Industry 4.0 Applications
    • 8.90.1. Operational Model
    • 8.90.2. Spectrum Type
    • 8.90.3. Integrators & Suppliers
    • 8.90.4. Deployment Summary
  • 8.91. U.S. Army: Expanding Military Communications Capabilities With 5G Technology
    • 8.91.1. Operational Model
    • 8.91.2. Spectrum Type
    • 8.91.3. Integrators & Suppliers
    • 8.91.4. Deployment Summary
  • 8.92. U.S. Marine Corps: Private 5G for Smart Warehousing & Expeditionary Base Operations
    • 8.92.1. Operational Model
    • 8.92.2. Spectrum Type
    • 8.92.3. Integrators & Suppliers
    • 8.92.4. Deployment Summary
  • 8.93. UKD (University Hospital of Düsseldorf): Improving Patient Care & Saving Lives With 5G Campus Network
    • 8.93.1. Operational Model
    • 8.93.2. Spectrum Type
    • 8.93.3. Integrators & Suppliers
    • 8.93.4. Deployment Summary
  • 8.94. UN (United Nations): Dedicated Cellular Networks for Peacekeeping Missions
    • 8.94.1. Operational Model
    • 8.94.2. Spectrum Type
    • 8.94.3. Integrators & Suppliers
    • 8.94.4. Deployment Summary
  • 8.95. Vale: Private Wireless Networks for Iron Ore Mining & Transport Operations
    • 8.95.1. Operational Model
    • 8.95.2. Spectrum Type
    • 8.95.3. Integrators & Suppliers
    • 8.95.4. Deployment Summary
  • 8.96. VIRVE 2.0: Finland's Nationwide Mission-Critical Broadband Service
    • 8.96.1. Operational Model
    • 8.96.2. Spectrum Type
    • 8.96.3. Integrators & Suppliers
    • 8.96.4. Deployment Summary
  • 8.97. VIT (Virginia International Terminals): Private 5G Network for Port Of Virginia Container Terminal
    • 8.97.1. Operational Model
    • 8.97.2. Spectrum Type
    • 8.97.3. Integrators & Suppliers
    • 8.97.4. Deployment Summary
  • 8.98. X Shore: Empowering Electric Boat Manufacturing With Private 5G Network
    • 8.98.1. Operational Model
    • 8.98.2. Spectrum Type
    • 8.98.3. Integrators & Suppliers
    • 8.98.4. Deployment Summary
  • 8.99. Xcel Energy: 900 MHz Private LTE Network for Electric & Gas Utility Operations
    • 8.99.1. Operational Model
    • 8.99.2. Spectrum Type
    • 8.99.3. Integrators & Suppliers
    • 8.99.4. Deployment Summary
  • 8.1. Yumeshima Container Terminal: Local 5G Network for the Digital Transformation of Port Facilities
    • 8.100.1. Operational Model
    • 8.100.2. Spectrum Type
    • 8.100.3. Integrators & Suppliers
    • 8.100.4. Deployment Summary

Chapter 9: Key Ecosystem Players

  • 9.1. 10T Tech
  • 9.2. 1NCE
  • 9.3. 1oT
  • 9.4. 3D-P (Epiroc)
  • 9.5. 450connect
  • 9.6. 4K Solutions
  • 9.7. 4RF
  • 9.8. 6Harmonics/6WiLInk
  • 9.9. 6WIND
  • 9.1. 7P (Seven Principles)
  • 9.11. A Beep/Diga-Talk+
  • 9.12. A1 Telekom Austria Group
  • 9.13. A10 Networks
  • 9.14. A5G Networks
  • 9.15. AAEON Technology (ASUS - ASUSTeK Computer)
  • 9.16. Aarna Networks
  • 9.17. ABB
  • 9.18. ABEL Mobilfunk
  • 9.19. ABiT Corporation
  • 9.2. ABS
  • 9.21. Abside Networks
  • 9.22. Accedian
  • 9.23. AccelerComm
  • 9.24. Accelink Technologies
  • 9.25. Accelleran
  • 9.26. Accenture
  • 9.27. Access Spectrum
  • 9.28. Accton Technology Corporation
  • 9.29. Accuver (InnoWireless)
  • 9.3. ACE Technologies
  • 9.31. AceAxis
  • 9.32. AceTel (Ace Solutions)
  • 9.33. Achronix Semiconductor Corporation
  • 9.34. ACOME
  • 9.35. Actelis Networks
  • 9.36. Action Technologies (Shenzhen Action Technologies)
  • 9.37. Actiontec Electronics
  • 9.38. Active911
  • 9.39. Actus Networks
  • 9.4. Adax
  • 9.41. Adcor Magnet Systems
  • 9.42. ADI (Analog Devices, Inc.)
  • 9.43. ADLINK Technology
  • 9.44. ADRF (Advanced RF Technologies)
  • 9.45. ADT
  • 9.46. Adtran
  • 9.47. ADVA
  • 9.48. Advanced Energy Industries
  • 9.49. AdvanceTec Industries
  • 9.5. Advantech
  • 9.51. Advantech Wireless Technologies (Baylin Technologies)
  • 9.52. Aegex Technologies
  • 9.53. Aerial Applications
  • 9.54. Aeris
  • 9.55. Aerostar International
  • 9.56. Aethertek
  • 9.57. Affarii Technologies
  • 9.58. Affirmed Networks (Microsoft Corporation)
  • 9.59. AFL Global
  • 9.6. AFRY
  • 9.61. Agile (Agile Interoperable Solutions)
  • 9.62. AGIS (Advanced Ground Information Systems)
  • 9.63. AGM Mobile
  • 9.64. AH NET (MVM NET)
  • 9.65. AI-LINK
  • 9.66. AINA Wireless
  • 9.67. Airbus/SLC (Secure Land Communications)
  • 9.68. Airfide Networks
  • 9.69. Airgain
  • 9.7. AirHop Communications
  • 9.71. Airlinq
  • 9.72. Airspan Networks
  • 9.73. Airtower Networks
  • 9.74. Airwavz Solutions
  • 9.75. AIS (Advanced Info Service)
  • 9.76. AiVader
  • 9.77. Akamai Technologies
  • 9.78. Akoustis Technologies
  • 9.79. Alaxala Networks Corporation (Fortinet)
  • 9.8. ALBEDO Telecom
  • 9.81. albis-elcon (UET - United Electronic Technology)
  • 9.82. Alcadis
  • 9.83. Alea (Leonardo)
  • 9.84. Alef (Alef Edge)
  • 9.85. Alepo
  • 9.86. Alibaba Group
  • 9.87. Aliniant
  • 9.88. Allbesmart
  • 9.89. Allen Vanguard Wireless
  • 9.9. Allerio
  • 9.91. Allied Telesis
  • 9.92. Allot
  • 9.93. Alpha Networks
  • 9.94. Alpha Wireless
  • 9.95. Alsatis Réseaux
  • 9.96. Alstom
  • 9.97. Altaeros
  • 9.98. Altair Semiconductor (Sony Semiconductor Israel)
  • 9.99. ALTAN Redes
  • 9.1. Altice Group
  • 9.101. Altiostar (Rakuten Symphony)
  • 9.102. ALVIS (Argentina)
  • 9.103. AM Telecom
  • 9.104. Amantya Technologies
  • 9.105. Amarisoft
  • 9.106. Amazon/AWS (Amazon Web Services)
  • 9.107. Ambra Solutions-ECOTEL
  • 9.108. AMD (Advanced Micro Devices)
  • 9.109. Amdocs
  • 9.11. América Móvil
  • 9.111. American Tower Corporation
  • 9.112. AMI (American Megatrends International)
  • 9.113. AMIT Wireless
  • 9.114. Ampere Computing
  • 9.115. Amphenol Corporation
  • 9.116. Ampleon
  • 9.117. Amtele Communication
  • 9.118. Andesat
  • 9.119. ANDRO Computational Solutions
  • 9.12. Anktion (Fujian) Technology
  • 9.121. Anokiwave
  • 9.122. Anritsu
  • 9.123. ANS - Advanced Network Services (Charge Enterprises)
  • 9.124. Antenna Company
  • 9.125. Anterix
  • 9.126. Antna Antenna Technology
  • 9.127. Aorotech
  • 9.128. Apple
  • 9.129. APRESIA Systems
  • 9.13. APSTAR (APT Satellite Company)
  • 9.131. APT (Asia Pacific Telecom)
  • 9.132. aql
  • 9.133. Aquila (Suzhou Aquila Solutions)
  • 9.134. Aqura Technologies (Telstra Purple)
  • 9.135. Arabsat
  • 9.136. Arcadyan Technology Corporation (Compal Electronics)
  • 9.137. Archos
  • 9.138. Arete M
  • 9.139. Argela
  • 9.14. ArgoNET
  • 9.141. Aria Networks
  • 9.142. Arista Networks
  • 9.143. Arkessa (Wireless Logic Group)
  • 9.144. Arm
  • 9.145. Armour Communications
  • 9.146. Arqit Quantum
  • 9.147. ArrayComm (Chengdu ArrayComm Wireless Technologies)
  • 9.148. Arrcus
  • 9.149. Artemis Networks
  • 9.15. Artiza Networks
  • 9.151. Aruba (HPE - Hewlett Packard Enterprise)
  • 9.152. Arukona
  • 9.153. Asavie
  • 9.154. ASELSAN
  • 9.155. AsiaInfo Technologies
  • 9.156. AsiaSat (Asia Satellite Telecommunications Company)
  • 9.157. Askey Computer Corporation (ASUS - ASUSTeK Computer)
  • 9.158. ASOCS
  • 9.159. Aspire Technology (NEC Corporation)
  • 9.16. ASR Microelectronics
  • 9.161. Assured Wireless Corporation (Nextivity)
  • 9.162. AST SpaceMobile
  • 9.163. ASTELLA (Astella Technologies)
  • 9.164. ASTRI (Hong Kong Applied Science and Technology Research Institute)
  • 9.165. ASUS (ASUSTeK Computer)
  • 9.166. Asylon
  • 9.167. AT&T
  • 9.168. ATDI
  • 9.169. ATEL (Asiatelco Technologies)
  • 9.17. Atel Antennas
  • 9.171. Atesio
  • 9.172. Athonet (HPE - Hewlett Packard Enterprise)
  • 9.173. ATL - A Test Lab (Eurofins E&E - Electrical and Electronics)
  • 9.174. Atlas Telecom
  • 9.175. ATN International
  • 9.176. Atos
  • 9.177. Atrinet
  • 9.178. Attabotics
  • 9.179. AttoCore
  • 9.18. Auden Techno
  • 9.181. Auray Technology (Auden Techno)
  • 9.182. Aurora Insight
  • 9.183. Avanti Communications
  • 9.184. Avari Wireless
  • 9.185. AVI
  • 9.186. Aviat Networks
  • 9.187. Avidyne Corporation
  • 9.188. AVIWEST (Haivision)
  • 9.189. AVM
  • 9.19. AW2S - Advanced Wireless Solutions and Services (SERMA Group)
  • 9.191. AWTG
  • 9.192. Axell Wireless
  • 9.193. AXESS Networks (HISPASAT)
  • 9.194. Axians (VINCI Energies)
  • 9.195. Axiata Group
  • 9.196. Axione
  • 9.197. Axis Communications
  • 9.198. Axon
  • 9.199. Axtel
  • 9.2. Axxcelera Broadband Wireless (Axxcss Wireless Solutions)
  • 9.201. Axxcss Wireless Solutions
  • 9.202. Azcom Technology
  • 9.203. Azetti Networks
  • 9.204. B+B SmartWorx (Advantech)
  • 9.205. BAE Systems
  • 9.206. BAI Communications/Boldyn Networks
  • 9.207. Baicells
  • 9.208. Ball Aerospace
  • 9.209. Ballast Networks
  • 9.21. BandRich
  • 9.211. BandwidthX
  • 9.212. Barrett Communications (Motorola Solutions)
  • 9.213. BATS Wireless (Broadband Antenna Tracking Systems)
  • 9.214. BAYFU (Bayerische Funknetz)
  • 9.215. Baylin Technologies
  • 9.216. BBB (BB Backbone Corporation)
  • 9.217. BBK Electronics
  • 9.218. BCDVideo
  • 9.219. Beam Semiconductor
  • 9.22. Beamlink
  • 9.221. BearCom
  • 9.222. BEC Technologies
  • 9.223. becon
  • 9.224. Beeper Communications
  • 9.225. Beijer Electronics Group
  • 9.226. Belden
  • 9.227. BelFone
  • 9.228. Bell Canada
  • 9.229. Bellantenna
  • 9.23. Benetel
  • 9.231. BesoVideo
  • 9.232. Betacom
  • 9.233. Bharti Airtel
  • 9.234. BHE (Bonn Hungary Electronics)
  • 9.235. BICS (Proximus)
  • 9.236. Billion Electric
  • 9.237. BinnenBereik (NOVEC)
  • 9.238. Bird Technologies
  • 9.239. BISDN (Berlin Institute for Software Defined Networks)
  • 9.24. Bittium
  • 9.241. BK Technologies
  • 9.242. Black & Veatch
  • 9.243. Black Box
  • 9.244. BlackBerry
  • 9.245. Blackned
  • 9.246. BLiNQ Networks (CCI - Communication Components Inc.)
  • 9.247. Blu Wireless
  • 9.248. Blue Arcus Technologies
  • 9.249. Blue Danube Systems (NEC Corporation)
  • 9.25. Blue Wireless
  • 9.251. Bluebird
  • 9.252. Blueforce Development Corporation
  • 9.253. BLUnet Schweiz (Axpo WZ-Systems)
  • 9.254. Boeing/Aurora Flight Sciences
  • 9.255. Boelink (Shanghai Boelink Communication Technology)
  • 9.256. Boingo Wireless (DigitalBridge Group)
  • 9.257. Bombardier
  • 9.258. Booz Allen Hamilton
  • 9.259. Boston Dynamics
  • 9.26. Bouygues Telecom
  • 9.261. Boxchip
  • 9.262. Branch Communications
  • 9.263. BravoCom
  • 9.264. Bredengen
  • 9.265. Broadcom
  • 9.266. BroadForward
  • 9.267. Broadmobi - Shanghai Broadmobi Communication Technology (Wutong Group)
  • 9.268. Broadpeak
  • 9.269. Broadtech
  • 9.27. BSNL (Bharat Sanchar Nigam Limited)
  • 9.271. BT Group
  • 9.272. BTI Wireless
  • 9.273. Bullitt Mobile
  • 9.274. Bumicom Telecommunicatie
  • 9.275. Bureau Veritas/7Layers
  • 9.276. BVSystems (Berkeley Varitronics Systems)
  • 9.277. BWT (BlueWaveTel)
  • 9.278. BYD
  • 9.279. B-Yond
  • 9.28. C Spire
  • 9.281. C Squared Systems
  • 9.282. CableFree (Wireless Excellence)
  • 9.283. CableLabs
  • 9.284. CACI International/LGS Innovations
  • 9.285. Cadence Design Systems
  • 9.286. CalAmp
  • 9.287. CalChip Connect
  • 9.288. Caliber Public Safety
  • 9.289. Calix
  • 9.29. Calnex Solutions
  • 9.291. Caltta Technologies
  • 9.292. Cambium Networks
  • 9.293. Cambridge Consultants (Capgemini Invent)
  • 9.294. CampusGenius
  • 9.295. Canoga Perkins
  • 9.296. Canonical
  • 9.297. Capgemini Engineering
  • 9.298. CapX Nederland
  • 9.299. Carbyne
  • 9.3. Carlson Wireless Technologies
  • 9.301. Casa Systems
  • 9.302. CASIC (China Aerospace Science and Industry Corporation)
  • 9.303. Casio Computer Company
  • 9.304. Castor Marine
  • 9.305. Catalyst Communications Technologies
  • 9.306. Cavli Wireless
  • 9.307. CBNG (Cambridge Broadband Networks Group)
  • 9.308. CCI (Communication Components Inc.)
  • 9.309. CCN (Cirrus Core Networks)
  • 9.31. CCww (Communications Consultants Worldwide)
  • 9.311. Cegeka
  • 9.312. CeLa Link Corporation
  • 9.313. Celfinet (Cyient)
  • 9.314. CellAntenna Corporation
  • 9.315. Cellcomm Solutions
  • 9.316. Cellient
  • 9.317. Celling 5G
  • 9.318. CellMax Technologies (Rosenberger)
  • 9.319. Cellnex Telecom
  • 9.32. CellOnyx
  • 9.321. Cellwize (Qualcomm)
  • 9.322. cellXica
  • 9.323. cellXion
  • 9.324. Celona
  • 9.325. CelPlan Technologies
  • 9.326. Centerline Communications
  • 9.327. CENTRA Technology
  • 9.328. CentralSquare Technologies
  • 9.329. Ceragon Networks
  • 9.33. Cerillion
  • 9.331. CertusNet
  • 9.332. CETC (China Electronics Technology Group Corporation)
  • 9.333. CEVA
  • 9.334. CGI
  • 9.335. Challenge Networks (Vocus)
  • 9.336. Charter Communications
  • 9.337. Cheerzing (Xiamen Cheerzing IoT Technology)
  • 9.338. Chelton
  • 9.339. Chemring Technology Solutions
  • 9.34. Chengdu NTS
  • 9.341. China All Access
  • 9.342. China Mobile
  • 9.343. China Satcom (China Satellite Communications)
  • 9.344. China Telecom
  • 9.345. China Unicom
  • 9.346. Chunghwa Telecom
  • 9.347. Cibicom
  • 9.348. CICT - China Information and Communication Technology Group (China Xinke Group)
  • 9.349. Ciena Corporation
  • 9.35. CIG (Cambridge Industries Group)
  • 9.351. CIO (Connected IO)
  • 9.352. Cirpack
  • 9.353. Cisco Systems
  • 9.354. Citymesh (Cegeka/DIGI Communications)
  • 9.355. CitySwitch
  • 9.356. CKH IOD (CK Hutchison)
  • 9.357. Clavister
  • 9.358. Clever Logic
  • 9.359. CloudMinds
  • 9.36. CMIoT (China Mobile IoT)
  • 9.361. Cobham
  • 9.362. COCUS
  • 9.363. Codan Communications
  • 9.364. Codium Networks
  • 9.365. Cogisys
  • 9.366. Cognizant
  • 9.367. Cohere Technologies
  • 9.368. Coherent Logix
  • 9.369. Coiler Corporation
  • 9.37. Collinear Networks (EOS - Electro Optic Systems)
  • 9.371. Collins Aerospace (Raytheon Technologies Corporation)
  • 9.372. Colt Technology Services
  • 9.373. Com4 (Wireless Logic Group)
  • 9.374. Comander (ANDRA)
  • 9.375. Comarch
  • 9.376. Comba Telecom
  • 9.377. Combain Mobile
  • 9.378. Comcast Corporation
  • 9.379. Comcores
  • 9.38. Comfone
  • 9.381. COMLAB
  • 9.382. CommAgility (E-Space)
  • 9.383. CommandWear Systems
  • 9.384. Commnet Wireless (ATN International)
  • 9.385. Comms365
  • 9.386. CommScope
  • 9.387. Compal Electronics
  • 9.388. Comprod
  • 9.389. Comptek Technologies (Aero Wireless Group)
  • 9.39. Comrod Communication Group
  • 9.391. COMSovereign
  • 9.392. Comtech Telecommunications Corporation
  • 9.393. Comtest Wireless
  • 9.394. Comtrend Corporation
  • 9.395. Comviva (Tech Mahindra)
  • 9.396. CONET Technologies
  • 9.397. CONEXIO Corporation
  • 9.398. CONGIV (ROBUR Industry Service Group)
  • 9.399. Connect Tech
  • 9.4. Connect44 Group
  • 9.401. Connectivity Wireless Solutions (M/C Partners)
  • 9.402. Contela
  • 9.403. Continual
  • 9.404. Coolpad
  • 9.405. CopaSAT
  • 9.406. coreNOC
  • 9.407. Cornerstone (CTIL)
  • 9.408. Cornet Technology
  • 9.409. Corning
  • 9.41. Cortina Access
  • 9.411. Cosemi Technologies
  • 9.412. COSMOTE (OTE Group)
  • 9.413. Council Rock
  • 9.414. Coweaver
  • 9.415. Cox Communications
  • 9.416. Cradlepoint (Ericsson)
  • 9.417. Creanord
  • 9.418. CrisisGo
  • 9.419. CROSSCALL
  • 9.42. Crown Castle International Corporation
  • 9.421. CRSC (China Railway Signal & Communication Corporation)/CASCO Signal
  • 9.422. CS Corporation
  • 9.423. CSG Systems International
  • 9.424. CTG (Celestia Technologies Group)
  • 9.425. CTS (Communication Technology Services)
  • 9.426. CTS Corporation
  • 9.427. Cubic Corporation
  • 9.428. Cubic Telecom
  • 9.429. Cumucore
  • 9.43. Custom MMIC
  • 9.431. CybertelBridge
  • 9.432. Cyient
  • 9.433. Cyrus Technology
  • 9.434. D2 Technologies
  • 9.435. DAEL Group
  • 9.436. Daeyoun System Company
  • 9.437. Dahua Technology
  • 9.438. Dali Wireless
  • 9.439. DAMM Cellular Systems
  • 9.44. DATACOM
  • 9.441. DataSoft
  • 9.442. DBcom
  • 9.443. DeepSig
  • 9.444. Dejero Labs
  • 9.445. DEKRA
  • 9.446. Dell Technologies
  • 9.447. Delta Electronics
  • 9.448. DENGYO (Nihon Dengyo Kosaku)
  • 9.449. Dense Air (SIP - Sidewalk Infrastructure Partners)
  • 9.45. DGS (Digital Global Systems)
  • 9.451. Dialogic
  • 9.452. Diamond Communications
  • 9.453. Digi International
  • 9.454. Digicert
  • 9.455. Digita (DigitalBridge Group)
  • 9.456. Digital Ally
  • 9.457. Digital Enhancement
  • 9.458. DigitalBridge Group
  • 9.459. DigitalRoute
  • 9.46. Digitata
  • 9.461. DigitGate (Nanjing DigitGate Communication Technology)
  • 9.462. Dimetor
  • 9.463. DISH Network Corporation
  • 9.464. DKK (Denki Kogyo)
  • 9.465. D-Link Corporation
  • 9.466. DMI
  • 9.467. Doogee
  • 9.468. Doosan Corporation
  • 9.469. DragonWave-X (COMSovereign)
  • 9.47. Drakontas
  • 9.471. DriveNets
  • 9.472. Drone Aviation (COMSovereign)
  • 9.473. DroneSense
  • 9.474. Druid Software
  • 9.475. DSBJ (Suzhou Dongshan Precision Manufacturing)
  • 9.476. DT (Deutsche Telekom)
  • 9.477. DTAC (Total Access Communication)
  • 9.478. du (EITC - Emirates Integrated Telecommunications Company)
  • 9.479. Duons
  • 9.48. Durabook (Twinhead International Corporation)
  • 9.481. Duubee
  • 9.482. DZS
  • 9.483. Eahison Communication
  • 9.484. EANTC
  • 9.485. Eastcom (Eastern Communications)
  • 9.486. Easycom (Shenzhen Easycom Electronics)
  • 9.487. E-Band Communications (Axxcss Wireless Solutions)
  • 9.488. e-BO Enterprises
  • 9.489. ECE (European Communications Engineering)
  • 9.49. EchoStar Corporation
  • 9.491. Ecom Instruments (Pepperl+Fuchs)
  • 9.492. Ecrio
  • 9.493. Edgecore Networks (Accton Technology Corporation)
  • 9.494. EdgeQ
  • 9.495. Edgybees
  • 9.496. edotco Group (Axiata Group)
  • 9.497. EDX Wireless
  • 9.498. Edzcom (Cellnex Telecom)
  • 9.499. Effnet
  • 9.5. Eigencomm
  • 9.501. eino
  • 9.502. EION Wireless
  • 9.503. Eir (Eircom)
  • 9.504. Ekinops
  • 9.505. Elbit Systems
  • 9.506. Elefante Group
  • 9.507. E-Lins Technology
  • 9.508. Elisa
  • 9.509. Elisa Polystar
  • 9.51. Elistair
  • 9.511. Elsight
  • 9.512. Elta Systems (IAI - Israel Aerospace Industries)
  • 9.513. Eltex
  • 9.514. ELUON Corporation
  • 9.515. ELVA-1
  • 9.516. Emblasoft
  • 9.517. Embraer
  • 9.518. Embratel
  • 9.519. Emerson
  • 9.52. EMnify
  • 9.521. EMS (Electronic Media Services)
  • 9.522. Encore Networks
  • 9.523. Endress+Hauser
  • 9.524. Enea
  • 9.525. ENENSYS Technologies
  • 9.526. Energizer Mobile (Avenir Telecom)
  • 9.527. EnerSys
  • 9.528. Entropia
  • 9.529. Entropy Solution
  • 9.53. Eoptolink Technology
  • 9.531. Epiroc
  • 9.532. Equiendo
  • 9.533. Eravant (SAGE Millimeter)
  • 9.534. Ericsson
  • 9.535. Errigal
  • 9.536. Eseye
  • 9.537. Esharah Etisalat Security Solutions
  • 9.538. E-Space
  • 9.539. Estalky (K-Mobile Technology)
  • 9.54. ETELM
  • 9.541. eTera (Sinotech R&D Group)
  • 9.542. Ethernity Networks
  • 9.543. Etherstack
  • 9.544. Etisalat Group (e&)
  • 9.545. ETRI (Electronics & Telecommunications Research Institute, South Korea)
  • 9.546. Etteplan
  • 9.547. EUCAST
  • 9.548. Eurofins E&E (Electrical and Electronics)
  • 9.549. Eurotech
  • 9.55. Eutelsat Communications
  • 9.551. Eventide Communications
  • 9.552. Exacom
  • 9.553. Exaware
  • 9.554. Excelerate Technology
  • 9.555. EXFO
  • 9.556. Exium
  • 9.557. Expandium
  • 9.558. Expeto
  • 9.559. ExteNet Systems (DigitalBridge Group)
  • 9.56. Extreme Networks
  • 9.561. EY (Ernst & Young)
  • 9.562. Eyecom Telecommunications Group
  • 9.563. EZcon Network
  • 9.564. F2G (Far-Together) Solutions
  • 9.565. F5
  • 9.566. Fairspectrum
  • 9.567. Fairwaves
  • 9.568. Faraday Technology Corporation
  • 9.569. Fastback Networks (COMSovereign)
  • 9.57. FCNT (Fujitsu Connected Technologies)-JEMS (Japan EM Solutions)
  • 9.571. Federal Engineering
  • 9.572. Federated Wireless
  • 9.573. Fenix Group
  • 9.574. Festo
  • 9.575. FET (Far EasTone Telecommunications)
  • 9.576. FIBERSTAMP
  • 9.577. Fibocom
  • 9.578. Fibrolan
  • 9.579. Filtronic
  • 9.58. Fingu (Wuhan Fingu Electronic Technology)
  • 9.581. Fiplex Communications (Honeywell International)
  • 9.582. Firecell
  • 9.583. Fivecomm
  • 9.584. Flash Networks
  • 9.585. Flash Private Mobile Networks
  • 9.586. Fleet Complete
  • 9.587. Flex
  • 9.588. Flex Logix Technologies
  • 9.589. Flightcell International
  • 9.59. FLIR Systems
  • 9.591. floLIVE
  • 9.592. Flymotion
  • 9.593. FMBE (FMB Engineering)
  • 9.594. Forsk
  • 9.595. Fortinet
  • 9.596. Fortress Solutions
  • 9.597. Four-Faith Communication Technology
  • 9.598. Foxconn (Hon Hai Technology Group)
  • 9.599. Franklin Wireless
  • 9.6. Fraunhofer FOKUS (Institute for Open Communication Systems)
  • 9.601. Fraunhofer HHI (Heinrich Hertz Institute)
  • 9.602. Fraunhofer IIS (Institute for Integrated Circuits)
  • 9.603. Fraunhofer IPT (Institute for Production Technology)
  • 9.604. FreedomFi
  • 9.605. Freeeway
  • 9.606. Frequentis
  • 9.607. Freshwave Group (DigitalBridge Group)
  • 9.608. Frog Cellsat
  • 9.609. FRTek
  • 9.61. FSG (Field Solutions Group)
  • 9.611. FTS - Formula Telecom Solutions (Magic Software Group)
  • 9.612. Fujikura
  • 9.613. Fujitsu
  • 9.614. Funk-Electronic Piciorgros
  • 9.615. Funkwerk
  • 9.616. Furukawa Electric
  • 9.617. Furuno Electric
  • 9.618. Future Technologies Venture
  • 9.619. G REIGNS (HTC Corporation)
  • 9.62. G+D (Giesecke+Devrient)
  • 9.621. G3 Global
  • 9.622. Galtronics (Baylin Technologies)
  • 9.623. Gamma Nu
  • 9.624. Gapwaves
  • 9.625. Garderos
  • 9.626. Gazprom Space Systems
  • 9.627. GCT Semiconductor
  • 9.628. GD (General Devices)
  • 9.629. GE (General Electric)
  • 9.63. Gemtek Technology
  • 9.631. General Dynamics
  • 9.632. Genesis Group
  • 9.633. GENEViSiO (QNAP Systems)
  • 9.634. Genew Technologies
  • 9.635. Genmix Technology
  • 9.636. GenXComm
  • 9.637. Geotab
  • 9.638. GeoTraq
  • 9.639. Getac Technology Corporation
  • 9.64. Gewei (Wuhan Gewei Electronic Technology)
  • 9.641. GF (GlobalFoundries)
  • 9.642. GIGABYTE Technology
  • 9.643. Gigalane
  • 9.644. GIGALIGHT
  • 9.645. Gigamon
  • 9.646. GigaTera Communications (KMW)
  • 9.647. GigSky
  • 9.648. Gilat Satellite Networks
  • 9.649. GL Communications
  • 9.65. Global Telecom
  • 9.651. Globalgig
  • 9.652. Globalstar
  • 9.653. Globe Telecom
  • 9.654. GNConnect (Greenet)
  • 9.655. Gogo Business Aviation
  • 9.656. Goodman Telecom Services
  • 9.657. Goodmill Systems
  • 9.658. Google (Alphabet)
  • 9.659. Goosetown Communications
  • 9.66. Gore (W. L. Gore & Associates)
  • 9.661. GosuncnWelink Technology (Gosuncn Group)
  • 9.662. Granite Telecommunications
  • 9.663. Grape One (Sumitomo Corporation)
  • 9.664. Green Communications
  • 9.665. Green Packet
  • 9.666. GreenPalm (Hangzhou GreenPalm Technology)
  • 9.667. GrenTech
  • 9.668. GridGears
  • 9.669. Groundhog Technologies
  • 9.67. GroupTalk
  • 9.671. GS Lab (Great Software Laboratory)
  • 9.672. GSI (GS Instech)/GST (GS Teletech)
  • 9.673. Guavus (Thales)
  • 9.674. Guerrilla RF
  • 9.675. HAAS Alert
  • 9.676. Haier
  • 9.677. Haivision
  • 9.678. Halys
  • 9.679. Hancom MDS
  • 9.68. Handheld Group
  • 9.681. Handsfree Group
  • 9.682. Hansen Technologies
  • 9.683. Hanswell
  • 9.684. Hanwha Techwin
  • 9.685. HAPSMobile
  • 9.686. Harbor Max
  • 9.687. HARMAN DTS (Digital Transformation Solutions)
  • 9.688. HARTING
  • 9.689. Harvilon (Shenzhen Harvilon Technology)
  • 9.69. Hawk Networks (Althea)
  • 9.691. Haystax Technology (Fishtech Group/Cyderes)
  • 9.692. HBFEC (Hebei Far East Communication System Engineering)
  • 9.693. HCL Technologies
  • 9.694. Helios (Fujian Helios Technologies)
  • 9.695. Hengxin (Jiangsu Hengxin Technology)
  • 9.696. Henkel
  • 9.697. Herystorm (Guangzhou Herystorm Technology)
  • 9.698. Hexagon
  • 9.699. Hexagon Communication (Suzhou Hexagon Communication Technologies)
  • 9.7. HFCL
  • 9.701. HFR Networks
  • 9.702. HG Genuine (HGTECH - Huagong Technology)
  • 9.703. Highstreet Technologies
  • 9.704. Hikvision (Hangzhou Hikvision Digital Technology)
  • 9.705. Hilinks Technology
  • 9.706. HipLink Software
  • 9.707. Hisense
  • 9.708. HiSilicon Technologies (Huawei)
  • 9.709. HISPASAT
  • 9.71. Hitachi
  • 9.711. HKT (PCCW)
  • 9.712. HKTech (Howking Tech)
  • 9.713. HLS (HARD-LINE Solutions)
  • 9.714. HMD Global
  • 9.715. HMF (Hytera Mobilfunk)
  • 9.716. HMS Networks
  • 9.717. Hoimyung ICT
  • 9.718. Hologram
  • 9.719. Honeywell International
  • 9.72. Hongdian Corporation
  • 9.721. HONOR
  • 9.722. Hoverfly Technologies
  • 9.723. HP
  • 9.724. HPE (Hewlett Packard Enterprise)
  • 9.725. HQT (Shenzhen HQT Science and Technology)
  • 9.726. HSC (Hughes Systique Corporation)
  • 9.727. HTC Corporation
  • 9.728. Huahuan (Beijing Huahuan Electronics)
  • 9.729. Huaptec
  • 9.73. Huawei
  • 9.731. HUBER+SUHNER
  • 9.732. HUCOM Wireless
  • 9.733. Hughes Network Systems (EchoStar Corporation)
  • 9.734. HXI (Renaissance Electronics & Communications)
  • 9.735. Hypha (Wireless Innovation)
  • 9.736. Hytec Inter
  • 9.737. Hytera Communications
  • 9.738. i.safe MOBILE
  • 9.739. i2i Systems
  • 9.74. iBASIS (Tofane Global)
  • 9.741. IBM
  • 9.742. IBO Technology Company
  • 9.743. iBwave Solutions
  • 9.744. iCana (Foxconn - Hon Hai Technology Group)
  • 9.745. Ice Norway (Lyse)
  • 9.746. Icom
  • 9.747. Iconec
  • 9.748. iConNext
  • 9.749. iDAQS
  • 9.75. IDEMIA
  • 9.751. IDY Corporation
  • 9.752. IFLY Electronics
  • 9.753. ifm
  • 9.754. IIJ (Internet Initiative Japan)
  • 9.755. II-VI
  • 9.756. IM Technology
  • 9.757. Imec
  • 9.758. IMPTT
  • 9.759. InCoax Networks
  • 9.76. Indra
  • 9.761. iNET (Infrastructure Networks)
  • 9.762. INEX Microtechnology
  • 9.763. Infineon Technologies
  • 9.764. Infinera
  • 9.765. InfiNet Wireless
  • 9.766. Infinite Electronics
  • 9.767. Infomark Corporation
  • 9.768. Infosys
  • 9.769. Infovista
  • 9.77. InHand Networks
  • 9.771. Inmanta
  • 9.772. Inmarsat
  • 9.773. Innertron
  • 9.774. InnoGence Technology (TROY Information)
  • 9.775. InnoLight Technology
  • 9.776. Innonet
  • 9.777. Innovile
  • 9.778. InnoWireless
  • 9.779. Inrico Technologies
  • 9.78. Inseego Corporation
  • 9.781. Inspur
  • 9.782. Insta Group
  • 9.783. Instant Connect
  • 9.784. INSYS icom (INSYS Microelectronics)
  • 9.785. Intec E&C
  • 9.786. Intel Corporation
  • 9.787. Intelbras
  • 9.788. Intelliport Solutions
  • 9.789. Intelsat
  • 9.79. Intenna Systems
  • 9.791. InterDigital
  • 9.792. INTERLEV
  • 9.793. Interop Technologies
  • 9.794. InterTalk Critical Information Systems
  • 9.795. Intracom Telecom
  • 9.796. Intrado Corporation
  • 9.797. Intrepid Networks
  • 9.798. Inventec Corporation
  • 9.799. INWIT (Infrastrutture Wireless Italiane)
  • 9.8. IoT4Net
  • 9.801. IoTAS (IoT & Approval Solutions)
  • 9.802. IP Infusion (ACCESS CO.)
  • 9.803. IPAGEON
  • 9.804. IPITEK (Integrated Photonics Technology)
  • 9.805. IPLOOK Technologies
  • 9.806. iPosi
  • 9.807. Iradio Electronics
  • 9.808. Iridium Communications
  • 9.809. ISCO International
  • 9.81. IS-Wireless
  • 9.811. Italtel
  • 9.812. ITCEN
  • 9.813. ITRI (Industrial Technology Research Institute, Taiwan)
  • 9.814. Itron
  • 9.815. IWT (Innovative Wireless Technologies)
  • 9.816. Jabil
  • 9.817. JACS Solutions
  • 9.818. JATONTEC (Jaton Technology)
  • 9.819. JCI (Japan Communications Inc.)
  • 9.82. JET Connectivity
  • 9.821. Jezetek (Sichuan Jiuzhou Electric Group)
  • 9.822. Jiaxun Feihong (Beijing Jiaxun Feihong Electrical)
  • 9.823. Jinan USR IoT Technology (Mokuai/Wenheng)
  • 9.824. JIT (JI Technology)
  • 9.825. JMA Wireless
  • 9.826. Johnson Controls
  • 9.827. JOUAV
  • 9.828. JPC Connectivity
  • 9.829. JPS Interoperability Solutions
  • 9.83. JQL Technologies
  • 9.831. JRC (Japan Radio Company)
  • 9.832. JSC Ingenium
  • 9.833. JT IoT
  • 9.834. Juniper Networks
  • 9.835. Junkosha
  • 9.836. Juvare
  • 9.837. JVCKENWOOD Corporation
  • 9.838. Kacific Broadband Satellites
  • 9.839. Kaelus
  • 9.84. Kaifa (Shenzen Kaifa Technology)
  • 9.841. Kajeet
  • 9.842. Kalmar (Cargotec)
  • 9.843. Kaloom
  • 9.844. Kalray
  • 9.845. Katela Networks
  • 9.846. KBR
  • 9.847. KBT (Kenbotong Technology)
  • 9.848. KDDI Corporation
  • 9.849. Key Bridge Wireless
  • 9.85. Keysight Technologies
  • 9.851. Kiana Analytics
  • 9.852. Kigen
  • 9.853. Kindroid - Shanghai Jinzhuo Technology (Kyland Technology)
  • 9.854. Kirisun Communications
  • 9.855. Kisan Telecom
  • 9.856. KLA Laboratories
  • 9.857. Klas Telecom
  • 9.858. Klein Electronics
  • 9.859. Kleos
  • 9.86. KMW
  • 9.861. Knightscope
  • 9.862. Komatsu
  • 9.863. Konecranes
  • 9.864. Kontron
  • 9.865. KORE Wireless
  • 9.866. KPN
  • 9.867. KT Corporation
  • 9.868. Kudelski Group
  • 9.869. KUKA
  • 9.87. Kumu Networks
  • 9.871. K-Won/Hunter Technology
  • 9.872. Kyland Technology
  • 9.873. Kymeta Corporation
  • 9.874. Kyndryl
  • 9.875. Kyocera Corporation
  • 9.876. Kyrio (CableLabs)
  • 9.877. KZ TECH (KZ Broadband Technologies)
  • 9.878. L3Harris Technologies
  • 9.879. Laird Connectivity
  • 9.88. Landis+Gyr
  • 9.881. Landmark Dividend (DigitalBridge Group)
  • 9.882. Lanner Electronics
  • 9.883. Lantronix
  • 9.884. Lattice Semiconductor
  • 9.885. LCR Embedded Systems
  • 9.886. Leenos Corporation
  • 9.887. Leidos
  • 9.888. Lekha Wireless Solutions
  • 9.889. Lemko Corporation
  • 9.89. Lenovo
  • 9.891. Leonardo
  • 9.892. Lextrum (COMSovereign)
  • 9.893. LG Corporation
  • 9.894. LG Uplus
  • 9.895. Lierda Science & Technology Group
  • 9.896. Lifecycle Software
  • 9.897. Ligado Networks
  • 9.898. Lightron
  • 9.899. Lime Microsystems
  • 9.9. Lindsay Broadband
  • 9.901. Linkem
  • 9.902. Linksys
  • 9.903. Linx Technologies
  • 9.904. LIONS Technology
  • 9.905. Lisheng Fujian Communications
  • 9.906. LITE-ON Technology Corporation
  • 9.907. LitePoint (Teradyne)
  • 9.908. LiveU
  • 9.909. Lociva
  • 9.91. Lockheed Martin Corporation
  • 9.911. Logicalis (Datatec)
  • 9.912. LogicTree IT Solutions
  • 9.913. Longsung Technology (Sunsea AIoT Technology)
  • 9.914. Lookout
  • 9.915. LS Mtron
  • 9.916. LS telcom
  • 9.917. LTTS (L&T Technology Services)
  • 9.918. Luceor
  • 9.919. Lumen Technologies
  • 9.92. Lumentum
  • 9.921. Lumineye
  • 9.922. LuxCarta
  • 9.923. Luxoft (DXC Technology)
  • 9.924. Lyfo
  • 9.925. Lynk Global
  • 9.926. M1
  • 9.927. m3connect
  • 9.928. M4PS (Mobility 4 Public Safety)
  • 9.929. MACOM
  • 9.93. Magnaquest Technologies
  • 9.931. Maipu Communication Technology
  • 9.932. Maja Systems
  • 9.933. MantisNet
  • 9.934. MarchNet
  • 9.935. Marlink
  • 9.936. Marquistech
  • 9.937. Martin UAV
  • 9.938. Marubeni Corporation
  • 9.939. Marubun Corporation
  • 9.94. Marvell Technology
  • 9.941. MASMOVIL
  • 9.942. Mathworks
  • 9.943. Matrix Electrónica/Webdyn (Flexitron Group)
  • 9.944. MATRIXX Software
  • 9.945. MatSing
  • 9.946. Maven Wireless
  • 9.947. Mavenir
  • 9.948. MaxComm
  • 9.949. Maxis
  • 9.95. MaxLinear
  • 9.951. MC Technologies
  • 9.952. MCP (Mission Critical Partners)
  • 9.953. MCS Benelux
  • 9.954. MD (MICRODRIVE)
  • 9.955. Mdex (Wireless Logic Group)
  • 9.956. MEASAT Satellite Systems
  • 9.957. MECSware
  • 9.958. Media Broadcast (freenet Group)
  • 9.959. MediaTek
  • 9.96. Meeami Technologies
  • 9.961. MegaChips Corporation
  • 9.962. MegaFon
  • 9.963. Meglab (Epiroc)
  • 9.964. MeiG Smart Technology
  • 9.965. Meizu
  • 9.966. Mentura Group
  • 9.967. MER Group
  • 9.968. Meta
  • 9.969. Metanoia Communications
  • 9.97. Metaswitch Networks (Microsoft Corporation)
  • 9.971. Metawave Corporation
  • 9.972. Metismake
  • 9.973. MetTel
  • 9.974. MHD (Muhan Digital)
  • 9.975. MIC Nordic
  • 9.976. MICAS-RF (MICAS Shenzhen Telecommunication)
  • 9.977. MiCOM Labs
  • 9.978. Micran
  • 9.979. Microamp Solutions
  • 9.98. Microchip Technology
  • 9.981. Microlab (RF Industries)
  • 9.982. MicroNova
  • 9.983. Microsoft Corporation
  • 9.984. Microwave Networks
  • 9.985. MikroTik
  • 9.986. Mikwave (Guangdong Mikwave Communication Tech)
  • 9.987. Milesight
  • 9.988. Milestone Systems
  • 9.989. Miliwave
  • 9.99. MiMOMax
  • 9.991. MIPS
  • 9.992. MiTAC Computing Technology Corporation
  • 9.993. MitraStar Technology (Unizyx Holding Corporation)
  • 9.994. MITRE Corporation
  • 9.995. Mitsubishi Electric Corporation
  • 9.996. MKI (Mitsui Knowledge Industry)
  • 9.997. MOBI (Mobi Antenna Technologies)
  • 9.998. Mobile Mark
  • 9.999. Mobile Tornado
  • 9.1. Mobile Viewpoint
  • 9.1001. MobileDemand
  • 9.1002. MobileIron
  • 9.1003. MobileTek (Shanghai Mobiletek Communication)
  • 9.1004. Mobileum
  • 9.1005. Mobilicom
  • 9.1006. Mobilitie (BAI Communications)
  • 9.1007. Mobiveil
  • 9.1008. Modular Mining Systems (Komatsu)
  • 9.1009. Molex
  • 9.101. Monogoto
  • 9.1011. Morningcore Technology (CICT - China Information and Communication Technology Group)
  • 9.1012. Morningstar Corporation
  • 9.1013. Moseley Associates (Axxcss Wireless Solutions)
  • 9.1014. MosoLabs (Sercomm Corporation)
  • 9.1015. Motive Infrastructure Solutions
  • 9.1016. Motorola Mobility (Lenovo)
  • 9.1017. Motorola Solutions
  • 9.1018. Mott MacDonald
  • 9.1019. Movandi
  • 9.102. Moxa
  • 9.1021. MP Antenna
  • 9.1022. MRK Media
  • 9.1023. MRT Technology (Suzhou)
  • 9.1024. MSB (M S Benbow & Associates)
  • 9.1025. MST Global - Mine Site Technologies (Komatsu)
  • 9.1026. MTI (Microelectronics Technology Inc.)
  • 9.1027. MTI Wireless Edge
  • 9.1028. MTN Group
  • 9.1029. MTS (Mobile TeleSystems)
  • 9.103. MUGLER
  • 9.1031. MultiTech (Multi-Tech Systems)
  • 9.1032. Murata Manufacturing
  • 9.1033. Mushroom Networks
  • 9.1034. Mutualink
  • 9.1035. MVI Group
  • 9.1036. MYCOM OSI
  • 9.1037. Mynaric
  • 9.1038. MYT Electronics
  • 9.1039. N.A.T.
  • 9.104. Nable Communications
  • 9.1041. NanoSemi (MaxLinear)
  • 9.1042. Napatech
  • 9.1043. Nash Technologies
  • 9.1044. Nearby Computing
  • 9.1045. NEC Corporation
  • 9.1046. Nemergent Solutions
  • 9.1047. Nemko
  • 9.1048. Neolink Communications Technology
  • 9.1049. NeoPlane
  • 9.105. Neoway Technology
  • 9.1051. Neptune Communications
  • 9.1052. Neragon Networks
  • 9.1053. Net AI
  • 9.1054. Netas
  • 9.1055. NETBEE (NET-Automation)
  • 9.1056. NetCity (GEOS Telecom/GEOS Holding)
  • 9.1057. Netcracker Technology (NEC Corporation)
  • 9.1058. NetFoundry
  • 9.1059. Netgear
  • 9.106. NetModule (Belden)
  • 9.1061. Netmore Group
  • 9.1062. NETSCOUT Systems
  • 9.1063. Netsia (Argela)
  • 9.1064. Netvision Telecom
  • 9.1065. Neutral Wireless
  • 9.1066. Neutroon Technologies
  • 9.1067. New H3C Technologies (Tsinghua Unigroup)
  • 9.1068. New Postcom Equipment
  • 9.1069. NewEdge Signal Solutions
  • 9.107. NEXCOM International
  • 9.1071. Nexign
  • 9.1072. Nexpring
  • 9.1073. Nextivity
  • 9.1074. NextNav
  • 9.1075. NextWave
  • 9.1076. Nextworks
  • 9.1077. ng4T
  • 9.1078. NGK Group (NGK Insulators)
  • 9.1079. ng-voice
  • 9.108. NI (National Instruments)
  • 9.1081. NICE
  • 9.1082. NimbeLink
  • 9.1083. Niral Networks
  • 9.1084. Nitto Denko Corporation
  • 9.1085. NKG (New Kinpo Group)
  • 9.1086. Node-H
  • 9.1087. Nokia
  • 9.1088. Nomad Digital (Alstom)
  • 9.1089. Nordic Semiconductor
  • 9.109. Northrop Grumman Corporation
  • 9.1091. NOTION Information Technology
  • 9.1092. Nova Labs (Helium)
  • 9.1093. NOVEC
  • 9.1094. NOVELSAT
  • 9.1095. NRB (Network Research Belgium)
  • 9.1096. NS Solutions Corporation
  • 9.1097. Nsight
  • 9.1098. NT (National Telecom)
  • 9.1099. NTMore (Network Technology More)
  • 9.11. NTT DoCoMo
  • 9.1101. NTT Group
  • 9.1102. Nubia Technology (ZTE)
  • 9.1103. NuRAN Wireless
  • 9.1104. Nurlink Technology
  • 9.1105. NVIDIA Corporation
  • 9.1106. NXP Semiconductors
  • 9.1107. Oasis Smart SIM
  • 9.1108. Ocado Technology
  • 9.1109. Oceus Networks
  • 9.111. Octasic
  • 9.1111. O-Cubes
  • 9.1112. ODN (Orbital Data Network)
  • 9.1113. OE Solutions
  • 9.1114. OFS Fitel (Furukawa Electric)
  • 9.1115. OKI Electric Industry
  • 9.1116. Omnispace
  • 9.1117. Omnitele
  • 9.1118. Omnitron Systems
  • 9.1119. Omnitronics
  • 9.112. One2many (Everbridge)
  • 9.1121. OneLayer
  • 9.1122. OnePlus (BBK Electronics)
  • 9.1123. OneSimCard
  • 9.1124. OneWeb
  • 9.1125. Onomondo
  • 9.1126. Ontix
  • 9.1127. Onwave
  • 9.1128. Ooredoo
  • 9.1129. Opanga Networks
  • 9.113. Open Valley
  • 9.1131. Opencode Systems
  • 9.1132. Openet (Amdocs)
  • 9.1133. OPPO (BBK Electronics)
  • 9.1134. O'Prueba Technology
  • 9.1135. OPTAGE
  • 9.1136. OptConnect
  • 9.1137. Optical Zonu Corporation
  • 9.1138. Opticoms
  • 9.1139. Option
  • 9.114. Optiva
  • 9.1141. OQ Technology
  • 9.1142. Oracle Communications
  • 9.1143. Orange
  • 9.1144. ORBCOMM
  • 9.1145. Ori Industries
  • 9.1146. Orion Labs
  • 9.1147. Oscilloquartz (Adtran)
  • 9.1148. OV (Manx Telecom)
  • 9.1149. OVHcloud
  • 9.115. P.I. Works
  • 9.1151. PacStar (Pacific Star Communications)
  • 9.1152. Padtec
  • 9.1153. Palo Alto Networks
  • 9.1154. Panasonic Connect
  • 9.1155. Panda Electronics
  • 9.1156. PanOptis
  • 9.1157. Panorama Antennas
  • 9.1158. Parallel Wireless
  • 9.1159. Parsec Technologies
  • 9.116. Particle
  • 9.1161. PAStech
  • 9.1162. Patrocinium Systems
  • 9.1163. Patton
  • 9.1164. Pavlov Media
  • 9.1165. PCS Technologies
  • 9.1166. PCTEL
  • 9.1167. PCTEST Lab (PCTEST Engineering Laboratory)
  • 9.1168. Peatalk Corporation
  • 9.1169. Pegatron Corporation
  • 9.117. Pei Tel Communications
  • 9.1171. Pelion
  • 9.1172. Penguin Solutions (SGH - SMART Global Holdings)
  • 9.1173. Pente Networks
  • 9.1174. Pentonet
  • 9.1175. Peplink (Plover Bay Technologies)
  • 9.1176. Pepperl+Fuchs
  • 9.1177. Pepro
  • 9.1178. Peraso
  • 9.1179. Peraton Labs
  • 9.118. Percepto
  • 9.1181. Perle Systems
  • 9.1182. PGE Systemy (PGE - Polish Energy Group)
  • 9.1183. Pharrowtech
  • 9.1184. Phirst Technologies/xCraft Enterprises
  • 9.1185. Phluido
  • 9.1186. Phoenix Contact
  • 9.1187. Phytium Technology (Tianjin Phytium Information Technology)
  • 9.1188. PHYTunes
  • 9.1189. Picocom
  • 9.119. Pierson Wireless
  • 9.1191. Pivot Technology Services
  • 9.1192. Pivotal Commware
  • 9.1193. Pivotel Group
  • 9.1194. Pivotone
  • 9.1195. Pixavi (BARTEC)
  • 9.1196. PK Solutions
  • 9.1197. Platform9
  • 9.1198. Pletronics
  • 9.1199. Plextek
  • 9.12. Plintron
  • 9.1201. Plus (Polkomtel)
  • 9.1202. POCSTARS
  • 9.1203. Pod Group (G+D - Giesecke+Devrient)
  • 9.1204. Polaris Networks (Motorola Solutions)
  • 9.1205. Polaris Wireless
  • 9.1206. Pollen Mobile
  • 9.1207. Positron Access Solutions
  • 9.1208. Potevio (CETC - China Electronics Technology Group Corporation)
  • 9.1209. PPC (Power Plus Communications)
  • 9.121. PPC Broadband (Belden)
  • 9.1211. Precision OT (Optical Transceivers)
  • 9.1212. PRESCOM
  • 9.1213. PrioCom
  • 9.1214. Proef
  • 9.1215. Proptivity
  • 9.1216. Proscend Communications
  • 9.1217. PROSE Technologies (Rosenberger)
  • 9.1218. PROTEI
  • 9.1219. Proxim Wireless Corporation (SRA Holdings)
  • 9.122. Proximus
  • 9.1221. Pryme Radio Products
  • 9.1222. pSemi Corporation (Murata Manufacturing)
  • 9.1223. PT INTI (PT Industri Telekomunikasi Indonesia)
  • 9.1224. PT LEN Industri
  • 9.1225. PTC
  • 9.1226. PTI (Persistent Telecom Inc.)
  • 9.1227. Publicis Sapient
  • 9.1228. Puloli
  • 9.1229. Pulsara
  • 9.123. Pulse Electronics (YAGEO Corporation)
  • 9.1231. Pycom
  • 9.1232. PySENSE
  • 9.1233. QCT (Quanta Cloud Technology)
  • 9.1234. Qinetiq
  • 9.1235. Qorvo
  • 9.1236. QuadGen Wireless Solutions
  • 9.1237. Qualcomm
  • 9.1238. Quanta Computer
  • 9.1239. Quantum Wireless
  • 9.124. Qucell Networks (InnoWireless)
  • 9.1241. Quectel Wireless Solutions
  • 9.1242. Quintel (Cirtek Holdings Philippines Corporation)
  • 9.1243. Qulsar
  • 9.1244. Quortus (CradlePoint)
  • 9.1245. Qwake Technologies
  • 9.1246. Qwilt
  • 9.1247. R Systems (Computaris International)
  • 9.1248. R3 Solutions
  • 9.1249. RACOM (Czech Republic)
  • 9.125. RACOM Corporation
  • 9.1251. RAD
  • 9.1252. RADCOM
  • 9.1253. Radiall
  • 9.1254. Radio Gigabit
  • 9.1255. Radio IP Software
  • 9.1256. RadioMobile
  • 9.1257. Radisys (Reliance Industries)
  • 9.1258. RADTONICS
  • 9.1259. Radware
  • 9.126. RADWIN
  • 9.1261. Rafael Advanced Defense Systems
  • 9.1262. Raisecom
  • 9.1263. Rajant Corporation
  • 9.1264. Rakon
  • 9.1265. Rakuten Symphony
  • 9.1266. RAKwireless
  • 9.1267. Range Networks (AMN - Africa Mobile Networks)
  • 9.1268. Ranger Systems
  • 9.1269. Ranplan Wireless
  • 9.127. Rapid.Space (Nexedi)
  • 9.1271. RapidDeploy
  • 9.1272. RapidSOS
  • 9.1273. Rapidtek Technologies
  • 9.1274. Rave Mobile Safety
  • 9.1275. Raycap
  • 9.1276. Raytheon Technologies Corporation
  • 9.1277. RCS Telecommunications
  • 9.1278. RCT (Remote Control Technologies)
  • 9.1279. Ready Wireless
  • 9.128. Realme (BBK Electronics)
  • 9.1281. Red Hat (IBM)
  • 9.1282. Red Lion Controls (Spectris)
  • 9.1283. RED Technologies
  • 9.1284. REDCOM Laboratories
  • 9.1285. RedZinc
  • 9.1286. Reliance Jio Infocomm (Jio Platforms)
  • 9.1287. REMEC Broadband Wireless Networks (Bridgewave Communications/SAGE SatCom)
  • 9.1288. Renesas Electronics Corporation
  • 9.1289. REPLY
  • 9.129. Rescue 42
  • 9.1291. Responder Corp
  • 9.1292. RF Connect
  • 9.1293. RF DSP
  • 9.1294. RF Industries
  • 9.1295. RF MORECOM
  • 9.1296. RF Window
  • 9.1297. RF-Comm
  • 9.1298. RFHIC Corporation
  • 9.1299. RFI Technology Solutions
  • 9.13. RFS (Radio Frequency Systems)
  • 9.1301. RFTech
  • 9.1302. Ribbon Communications
  • 9.1303. Ricon Mobile
  • 9.1304. RigNet (Viasat Energy Services)
  • 9.1305. RIMEDO Labs
  • 9.1306. Rivada Networks
  • 9.1307. Rivada Space Networks
  • 9.1308. RKTPL (RK Telesystem Private Limited)
  • 9.1309. Robert Bosch
  • 9.131. Robin.io (Rakuten Symphony)
  • 9.1311. Robustel
  • 9.1312. Rogers Communications
  • 9.1313. Rogers Corporation
  • 9.1314. Rohde & Schwarz
  • 9.1315. Rohill
  • 9.1316. Rolling Wireless (Fibocom)
  • 9.1317. Rolloos (FMJ Group)
  • 9.1318. Rosenberger
  • 9.1319. Royole Corporation
  • 9.132. RSCC (Russian Satellite Communications Company)
  • 9.1321. RSConnect
  • 9.1322. RTX A/S
  • 9.1323. RTx Technology
  • 9.1324. RugGear
  • 9.1325. RuggON Corporation
  • 9.1326. Ruijie Networks
  • 9.1327. RunEL
  • 9.1328. Rushmere Technology
  • 9.1329. S&T Iskratel (Kontron)
  • 9.133. Saab
  • 9.1331. Saankhya Labs (Tejas Networks)
  • 9.1332. SABIC
  • 9.1333. SAC Wireless (Nokia)
  • 9.1334. SAE IT-Systems (LACROIX Group)
  • 9.1335. SAF Tehnika
  • 9.1336. Safe-Com Wireless
  • 9.1337. SafeMobile
  • 9.1338. Safran
  • 9.1339. Sagemcom
  • 9.134. SageRAN (Guangzhou SageRAN Technology)
  • 9.1341. Saguna Networks (COMSovereign)
  • 9.1342. SAI Technology
  • 9.1343. SAIC (Science Applications International Corporation)
  • 9.1344. Samji Electronics
  • 9.1345. Samsung
  • 9.1346. SAMWON FA
  • 9.1347. Samyoung Celetra
  • 9.1348. Sandvik
  • 9.1349. Sandvine
  • 9.135. Sanechips Technology (ZTE)
  • 9.1351. Sanjole
  • 9.1352. San-tron
  • 9.1353. Sanxing (Ningbo Sanxing Smart Electric)
  • 9.1354. Sasken Technologies
  • 9.1355. SaskTel
  • 9.1356. Sateliot
  • 9.1357. SatixFy
  • 9.1358. Saviah Technologies
  • 9.1359. Savox Communications
  • 9.136. SBA Communications
  • 9.1361. Sceye
  • 9.1362. Schneider Electric
  • 9.1363. SEA - Systems Engineering & Assessment (Cohort)
  • 9.1364. Seamless Waves
  • 9.1365. Sectra Communications
  • 9.1366. Secured Communications
  • 9.1367. SecureG
  • 9.1368. Select Spectrum
  • 9.1369. SEMPRE
  • 9.137. Semtech Corporation
  • 9.1371. Senko Advanced Components
  • 9.1372. Sensorview
  • 9.1373. Senstar Corporation
  • 9.1374. Sensus (Xylem)
  • 9.1375. Sentient Energy (Koch Engineered Solutions)
  • 9.1376. Sentinel Camera Systems
  • 9.1377. Seong Ji Industrial
  • 9.1378. SEONTECH
  • 9.1379. Seowon Intech
  • 9.138. Sepura
  • 9.1381. Sequans Communications
  • 9.1382. Sercomm Corporation
  • 9.1383. SES
  • 9.1384. SETUP Protokolltester
  • 9.1385. SGS
  • 9.1386. Shannon Wireless (Zhejiang Shannon Communication Technology)
  • 9.1387. Shared Access
  • 9.1388. Sharp Corporation (Foxconn - Hon Hai Technology Group)
  • 9.1389. Shenglu (Guangdong Shenglu Telecommunication)
  • 9.139. Shenzhen CXD Science & Technology
  • 9.1391. Shenzhen Recoda Technologies
  • 9.1392. SIAE Microelettronica
  • 9.1393. SICK
  • 9.1394. Siemens
  • 9.1395. Sierra Wireless (Semtech Corporation)
  • 9.1396. Sigma Wireless
  • 9.1397. Signal Information & Communication Corporation
  • 9.1398. Signalchip
  • 9.1399. Signalwing
  • 9.14. Siklu
  • 9.1401. Silicom Connectivity Solutions
  • 9.1402. Silicom SAS (France)
  • 9.1403. SIMCom Wireless Solutions (Sunsea AIoT Technology)
  • 9.1404. Simnovus
  • 9.1405. Simoco Wireless Solutions
  • 9.1406. Sinclair Technologies (Norsat International/Hytera Communications)
  • 9.1407. Singtel
  • 9.1408. Sinnwell (audius)
  • 9.1409. SIRADEL
  • 9.141. SITA
  • 9.1411. siticom (Logicalis)
  • 9.1412. SiTime Corporation
  • 9.1413. SITRONICS (Sistema)
  • 9.1414. SiTune Corporation
  • 9.1415. Sivers Semiconductors
  • 9.1416. Siyata Mobile
  • 9.1417. SK Telecom
  • 9.1418. SK Telesys
  • 9.1419. Skoltech (Skolkovo Institute of Science and Technology)
  • 9.142. SKY Perfect JSAT
  • 9.1421. SkyFive
  • 9.1422. Skylark Wireless
  • 9.1423. Skylo Technologies
  • 9.1424. Skytic Telecom
  • 9.1425. Skyvera (TelcoDR)
  • 9.1426. Skyworks Solutions
  • 9.1427. SLA Corporation
  • 9.1428. SM Optics (SIAE Microelettronica)
  • 9.1429. Smart Communications (PLDT)
  • 9.143. Smart Mobile Labs
  • 9.1431. Smartfren
  • 9.1432. SmarTone
  • 9.1433. SmartSky Networks
  • 9.1434. SMAWave (Shanghai SMAWave Technology)
  • 9.1435. Socionext
  • 9.1436. SoftBank Group
  • 9.1437. Softil
  • 9.1438. Soitec
  • 9.1439. Solectek Corporation/Cielo Networks
  • 9.144. SOLiD
  • 9.1441. Solidtronic
  • 9.1442. Soliton Systems
  • 9.1443. Sonim Technologies
  • 9.1444. Sony Group Corporation
  • 9.1445. Sooktha
  • 9.1446. Soracom
  • 9.1447. Source Photonics
  • 9.1448. Southern Linc
  • 9.1449. Space Data Corporation
  • 9.145. SpaceBridge
  • 9.1451. Spacecom
  • 9.1452. SpaceX
  • 9.1453. Spark New Zealand
  • 9.1454. Spectra Group
  • 9.1455. SpectraRep
  • 9.1456. Spectre (Rostec)
  • 9.1457. Spectronite
  • 9.1458. Spectronn
  • 9.1459. Spectrum Effect
  • 9.146. Speedcast
  • 9.1461. Spideradio (Suzhou Spideradio Telecommunication Technology)
  • 9.1462. SPIE Group
  • 9.1463. Spirent Communications
  • 9.1464. SPIRIT DSP
  • 9.1465. SPL (Stratospheric Platforms Limited)
  • 9.1466. Sporton International
  • 9.1467. SQUAN
  • 9.1468. Squire Technologies
  • 9.1469. SRS (Software Radio Systems)
  • 9.147. SRTechnology
  • 9.1471. SSC (Shared Spectrum Company)
  • 9.1472. SSS Public Safety
  • 9.1473. ST (STMicroelectronics)
  • 9.1474. ST Engineering iDirect
  • 9.1475. Star Microwave
  • 9.1476. Star Solutions
  • 9.1477. StarHub
  • 9.1478. StarPoint (Beijing StarPoint Technology)
  • 9.1479. STC (Saudi Telecom Company)
  • 9.148. Steep
  • 9.1481. STEP CG
  • 9.1482. STL (Sterlite Technologies Ltd.)
  • 9.1483. Stop Noise
  • 9.1484. sTraffic
  • 9.1485. Strata Worldwide
  • 9.1486. Streambox
  • 9.1487. Streamwide
  • 9.1488. Subex
  • 9.1489. Sumitomo Electric Industries
  • 9.149. Summa Networks
  • 9.1491. Summit Tech
  • 9.1492. Sunrise UPC (Liberty Global)
  • 9.1493. Sunsea AIoT Technology
  • 9.1494. Sunwave Communications
  • 9.1495. Supermicro (Super Micro Computer)
  • 9.1496. SureSite Consulting Group
  • 9.1497. SUSE
  • 9.1498. Swisscom
  • 9.1499. Swissphone
  • 9.15. Sylincom (Beijing Sylincom Technology)
  • 9.1501. Synctechno
  • 9.1502. Syniverse
  • 9.1503. SYRTEM
  • 9.1504. Systech Corporation
  • 9.1505. System Innovation Group
  • 9.1506. Systemics-PAB
  • 9.1507. T&W (Shenzhen Gongjin Electronics)
  • 9.1508. T2M
  • 9.1509. TacSat Networks
  • 9.151. Tait Communications
  • 9.1511. Taiwan Mobile
  • 9.1512. TAIYO YUDEN
  • 9.1513. Talia Communications (Commercis)
  • 9.1514. Talk-IP International
  • 9.1515. Talkpod Technology
  • 9.1516. Tambora Systems
  • 9.1517. Tampa Microwave (Thales)
  • 9.1518. Tampnet
  • 9.1519. Tango Networks
  • 9.152. Tango Tango
  • 9.1521. Taoglas
  • 9.1522. Tarana Wireless
  • 9.1523. TASSTA
  • 9.1524. Tata Elxsi
  • 9.1525. Tatfook (Shenzhen Tatfook Technology)
  • 9.1526. TCL Communication
  • 9.1527. TCOM
  • 9.1528. TCS (Tata Consultancy Services)
  • 9.1529. TD Tech
  • 9.153. TDC NET
  • 9.1531. TDCOMM
  • 9.1532. TE Connectivity
  • 9.1533. Teal Communications
  • 9.1534. Tech Mahindra
  • 9.1535. Techbros
  • 9.1536. Technicolor
  • 9.1537. Tecom
  • 9.1538. Tecore Networks
  • 9.1539. Tejas Networks
  • 9.154. TEKTELIC Communications
  • 9.1541. Telco Systems (BATM Advanced Communications)
  • 9.1542. Telcoware
  • 9.1543. Teldat
  • 9.1544. Tele2
  • 9.1545. Tele2 Russia (Rostelecom)
  • 9.1546. Telecom26
  • 9.1547. Teleena (Tata Communications MOVE)
  • 9.1548. Telefield
  • 9.1549. Telefónica Group
  • 9.155. Telekom Slovenije
  • 9.1551. Telenet
  • 9.1552. Telenor Group
  • 9.1553. Telent
  • 9.1554. Telesat
  • 9.1555. Telespazio (Leonardo/Thales)
  • 9.1556. Teleste
  • 9.1557. teleSys Software
  • 9.1558. Telet Research
  • 9.1559. Televate
  • 9.156. Telewave
  • 9.1561. Teleworld Solutions (Samsung)
  • 9.1562. Telia Company
  • 9.1563. Telit Cinterion
  • 9.1564. Telkomsel
  • 9.1565. Tellabs
  • 9.1566. Tellion
  • 9.1567. Telna
  • 9.1568. TELNET Redes Inteligentes
  • 9.1569. TELOX (Telo Systems)
  • 9.157. Telrad Networks
  • 9.1571. Telsasoft
  • 9.1572. Telstra
  • 9.1573. Teltonika
  • 9.1574. Teltronic (Hytera Communications)
  • 9.1575. Telus
  • 9.1576. TEOCO
  • 9.1577. Teracom
  • 9.1578. Teradek
  • 9.1579. TeraGo
  • 9.158. Tera-Pass
  • 9.1581. Tessares
  • 9.1582. TESSCO Technologies/Ventev
  • 9.1583. Thaicom
  • 9.1584. Thales
  • 9.1585. ThinkRF
  • 9.1586. Three Group Solutions (CK Hutchison)
  • 9.1587. Thundercomm
  • 9.1588. TI (Texas Instruments)
  • 9.1589. Tianyi (Sichuan Tianyi Comheart Telecom)
  • 9.159. Tibco Telecoms
  • 9.1591. TietoEVRY
  • 9.1592. Tillman Global Holdings
  • 9.1593. Tilson
  • 9.1594. TIM (Telecom Italia Mobile)
  • 9.1595. Titan ICT
  • 9.1596. Titan.ium Platform
  • 9.1597. TJ Innovation
  • 9.1598. TLC Solutions
  • 9.1599. TM (Telekom Malaysia)
  • 9.16. T-Mobile US
  • 9.1601. TMYTEK (TMY Technology)
  • 9.1602. TNS (Transaction Network Services)
  • 9.1603. TO21COMMS
  • 9.1604. Tofane Global
  • 9.1605. TOKIE (Irvees Technology)
  • 9.1606. TOMIA
  • 9.1607. Tongyu Communication
  • 9.1608. Toshiba Corporation
  • 9.1609. Totogi
  • 9.161. TowerJazz
  • 9.1611. TPG Telecom
  • 9.1612. TPL Systèmes
  • 9.1613. TP-Link Technologies
  • 9.1614. Transatel (NTT Group)
  • 9.1615. Transit Wireless (BAI Communications)
  • 9.1616. TransPacket
  • 9.1617. TriaSys Technologies Corporation
  • 9.1618. TRIOPT
  • 9.1619. Triorail
  • 9.162. Trópico (CPQD - Center for Research and Development in Telecommunications, Brazil)
  • 9.1621. TrueMove H (True Corporation)
  • 9.1622. TRUMPF
  • 9.1623. Truphone
  • 9.1624. TRX Systems
  • 9.1625. TSMC (Taiwan Semiconductor Manufacturing Company)
  • 9.1626. Tsofun
  • 9.1627. TST Systems (Thorcom Systems/Sonic Communications/Tioga Electronic Assembly)
  • 9.1628. T-Systems International
  • 9.1629. TTG International
  • 9.163. TTM Technologies
  • 9.1631. Tupl
  • 9.1632. Türk Telekom
  • 9.1633. Turkcell
  • 9.1634. TUSUR (Tomsk State University of Control Systems and Radioelectronics)
  • 9.1635. TUV SUD
  • 9.1636. Two Six Labs
  • 9.1637. Tyler Technologies
  • 9.1638. U.S. Cellular
  • 9.1639. UANGEL
  • 9.164. UBCS
  • 9.1641. Ubicquia
  • 9.1642. Ubiik
  • 9.1643. UBiqube
  • 9.1644. Ubiquoss
  • 9.1645. Ubiwhere
  • 9.1646. U-Blox
  • 9.1647. Ucloudy (Shanghai Ucloudy Information Technology)
  • 9.1648. UCtel
  • 9.1649. UfiSpace
  • 9.165. UL
  • 9.1651. ULAK Communication
  • 9.1652. Ultraband Technologies
  • 9.1653. UMC (United Microelectronics Corporation)
  • 9.1654. Umlaut (Accenture)
  • 9.1655. UMS (United Monolithic Semiconductors)
  • 9.1656. UNIMO Technology
  • 9.1657. UNISOC (Tsinghua Unigroup)
  • 9.1658. UniStrong
  • 9.1659. UNITAC Technology
  • 9.166. UniTTEC
  • 9.1661. UROS
  • 9.1662. URSYS
  • 9.1663. US Digital Designs
  • 9.1664. USI (Universal Scientific Industrial)
  • 9.1665. Utility (Utility Associates)
  • 9.1666. Utility Connect (Alliander/Stedin)
  • 9.1667. UTStarcom
  • 9.1668. V&M (Venus & Mercury) Telecom
  • 9.1669. V5 Systems
  • 9.167. Valid (Brazil)
  • 9.1671. Valid8
  • 9.1672. Vantage Towers
  • 9.1673. Vanu
  • 9.1674. Vapor IO
  • 9.1675. Vavitel (Shenzhen Vavitel Technology)
  • 9.1676. VDI (Virginia Diodes, Inc.)
  • 9.1677. Vector Data
  • 9.1678. Veea
  • 9.1679. VEON
  • 9.168. Verana Networks
  • 9.1681. Verizon Communications
  • 9.1682. Verkotan
  • 9.1683. Versa Networks
  • 9.1684. Vertel
  • 9.1685. Vertical Bridge (DigitalBridge Group)
  • 9.1686. Vertiv
  • 9.1687. Verveba Telecom
  • 9.1688. VHT (Viettel High Tech)
  • 9.1689. Viasat
  • 9.169. VIAVI Solutions
  • 9.1691. VIDA Technologies
  • 9.1692. Vigilate
  • 9.1693. Vilicom (BAI Communications)
  • 9.1694. VinSmart (Vingroup)
  • 9.1695. Viper RF
  • 9.1696. Viprinet
  • 9.1697. ViPRO Corporation
  • 9.1698. Virtual Access (Westermo Network Technologies)
  • 9.1699. Virtusa Corporation
  • 9.17. Vislink Technologies
  • 9.1701. Visual Labs
  • 9.1702. Vital (New Zealand)
  • 9.1703. VITES
  • 9.1704. Vivo (BBK Electronics)
  • 9.1705. VMware
  • 9.1706. VNC - Virtual NetCom (COMSovereign)
  • 9.1707. VNL - Vihaan Networks Limited (Shyam Group)
  • 9.1708. Vodacom Group
  • 9.1709. Vodafone Group
  • 9.171. VoerEir
  • 9.1711. VoiceAge Corporation
  • 9.1712. Voipfuture
  • 9.1713. Volvo CE (Construction Equipment)
  • 9.1714. Voxer
  • 9.1715. VTT Technical Research Centre of Finland
  • 9.1716. Vubiq Networks
  • 9.1717. VVDN Technologies
  • 9.1718. WAGO
  • 9.1719. WAV4M
  • 9.172. WAVE (AGC)
  • 9.1721. Wave1
  • 9.1722. Wave-In Communication
  • 9.1723. Wavelabs
  • 9.1724. Wavesight
  • 9.1725. Wavetel Technology
  • 9.1726. Waycare
  • 9.1727. WCCTV (Wireless CCTV)
  • 9.1728. WDNA (Wireless DNA)
  • 9.1729. Weaccess Group
  • 9.173. WebRadar
  • 9.1731. Weidmüller
  • 9.1732. Welotec
  • 9.1733. Westell Technologies
  • 9.1734. Wevercomm
  • 9.1735. Wewins (Shenzhen Wewins Wireless)
  • 9.1736. wgtwo (Working Group Two)
  • 9.1737. WH Bence Group
  • 9.1738. Whale Cloud Technology (Alibaba Group)
  • 9.1739. Whizz Systems
  • 9.174. Widelity
  • 9.1741. WIG (Wireless Infrastructure Group)
  • 9.1742. Wildox (Shenzhen Happy Technology)
  • 9.1743. Wilson Electronics
  • 9.1744. Wilus
  • 9.1745. WIN Connectivity (Wireless Information Networks)
  • 9.1746. Wind River Systems
  • 9.1747. Wind Tre
  • 9.1748. Wingtech Technology
  • 9.1749. WINITECH
  • 9.175. Winmate Communications
  • 9.1751. Winncom Technologies
  • 9.1752. Wipro
  • 9.1753. Wireless Logic Group
  • 9.1754. Wireless Technologies Finland
  • 9.1755. Wireless Telecom Group
  • 9.1756. WiSig Networks
  • 9.1757. Wistron Corporation
  • 9.1758. Wiwynn (Wistron Corporation)
  • 9.1759. WM Systems
  • 9.176. WMS (Wireless Maritime Services)
  • 9.1761. WNC (Wistron NeWeb Corporation)
  • 9.1762. Wolfspeed
  • 9.1763. WooriNet
  • 9.1764. Workz
  • 9.1765. World View
  • 9.1766. WorldCell Solutions
  • 9.1767. Wouxun (Quanzhou Wouxun Electronics)
  • 9.1768. WTL (World Telecom Labs)
  • 9.1769. WTW Electronic
  • 9.177. WWT (World Wide Technology)
  • 9.1771. Wytec International
  • 9.1772. Xantaro
  • 9.1773. XAVi Technologies Corporation (Chicony Electronics)
  • 9.1774. XCOM Labs
  • 9.1775. Xelera Technologies
  • 9.1776. Xemex
  • 9.1777. Xena Networks
  • 9.1778. Xiamen Puxing Electronics Science & Technology
  • 9.1779. Xiamen Sanan Integrated Circuit
  • 9.178. Xiaomi
  • 9.1781. Xilinx (AMD - Advanced Micro Devices)
  • 9.1782. Xingtera
  • 9.1783. Xinwei Group
  • 9.1784. XINYI Information Technology
  • 9.1785. XipLink
  • 9.1786. XIUS
  • 9.1787. YADRO (ICS Holding)
  • 9.1788. YAGEO Corporation
  • 9.1789. Yahsat (Al Yah Satellite Communications)/Thuraya
  • 9.179. YaleBTS
  • 9.1791. Yanton (Quanzhou Yanton Electronics)
  • 9.1792. YOFC (Yangtze Optical Fibre and Cable)
  • 9.1793. Yokogawa Electric Corporation
  • 9.1794. Yuge Technology (Shanghai Yuge Information Technology)
  • 9.1795. Zain Group
  • 9.1796. ZaiNar
  • 9.1797. Zaram Technology
  • 9.1798. Z-Com
  • 9.1799. Zealync
  • 9.18. Zebra Technologies
  • 9.1801. Zeetta Networks
  • 9.1802. Zello
  • 9.1803. ZenFi Networks (BAI Communications)
  • 9.1804. Zengyi Technology
  • 9.1805. Zepcam
  • 9.1806. ZeroEyes
  • 9.1807. Zetron (Codan)
  • 9.1808. Zhengkai Electronics (Jiangsu Zhengkai Electronics Technology)
  • 9.1809. ZILLNK
  • 9.181. Zinwave (McWane)
  • 9.1811. Zioncom
  • 9.1812. Zmtel (Shanghai Zhongmi Communication Technology)
  • 9.1813. ZT Systems
  • 9.1814. ZTE
  • 9.1815. Zyxel (Unizyx Holding Corporation)

Chapter 10: Market Sizing & Forecasts

  • 10.1. Global Outlook for Private LTE & 5G Network Investments
  • 10.2. Infrastructure Submarkets
    • 10.2.1. RAN
      • 10.2.1.1. Base Station RUs
      • 10.2.1.2. DUs/CUs
    • 10.2.2. Mobile Core
      • 10.2.2.1. User Plane Functions
      • 10.2.2.2. Control Plane Functions
    • 10.2.3. Transport Network
      • 10.2.3.1. Fiber & Wireline
      • 10.2.3.2. Microwave
      • 10.2.3.3. Satellite Communications
  • 10.3. Technology Generations
    • 10.3.1. LTE
      • 10.3.1.1. LTE RAN
      • 10.3.1.2. EPC
      • 10.3.1.3. Transport
    • 10.3.2. 5G
      • 10.3.2.1. 5G RAN
      • 10.3.2.2. 5GC
      • 10.3.2.3. Transport
  • 10.4. Cell Sizes
    • 10.4.1. Indoor Small Cells
    • 10.4.2. Outdoor Small Cells
    • 10.4.3. Macrocells
  • 10.5. Spectrum Licensing Models
    • 10.5.1. Mobile Operator-Owned Spectrum
    • 10.5.2. Wide Area Licensed Spectrum
    • 10.5.3. Shared & Local Area Licensed Spectrum
    • 10.5.4. Unlicensed Spectrum
  • 10.6. Frequency Ranges
    • 10.6.1. Low-Band (Sub-1 GHz)
    • 10.6.2. Mid-Band (1-6 GHz)
    • 10.6.3. High-Band (mmWave)
  • 10.7. End User Markets & Verticals
    • 10.7.1. Vertical Industries
      • 10.7.1.1. Agriculture
      • 10.7.1.2. Aviation
      • 10.7.1.3. Broadcasting
      • 10.7.1.4. Construction
      • 10.7.1.5. Education
      • 10.7.1.6. Forestry
      • 10.7.1.7. Healthcare
      • 10.7.1.8. Manufacturing
      • 10.7.1.9. Military
      • 10.7.1.10. Mining
      • 10.7.1.11. Oil & Gas
      • 10.7.1.12. Ports & Maritime Transport
      • 10.7.1.13. Public Safety
      • 10.7.1.14. Railways
      • 10.7.1.15. Utilities
      • 10.7.1.16. Others
    • 10.7.2. Offices, Buildings & Corporate Campuses
  • 10.8. Regional Segmentation
    • 10.8.1. North America
      • 10.8.1.1. Infrastructure Submarkets
      • 10.8.1.2. End User Markets & Verticals
    • 10.8.2. Asia Pacific
      • 10.8.2.1. Infrastructure Submarkets
      • 10.8.2.2. End User Markets & Verticals
    • 10.8.3. Europe
      • 10.8.3.1. Infrastructure Submarkets
      • 10.8.3.2. End User Markets & Verticals
    • 10.8.4. Middle East & Africa
      • 10.8.4.1. Infrastructure Submarkets
      • 10.8.4.2. End User Markets & Verticals
    • 10.8.5. Latin & Central America
      • 10.8.5.1. Infrastructure Submarkets
      • 10.8.5.2. End User Markets & Verticals

Chapter 11: Conclusion & Strategic Recommendations

  • 11.1. Why is the Market Poised to Grow?
  • 11.2. Future Roadmap: 2023 - 2030
    • 11.2.1. 2023 - 2025: Continued Investments in Private Cellular Networks
    • 11.2.2. 2026 - 2029: Mass-Market Adoption of Industrial-Grade Standalone 5G NPNs
    • 11.2.3. 2030 & Beyond: Towards Private 6G Connectivity for Future Applications
  • 11.3. Competitive Landscape: Acquisitions, Consolidation & Partnerships
  • 11.4. Assessing the Practical & Quantifiable Benefits of Private LTE/5G Networks
  • 11.5. Spectrum Liberalization Initiatives for Private LTE/5G Networks
  • 11.6. The Role of National Mobile Network Operators
  • 11.7. 5G Network Slicing & Hybrid Public-Private Networks
  • 11.8. Emergence of New Classes of Private Network Operators
  • 11.9. Opportunities for Global System Integrators, Hyperscalers & Other New Entrants
  • 11.1. Startups Targeting Private Cellular Security, Management & Orchestration Needs
  • 11.11. Open RAN & vRAN (Virtualized RAN) Adoption in Private Networks
  • 11.12. Close Link Between Private LTE/5G Networks & Edge Computing
  • 11.13. SON & AI-Based Automation: Easing the Role of Enterprise IT Departments
  • 11.14. Driving the Convergence of IT & OT Domains With Industrial-Grade 5G Connectivity
  • 11.15. Interconnectivity & Roaming in Private LTE/5G Networks
  • 11.16. Post-Pandemic Changes & Their Impact on the Market
  • 11.17. Strategic Recommendations
    • 11.17.1. LTE /5G Equipment & Chipset Suppliers
    • 11.17.2. System Integrators & Private Network Specialists
    • 11.17.3. National Mobile Network Operators
    • 11.17.4. End User Organizations & Vertical Industries
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