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V2X(Vehicle to Everything) 통신 에코시스템 : 시장 기회, 과제, 전략, 성장 예측(2019-2030년)

The Global V2X (Vehicle-to-Everything) Communications Ecosystem: 2019 - 2030 - Opportunities, Challenges, Strategies & Forecasts

리서치사 SNS Telecom & IT
발행일 2019년 03월 상품 코드 824046
페이지 정보 영문 871 Pages; 161 Tables & Figures
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US $ 2,500 ₩ 3,069,000 PDF & Excel by E-mail (Single User License)
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V2X(Vehicle to Everything) 통신 에코시스템 : 시장 기회, 과제, 전략, 성장 예측(2019-2030년) The Global V2X (Vehicle-to-Everything) Communications Ecosystem: 2019 - 2030 - Opportunities, Challenges, Strategies & Forecasts
발행일 : 2019년 03월 페이지 정보 : 영문 871 Pages; 161 Tables & Figures

802.11p/DSRC vs C-V2X의 논의 및 법규제상 불확실성 등의 과제는 남아 있으나 세계의 V2X 통신기술에 대한 투자액은 2019-2022년간 170% 이상의 CAGR(연간 복합 성장률)로 추이하며, 2022년말에는 약 12억 달러의 시장 규모, V2X 탑재차 대수는 약 600만 대에 달할 것으로 예측됩니다.

V2X(Vehicle to Everything) 통신기술 시장을 조사했으며, V2X 통신기술의 개요, 아키텍처 & 엘리먼트, 주요 용도/도입 부문, 비지니스 모델, 시장 성장에 대한 각종 영향요인 분석, 주요 실현 기술, 도입 시나리오·이용 사례, V2X 도입 사례 연구, 주요 사업자의 활동, 관련 규격의 표준화·법규제·공동 이니셔티브의 동향, 향후 로드맵과 밸류체인, 주요 참여 사업자의 개요, 시장 규모의 추이와 예측, 향후 전망·각종 제안 등을 정리하여 전해드립니다.

제1장 서론

제2장 V2X 통신 : 개요

  • V2X 통신이란?
  • V2X 통신의 주요 특징
    • V2X 통신의 종류
    • 전송 모드
    • V2X 메시지 세트 & 서비스 능력
  • V2X 통신용 무선 기술
    • IEEE 802.11p/DSRC
    • C-V2X(셀룰러 V2X)
  • V2X의 아키텍처·주요 엘리먼트
    • 차량용 OBU(온보드 유닛)
    • 비차량용 V2X 대응 디바이스
    • RSU(로드사이드 유닛)
    • V2X 애플리케이션
    • V2X 컨트롤 기능 & 셀룰러 네트워크 전용 엘리먼트
    • V2X 보안 서브시스템
  • 주요 도입 부문
  • V2X 비지니스 모델
    • B2C
    • B2B
    • B2B2X
  • 시장 성장 촉진요인
  • 시장 장벽

제3장 V2X 통신의 주요 실현 기술

  • 레거시 DSRC/ITS 기술
    • CEN DSRC/MDR-DSRC/TTT-DSRC
    • 915 MHz/UHF RFID
    • 액티브 DSRC 시스템
    • HDR DSRC
    • ITS 스폿/ETC 2.0
    • VICS
  • IEEE 802.11p 기반 DSRC 시스템
    • WAVE
    • ITS-G5/C-ITS
    • ITS Connect/ARIB STD-T109
    • 기타
  • C-V2X 기술
    • LTE-V2X
    • 5G NR-V2X
    • C-V2X 통신용 인터페이스
  • 기타 무선 기술
  • 보완 기술·컨셉
    • 온보드 센서·ADAS
    • 차량 안전 시스템
    • 기타 차량내 시스템
    • GNSS·정밀 측위
    • 빅데이터·첨단 애널리틱스
    • AI·기계학습
    • 클라우드 컴퓨팅
    • 엣지 컴퓨팅
    • 네트워크 슬라이싱

제4장 V2X 도입 시나리오·이용 사례

  • 로드 세이프티
  • 교통 관리·최적화
  • 내비게이션 & 여행자/운전자 정보
  • 공공 운송
  • 상용차 플릿·로드사이드 용도
  • 긴급 서비스 & 공공안전
  • 환경·지속가능성
  • 노상 기후 관리
  • 부가가치 서비스
  • 자율주행·첨단 용도

제5장 V2X 도입 사례 연구

  • AACVTE(Ann Arbor Connected Vehicle Test Environment)
  • AURORA
  • BMW Group
  • CDOT(Colorado Department of Transportation) RoadX
  • 중국 우시시의 LTE-V2X 프로젝트
  • Daimler
  • Ford Motor Company
  • GM(General Motors)
  • Groupe PSA
  • Groupe Renault
  • HKT/PCCW
  • InterCor(Interoperable Corridors)
  • 호주 Ipswich Connected Vehicle Pilot
  • JLR(Jaguar Land Rover)
  • NTT DoCoMo
  • SAIC Motor Corporation
  • Telstra
  • Toyota Motor Corporation
  • USDOT
  • Vodafone Group
  • Volkswagen Group
  • Volvo Group/Volvo Trucks 등

제6장 V2X 대역의 가용성·할당·이용 : 지역별

제7장 표준화·법규제·공동 이니셔티브

제8장 향후 로드맵 & 밸류체인

제9장 주요 에코시스템 참여 사업자

제10장 시장 규모·예측

  • 세계의 V2X 통신기술 시장 전망
  • 매출 예측 : V2X 단말 장비
    • C-V2X
    • LTE-V2X
    • 5G-NR V2X
    • IEEE 802.11p
    • IEEE 802.11p-2010
    • IEEE 802.11bd/NGV
  • 출하량·매출 예측 : V2X OBU
    • C-V2X
    • LTE-V2X
    • 5G-NR V2X
    • IEEE 802.11p
    • IEEE 802.11p-2010
    • IEEE 802.11bd/NGV
  • 출하량·매출 예측 : V2X RSU
    • C-V2X
    • LTE-V2X
    • 5G-NR V2X
    • IEEE 802.11p
    • IEEE 802.11p-2010
    • IEEE 802.11bd/NGV
  • 매출 예측 : V2X 애플리케이션
  • 매출 예측 : V2X 백엔드 네트워크 엘리먼트
  • 매출 예측 : V2X 보안
  • 세계의 V2X 탑재차·RSU 인스톨 기반
  • 지역별 전망

제11장 결론·전략적 제안

제12장 전문가의 견해

KSA 19.04.22

Synopsis: Commonly referred to as V2X, vehicle-to-everything communications technology allows vehicles to directly communicate with each other, roadside infrastructure, and other road users to deliver an array of benefits in the form of road safety, traffic efficiency, smart mobility, environmental sustainability, and driver convenience. In addition, V2X is also helping pave the way for fully autonomous driving through its unique non line-of-sight sensing capability which allows vehicles to detect potential hazards, traffic, and road conditions from longer distances and sooner than other in-vehicle sensors such as cameras, radar, and LiDAR (Light Detection and Ranging).

Although legacy V2I (Vehicle-to-Infrastructure) technologies are currently in operational use worldwide for ETC (Electronic Toll Collection) and relatively simple V2I applications, advanced V2X systems - capable of supporting V2V (Vehicle-to-Vehicle), V2I and other forms of V2X communications - are beginning to gain broad commercial acceptance with two competing technologies vying for the attention of automakers and regulators: the commercially mature IEEE 802.11p/DSRC (Dedicated Short Range Communications) standard, and the relatively new 3GPP-defined C-V2X (Cellular V2X) technology which has a forward evolutionary path towards 5G.

With an initial focus on road safety and traffic efficiency applications, Toyota and GM (General Motors) have already equipped some of their vehicle models with IEEE 802.11p-based V2X technology in Japan and North America. Among other commercial commitments, Volkswagen will begin deploying IEEE 802.11p on volume models in Europe starting from 2019, while Geely and Ford plan to integrate C-V2X in their new vehicles by 2021 and 2022 respectively. It is also worth nothing that a number of luxury automakers - including BMW, Daimler, Volkswagen's subsidiary Audi, and Volvo Cars - already deliver certain V2X-type applications through wide-area cellular connectivity and supporting infrastructure such as appropriately equipped roadwork trailers.

Despite the ongoing 802.11p/DSRC versus C-V2X debate, regulatory uncertainty and other challenges, global spending on V2X communications technology is expected to grow at a CAGR of more than 170% between 2019 and 2022. SNS Telecom & IT predicts that by the end of 2022, V2X will account for a market worth $1.2 Billion, with an installed base of nearly 6 Million V2X-equipped vehicles worldwide.

The "V2X (Vehicle-to-Everything) Communications Ecosystem: 2019 - 2030 - Opportunities, Challenges, Strategies & Forecasts" report presents an in-depth assessment of the V2X ecosystem including market drivers, challenges, enabling technologies, application scenarios, use cases, business models, key trends, standardization, spectrum availability/allocation, regulatory landscape, V2X deployment case studies, opportunities, future roadmap, value chain, ecosystem player profiles and strategies. The report also presents market size forecasts from 2019 till 2030. The forecasts cover four submarkets, two air interface technologies, 10 application categories and five regions.

The report comes with an associated Excel datasheet suite covering quantitative data from all numeric forecasts presented in the report.

Key Findings:

The report has the following key findings:

  • Despite the ongoing 802.11p/DSRC versus C-V2X debate, regulatory uncertainty and other challenges, global spending on V2X communications technology is expected to grow at a CAGR of more than 170% between 2019 and 2022. SNS Telecom & IT predicts that by the end of 2022, V2X will account for a market worth $1.2 Billion, with an installed base of nearly 6 Million V2X-equipped vehicles worldwide.
  • While Toyota and other DSRC proponents are pushing ahead with their plans to roll out IEEE 802.11p in North America, Europe and Japan, pre-commercial C-V2X deployments have recently gained considerable momentum, spearheaded by cellular industry giants such as Qualcomm and Huawei - with support from automakers including Ford, BMW, Daimler, Groupe PSA, SAIC, Geely, Volkswagen's luxury brand Audi, and JLR (Jaguar Land Rover).
  • Regional markets are also visibly divided with the Chinese Government backing C-V2X, Europe leaning towards IEEE 802.11p through its recently published delegated act on C-ITS (Cooperative Intelligent Transport Systems), and heated debates ensuing in the United States as a result of the 5GAA's waiver request to allow C-V2X deployments in the 5.9 GHz band.
  • As a result, a number of automotive OEMs are beginning to adopt a flexible approach by choosing to deploy different technologies in different regions as they commit to V2X. For example, although GM has equipped its Cadillac CTS sedan vehicles with IEEE 802.11p in North America, the automaker is actively working with business partners to prepare for C-V2X deployment in China.
  • Besides becoming a standard safety feature on an increasing number of vehicles, V2X communications technology - through its unique non line-of-sight sensing capability - will play a critical role in ensuring the safe and efficient operation of autonomous driving systems, particularly with the commercialization of next-generation V2X standards, specifically 5G-V2X and IEEE 802.11bd.
  • The globally harmonized 5.9 GHz band continues to remain the preferred spectrum for V2X communications technology, with the exception of Japan - where the national regulator has allocated a single 9 MHz channel in the frequency range 755.5 - 764.5 MHz for safety-related applications based on V2V and V2I communications.
  • Early discussions are ongoing for the potential use of new bands, most notably in the 3.4 - 3.8 GHz and 5.9 - 7.2 GHz frequency ranges, as well as millimeter wave spectrum for LOS (Line-of-Sight) and high data rate V2X applications. Recent field trials using 39 GHz spectrum in the United States have demonstrated that millimeter propagations for V2V communications can work well in the distance range of 100 meters, without advanced beamforming techniques.

Topics Covered:

The report covers the following topics:

  • V2X ecosystem
  • Market drivers and barriers
  • V2V, V2I, V2P/V2D, V2N and other types of V2X communications
  • V2X architecture and key elements
  • V2X transmission modes, message sets and service capabilities
  • IEEE 802.11p, C-V2X and other enabling technologies for V2X communications
  • Complementary technologies including ADAS (Advanced Driver Assistance Systems), precision positioning, edge & cloud computing, network slicing, artificial intelligence, machine learning, Big Data and advanced analytics
  • Key trends including the adoption of V2X as an integral part of automakers' vehicle development roadmaps; commercial readiness of V2X systems capable of supporting both IEEE 802.11p and C-V2X; launch of large scale, city-wide V2X deployments; availability of nationally and transnationally scalable V2X SCMS (Security Credential Management System) service offerings; emergence of motorcycle-specific V2X safety applications; use of V2V communications to support truck platooning systems; and delivery of certain V2X-type applications through wide-area cellular connectivity
  • Review of more than 160 V2X applications - ranging from safety-related warnings and traffic light advisories to "see-through" visibility and fully autonomous driving
  • Business models for monetizing V2X applications
  • Examination of IEEE 802.11p and C-V2X engagements worldwide, including case studies of 22 live V2X deployments
  • Spectrum availability and allocation for V2X across the global, regional and national regulatory domains
  • Standardization, regulatory and collaborative initiatives
  • Future roadmap and value chain
  • Profiles and strategies of over 330 leading ecosystem players including automotive OEMS and V2X technology & solution providers
  • Exclusive interview transcripts from eight companies across the V2X value chain: Cohda Wireless, Foresight Autonomous Holdings, Kapsch TrafficCom, Nokia, NXP Semiconductors, OnBoard Security, Qualcomm, and Savari
  • Strategic recommendations for automotive OEMS, V2X technology & solution providers, mobile operators, cellular industry specialists and road operators
  • Market analysis and forecasts from 2019 till 2030

Forecast Segmentation:

Market forecasts are provided for each of the following submarkets and their subcategories:

  • Submarkets
    • V2X Terminal Equipment
      • OBUs (On-Board Units)
      • RSUs (Roadside Units)
    • V2X Applications
    • V2X Backend Network Elements
    • V2X Security
  • Air Interface Technologies
    • C-V2X (Cellular V2X)
      • LTE-V2X
      • 5G NR (New Radio)-V2X
    • IEEE 802.11p
      • IEEE 802.11p-2010
      • IEEE 802.11bd/NGV (Next-Generation V2X)
  • Application Categories
    • Road Safety
    • Traffic Management & Optimization
    • Navigation & Traveler/Driver Information
    • Transit & Public Transport
    • Commercial Vehicle Operations
    • Emergency Services & Public Safety
    • Environmental Sustainability
    • Road Weather Management
    • Autonomous Driving & Advanced Applications
    • Value-Added Services
  • Regional Markets
    • North America
    • Asia Pacific
    • Europe
    • Middle East & Africa
    • Latin & Central America

Key Questions Answered:

The report provides answers to the following key questions:

  • How big is the V2X opportunity?
  • What trends, drivers and barriers are influencing its growth?
  • How is the ecosystem evolving by segment and region?
  • What will the market size be in 2022, and at what rate will it grow?
  • Which regions and countries will see the highest percentage of growth?
  • What is the status of V2X adoption worldwide, and what is the current installed base of V2X-equipped vehicles?
  • What are the key application scenarios and use cases of V2X?
  • How does V2X augment ADAS (Advanced Driver Assistance Systems) to improve active safety, traffic efficiency and situational awareness?
  • Can V2X improve road safety for pedestrians, cyclists, motorcyclists and other vulnerable road users?
  • What are the practical, quantifiable benefits of V2X - based on early commercial rollouts and large-scale pilot deployments?
  • What are the technical and performance characteristics of IEEE 802.11p and C-V2X?
  • Do VLC (Visible Light Communications)/Li-Fi and other short-range wireless technologies pose a threat to IEEE 802.11p and C-V2X?
  • Which V2X applications will 5G-V2X and IEEE 802.11bd systems support in the future?
  • How will V2X enable the safe and efficient operation of autonomous vehicles?
  • What opportunities exist for mobile operators and cellular industry specialists in the V2X ecosystem?
  • Who are the key ecosystem players, and what are their strategies?
  • What strategies should automotive OEMs, V2X technology & solution providers, and other stakeholders adopt to remain competitive?

List of Companies Mentioned:

The following companies and organizations have been reviewed, discussed or mentioned in the report:

  • 01LightCom
  • 3GPP (3rd Generation Partnership Project)
  • 5GAA (5G Automotive Association)
  • 5G-Connected Mobility Consortium
  • 7Layers
  • A1 Telekom Austria Group
  • AASA
  • AASHTO (American Association of State Highway and Transportation Officials)
  • Abu Dhabi Department of Transport
  • ACEA (European Automobile Manufacturers' Association)
  • ADI (Analog Devices Inc.)
  • AECC (Automotive Edge Computing Consortium)
  • Airbiquity
  • Airgain
  • Alibaba Group
  • Allgon
  • Alphabet
  • Alps Alpine (Alps Electric/Alpine Electronics)
  • Altran
  • Amphenol Corporation
  • Amsterdam Group
  • Anritsu Corporation
  • Apple
  • Applied Information
  • Aptiv (Delphi Automotive)
  • ARIB (Association of Radio Industries and Businesses, Japan)
  • Aricent
  • ARM Holdings
  • Arteris IP
  • ASECAP (European Association of Operators of Toll Road Infrastructures)
  • Association of Global Automakers
  • ASTM International
  • Aston Martin Lagonda
  • ASTRI (Hong Kong Applied Science and Technology Research Institute)
  • AT&T
  • ATA (American Trucking Associations)
  • ATEC ITS France
  • Athena Group
  • ATIS (Alliance for Telecommunications Industry Solutions)
  • Audi
  • Auto Alliance (Alliance of Automobile Manufacturers)
  • Autoliv
  • Automatic Labs
  • Autotalks
  • Aventi Intelligent Communication
  • BAIC Group
  • Baidu
  • Battelle
  • BCE (Bell Canada)
  • Beijing BDStar Navigation
  • BJEV
  • BlackBerry
  • BMW Group
  • BMW Motorrad
  • Boréal Bikes
  • Brilliance Auto (Brilliance China Automotive Holdings)
  • Broadcom
  • Bureau Veritas
  • BYD
  • C2C-CC (CAR 2 CAR Communication Consortium)
  • CAICT (China Academy of Information and Communications Technology)
  • CAICV (China Industry Innovation Alliance for Intelligent and Connected Vehicles)
  • CalAmp
  • CAMP (Crash Avoidance Metrics Partnership)
  • Carsmart (Beijing Carsmart Technology)
  • CAT (Cooperative Automated Transportation) Coalition
  • CCC (Car Connectivity Consortium)
  • CCSA (China Communications Standards Association)
  • CDOT (Colorado Department of Transportation)
  • CEDR (Conference of European Directors of Roads)
  • CEN (European Committee for Standardization)
  • CENELEC (European Committee for Electrotechnical Standardization)
  • CEPT (European Conference of Postal and Telecommunications Administrations)
  • Certicom
  • CEST Co. (Center for Embedded Software Technology)
  • CETECOM
  • CEVA
  • Changan Automobile
  • Chemtronics
  • Chery
  • China Mobile
  • China Telecom
  • China Transinfo
  • China Unicom
  • Chunghwa Telecom
  • CICT (China Information and Communication Technology Group)
  • CiDi (Changsha Intelligent Driving Institute)
  • Cisco Systems
  • C-ITS (China ITS Industry Alliance)
  • Clarion
  • CLEPA (European Association of Automotive Suppliers)
  • CMC (Connected Motorcycle Consortium)
  • CMIoT (China Mobile IoT)
  • CNH Industrial
  • Cohda Wireless
  • Commsignia
  • Confidex
  • Connected Signals
  • Continental
  • ConVeX (Connected Vehicle-to-Everything of Tomorrow) Consortium
  • CSTI (Council for Science, Technology and Innovation, Japan)
  • Cubic Corporation
  • Cubic Telecom
  • Cybercom Group
  • Cypress Semiconductor Corporation
  • DAF Trucks
  • Daimler
  • Daimler Trucks
  • Danlaw
  • Datang Telecom Technology & Industry Group
  • DEKRA
  • Delphi Technologies
  • Denso Corporation
  • Derq
  • Desay SV Automotive
  • DFM (Dongfeng Motor Corporation)
  • DT (Deutsche Telekom)
  • DT&C
  • Ducati Motor Holding
  • DXC Technology
  • EATA (European Automotive and Telecom Alliance)
  • Econolite
  • EFKON
  • Ericsson
  • ERTICO - ITS Europe
  • ERTRAC (European Road Transport Research Advisory Council)
  • ESCRYPT
  • eSSys
  • ETAS
  • ETRI (Electronics & Telecommunications Research Institute, South Korea)
  • ETSI (European Telecommunications Standards Institute)
  • Eurofins Scientific
  • European Commission
  • Faraday Future
  • FAW Group
  • FCA (Fiat Chrysler Automobiles)
  • Ferrari
  • FET (Far EasTone Telecommunications)
  • FEV Group
  • Ficosa
  • Firefly LiFi (Firefly Wireless Networks)
  • Flex
  • FLIR Systems
  • Fluidmesh Networks
  • Ford Motor Company
  • Foresight Autonomous Holdings
  • Forward Electronics
  • Fraunhofer FOKUS (Institute for Open Communication Systems)
  • Fraunhofer HHI (Heinrich Hertz Institute)
  • Fraunhofer IIS (Institute for Integrated Circuits)
  • Fraunhofer SIT (Institute for Secure Information Technology)
  • Fujitsu
  • GAC Group (Guangzhou Automobile Group)
  • GCF (Global Certification Forum)
  • Geely Auto
  • Geely Holding
  • Gemalto
  • GENIVI Alliance
  • Genvict
  • GM (General Motors)
  • Goodyear Tire & Rubber Company
  • Google
  • Gosuncn Technology Group
  • Great Wall Motor Company
  • Green Hills Software
  • Griiip
  • Groupe PSA
  • Groupe Renault
  • GSMA
  • HAAS Alert
  • Halla Group
  • Hancom MDS
  • Harada Industry
  • HARMAN International
  • Helix Technologies
  • HELLA
  • HERE Technologies
  • Hino Motors
  • Hirschmann Car Communication
  • HiSilicon
  • Hitachi
  • HKT
  • HNTB Corporation
  • Honda Motor Corporation
  • HORIBA MIRA
  • HSAE/Hangsheng Technology
  • Huali/iSmartWays Technology
  • Huawei
  • Hyundai Mobis
  • Hyundai Motor Company
  • Hyundai Motor Group
  • IAV
  • IBM Corporation
  • IDnomic
  • IEC (International Electrotechnical Commission)
  • IEEE (Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers)
  • IETF (Internet Engineering Task Force)
  • IMDA (Info-Communications Media Development Authority, Singapore)
  • IMT-2020 (5G) Promotion Group
  • Infineon Technologies
  • INRIX
  • Intel Corporation
  • InterDigital
  • Intertek
  • Invengo
  • IPC (Increment P Corporation)
  • ISED (Innovation, Science and Economic Development Canada)
  • ISO (International Organization for Standardization)
  • ISS (INTEGRITY Security Services)
  • Isuzu Motors
  • ITE (Institute of Transportation Engineers)
  • Iteris
  • ITRI (Industrial Technology Research Institute, Taiwan)
  • iTRONICS
  • ITS America (Intelligent Transportation Society of America)
  • ITS Asia-Pacific
  • ITS Australia
  • ITS Canada
  • ITS China
  • ITS Connect Promotion Consortium
  • ITS Info-Communications Forum
  • ITS Japan
  • ITS Korea
  • ITS Singapore
  • ITS Taiwan
  • ITS UK (United Kingdom)
  • ITT (IT Telecom)
  • ITU (International Telecommunication Union)
  • Iveco
  • JEITA (Japan Electronics and Information Technology Industries Association)
  • Jin Woo Industrial
  • JISC (Japanese Industrial Standards Committee)
  • JLR (Jaguar Land Rover)
  • JRC (Japan Radio Company)
  • JSAE (Society of Automotive Engineers of Japan)
  • Juniper Networks
  • JVCKENWOOD Corporation
  • Kapsch TrafficCom
  • Karamba Security
  • KATS (Korean Agency for Technology and Standards)
  • Kawasaki Heavy Industries
  • KDDI Corporation
  • Keysight Technologies
  • Kia Motors Corporation
  • KOSTAL Group (Leopold Kostal)
  • KPN
  • KSAE (Korean Society Automotive Engineers)
  • KT Corporation
  • KTM
  • Kymeta Corporation
  • Kyocera Corporation
  • LACROIX City/LACROIX Neavia
  • Laird
  • Lear Corporation
  • Leidos
  • Lenovo
  • Leonardo
  • Lesswire
  • LG Electronics
  • LG Innotek
  • Linux Foundation
  • LITE-ON Technology Corporation
  • LMT (Latvijas Mobilais Telefons)
  • LoJack
  • Longsung Technology
  • Lucid Motors
  • Luxoft
  • Lyft
  • Magna International
  • Magneti Marelli
  • Mahindra & Mahindra
  • MAN
  • Mando Corporation
  • Marben
  • Marvell
  • Mazda Motor Corporation
  • McCain
  • McLaren Automotive
  • Mediatek
  • MEMA (Motor & Equipment Manufacturers Association)
  • Mentor
  • MET Labs (MET Laboratories)
  • Michelin
  • Microchip Technology
  • Microsemi Corporation
  • Microsoft Corporation
  • MIIT (Ministry of Industry and Information Technology, China)
  • MinebeaMitsumi Group
  • MINI
  • Mitsuba Corporation
  • Mitsubishi Electric Corporation
  • Mitsubishi Motors Corporation
  • MLIT (Ministry of Land, Infrastructure, Transport and Tourism, Japan)
  • Mobile Mark
  • Mobileye
  • Molex
  • MOLIT (Ministry of Land, Infrastructure and Transport, South Korea)
  • Motorola Mobility
  • Murata Manufacturing
  • NavInfo
  • Navistar
  • Navya
  • Nebula Link
  • NEC Corporation
  • NEMA (National Electrical Manufacturers Association)
  • Neology
  • Neoway Technology
  • Neusoft Reach
  • NEVS (National Electric Vehicle Sweden)
  • Nexar
  • Nexus Group
  • NGMN Alliance
  • NI (National Instruments)
  • NICT (National Institute of Information and Communications Technology, Japan)
  • NIO
  • Nissan Motor Corporation
  • NJR (New Japan Radio)
  • Nokia
  • Nordsys
  • Noris Network
  • NTT DoCoMo
  • NXP Semiconductors
  • NYC DOT (New York City Department of Transportation)
  • Objective Software
  • OICA (International Organization of Motor Vehicle Manufacturers)
  • Oki Electric Industry
  • Oledcomm
  • OmniAir Consortium
  • OnBoard Security
  • oneM2M
  • OnStar
  • OPPO
  • Orange
  • P3 Group
  • PACCAR
  • Panasonic Corporation
  • Parsons Corporation
  • PCCW
  • Peloton Technology
  • Penta Security Systems
  • Phantom Auto
  • PIARC (World Road Association)
  • Pioneer Corporation
  • POLIS (Cities and Regions for Transport Innovation)
  • Prettl Group
  • Proximus Group
  • Pulse Electronics
  • pureLiFi
  • Q-Free
  • Qianxun SI (Spatial Intelligence)
  • QNX Software Systems
  • Qorvo
  • Qosmotec Software Solutions
  • Qualcomm
  • Quectel Wireless Solutions
  • Queensland TMR (Department of Transport and Main Roads)
  • RANIX
  • Redpine Signals
  • Renesas Electronics Corporation
  • Robert Bosch
  • Rohde & Schwarz
  • ROHM Semiconductor
  • Rolls-Royce Motor Cars
  • RoyalTek
  • S.E.A. Datentechnik
  • SAE International
  • SAE-China (Society of Automotive Engineers of China)
  • Safety Spectrum Coalition
  • SAIC Motor Corporation
  • Saleen Automotive
  • Samsung Electronics
  • Sanjole
  • Sanyo Techno Solutions Tottori
  • Savari
  • Scania
  • SEAT
  • Security Innovation
  • Sensefields
  • Sequans Communications
  • SGS
  • Shanghai Gotell Communication Technology Holdings (roam2free)
  • Siemens
  • Sierra Wireless
  • SIMCom Wireless Solutions
  • Sinclair Broadcast Group
  • SiriusXM
  • SK C&C
  • SK Telecom
  • Škoda Auto
  • Skyworks Solutions
  • Smart Mobile Labs
  • Smarteq Wireless
  • SMARTRAC
  • Socionext
  • SoftBank Group
  • Spirent Communications
  • SsangYong Motor Company
  • STAR Systems International
  • STMicroelectronics
  • sTraffic
  • Subaru Corporation
  • Sumitomo Electric Industries
  • Sunsea AIoT
  • Suzuki Motor Corporation
  • Swarco
  • Synopsys
  • TAICS (Taiwan Association of Information and Communication Standards)
  • Taiwan Mobile
  • Taoglas
  • TAPCO (Traffic and Parking Control Company)
  • TASS International
  • Tata AutoComp Systems
  • Tata Elxsi
  • Tata Motors
  • TCA (Transport Certification Australia)
  • TE Connectivity
  • Telefónica Group
  • Telenor Connexion
  • Telenor Group
  • Telit Communications
  • Telstra
  • Telus Corporation
  • Tencent
  • Terranet
  • Tesla
  • THEA (Tampa-Hillsborough Expressway Authority)
  • TIA (Telecommunications Industry Association)
  • TIAA (Telematics Industry Application Alliance)
  • TIM (Telecom Italia Mobile)
  • TISA (Travelers Information Services Association)
  • Tome Software
  • TomTom
  • Toshiba Corporation
  • TowerJazz
  • Toyota Motor Corporation
  • TransCore
  • Transport Canada
  • TRATON
  • Trek Bicycle Corporation
  • TTA (Telecommunications Technology Association, South Korea)
  • TTC (Telecommunication Technology Committee, Japan)
  • TTS (Traffic Technology Services)
  • TÜV Rheinland
  • TÜV SÜD
  • U.S. ARPA-E (Advanced Research Projects Agency - Energy)
  • U.S. FCC (Federal Communications Commission)
  • U.S. FHWA (Federal Highway Administration)
  • U.S. FMCSA (Federal Motor Carrier Safety Administration)
  • U.S. FTA (Federal Transit Administration)
  • U.S. NHTSA (National Highway Transportation Safety Administration)
  • U.S. NIST (National Institute of Standards and Technology)
  • Uber Technologies
  • U-Blox
  • UL
  • UMTRI (University of Michigan Transportation Research Institute)
  • UNECE (United Nations Economic Commission for Europe)
  • Unex Technology Corporation
  • Unicore Communications
  • Unisoc
  • USDOT (U.S. Department of Transportation)
  • Valens
  • Valeo
  • VdTÜV (Association of Technical Inspection Agencies)
  • Vector Informatik
  • Veniam
  • Veoneer
  • Verizon Communications
  • Verizon Connect
  • Viavi Solutions
  • VIIC (Vehicle Infrastructure Integration Consortium)
  • Vinli
  • Visteon Corporation
  • VLNComm
  • Vodafone Group
  • Volkswagen Group
  • Volvo Cars
  • Volvo Group/Volvo Trucks
  • VT iDirect
  • VTT Technical Research Centre of Finland
  • W3C (World Wide Web Consortium)
  • Wanji Technology
  • Waymo
  • Wayties
  • Wieson Technologies
  • WISeKey
  • WNC (Wistron NeWeb Corporation)
  • WSP Global
  • WYDOT (Wyoming Department of Transport)
  • Xiaomi Corporation
  • Xilinx
  • Yamaha Motor Company
  • YoGoKo
  • Yokowo
  • ZF
  • Zotye Auto (Zotye Automobile International)
  • ZTE

Table of Contents

1 Chapter 1: Introduction

  • 1.1Executive Summary
  • 1.2Topics Covered
  • 1.3Forecast Segmentation
  • 1.4Key Questions Answered
  • 1.5Key Findings
  • 1.6Methodology
  • 1.7Target Audience
  • 1.8Companies & Organizations Mentioned

2 Chapter 2: An Overview of V2X Communications

  • 2.1What is V2X Communications?
  • 2.2Key Characteristics of V2X Communications
    • 2.2.1Types of V2X Communications
      • 2.2.1.1V2V (Vehicle-to-Vehicle)
      • 2.2.1.2V2I (Vehicle-to-Infrastructure)
      • 2.2.1.3V2P/V2D (Vehicle-to-Pedestrian/Device)
      • 2.2.1.4V2M (Vehicle-to-Motorcycle)
      • 2.2.1.5V2N (Vehicle-to-Network)
      • 2.2.1.6V2G (Vehicle-to-Grid), V2H (Vehicle-to-Home) & Adjacent-Concepts
    • 2.2.2Transmission Modes
      • 2.2.2.1Direct
      • 2.2.2.2Multi-Hop
      • 2.2.2.3Network-Assisted
    • 2.2.3V2X Message Sets & Service Capabilities
      • 2.2.3.1Periodic Awareness: CAM (Cooperative Awareness Message)/BSM (Basic Safety Message) Part 1
      • 2.2.3.2Event Triggered Safety Alerts: DENM (Decentralized Environmental Notification Messages)/BSM Part 2
      • 2.2.3.3CPM (Collective Perception Message)
      • 2.2.3.4MCM (Maneuver Coordination Message)
      • 2.2.3.5SPaT (Signal Phase & Timing)
      • 2.2.3.6MAP (Map Data Message)
      • 2.2.3.7GNSS Correction
      • 2.2.3.8SSM/SRM (Signal Status & Request Messages)
      • 2.2.3.9PSM (Personal Safety Message)
      • 2.2.3.10IVIM (Infrastructure-to-Vehicle Information Message), TIM/RSM (Traveler Information/Road Safety Message)
      • 2.2.3.11BIM (Basic Information/Infrastructure Message)
      • 2.2.3.12MCDM (Multimedia Content Dissemination Message)
      • 2.2.3.13Video & Sensor Information Exchange
      • 2.2.3.14Standard Voice & Data Services
      • 2.2.3.15PVD (Probe Vehicle Data)
      • 2.2.3.16PDM (Probe Data Management)
      • 2.2.3.17Other V2X-Specific Message Types
  • 2.3Wireless Technologies for V2X Communications
    • 2.3.1IEEE 802.11p/DSRC (Dedicated Short Range Communications)
    • 2.3.2C-V2X (Cellular V2X)
  • 2.4V2X Architecture & Key Elements
    • 2.4.1Vehicular OBUs (On-Board Units)
    • 2.4.2Non-Vehicular V2X-Capable Devices
    • 2.4.3RSUs (Roadside Units)
    • 2.4.4V2X Applications
      • 2.4.4.1V2X Application Software
      • 2.4.4.2V2X Middleware & Application Server
    • 2.4.5V2X Control Function & Cellular Network-Specific Elements
    • 2.4.6V2X Security Subsystem
  • 2.5Key Applications Areas
    • 2.5.1Road Safety
    • 2.5.2Traffic Management & Optimization
    • 2.5.3Navigation & Traveler/Driver Information
    • 2.5.4Transit & Public Transport
    • 2.5.5Commercial Vehicle Operations
    • 2.5.6Emergency Services & Public Safety
    • 2.5.7Environmental Sustainability
    • 2.5.8Road Weather Management
    • 2.5.9Autonomous Driving & Advanced Applications
    • 2.5.10Value-Added Services
  • 2.6V2X Business Models
    • 2.6.1B2C (Business-to-Consumer): Premium Charge for Non-Safety Critical Applications
    • 2.6.2B2B (Business-to-Business): V2X Capabilities for Enterprise Vehicle Fleets, Road Operators & Transportation Agencies
    • 2.6.3B2B2X (Business-to-Business-to-Consumer/Business): Monetization Through Intermediaries
  • 2.7Market Drivers
    • 2.7.1Safety: Towards a Zero-Accident Environment
    • 2.7.2Traffic Efficiency: Minimizing Congestion & Streamlining Traffic Flow
    • 2.7.3Lessening the Environmental Impact of Transportation
    • 2.7.4Facilitating the Adoption of Smart Mobility Applications
    • 2.7.5Enabling Autonomous & Convenient Driving
    • 2.7.6Economic & Societal Benefits
    • 2.7.7Government-Led Efforts to Encourage V2X Adoption
    • 2.7.8Maturation of Enabling Wireless Technologies
  • 2.8Market Barriers
    • 2.8.1Lack of Critical Mass of V2X Equipped Vehicles
    • 2.8.2V2X Mandate Delays & Regulatory Uncertainties
    • 2.8.3The IEEE 802.11p vs. C-V2X Debate
    • 2.8.4Spectrum Sharing & Harmonization
    • 2.8.5Security & Privacy Concerns
    • 2.8.6Technical Complexity of Implementation
    • 2.8.7Business Model Challenges
    • 2.8.8Public Acceptance

3 Chapter 3: Key Enabling Technologies for V2X Communications

  • 3.1Legacy DSRC/ITS Technologies
    • 3.1.1CEN DSRC/MDR-DSRC/TTT-DSRC
    • 3.1.2915 MHz/UHF RFID
    • 3.1.3Active DSRC Systems
    • 3.1.4HDR DSRC
    • 3.1.5ITS Spot/ETC 2.0
    • 3.1.6VICS (Vehicle Information and Communications System)
  • 3.2IEEE 802.11p-Based DSRC Systems
    • 3.2.1WAVE (Wireless Access in Vehicular Environment)
    • 3.2.2ITS-G5/C-ITS
    • 3.2.3ITS Connect/ARIB STD-T109
    • 3.2.4Other Variants
  • 3.3C-V2X Technology
    • 3.3.1LTE-V2X
    • 3.3.25G NR-V2X
    • 3.3.3Interfaces for C-V2X Communications
      • 3.3.3.1PC5/Sidelink for Direct V2V, V2I & V2P Communications
        • 3.3.3.1.1Network-Coordinated Scheduling: PC5/Sidelink Transmission Mode 3
        • 3.3.3.1.2Distributed Scheduling: PC5/Sidelink Transmission Mode 4
      • 3.3.3.2LTE/NR-Uu for V2N Communications
  • 3.4Other Wireless Technologies
  • 3.5Complementary Technologies & Concepts
    • 3.5.1On-Board Sensors & ADAS (Advanced Driver Assistance Systems)
      • 3.5.1.1Sensing Capabilities for Safety & Awareness
      • 3.5.1.2Enabling Sophisticated ADAS Applications
    • 3.5.2Vehicle Safety Systems
      • 3.5.2.1Active Safety Systems
      • 3.5.2.2Passive Safety & Countermeasures
    • 3.5.3Other In-Vehicle Systems
      • 3.5.3.1HMI (Human Machine Interface)/Display Systems
      • 3.5.3.2Augmented Reality & HUDs (Head-Up-Displays)
    • 3.5.4GNSS & Precise Positioning
      • 3.5.4.1Enabling Lane-Level Accuracy for V2X Applications
    • 3.5.5Big Data & Advanced Analytics
      • 3.5.5.1Streaming & Processing Massive Volumes of V2X-Generated Data
      • 3.5.5.2The Significance of Advanced Analytics
    • 3.5.6Artificial Intelligence & Machine Learning
      • 3.5.6.1Self-Learning for Complex V2X Applications
      • 3.5.6.2Powering Fully-Autonomous Vehicles
    • 3.5.7Cloud Computing
      • 3.5.7.1Centralized Processing for Delay-Tolerant & Wide-Area Applications
    • 3.5.8Edge Computing
      • 3.5.8.1Delivering Localized Processing Power for Latency-Sensitive V2X Applications
    • 3.5.9Network Slicing
      • 3.5.9.1Flexible Allocation of C-V2X Resources over Mobile Networks

4 Chapter 4: V2X Application Scenarios & Use Cases

  • 4.1Road Safety Applications
    • 4.1.1V2V Safety Applications
      • 4.1.1.1Longitudinal Collision Risk Warning
        • 4.1.1.1.1Forward Collision Warning
        • 4.1.1.1.2Frontal/Head-On Collision Warning
      • 4.1.1.2Side Collision Risk Warning
      • 4.1.1.3Intersection Collision Risk Warning
      • 4.1.1.4Emergency Electronic Brake Lights
      • 4.1.1.5Intersection Movement Assistance
      • 4.1.1.6Intersection Priority Management
      • 4.1.1.7Blind Spot Warning
      • 4.1.1.8Lane Change Assistance
      • 4.1.1.9Highway Merge Assistance
      • 4.1.1.10Do Not Pass Warning
      • 4.1.1.11Left/Right Turn Assistance
      • 4.1.1.12Pre-Crash Sensing & Mitigation
      • 4.1.1.13Post-Crash Warning
      • 4.1.1.14Queue Warning
      • 4.1.1.15Slow or Stationary Vehicle Warning
      • 4.1.1.16Vehicle Breakdown Warning
      • 4.1.1.17Control Loss Warning
      • 4.1.1.18Safety System Malfunction Warning
      • 4.1.1.19Wrong Way Driving Warning
      • 4.1.1.20Drowsy or Distracted Driver Warning
      • 4.1.1.21Overtaking Vehicle Warning
      • 4.1.1.22Tailgating Advisory
      • 4.1.1.23Transit Vehicle at Station/Stop Warnings
      • 4.1.1.24Vehicle Turning in Front of a Transit Vehicle Warning
      • 4.1.1.25V2V Situational Awareness
      • 4.1.1.26Decentralized Floating Vehicle Data
      • 4.1.1.27V2V Road Condition & Feature Notification
      • 4.1.1.28V2V Hazardous Location Alert
      • 4.1.1.29Cooperative Glare Reduction
      • 4.1.1.30Virtual Tow
    • 4.1.2V2I Safety Applications
      • 4.1.2.1In-Vehicle Signage, Speed Limits & Safety Information
      • 4.1.2.2Infrastructure-Assisted Collision Risk Warning
      • 4.1.2.3V2I-Based Emergency Brake Alert
      • 4.1.2.4Public Transport & Emergency Vehicle Prioritization
      • 4.1.2.5Intersection Safety & Management
      • 4.1.2.6Red Light Violation Warning
      • 4.1.2.7Railroad Crossing Violation Warning
      • 4.1.2.8Stop Sign Violation Warning
      • 4.1.2.9Stop Sign Movement Assistance
      • 4.1.2.10Blind Merge Warning
      • 4.1.2.11Exit Ramp Deceleration Warning
      • 4.1.2.12Wrong Way Entry Warning
      • 4.1.2.13Work Zone Warning
      • 4.1.2.14Curve Speed Warning
      • 4.1.2.15Reduced Speed Zone Warning
      • 4.1.2.16Lane Closure or Shift Warning
      • 4.1.2.17Restricted Lane Warnings
      • 4.1.2.18Oversize Vehicle Warning
      • 4.1.2.19Low Bridge Warning
      • 4.1.2.20Low Parking Structure Warning
      • 4.1.2.21V2I Situational Awareness
      • 4.1.2.22V2I Road Condition & Feature Notification
      • 4.1.2.23V2I Hazardous & Accident Prone Location Alert
      • 4.1.2.24Dynamic Roadside Lighting
      • 4.1.2.25Adaptive Headlamp Aiming
    • 4.1.3V2P/V2D, V2M & Other Safety Applications
      • 4.1.3.1Pedestrian, Cyclist & Other VRU (Vulnerable Road User) Detection
      • 4.1.3.2VRU Collision Warning
      • 4.1.3.3Pedestrian in Signalized Crosswalk Warning
      • 4.1.3.4Mobile Accessible Pedestrian Signal System
      • 4.1.3.5Transit Pedestrian Indication
      • 4.1.3.6Work Zone Safety Alerts for Maintenance Personnel
      • 4.1.3.7Animal Crossing Warning
      • 4.1.3.8Motorcycle Approach Indication
      • 4.1.3.9Motorcycle Approach Warning
      • 4.1.3.10Slow or Stationary Vehicle Warning for Motorcyclists
  • 4.2Traffic Management & Optimization Applications
    • 4.2.1Traffic Light Optimal Speed Advisory
    • 4.2.2Intelligent Traffic Signal Control
    • 4.2.3Intelligent On-Ramp Metering
    • 4.2.4Traffic Signal Priority for Designated Vehicles
    • 4.2.5V2N-Based Traffic Flow Optimization
    • 4.2.6Adaptive Traffic Jam Avoidance
    • 4.2.7Dynamic Speed Harmonization
    • 4.2.8CACC (Cooperative Adaptive Cruise Control)
    • 4.2.9Flexible Lane Allocation & Control
    • 4.2.10ETC (Electronic Toll Collection)/Free-Flow Road Use Charging
    • 4.2.11Zone Access Control for Urban Areas
    • 4.2.12Road & Infrastructure Deterioration Diagnosis
    • 4.2.13Probe Vehicle Data
    • 4.2.13.1Traffic Operations
    • 4.2.13.2Road Network Monitoring, Maintenance & Planning
    • 4.2.13.3Other Transport Agency Applications
  • 4.3Navigation & Traveler/Driver Information Applications
    • 4.3.1Traffic Information & Recommended Itinerary
    • 4.3.2Enhanced Route Guidance and Navigation
    • 4.3.3V2X-Assisted Positioning
    • 4.3.4Point of Interest Notification
    • 4.3.5Fueling Information for Conventional, Electric & Alternative Fuel Vehicles
    • 4.3.6Limited Access Warning & Detour Notification
    • 4.3.7Work Zone Traveler Information
    • 4.3.8Enhanced ATIS (Advanced Traveler Information Systems)
    • 4.3.9Alternative Multi-Modal Transport Information
    • 4.3.10Smart Parking
    • 4.3.11Smart Park & Ride
  • 4.4Transit & Public Transport Applications
    • 4.4.1Dynamic Public Transport Operations
      • 4.4.1.1Real-Time Trip Requests
      • 4.4.1.2Demand-Responsive Scheduling, Dispatching & Routing
    • 4.4.2Transit Signal Priority
    • 4.4.3Intermittent Bus Lanes
    • 4.4.4Protection of Transit Connections
    • 4.4.5Transit Stop Request
    • 4.4.6Enhanced ETA (Estimated Time of Arrival) Service
    • 4.4.7Real-Time Ridesharing
    • 4.4.8Queue Management for Taxi Services
    • 4.4.9Route Guidance for the Visually Impaired
    • 4.4.10Mobile Payments for Public Transport
  • 4.5Commercial Vehicle Fleet & Roadside Applications
    • 4.5.1V2I-Based Data Collection for Fleet Management
    • 4.5.2Hazardous Material Cargo Tracking
    • 4.5.3Electronic Work Diaries
    • 4.5.4Freight-Specific Travel Information & Dynamic Routing
    • 4.5.5Drayage Operations Optimization
    • 4.5.6Container/Chassis Security & Operational Monitoring
    • 4.5.7Freight Signal Priority
    • 4.5.8Loading Zone Management
    • 4.5.9Smart Roadside Applications for Commercial Vehicles
    • 4.5.10Wireless Roadside Inspections
    • 4.5.11Smart Truck Parking
    • 4.5.12Intelligent Speed Compliance
    • 4.5.13Heavy Vehicle Road Use Monitoring
  • 4.6Emergency Services & Public Safety Applications
    • 4.6.1Approaching Emergency Vehicle Warning
    • 4.6.2Emergency Vehicle Preemption
    • 4.6.3Emergency Incident Traffic Management
      • 4.6.3.1Incident Scene Pre-Arrival Staging Guidance for Emergency Responders
      • 4.6.3.2Incident Scene Work Zone Alerts for Drivers & Workers
      • 4.6.3.3Emergency Communications & Evacuation
    • 4.6.4Vehicle-Associated Information Sharing for Emergency Response
    • 4.6.5Automatic SOS/Crash Notification Relay
    • 4.6.6Wide-Area Emergency Alerts
    • 4.6.7Disaster-Related Traveler Information Broadcast
    • 4.6.8Stolen Vehicle Notification & Tracking
    • 4.6.9V2X-Assisted Border Management Systems
  • 4.7Environmental Sustainability Applications
    • 4.7.1Eco-Traffic Signal Timing
    • 4.7.2Eco-Traffic Signal Priority
    • 4.7.3Eco-Approach and Departure at Signalized Intersections
    • 4.7.4Eco-Speed Harmonization
    • 4.7.5Eco-Cooperative Adaptive Cruise Control
    • 4.7.6Eco-Ramp Metering
    • 4.7.7Eco-Lanes Management
    • 4.7.8Low Emissions Zone Management
    • 4.7.9Dynamic Emissions Pricing
    • 4.7.10Connected Eco-Driving
    • 4.7.11Eco-Traveler Information Dissemination
    • 4.7.12Predictive Eco-Routing
    • 4.7.13Eco-Integrated Corridor Management
    • 4.7.14Road Environment Monitoring
  • 4.8Road Weather Management Applications
    • 4.8.1V2X-Assisted Road Weather Performance Management
    • 4.8.2Real-Time Alerts and Advisories
    • 4.8.3Spot Weather Impact Warning
    • 4.8.4Road Weather Information for Commercial & Emergency Response Vehicles
    • 4.8.5Weather Responsive Traffic Management
    • 4.8.6Enhanced MDSS (Maintenance Decision Support Systems)
    • 4.8.7Monitoring of Road Maintenance Vehicles & Operations
  • 4.9Value Added Services
    • 4.9.1Electronic "Drive-Thru" Payments
    • 4.9.2Wireless Advertising
    • 4.9.3Automatic Vehicle-Based Access Control
    • 4.9.4V2V Instant Messaging
    • 4.9.5V2I & V2V-Assisted Internet Connectivity
    • 4.9.6Media/Map Downloads
    • 4.9.7Vehicle Software Provisioning & Updates
    • 4.9.8Personal Data Synchronization
    • 4.9.9Vehicle Caravan Organization
    • 4.9.10Remote Diagnostics & Maintenance
    • 4.9.11Rental Car Processing
    • 4.9.12Insurance & Financial Services
    • 4.9.13Electric Charging Station Management
    • 4.9.14Wireless Electric Vehicle Charging
    • 4.9.15Other Applications
  • 4.10Autonomous Driving & Advanced Applications
    • 4.10.1Semi & Fully-Autonomous Driving
    • 4.10.2Cooperative Automated Maneuvering
    • 4.10.3Vehicle Platooning
    • 4.10.4Coordinated Signaling for Autonomous Vehicles & Platoons
    • 4.10.5Real-Time HD Mapping & Autonomous Navigation
    • 4.10.6Extended Sensors for Situational Awareness
    • 4.10.7See-Through Visibility
    • 4.10.8Remote/Tele-Operated Driving
    • 4.10.9Precision Positioning-Assisted Vulnerable Road User Protection
    • 4.10.10Data Uploads for Autonomous Driving Algorithm Tuning
    • 4.10.11Connected Powertrain Optimization

5 Chapter 5: V2X Deployment Case Studies

  • 5.1AACVTE (Ann Arbor Connected Vehicle Test Environment): Setting a Standard for the Nationwide Implementation of V2X
    • 5.1.1Historical Roots: SPMD (Safety Pilot Model Deployment)
    • 5.1.2Transition from a Model Deployment to an Operational V2X Environment
    • 5.1.3AACVTE Deployment Status
    • 5.1.4Supported V2X Applications
    • 5.1.5Key Achievements & Future Plans
  • 5.2AURORA Connected Vehicle Test Bed: Promoting Safe, Smart Transportation Through V2X
    • 5.2.1Supporting Efforts for Safe, Smart Transportation in British Columbia & Canada
    • 5.2.2AURORA Test Bed Overview
    • 5.2.3Supported V2X Applications
    • 5.2.4Future Research Ventures
  • 5.3BMW Group: Pushing C-V2X Adoption Worldwide
    • 5.3.1Commitment to C-V2X Technology
    • 5.3.2Efforts to Urge the Adoption of Technology-Neutral Legislation for V2X Communications
    • 5.3.3V2X Engagements in Europe & Abroad
    • 5.3.4Supported V2X Applications
    • 5.3.5Commercial Rollout Plans
  • 5.4CDOT's (Colorado Department of Transportation) RoadX: Building Colorado's IoR (Internet of Roads) with V2X
    • 5.4.1RoadX "Connection" Action Area: V2X Development Program
    • 5.4.2V2X Deployment Status
    • 5.4.3Supported V2X Applications
    • 5.4.4Future Plans for Full-Scale Deployment
  • 5.5City of Wuxi's LTE-V2X Project: Deploying China's First City-Level V2X Implementation
    • 5.5.1Establishing a City-Level LTE-V2X Demonstration Area
    • 5.5.2V2X Deployment Status
    • 5.5.3Supported V2X Applications
    • 5.5.4Next Steps & Plans for Full-Scale Adoption
  • 5.6Daimler: Leveraging Cellular Technology for V2X Applications
    • 5.6.1Daimler's Position on IEEE 802.11p and C-V2X Technologies
    • 5.6.2Car-to-X Communication via Cellular Radio
    • 5.6.3V2X Engagements Worldwide
    • 5.6.4Supported V2X Applications
    • 5.6.5Commercial Rollout Plans
  • 5.7Ford Motor Company: Fast Tracking C-V2X Technology into Vehicles
    • 5.7.1Validating C-V2X Technology in Ford Vehicles
    • 5.7.2V2X Engagements Worldwide
      • 5.7.2.1United States
      • 5.7.2.2Europe
      • 5.7.2.3China
    • 5.7.3Supported V2X Applications
    • 5.7.4Commercial Rollout Plans
  • 5.8GM (General Motors): Commercializing the World's First 5.9 GHz V2X-Equipped Vehicles
    • 5.8.1Rolling Out Production-Ready Vehicle Models with V2X Capabilities in North America
    • 5.8.2Key Applications Supported by GM's V2X System
      • 5.8.2.1V2V Applications
      • 5.8.2.2Planned Support for V2I, V2P & Other Applications
    • 5.8.3V2X-Equipped Vehicle Models
    • 5.8.4Prospects of Commercializing V2X in Other Markets
  • 5.9Groupe PSA: Pursuing Both IEEE 802.11p & C-V2X Technologies
    • 5.9.1Technology-Neutral Approach Towards V2X
    • 5.9.2V2X Engagements Worldwide
      • 5.9.2.1IEEE 802.11p
      • 5.9.2.2C-V2X
    • 5.9.3Supported V2X Applications
    • 5.9.4Commercial Rollout Plans
  • 5.10Groupe Renault: Testing V2X Connectivity Under Real-Life Traffic Conditions
    • 5.10.1Support for ITS-G5/IEEE 802.11p
    • 5.10.2SCOOP@F Project & Other V2X Engagements
    • 5.10.3Supported V2X Applications
    • 5.10.4Commercial Rollout Plans
  • 5.11HKT/PCCW: Utilizing V2X to Empower Smart & Safe Mobility in Hong Kong
    • 5.11.1Smart Mobility Consortium: Building a C-V2X Powered Smart & Safe Mobility System
    • 5.11.2Initial Field Trials & Demonstrations
    • 5.11.3Supported V2X Applications
    • 5.11.4Future Plans for the Rollout of C-V2X Technology
  • 5.12InterCor (Interoperable Corridors): Streamlining the Implementation of Cross Border & Interoperable V2X Services
    • 5.12.1Delivering Interoperable V2X Services Through a Sustainable Network of European C-ITS Corridors
    • 5.12.2Relationship with the C-Roads Platform
    • 5.12.3V2X Deployment Overview
      • 5.12.3.1Dutch Section of the C-ITS Corridor (Netherlands-Germany-Austria)
      • 5.12.3.2SCOOP@F: French Corridor
      • 5.12.3.3United Kingdom's A2M2 Connected Corridor
      • 5.12.3.4Belgium/Flanders C-ITS Initiative
    • 5.12.4Supported V2X Applications
    • 5.12.5Testfests to Validate Common Specifications
      • 5.12.5.1ITS-G5 Services
      • 5.12.5.2GLOSA (Green Light Optimized Speed Advisory) Pre-Testfest
      • 5.12.5.3PKI (Public Key Infrastructure) Security
      • 5.12.5.4Hybrid ITS-G5/Cellular Communications
      • 5.12.5.5Cross-Border Interoperability
    • 5.12.6Next Steps: Project Completion, Harmonized V2X Specifications & Testing of Advanced V2X Applications
  • 5.13Ipswich Connected Vehicle Pilot: Laying the Technical Foundations for V2X Rollouts in Australia
    • 5.13.1Preparing for the Arrival of V2X on Queensland Roads
    • 5.13.2Pilot Planning & Deployment Status
    • 5.13.3Supported V2X Applications
    • 5.13.4Plans for On-Road Testing & Next Steps
  • 5.14JLR (Jaguar Land Rover): Making Journeys Safe, Comfortable & Stress-Free with V2X
    • 5.14.1Enhancing ADAS Capabilities with V2X for Safe & Comfortable Driving
    • 5.14.2V2X Engagements in the United Kingdom
    • 5.14.3Supported V2X Applications
    • 5.14.4Commercial Rollout Plans
  • 5.15NTT DoCoMo: Leading the Path Towards Connected Cars & Roads of the Future with V2X
    • 5.15.1Developing C-V2X Technology to Support Future Mobility Use Cases
    • 5.15.2Initial Field Trials & Demonstrations
    • 5.15.3Supported V2X Applications
    • 5.15.4Future Plans for the Rollout of C-V2X Technology
  • 5.16SAIC Motor Corporation: Powering Intelligent Connected Vehicles with V2X
    • 5.16.1Advancing the Development of V2X to Facilitate Intelligent Driving
    • 5.16.2V2X Engagements in China
    • 5.16.3Supported V2X Applications
    • 5.16.4Commercial Rollout Plans
  • 5.17Telstra: Making Australia's Roads Safe, More Efficient & Better-Prepared for Autonomous Driving with V2X
    • 5.17.1Telstra's V2X Project: Focus on Safety, Traffic Efficiency & Autonomous Driving
    • 5.17.2Initial Field Trials & Demonstrations
    • 5.17.3Supported V2X Applications
    • 5.17.4Future Plans for the Rollout of C-V2X Technology
  • 5.18Toyota Motor Corporation: Bringing V2X to Mass-Market Vehicle Models
    • 5.18.1ITS Connect: Commercializing the World's First DSRC-Based V2X System in Japan
    • 5.18.2Key Applications Supported by the ITS Connect System
      • 5.18.2.1V2V Applications
      • 5.18.2.2V2I Applications
      • 5.18.2.3Planned Support for V2P & Other Applications
    • 5.18.3V2X-Equipped Vehicle Models & RSU Installation in Japan
    • 5.18.4Future Plans to Introduce V2X-Equipped Vehicles in the United States & Other Countries
  • 5.19USDOT Connected Vehicle Pilots: Helping V2X Make the Final Leap into Real-World Deployment
    • 5.19.1NYC DOT (New York City Department of Transportation) Connected Vehicle Pilot
      • 5.19.1.1Pilot Deployment Overview
      • 5.19.1.2Supported V2X Applications
      • 5.19.1.3Current Status of the Pilot Deployment
    • 5.19.2THEA (Tampa-Hillsborough Expressway Authority) Connected Vehicle Pilot
      • 5.19.2.1Pilot Deployment Overview
      • 5.19.2.2Supported V2X Applications
      • 5.19.2.3Current Status of the Pilot Deployment
    • 5.19.3WYDOT (Wyoming Department of Transport) Connected Vehicle Pilot
      • 5.19.3.1Pilot Deployment Overview
      • 5.19.3.2Supported V2X Applications
      • 5.19.3.3Current Status of the Pilot Deployment
    • 5.19.4Future Plans for Post-Pilot Operations
  • 5.20Vodafone Group: Improving Road Safety & Traffic Efficiency with V2X
    • 5.20.1Creating a Step-Change in Road Safety & Traffic Efficiency
    • 5.20.2Initial Field Trials & Demonstrations
    • 5.20.3Supported V2X Applications
    • 5.20.4Future Plans for the Rollout of C-V2X Technology
  • 5.21Volkswagen Group: Pioneering the Rollout of V2X-Equipped Vehicles in Europe
    • 5.21.1WLANp: Group-Wide Implementation of IEEE 802.11p-Based V2X Technology in 2019
      • 5.21.1.1Supported V2X Applications
      • 5.21.1.2Efforts to Accelerate the Adoption of V2X Technology
      • 5.21.1.3Integrating V2X-Capable Roadside Infrastructure & Other Road Users
    • 5.21.2Audi: Delivering V2I Applications via On-Board LTE Connectivity
    • 5.21.3Ducati Motor Holding: Developing V2X Interoperability Between Motorcycles, Vehicles & Infrastructure
    • 5.21.4SEAT: Advancing V2X-Based Assisted Driving Applications
    • 5.21.5TRATON (Scania & MAN): Piloting Platooning & Commercial Vehicle Applications
  • 5.22Volvo Group/Volvo Trucks: Enabling Truck Platooning & Commercial Vehicle Applications with V2X
    • 5.22.1Utilizing V2X to Develop Platooning & Commercial Vehicle Applications
    • 5.22.2V2X Engagements Worldwide
    • 5.22.3Supported V2X Applications
    • 5.22.4Commercial Rollout Plans
  • 5.23Other Notable V2X Engagements
    • 5.23.1Automotive OEM Commitments
    • 5.23.2Mobile Operator-Led C-V2X Projects & Trials
    • 5.23.3Other Commercial, Pilot & Trial V2X Deployments

6 Chapter 6: V2X Spectrum Availability, Allocation & Usage

  • 6.1Frequency Bands for V2X Communications
    • 6.1.1Legacy V2I Systems
      • 6.1.1.1915 MHz
      • 6.1.1.2Other Sub-1 GHz Bands
      • 6.1.1.32.4 GHz
      • 6.1.1.45.8 GHz
    • 6.1.2Advanced V2X Technologies
      • 6.1.2.1760 MHz
      • 6.1.2.23.4 - 3.8 GHz
      • 6.1.2.35.9 GHz
      • 6.1.2.4Higher Frequencies
  • 6.2North America
    • 6.2.1United States
    • 6.2.2Canada
  • 6.3Asia Pacific
    • 6.3.1Australia
    • 6.3.2China
    • 6.3.3Japan
    • 6.3.4South Korea
    • 6.3.5Singapore
    • 6.3.6Taiwan
    • 6.3.7Thailand
    • 6.3.8India
    • 6.3.9Rest of Asia Pacific
  • 6.4Europe
    • 6.4.1EU & EFTA Countries
    • 6.4.2Turkey
    • 6.4.3Russia
    • 6.4.4Other Countries
  • 6.5Middle East & Africa
    • 6.5.1GCC (Gulf Cooperation Council)
    • 6.5.2Iran
    • 6.5.3Israel
    • 6.5.4South Africa
    • 6.5.5Rest of the Middle East & Africa
  • 6.6Latin & Central America
    • 6.6.1Brazil
    • 6.6.2Mexico
    • 6.6.3Rest of Latin & Central America

7 Chapter 7: Standardization, Regulatory & Collaborative Initiatives

  • 7.13GPP (3rd Generation Partnership Project)
    • 7.1.1Release 14: LTE-V2X/Phase 1
    • 7.1.2Release 15: eV2X (Enhanced V2X)/Phase 2
    • 7.1.3Release 16: 5G NR-V2X/Phase 3
  • 7.25GAA (5G Automotive Association)
    • 7.2.15G/C-V2X Advocacy Efforts
    • 7.2.2Working Groups
      • 7.2.2.1WG1: Use Cases & Technical Requirements
      • 7.2.2.2WG2: System Architecture & Solution Development
      • 7.2.2.3WG3: Evaluation, Testbeds & Pilots
      • 7.2.2.4WG4: Standards & Spectrum
      • 7.2.2.5WG5: Business Models & Go-To-Market Strategies
  • 7.35G-Connected Mobility Consortium
    • 7.3.15G-Based V2X R&D Efforts
  • 7.4AASHTO (American Association of State Highway and Transportation Officials)
    • 7.4.1Frequency Coordination for V2X Communications
    • 7.4.2V2X Policy, Deployment Guidance & Related Efforts
    • 7.4.3Work on Connected Autonomous Driving
  • 7.5ACEA (European Automobile Manufacturers' Association)
    • 7.5.1Connected & Automated Driving-Related Work
  • 7.6AECC (Automotive Edge Computing Consortium)
    • 7.6.1Edge Computing System Design for V2I & V2N Applications
  • 7.7Amsterdam Group
    • 7.7.1V2X Deployment Roadmap
    • 7.7.2Corridor Initiatives
    • 7.7.3Functional Specifications & Other V2X-Related Efforts
  • 7.8ARIB (Association of Radio Industries and Businesses, Japan)
    • 7.8.1ARIB STD T75: 5.8 GHz DSRC System for V2I Applications
    • 7.8.2ARIB STD T88: DSRC Application Sub-Layer
    • 7.8.3ARIB STD T110: DSRC Basic Application Interface
    • 7.8.4ARIB STD-T109: 760 MHz Advanced V2X System
  • 7.9U.S. ARPA-E (Advanced Research Projects Agency - Energy)
    • 7.9.1NEXTCAR (Next-Generation Energy Technologies for Connected & Automated On-Road Vehicles)
    • 7.9.1.1Use of V2X Connectivity for Vehicle Control & Powertrain Optimization
  • 7.10ASECAP (European Association of Operators of Toll Road Infrastructures)
    • 7.10.1V2X-Related Activities
  • 7.11Association of Global Automakers
    • 7.11.1Connected Automation Advocacy
  • 7.12ASTM International
    • 7.12.1Legacy DSRC Standards
    • 7.12.2ASTM E2213-03: 5.9 GHz DSRC MAC & PHY Specifications
  • 7.13ATA (American Trucking Associations)
    • 7.13.1V2X-Related Activities
  • 7.14ATIS (Alliance for Telecommunications Industry Solutions)
    • 7.14.1V2X Security Guidance & Requirements
    • 7.14.2Other V2X-Related Work
  • 7.15Auto Alliance (Alliance of Automobile Manufacturers)
    • 7.15.1V2X-Related Activities
  • 7.16AUTOSAR (AUTomotive Open System ARchitecture)
    • 7.16.1V2X Stack Specifications
  • 7.17C2C-CC (CAR 2 CAR Communication Consortium)
    • 7.17.1BSP (Basic System Profile) for V2X Systems in Europe
    • 7.17.2PKI (Public Key Infrastructure) for V2X Security
    • 7.17.3Advocacy Efforts to Preserve the 5.9 GHz Band for ITS-G5
    • 7.17.4Other V2X-Related Efforts
  • 7.18CAICV (China Industry Innovation Alliance for Intelligent and Connected Vehicles)
    • 7.18.1V2X Working Group
  • 7.19CAMP (Crash Avoidance Metrics Partnership)
    • 7.19.1SCMS (Security Credential Management System) for V2X Communications
    • 7.19.2Other V2X-Related Efforts
  • 7.20CAT (Cooperative Automated Transportation) Coalition
    • 7.20.1CAV-ELT (Connected and Automated Vehicle Executive Leadership Team): CAV-Focused Working Groups
    • 7.20.2V2I DC (Vehicle to Infrastructure Deployment Coalition): V2I Working Groups
  • 7.21CCC (Car Connectivity Consortium)
    • 7.21.1V2X-Related Projects
  • 7.22CCSA (China Communications Standards Association)
    • 7.22.1LTE-V2X Standardization
  • 7.23CEDR (Conference of European Directors of Roads)
    • 7.23.1V2X-Related Activities
  • 7.24ConVeX (Connected Vehicle-to-Everything of Tomorrow) Consortium
    • 7.24.1C-V2X Field Trials & Demonstrations
  • 7.25CEN (European Committee for Standardization)
    • 7.25.1CEN TC 278
      • 7.25.1.1CEN DSRC Family of Standards
      • 7.25.1.2EFC (Electronic Feed Collection) & V2I Applications
      • 7.25.1.3Standards for C-ITS/Advanced V2X Systems
  • 7.26CENELEC (European Committee for Electrotechnical Standardization)
    • 7.26.1ITS-Related Standards
  • 7.27CEPT (European Conference of Postal and Telecommunications Administrations)
    • 7.27.1ECC (Electronic Communications Committee)
    • 7.27.2WG SE (Working Group Spectrum Engineering)
    • 7.27.3Frequency Arrangement for V2X Communications in Europe
  • 7.28C-ITS (China ITS Industry Alliance)
    • 7.28.1Chinese National Standards for V2X
  • 7.29CLEPA (European Association of Automotive Suppliers)
    • 7.29.1V2X-Related Activities
  • 7.30CMC (Connected Motorcycle Consortium)
    • 7.30.1Standardization for Motorcycle-Specific V2X Systems
    • 7.30.2Feasibility Testing & Prototyping
  • 7.31EATA (European Automotive and Telecom Alliance)
    • 7.31.1Efforts to Facilitate the Deployment of Connected & Automated Driving
  • 7.32ERTRAC (European Road Transport Research Advisory Council)
    • 7.32.1Working Group on Connectivity & Automated Driving
  • 7.33ETSI (European Telecommunications Standards Institute)
    • 7.33.1TC ITS (Technical Committee Intelligent Transport Systems)
      • 7.33.1.1ETSI TR 101 607: C-ITS (Cooperative ITS) Release 1
      • 7.33.1.2ETSI EN 302 663: ITS-G5 Access Layer Standard
      • 7.33.1.3ETSI TS 102 724: Harmonized Channel Specifications for ITS-G5
      • 7.33.1.4ETSI TS 102 792: Co-Existence Between CEN DSRC & ITS-G5
      • 7.33.1.5ETSI TS 102 687/103 175: DCC (Decentralized Congestion Control) Mechanisms
      • 7.33.1.6ETSI EN 302 665: ITS Communications Architecture
      • 7.33.1.7ETSI EN 302 637-2: CAMs (Cooperative Awareness Messages)
      • 7.33.1.8ETSI EN 302 637-3: DENMs (Decentralized Environmental Notification Messages)
      • 7.33.1.9ETSI EN 302 895: LDM (Local Dynamic Map) Specification
      • 7.33.1.10ETSI TS 103 301: Protocols & Communication Requirements for Infrastructure Services
      • 7.33.1.11ETSI TS 101 539 Series: Safety-Related V2X Applications
      • 7.33.1.12ETSI TS 101 556 Series: V2I Applications
      • 7.33.1.13ETSI TS 102 894-1: Facility Layer Structure, Functional Requirements & Specifications
      • 7.33.1.14TS 102 890 Series: Additional Facility Layer Specifications
      • 7.33.1.15ETSI TS 102 894-2: Common Data Dictionary
      • 7.33.1.16ETSI EN 302 636 Series: GeoNetworking Protocol
      • 7.33.1.17ETSI TS 102 731, 102 940-943, 103 097: V2X Security Standards
      • 7.33.1.18Other Release 1 Standards
      • 7.33.1.19Work on C-ITS Release 2 & Advanced V2X Applications
    • 7.33.2ETSI TC ERM (Electromagnetic Compatibility & Radio Spectrum Matters)
      • 7.33.2.1ETSI EN 302 571: Harmonized Standard for ITS-G5 (5.9 GHz) Spectrum
      • 7.33.2.2ETSI EN 302 686: Harmonized Standard for 63 - 64 GHz ITS Spectrum
    • 7.33.3Other Complementary Standards
  • 7.34EU Mandates & Directives
    • 7.34.1Action Plan for the Deployment of ITS
    • 7.34.2Mandate M/453 on Cooperative Systems for Intelligent Transport
    • 7.34.3EU ITS Directive 2010/40/EU
    • 7.34.4Supporting Groups for the EU ITS Directive
      • 7.34.4.1EIC (European ITS Committee)
      • 7.34.4.2European ITS Advisory Group
    • 7.34.5Mandate M/546 on Urban ITS
    • 7.34.6Declaration of Amsterdam on Connected & Automated Driving
    • 7.34.7COM (2016) 766: EU C-ITS Strategy
    • 7.34.8Letter of Intent on Cooperative, Connected & Automated Mobility
    • 7.34.9Third EU Mobility Package
    • 7.34.10C-ITS Delegated Act Under Directive 2010/40/EU: Specifications for the Provision of C-ITS
  • 7.35EU-Funded V2X Deployment Initiatives & Projects
    • 7.35.1C-ITS Deployment Platform
    • 7.35.2C-Roads Platform
    • 7.35.3Cooperative ITS Corridor
    • 7.35.4InterCor (Interoperable Corridors)
    • 7.35.5CONCORDA (Connected Corridor for Driving Automation)
    • 7.35.6C-MobILE (Accelerating C-ITS Mobility Innovation & Deployment in Europe)
    • 7.35.7NEWBITS (New Business models for ITS)
    • 7.35.8CIMEC (Cooperative ITS for Mobility in European Cities)
    • 7.35.9CODECS (Cooperative ITS Deployment Coordination Support)
    • 7.35.10MAVEN (Managing Automated Vehicles Enhances Network)
    • 7.35.11TransAID (Transition Areas for Infrastructure-Assisted Driving)
    • 7.35.12Auto C-ITS
    • 7.35.13C-V2X Projects
      • 7.35.13.15GCAR (Fifth Generation Communication Automotive Research & Innovation)
      • 7.35.13.25GCroco (5G Cross Border Control)
      • 7.35.13.35G-Carmen (5G for Connected & Automated Road Mobility in the European Union)
      • 7.35.13.45G-Mobix (5G for Cooperative & Connected Automated Mobility on X-Border Corridors)
    • 7.35.14Other EU-Funded Projects
    • 7.35.15CAD (Connected Automated Driving) Initiative
      • 7.35.15.1ARCADE (Aligning Research & Innovation for Connected & Automated Driving in Europe)
      • 7.35.15.2CARTRE (Coordination of Automated Road Transport Deployment for Europe)
      • 7.35.15.3SCOUT (Safe & COnnected AUtomation in Road Transport)
      • 7.35.15.4EUCAD (European Conference on Connected & Automated Driving)
    • 7.35.16Round Table on CAD (Connected & Automated Driving)
    • 7.35.17Gear 2030 HLG (High Level Group)
  • 7.36EU-US C-ITS Task Force
    • 7.36.1HWG (Standards Harmonization Working Group) & HTGs (Harmonization Task Groups)
    • 7.36.1.1HTG 1: ITS Security
    • 7.36.1.2HTG 2: BSM (Basic Safety Message)/CAM (Cooperative Awareness Message) Harmonization
    • 7.36.1.3HTG 3: ITS Communications
    • 7.36.1.4HTG 4/5: Infrastructure Messages
    • 7.36.1.5HTG 6: C-ITS Security Policy
    • 7.36.1.6HTG 7: Standards Selection, Gap Analysis & Identifiers
    • 7.36.1.7HTG 8 & 9: Candidate Future Work Items
  • 7.37GCF (Global Certification Forum)
    • 7.37.1C-V2X Certification Program
  • 7.38GENIVI Alliance
    • 7.38.1V2X-Related Activities
  • 7.39GSMA
    • 7.39.1C-V2X Advocacy Efforts
  • 7.40IEC (International Electrotechnical Commission)
    • 7.40.1ISO/IEC JTC 1
    • 7.40.1.1SC31 WG4: RFID Standards for V2I Applications
    • 7.40.1.2Other V2X-Related Standardization Activities
  • 7.41IEEE (Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers)
    • 7.41.1IEEE 802.11p/OCB for V2X Communications
    • 7.41.2IEEE 1609.x Family of Standards for WAVE (Wireless Access in Vehicular Environments)
    • 7.41.3IEEE 802.11 NGV (Next Generation V2X) Study Group
      • 7.41.3.1IEEE 802.11bd Amendment Project
    • 7.41.4IEEE P2040 for Connected, Automated & Intelligent Vehicles
    • 7.41.5IEEE P2690 for Charging Network Management Protocol in Electric Vehicle Charging Systems
    • 7.41.6Other Relevant Standards
  • 7.42IETF (Internet Engineering Task Force)
    • 7.42.1IPWAVE (IP Wireless Access in Vehicular Environments) WG
      • 7.42.1.1IPv6 over IEEE 802.11-OCB
  • 7.43IMDA (Info-Communications Media Development Authority, Singapore)
    • 7.43.1TSAC (Telecommunications Standards Advisory Committee)
      • 7.43.1.1Technical Specification for DSRC
  • 7.44IMT-2020 (5G) Promotion Group
    • 7.44.1C-V2X Working Group
  • 7.45ISED (Innovation, Science and Economic Development Canada)
    • 7.45.1Spectrum Allocation for V2X
    • 7.45.2RSS-252: Certification Requirements for V2X OBU Devices
  • 7.46ISO (International Organization for Standardization)
    • 7.46.1TC 204
      • 7.46.1.1V2X Communications
      • 7.46.1.2V2X Applications & Complementary Technologies
      • 7.46.1.3V2X Security
  • 7.47ITE (Institute of Transportation Engineers)
    • 7.47.1Connected Vehicle Initiative
    • 7.47.2Cybersecurity Framework & Tools for Roadway Infrastructure
    • 7.47.3Other V2X-Related Efforts
  • 7.48ITS America (Intelligent Transportation Society of America)
    • 7.48.1V2X Spectrum Advocacy
    • 7.48.2V2X Task Force
    • 7.48.3Other V2X-Related Efforts
  • 7.49ERTICO - ITS Europe
    • 7.49.1V2X Research, Pilot & Deployment Project Management
    • 7.49.2Other Efforts Related to Connected & Automated Driving
  • 7.50Other National & Regional ITS Representative Societies
    • 7.50.1ATEC ITS France
    • 7.50.2ITS Asia-Pacific
    • 7.50.3ITS Australia
    • 7.50.4ITS Canada
    • 7.50.5ITS China
    • 7.50.6ITS Japan
    • 7.50.7ITS Korea
    • 7.50.8ITS Singapore
    • 7.50.9ITS Taiwan
    • 7.50.10ITS UK (United Kingdom)
    • 7.50.11Others
  • 7.51ITS Connect Promotion Consortium
    • 7.51.1TD-001: Inter-Vehicle Communication Message Specifications
    • 7.51.2Other Specifications & Guidelines
  • 7.52ITS Info-Communications Forum
    • 7.52.1Guidelines for 760 MHz & 5.8 GHz V2X Systems
    • 7.52.2Work on C-V2X/Technology-Neutral Applications
  • 7.53ITU (International Telecommunication Union)
    • 7.53.1ITU-R (ITU Radiocommunication Sector)
      • 7.53.1.1SG5 WP5A, WG 5A-5 (Study Group 5, Working Party 5A, Working Group 5)
      • 7.53.1.2M.1453: ITS - DSRC at 5.8 GHz
      • 7.53.1.3M.1890: Guidelines & Objectives for ITS
      • 7.53.1.4M.2084: Radio Interface Standards of V2X Communications for ITS Applications
      • 7.53.1.5M.[ITS_FRQ]: Harmonization of Frequency Bands for ITS
      • 7.53.1.6V2X-Related Study Items & Supplementary Reports
    • 7.53.2ITU-T (ITU Telecommunication Standardization Sector)
      • 7.53.2.1SG17: Recommendations for V2X Security
      • 7.53.2.2SG20: Framework & Requirements for C-ITS/Safety-Related Services
      • 7.53.2.3V2X-Related Recommendations in Other SGs
      • 7.53.2.4CITS (Collaboration on ITS Communication Standards)
  • 7.54JEITA (Japan Electronics and Information Technology Industries Association)
    • 7.54.1V2X-Related Standards
  • 7.55JSAE (Society of Automotive Engineers of Japan)
    • 7.55.1ITS Standardization Committee
    • 7.55.1.1V2X-Related Standardization Work
  • 7.56KATS (Korean Agency for Technology and Standards)
    • 7.56.1V2X-Related Standardization Efforts
  • 7.57KSAE (Korean Society Automotive Engineers)
    • 7.57.1V2X-Related Activities
  • 7.58Linux Foundation
    • 7.58.1AGL (Automotive Grade Linux): Open Software Stack for Connected Vehicles
  • 7.59MEMA (Motor & Equipment Manufacturers Association)
    • 7.59.1V2X-Related Activities
  • 7.60MIIT (Ministry of Industry and Information Technology, China)
    • 7.60.1CAICT (China Academy of Information and Communications Technology)
    • 7.60.1.1V2X Development, Testing & Promotion in China
  • 7.61MLIT (Ministry of Land, Infrastructure, Transport and Tourism, Japan)
    • 7.61.1V2X Deployment & Related Efforts
  • 7.62MOLIT (Ministry of Land, Infrastructure and Transport, South Korea)
    • 7.62.1C-ITS Pilot Project
    • 7.62.2Other V2X Related Efforts
  • 7.63U.S. NCHRP (National Cooperative Highway Research Program)
    • 7.63.1NCHRP 20-102: Impacts of Connected Vehicles & Automated Vehicles on State & Local Transportation Agencies
    • 7.63.2NCHRP 03-127: Cybersecurity of Traffic Management Systems
    • 7.63.3NCHRP 20-24(98): Connected/Automated Vehicle Research Roadmap for AASHTO
    • 7.63.4Other Projects
  • 7.64NEMA (National Electrical Manufacturers Association)
    • 7.64.1NTCIP (National Transportation Communications for ITS Protocol)
  • 7.65NGMN Alliance
    • 7.65.1V2X Task Force & White Paper
  • 7.66NICT (National Institute of Information and Communications Technology, Japan)
    • 7.66.1V2X-Related Activities
  • 7.67U.S. NIST (National Institute of Standards and Technology)
    • 7.67.1CSF (Cybersecurity Framework)
    • 7.67.1.1Application of NIST's CSF to Connected Vehicle Environments
  • 7.68OICA (International Organization of Motor Vehicle Manufacturers)
    • 7.68.1V2X Standards Harmonization Efforts
  • 7.69OmniAir Consortium
    • 7.69.1Connected Vehicle Certification Program
    • 7.69.2Other V2X-Related Activities
  • 7.70oneM2M
    • 7.70.1V2X-Related Standardization Efforts
  • 7.71PIARC (World Road Association)
    • 7.71.1Task Force B.1: V2X Technology in Road Design & Infrastructure
    • 7.71.2Task Force B.2: Automated Vehicles
    • 7.71.3Other V2X-Related Activities
  • 7.72POLIS (Cities and Regions for Transport Innovation)
    • 7.72.1V2X-Related Activities
  • 7.73SAE International
    • 7.73.1DSRC TC (Technical Committee)
      • 7.73.1.1SAE J2735: DSRC Message Set Dictionary
      • 7.73.1.2SAE J2945/x Suite of Standards for V2X Applications
      • 7.73.1.3Other DSRC TC Standards
    • 7.73.2C-V2X TC (Technical Committee)
      • 7.73.2.1SAE J3161: On-Board System Requirements for LTE V2X/V2V Safety Communications
      • 7.73.2.2Standardization Efforts for Advanced V2X Applications
      • 7.73.2.3SAE J3186: MSCS (Maneuver Sharing & Coordinating Service)
      • 7.73.2.4Addressing the Needs of Road Operators
    • 7.73.3Vehicle Cybersecurity Systems Engineering Committee
      • 7.73.3.1J3061: Cybersecurity Guidebook for Cyber-Physical Automotive Systems
      • 7.73.3.2Other Vehicle Cybersecurity Standards
    • 7.73.4Other V2X-Related Standards
  • 7.74SAE-China (Society of Automotive Engineers of China)
    • 7.74.1T/CSAE 53-2017: V2X Application Layer Standard
    • 7.74.2Other V2X-Related Efforts
  • 7.75Safety Spectrum Coalition
    • 7.75.1V2X Spectrum Advocacy
  • 7.76SIP (Japan's Cross-Ministerial Strategic Innovation Promotion Program)
    • 7.76.1SIP-adus (Automated Driving for Universal Services)
    • 7.76.1.1V2X-Related R&D Efforts
  • 7.77TAICS (Taiwan Association of Information and Communication Standards)
    • 7.77.1TC8 (Technical Committee 8): IoV (Internet of Vehicles) & Automated Driving
  • 7.78TCA (Transport Certification Australia)
    • 7.78.1C-ITS Standardization, Interoperability, Security & Related-Efforts
    • 7.78.2National Telematics Framework: Facilitating Telematics-Related V2X Applications
  • 7.79TIA (Telecommunications Industry Association)
    • 7.79.1V2X-Related Advocacy Efforts
  • 7.80TIAA (Telematics Industry Application Alliance)
    • 7.80.1V2X-Related Standards, Demonstrations & Testing
  • 7.81TISA (Travelers Information Services Association)
    • 7.81.1V2X-Related Activities
  • 7.82Transport Canada
    • 7.82.1National Framework & Programs for Automated & Connected Vehicles
    • 7.82.2Canada-U.S RCC (Regulatory Cooperation Council): Connected Vehicles Work-Plan
  • 7.83TTA (Telecommunications Technology Association, South Korea)
    • 7.83.1Vehicle Communications System Standards
  • 7.84TTC (Telecommunication Technology Committee, Japan)
    • 7.84.1V2X-Related Standardization Efforts
  • 7.85UNECE (United Nations Economic Commission for Europe)
    • 7.85.1WP.29 (Working Party 29): World Forum for the Harmonization of Vehicle Regulations
    • 7.85.2Working Party on Automated/Autonomous & Connected Vehicles
  • 7.86USDOT (U.S. Department of Transportation)
    • 7.86.1ITS Joint Program Office
    • 7.86.2CV (Connected Vehicle) Program
      • 7.86.2.1CV Pilot Deployments
      • 7.86.2.2CV Application Prototyping
    • 7.86.3Connected Autonomous Vehicle Research
    • 7.86.4ITS Standards Program
    • 7.86.5ARC-IT (Architecture Reference for Cooperative & Intelligent Transportation)
    • 7.86.6U.S. NHTSA (National Highway Transportation Safety Administration)
      • 7.86.6.1FMVSS 150: V2V NPRM (Notice of Proposed Rulemaking) for Light Vehicles
      • 7.86.6.2Heavy Vehicle V2V Research
      • 7.86.6.3DOT HS 812 333: Cybersecurity for Modern Vehicles
  • 7.86.7U.S. FHWA (Federal Highway Administration)
    • 7.86.7.1V2I Deployment Guidance
    • 7.86.7.2CARMA (Cooperative Automation Research Mobility Applications) Platform
    • 7.86.8U.S. FMCSA (Federal Motor Carrier Safety Administration)
    • 7.86.8.1V2X Applications for Commercial Vehicles
    • 7.86.9U.S. FTA (Federal Transit Administration)
    • 7.86.9.1V2X Applications for Public Transit Systems
  • 7.87VdTÜV (Association of Technical Inspection Agencies)
    • 7.87.1ITS-G5 Advocacy Efforts
  • 7.88VIIC (Vehicle Infrastructure Integration Consortium)
    • 7.88.1V2X-Related Policy Issues
  • 7.89W3C (World Wide Web Consortium)
    • 7.89.1Automotive Working Group
    • 7.89.1.1VISS (Vehicle Information Service Specification)
    • 7.89.1.2RSI (Restful Service Interface)
    • 7.89.1.3Previous Work
    • 7.89.2Automotive & Web Platform Business Group

8 Chapter 8: Future Roadmap & Value Chain

  • 8.1Future Roadmap
    • 8.1.1Pre-2020: Early Commitments by Automakers & Other Stakeholders
    • 8.1.22020 - 2025: Mass-Market Adoption of V2X for Road Safety & Traffic Efficiency
    • 8.1.32026 - 2030: Towards Connected Autonomous Driving & 5G-Based V2X Applications
  • 8.2Value Chain
    • 8.2.1V2X Hardware & Software Suppliers
    • 8.2.2Automotive OEMs
    • 8.2.3Aftermarket Manufacturers
    • 8.2.4System Integrators
    • 8.2.5Application Service Providers
    • 8.2.6Communications Service Providers
    • 8.2.7Road Users & Operators
    • 8.2.8Other Ecosystem Players

9 Chapter 9: Key Ecosystem Players

  • 9.1A1 Telekom Austria Group
  • 9.2AASA/01LightCom
  • 9.3ADI (Analog Devices Inc.)
  • 9.4Airbiquity
  • 9.5Airgain
  • 9.6Alibaba Group
  • 9.7Alps Alpine (Alps Electric/Alpine Electronics)
  • 9.8Amphenol Corporation
  • 9.9Anritsu Corporation
  • 9.10Apple
  • 9.11Applied Information
  • 9.12Aptiv (Delphi Automotive)
  • 9.13Aricent/Altran
  • 9.14ARM Holdings
  • 9.15Arteris IP
  • 9.16Aston Martin Lagonda
  • 9.17ASTRI (Hong Kong Applied Science and Technology Research Institute)
  • 9.18AT&T
  • 9.19Athena Group
  • 9.20Audi
  • 9.21Autotalks
  • 9.22Aventi Intelligent Communication
  • 9.23BAIC Group/BJEV
  • 9.24Baidu
  • 9.25Battelle
  • 9.26BCE (Bell Canada)
  • 9.27BlackBerry/QNX Software Systems/Certicom
  • 9.28BMW Group
  • 9.29BMW Motorrad
  • 9.30Boréal Bikes
  • 9.31Brilliance Auto (Brilliance China Automotive Holdings)
  • 9.32Broadcom
  • 9.33Bureau Veritas/7Layers
  • 9.34BYD
  • 9.35CalAmp/LoJack
  • 9.36Carsmart (Beijing Carsmart Technology)
  • 9.37CEST Co. (Center for Embedded Software Technology)
  • 9.38CETECOM
  • 9.39CEVA
  • 9.40Changan Automobile
  • 9.41Chemtronics
  • 9.42Chery
  • 9.43China Mobile/CMIoT (China Mobile IoT)
  • 9.44China Telecom
  • 9.45China Transinfo
  • 9.46China Unicom
  • 9.47Chunghwa Telecom
  • 9.48CiDi (Changsha Intelligent Driving Institute)
  • 9.49Cisco Systems
  • 9.50Clarion
  • 9.51Cohda Wireless
  • 9.52Commsignia
  • 9.53Confidex
  • 9.54Connected Signals
  • 9.55Continental
  • 9.56Cubic Corporation
  • 9.57Cubic Telecom
  • 9.58Cybercom Group
  • 9.59Cypress Semiconductor Corporation
  • 9.60Daimler
  • 9.61Daimler Trucks
  • 9.62Danlaw
  • 9.63Datang Telecom Technology & Industry Group/CICT (China Information and Communication Technology Group)
  • 9.64DEKRA
  • 9.65Delphi Technologies
  • 9.66Denso Corporation
  • 9.67Derq
  • 9.68Desay SV Automotive
  • 9.69DFM (Dongfeng Motor Corporation)
  • 9.70DT (Deutsche Telekom)
  • 9.71DT&C
  • 9.72Ducati Motor Holding
  • 9.73Econolite
  • 9.74EFKON
  • 9.75Ericsson
  • 9.76ESCRYPT/ETAS
  • 9.77eSSys
  • 9.78ETRI (Electronics & Telecommunications Research Institute, South Korea)
  • 9.79Faraday Future
  • 9.80FAW Group
  • 9.81FCA (Fiat Chrysler Automobiles)
  • 9.82Ferrari
  • 9.83FET (Far EasTone Telecommunications)
  • 9.84FEV Group
  • 9.85Ficosa
  • 9.86Firefly LiFi (Firefly Wireless Networks)
  • 9.87Flex
  • 9.88FLIR Systems
  • 9.89Fluidmesh Networks
  • 9.90Ford Motor Company
  • 9.91Foresight Autonomous Holdings
  • 9.92Forward Electronics
  • 9.93Fraunhofer FOKUS (Institute for Open Communication Systems)
  • 9.94Fraunhofer HHI (Heinrich Hertz Institute)
  • 9.95Fraunhofer IIS (Institute for Integrated Circuits)
  • 9.96Fraunhofer SIT (Institute for Secure Information Technology)
  • 9.97Fujitsu
  • 9.98GAC Group (Guangzhou Automobile Group)
  • 9.99Geely Holding/Geely Auto
  • 9.100Gemalto
  • 9.101Genvict
  • 9.102GM (General Motors)
  • 9.103Goodyear Tire & Rubber Company
  • 9.104Gosuncn Technology Group
  • 9.105Great Wall Motor Company
  • 9.106Green Hills Software/ISS (INTEGRITY Security Services)
  • 9.107Griiip
  • 9.108Groupe PSA
  • 9.109Groupe Renault
  • 9.110HAAS Alert
  • 9.111Hancom MDS
  • 9.112Harada Industry
  • 9.113Helix Technologies
  • 9.114HELLA
  • 9.115HERE Technologies
  • 9.116Hino Motors
  • 9.117Hitachi
  • 9.118HKT/PCCW
  • 9.119HNTB Corporation
  • 9.120Honda Motor Corporation
  • 9.121HORIBA MIRA
  • 9.122HSAE/Hangsheng Technology
  • 9.123Huali/iSmartWays Technology
  • 9.124Huawei/HiSilicon
  • 9.125Hyundai Mobis
  • 9.126Hyundai Motor Group (Hyundai Motor Company/ Kia Motors Corporation)
  • 9.127IAV
  • 9.128IBM Corporation
  • 9.129IDnomic
  • 9.130Infineon Technologies
  • 9.131INRIX
  • 9.132Intel Corporation/Mobileye
  • 9.133InterDigital
  • 9.134Intertek
  • 9.135Invengo
  • 9.136Isuzu Motors
  • 9.137Iteris
  • 9.138ITRI (Industrial Technology Research Institute, Taiwan)
  • 9.139iTRONICS
  • 9.140ITT (IT Telecom)
  • 9.141Iveco/CNH Industrial
  • 9.142Jin Woo Industrial
  • 9.143JLR (Jaguar Land Rover)/Tata Motors
  • 9.144JRC (Japan Radio Company)
  • 9.145Juniper Networks
  • 9.146JVCKENWOOD Corporation
  • 9.147Kapsch TrafficCom
  • 9.148Karamba Security
  • 9.149Kawasaki Heavy Industries
  • 9.150KDDI Corporation
  • 9.151Keysight Technologies
  • 9.152KOSTAL Group (Leopold Kostal)
  • 9.153KPN
  • 9.154KT Corporation
  • 9.155KTM
  • 9.156Kymeta Corporation
  • 9.157Kyocera Corporation
  • 9.158LACROIX City/LACROIX Neavia
  • 9.159Lear Corporation
  • 9.160Leidos
  • 9.161Lenovo/Motorola Mobility
  • 9.162Leonardo
  • 9.163Lesswire/Prettl Group
  • 9.164LG Electronics/LG Innotek
  • 9.165LITE-ON Technology Corporation
  • 9.166LMT (Latvijas Mobilais Telefons)
  • 9.167Lucid Motors
  • 9.168Luxoft/Objective Software/DXC Technology
  • 9.169Lyft
  • 9.170Magna International
  • 9.171Magneti Marelli
  • 9.172Mando Corporation/Halla Group
  • 9.173Marben
  • 9.174Marvell
  • 9.175Mazda Motor Corporation
  • 9.176McLaren Automotive
  • 9.177Mediatek
  • 9.178MET Labs (MET Laboratories)/Eurofins Scientific
  • 9.179Michelin
  • 9.180Microchip Technology/Microsemi Corporation
  • 9.181Microsoft Corporation
  • 9.182MinebeaMitsumi Group
  • 9.183Mitsuba Corporation
  • 9.184Mitsubishi Electric Corporation
  • 9.185Mitsubishi Motors Corporation
  • 9.186Mobile Mark
  • 9.187Molex/Laird CVS (Connected Vehicle Solutions)
  • 9.188Murata Manufacturing
  • 9.189NavInfo
  • 9.190Navistar
  • 9.191Navya
  • 9.192Nebula Link
  • 9.193NEC Corporation
  • 9.194Neology/SMARTRAC
  • 9.195Neoway Technology
  • 9.196Neusoft Reach
  • 9.197NEVS (National Electric Vehicle Sweden)
  • 9.198Nexar
  • 9.199Nexus Group
  • 9.200NI (National Instruments)
  • 9.201NIO
  • 9.202Nissan Motor Corporation
  • 9.203NJR (New Japan Radio)
  • 9.204Nokia
  • 9.205Nordsys
  • 9.206Noris Network
  • 9.207NTT DoCoMo
  • 9.208NXP Semiconductors
  • 9.209Oki Electric Industry
  • 9.210Oledcomm
  • 9.211OnBoard Security/Security Innovation
  • 9.212OPPO
  • 9.213Orange
  • 9.214P3 Group
  • 9.215PACCAR/DAF Trucks
  • 9.216Panasonic Corporation
  • 9.217Parsons Corporation
  • 9.218Peloton Technology
  • 9.219Penta Security Systems
  • 9.220Phantom Auto
  • 9.221Pioneer Corporation/ IPC (Increment P Corporation)
  • 9.222Proximus Group
  • 9.223Pulse Electronics
  • 9.224pureLiFi
  • 9.225Q-Free
  • 9.226Qianxun SI (Spatial Intelligence)
  • 9.227Qorvo
  • 9.228Qosmotec Software Solutions
  • 9.229Qualcomm
  • 9.230Quectel Wireless Solutions
  • 9.231RANIX
  • 9.232Redpine Signals
  • 9.233Renesas Electronics Corporation
  • 9.234Robert Bosch
  • 9.235Rohde & Schwarz
  • 9.236ROHM Semiconductor
  • 9.237RoyalTek
  • 9.238S.E.A. Datentechnik
  • 9.239SAIC Motor Corporation
  • 9.240Saleen Automotive
  • 9.241Samsung Electronics/HARMAN International
  • 9.242Sanjole
  • 9.243Sanyo Techno Solutions Tottori
  • 9.244Savari
  • 9.245SEAT
  • 9.246Sensefields
  • 9.247Sequans Communications
  • 9.248SGS
  • 9.249Shanghai Gotell Communication Technology Holdings (roam2free)
  • 9.250Siemens/Mentor/TASS International
  • 9.251Sierra Wireless
  • 9.252Sinclair Broadcast Group
  • 9.253SiriusXM/Automatic Labs
  • 9.254SK C&C
  • 9.255SK Telecom
  • 9.256Škoda Auto
  • 9.257Skyworks Solutions
  • 9.258Smart Mobile Labs
  • 9.259Smarteq Wireless/Allgon
  • 9.260Socionext
  • 9.261SoftBank Group
  • 9.262Spirent Communications
  • 9.263SsangYong Motor Company/Mahindra & Mahindra
  • 9.264STAR Systems International
  • 9.265STMicroelectronics
  • 9.266sTraffic
  • 9.267Subaru Corporation
  • 9.268Sumitomo Electric Industries
  • 9.269Sunsea AIoT/SIMCom Wireless Solutions/Longsung Technology
  • 9.270Suzuki Motor Corporation
  • 9.271Swarco/McCain
  • 9.272Synopsys
  • 9.273Taiwan Mobile
  • 9.274Taoglas
  • 9.275TAPCO (Traffic and Parking Control Company)
  • 9.276Tata AutoComp Systems
  • 9.277Tata Elxsi
  • 9.278TE Connectivity/Hirschmann Car Communication
  • 9.279Telefónica Group
  • 9.280Telenor Group/Telenor Connexion
  • 9.281Telit Communications
  • 9.282Telstra
  • 9.283Telus Corporation
  • 9.284Tencent
  • 9.285Terranet
  • 9.286Tesla
  • 9.287TIM (Telecom Italia Mobile)
  • 9.288Tome Software
  • 9.289TomTom
  • 9.290Toshiba Corporation
  • 9.291TowerJazz
  • 9.292Toyota Motor Corporation
  • 9.293TransCore
  • 9.294TRATON/Scania/MAN
  • 9.295Trek Bicycle Corporation
  • 9.296TTS (Traffic Technology Services)
  • 9.297TÜV Rheinland
  • 9.298TÜV SÜD
  • 9.299Uber Technologies
  • 9.300U-Blox
  • 9.301UL
  • 9.302Unex Technology Corporation
  • 9.303Unicore Communications/Beijing BDStar Navigation
  • 9.304Unisoc
  • 9.305Valens
  • 9.306Valeo
  • 9.307Vector Informatik
  • 9.308Veniam
  • 9.309Veoneer/Autoliv
  • 9.310Verizon Communications/Verizon Connect
  • 9.311Viavi Solutions
  • 9.312Vinli
  • 9.313Visteon Corporation
  • 9.314VLNComm
  • 9.315Vodafone Group
  • 9.316Volkswagen Group
  • 9.317Volvo Cars
  • 9.318Volvo Group/Volvo Trucks
  • 9.319VT iDirect
  • 9.320VTT Technical Research Centre of Finland
  • 9.321Wanji Technology
  • 9.322Waymo/Alphabet/Google
  • 9.323Wayties
  • 9.324Wieson Technologies
  • 9.325WISeKey
  • 9.326WNC (Wistron NeWeb Corporation)
  • 9.327WSP Global
  • 9.328Xiaomi Corporation
  • 9.329Xilinx
  • 9.330Yamaha Motor Company
  • 9.331YoGoKo
  • 9.332Yokowo
  • 9.333ZF
  • 9.334Zotye Auto (Zotye Automobile International)
  • 9.335ZTE

10 Chapter 10: Market Sizing & Forecasts

  • 10.1Global Outlook for V2X Communications Technology
  • 10.2Segmentation by Submarket
  • 10.3V2X Terminal Equipment
    • 10.3.1V2X Terminal Equipment Revenue
    • 10.3.2Segmentation by Air Interface Technology
      • 10.3.2.1C-V2X
      • 10.3.2.2LTE-V2X
      • 10.3.2.35G-NR V2X
      • 10.3.2.4IEEE 802.11p
      • 10.3.2.5IEEE 802.11p-2010
      • 10.3.2.6IEEE 802.11bd/NGV
    • 10.4V2X OBUs
    • 10.4.1V2X OBU Shipments & Revenue
    • 10.4.2Segmentation by Air Interface Technology
      • 10.4.2.1C-V2X
      • 10.4.2.2LTE-V2X
      • 10.4.2.35G-NR V2X
      • 10.4.2.4IEEE 802.11p
      • 10.4.2.5IEEE 802.11p-2010
      • 10.4.2.6IEEE 802.11bd/NGV
    • 10.5V2X RSUs
    • 10.5.1V2X RSU Shipments & Revenue
    • 10.5.2Segmentation by Air Interface Technology
      • 10.5.2.1C-V2X
      • 10.5.2.2LTE-V2X
      • 10.5.2.35G-NR V2X
      • 10.5.2.4IEEE 802.11p
      • 10.5.2.5IEEE 802.11p-2010
      • 10.5.2.6IEEE 802.11bd/NGV
  • 10.6V2X Applications
    • 10.6.1V2X Application Revenue
    • 10.6.2Segmentation by Application Category
      • 10.6.2.1Road Safety
      • 10.6.2.2Traffic Management & Optimization
      • 10.6.2.3Navigation & Traveler/Driver Information
      • 10.6.2.4Transit & Public Transport
      • 10.6.2.5Commercial Vehicle Operations
      • 10.6.2.6Emergency Services & Public Safety
      • 10.6.2.7Environmental Sustainability
      • 10.6.2.8Road Weather Management
      • 10.6.2.9Autonomous Driving & Advanced Application
      • 10.6.2.10Value-Added Services
  • 10.7V2X Backend Network Elements
    • 10.7.1V2X Backend Network Element Revenue
  • 10.8V2X Security
    • 10.8.1V2X Security Revenue
  • 10.9Global Installed Base of V2X-Equipped Vehicles & RSUs
    • 10.9.1V2X-Equipped Vehicles
      • 10.9.1.1Segmentation by Air Interface Technology
      • 10.9.1.2C-V2X
      • 10.9.1.3LTE-V2X
      • 10.9.1.45G NR-V2X
      • 10.9.1.5IEEE 802.11p
      • 10.9.1.6IEEE 802.11p-2010
      • 10.9.1.7IEEE 802.11bd/NGV
    • 10.9.2V2X RSUs
      • 10.9.2.1Segmentation by Air Interface Technology
      • 10.9.2.2C-V2X
      • 10.9.2.3LTE-V2X
      • 10.9.2.45G-NR V2X
      • 10.9.2.5IEEE 802.11p
      • 10.9.2.6IEEE 802.11p-2010
      • 10.9.2.7IEEE 802.11bd/NGV
  • 10.10Regional Outlook
    • 10.10.1Submarkets
      • 10.10.1.1V2X Terminal Equipment
      • 10.10.1.2V2X OBUs
      • 10.10.1.3V2X RSUs
      • 10.10.1.4V2X Applications
      • 10.10.1.5V2X Backend Network Elements
      • 10.10.1.6V2X Security
    • 10.10.2Installed Base
      • 10.10.2.1V2X-Equipped Vehicles
      • 10.10.2.2V2X RSUs
  • 10.11North America
    • 10.11.1Submarkets
      • 10.11.1.1V2X Terminal Equipment
      • 10.11.1.2V2X OBUs
      • 10.11.1.3V2X RSUs
      • 10.11.1.4V2X Applications
      • 10.11.1.5V2X Backend Network Elements
      • 10.11.1.6V2X Security
    • 10.11.2Installed Base
      • 10.11.2.1V2X-Equipped Vehicles
      • 10.11.2.2V2X RSUs
  • 10.12Asia Pacific
    • 10.12.1Submarkets
      • 10.12.1.1V2X Terminal Equipment
      • 10.12.1.2V2X OBUs
      • 10.12.1.3V2X RSUs
      • 10.12.1.4V2X Applications
      • 10.12.1.5V2X Backend Network Elements
      • 10.12.1.6V2X Security
    • 10.12.2Installed Base
      • 10.12.2.1V2X-Equipped Vehicles
      • 10.12.2.2V2X RSUs
  • 10.13Europe
    • 10.13.1Submarkets
      • 10.13.1.1V2X Terminal Equipment
      • 10.13.1.2V2X OBUs
      • 10.13.1.3V2X RSUs
      • 10.13.1.4V2X Applications
      • 10.13.1.5V2X Backend Network Elements
      • 10.13.1.6V2X Security
    • 10.13.2Installed Base
      • 10.13.2.1V2X-Equipped Vehicles
      • 10.13.2.2V2X RSUs
  • 10.14Middle East & Africa
    • 10.14.1Submarkets
      • 10.14.1.1V2X Terminal Equipment
      • 10.14.1.2V2X OBUs
      • 10.14.1.3V2X RSUs
      • 10.14.1.4V2X Applications
      • 10.14.1.5V2X Backend Network Elements
      • 10.14.1.6V2X Security
    • 10.14.2Installed Base
      • 10.14.2.1V2X-Equipped Vehicles
      • 10.14.2.2V2X RSUs
  • 10.15Latin & Central America
    • 10.15.1Submarkets
      • 10.15.1.1V2X Terminal Equipment
      • 10.15.1.2V2X OBUs
      • 10.15.1.3V2X RSUs
      • 10.15.1.4V2X Applications
      • 10.15.1.5V2X Backend Network Elements
      • 10.15.1.6V2X Security
    • 10.15.2Installed Base
      • 10.15.2.1V2X-Equipped Vehicles
      • 10.15.2.2V2X RSUs

11 Chapter 11: Conclusion & Strategic Recommendations

  • 11.1Why is the Market Poised to Grow?
  • 11.2Geographic Outlook: Which Countries Offer the Highest Growth Potential?
  • 11.3Review of V2X Engagements Worldwide
    • 11.3.1North America
      • 11.3.1.1United States
      • 11.3.1.2Canada
    • 11.3.2Asia Pacific
      • 11.3.2.1Japan
      • 11.3.2.2China
      • 11.3.2.3Rest of Asia Pacific
    • 11.3.3Europe
    • 11.3.4Middle East & Africa
    • 11.3.5Latin & Central America
  • 11.4Spectrum: Are There Any Feasible Choices Beyond 5.9 GHz?
  • 11.5Evaluating the Practical Benefits of V2X
  • 11.6The IEEE 802.11p/DSRC vs. C-V2X Debate: Which Technology will Succeed?
    • 11.6.1The Emergence of Two Opposing V2X Technology Camps
    • 11.6.2Is There a Clear Winner?
    • 11.6.3Flexible Approach: Different Technologies in Different Regions
  • 11.7IEEE 802.11bd: Is There a Future Evolution Path for 802.11p?
  • 11.8Can C-V2X Minimize the Cost of Roadside Infrastructure Build-Outs?
  • 11.9Which Applications Are Currently Supported by V2X-Equipped Production Vehicles?
  • 11.10Growing Focus on Motorcycle-Specific V2X Safety Applications
  • 11.11Use of V2V Communications to Support Truck Platooning Systems
  • 11.12Delivering V2X-Type Applications Through Wide-Area Cellular Connectivity
  • 11.13How Can V2X Facilitate Fully Autonomous Driving?
  • 11.14Addressing V2X Security Concerns
  • 11.15Strategic Recommendations
    • 11.15.1Automotive OEMs
    • 11.15.2V2X Technology & Solution Providers
    • 11.15.3Mobile Operators & Cellular Industry Specialists
    • 11.15.4Road Operators & Other Stakeholders

12 Chapter 12: Expert Opinion - Interview Transcripts

  • 12.1Cohda Wireless
  • 12.2Foresight Autonomous Holdings
  • 12.3Kapsch TrafficCom
  • 12.4Nokia
  • 12.5NXP Semiconductors
  • 12.6OnBoard Security
  • 12.7Qualcomm
  • 12.8Savari

List of Figures

  • Figure 1: The V2X Communications Concept
  • Figure 2: DSRC-Based V2X Architecture
  • Figure 3: C-V2X Architecture
  • Figure 4: Levels of Driving Automation for On-Road Vehicles
  • Figure 5: Technical & Performance Characteristics of V2X Technologies
  • Figure 6: PC5 & LTE/NR-Uu Interfaces for C-V2X
  • Figure 7: Examples of VLC (Visible Light Communications)-Based V2X Application Scenarios
  • Figure 8: Conceptual Architecture for End-to-End Network Slicing in Mobile Networks
  • Figure 9: Autonomous Vehicle Generated Data Volume by Sensor (%)
  • Figure 10: Key Elements of the AURORA Connected Vehicle Test Bed
  • Figure 11: CDOT (Colorado Department of Transport)-Panasonic V2X Deployment Program
  • Figure 12: Daimler's Car-to-X Communication System
  • Figure 13: HKT's C-V2X Trial Network Architecture
  • Figure 14: Key Elements of NTT DoCoMo's C-V2X Trial
  • Figure 15: V2V Applications Supported by Toyota's ITS Connect System in Japan
  • Figure 16: V2I Applications Supported by Toyota's ITS Connect System in Japan
  • Figure 17: TRATON's IEEE 802.11p-Based Truck Platooning System
  • Figure 18: C-V2X Evolution in 3GPP Releases 14, 15 & 16
  • Figure 19: CEPT Frequency Arrangement for V2X Communications
  • Figure 20: ARC-IT/U.S. National ITS Reference Architecture Structure & Organization
  • Figure 21: Future Roadmap for V2X Communications: 2019 - 2030
  • Figure 22: V2X Communications Technology Value Chain
  • Figure 23: Global V2X Communications Technology Revenue: 2019 - 2030 ($ Million)
  • Figure 24: Global V2X Communications Technology Revenue by Submarket: 2019 - 2030 ($ Million)
  • Figure 25: Global V2X Terminal Equipment Revenue: 2019 - 2030 ($ Million)
  • Figure 26: Global V2X Terminal Equipment Revenue by Air Interface Technology: 2019 - 2030 ($ Million)
  • Figure 27: Global C-V2X Terminal Equipment Revenue: 2019 - 2030 ($ Million)
  • Figure 28: Global LTE-V2X Terminal Equipment Revenue: 2019 - 2030 ($ Million)
  • Figure 29: Global 5G NR-V2X Terminal Equipment Revenue: 2023 - 2030 ($ Million)
  • Figure 30: Global IEEE 802.11p Terminal Equipment Revenue: 2019 - 2030 ($ Million)
  • Figure 31: Global IEEE 802.11p-2010 Terminal Equipment Revenue: 2019 - 2030 ($ Million)
  • Figure 32: Global IEEE 802.11bd/NGV Terminal Equipment Revenue: 2023 - 2030 ($ Million)
  • Figure 33: Global V2X OBU Shipments: 2019 - 2030 (Thousands of Units)
  • Figure 34: Global V2X OBU Shipment Revenue: 2019 - 2030 ($ Million)
  • Figure 35: Global V2X OBU Shipments by Air Interface Technology: 2019 - 2030 (Thousands of Units)
  • Figure 36: Global V2X OBU Shipment Revenue by Air Interface Technology: 2019 - 2030 ($ Million)
  • Figure 37: Global C-V2X OBU Shipments: 2019 - 2030 (Thousands of Units)
  • Figure 38: Global C-V2X OBU Shipment Revenue: 2019 - 2030 ($ Million)
  • Figure 39: Global LTE-V2X OBU Shipments: 2019 - 2030 (Thousands of Units)
  • Figure 40: Global LTE-V2X OBU Shipment Revenue: 2019 - 2030 ($ Million)
  • Figure 41: Global 5G NR-V2X OBU Shipments: 2023 - 2030 (Thousands of Units)
  • Figure 42: Global 5G NR-V2X OBU Shipment Revenue: 2023 - 2030 ($ Million)
  • Figure 43: Global IEEE 802.11p OBU Shipments: 2019 - 2030 (Thousands of Units)
  • Figure 44: Global IEEE 802.11p OBU Shipment Revenue: 2019 - 2030 ($ Million)
  • Figure 45: Global IEEE 802.11p-2010 OBU Shipments: 2019 - 2030 (Thousands of Units)
  • Figure 46: Global IEEE 802.11p-2010 OBU Shipment Revenue: 2019 - 2030 ($ Million)
  • Figure 47: Global IEEE 802.11bd/NGV OBU Shipments: 2023 - 2030 (Thousands of Units)
  • Figure 48: Global IEEE 802.11bd/NGV OBU Shipment Revenue: 2023 - 2030 ($ Million)
  • Figure 49: Global V2X RSU Shipments: 2019 - 2030 (Thousands of Units)
  • Figure 50: Global V2X RSU Shipment Revenue: 2019 - 2030 ($ Million)
  • Figure 51: Global V2X RSU Shipments by Air Interface Technology: 2019 - 2030 (Thousands of Units)
  • Figure 52: Global V2X RSU Shipment Revenue by Air Interface Technology: 2019 - 2030 ($ Million)
  • Figure 53: Global C-V2X RSU Shipments: 2019 - 2030 (Thousands of Units)
  • Figure 54: Global C-V2X RSU Shipment Revenue: 2019 - 2030 ($ Million)
  • Figure 55: Global LTE-V2X RSU Shipments: 2019 - 2030 (Thousands of Units)
  • Figure 56: Global LTE-V2X RSU Shipment Revenue: 2019 - 2030 ($ Million)
  • Figure 57: Global 5G NR-V2X RSU Shipments: 2023 - 2030 (Thousands of Units)
  • Figure 58: Global 5G NR-V2X RSU Shipment Revenue: 2023 - 2030 ($ Million)
  • Figure 59: Global IEEE 802.11p RSU Shipments: 2019 - 2030 (Thousands of Units)
  • Figure 60: Global IEEE 802.11p RSU Shipment Revenue: 2019 - 2030 ($ Million)
  • Figure 61: Global IEEE 802.11p-2010 RSU Shipments: 2019 - 2030 (Thousands of Units)
  • Figure 62: Global IEEE 802.11p-2010 RSU Shipment Revenue: 2019 - 2030 ($ Million)
  • Figure 63: Global IEEE 802.11bd/NGV RSU Shipments: 2023 - 2030 (Thousands of Units)
  • Figure 64: Global IEEE 802.11bd/NGV RSU Shipment Revenue: 2023 - 2030 ($ Million)
  • Figure 65: Global V2X Application Revenue: 2019 - 2030 ($ Million)
  • Figure 66: Global V2X Application Revenue by Category: 2019 - 2030 ($ Million)
  • Figure 67: Global V2X-Based Road Safety Application Revenue: 2019 - 2030 ($ Million)
  • Figure 68: Global V2X-Based Traffic Management & Optimization Application Revenue: 2019 - 2030 ($ Million)
  • Figure 69: Global V2X-Based Navigation & Traveler/Driver Information Application Revenue: 2019 - 2030 ($ Million)
  • Figure 70: Global V2X-Based Transit & Public Transport Application Revenue: 2019 - 2030 ($ Million)
  • Figure 71: Global V2X-Based Commercial Vehicle Application Revenue: 2019 - 2030 ($ Million)
  • Figure 72: Global V2X-Based Emergency Services & Public Safety Application Revenue: 2019 - 2030 ($ Million)
  • Figure 73: Global V2X-Based Environmental Sustainability Application Revenue: 2019 - 2030 ($ Million)
  • Figure 74: Global V2X-Based Road Weather Management Application Revenue: 2019 - 2030 ($ Million)
  • Figure 75: Global V2X-Based Autonomous Driving & Advanced Application Revenue: 2019 - 2030 ($ Million)
  • Figure 76: Global V2X-Based Value-Added Services Application Revenue: 2019 - 2030 ($ Million)
  • Figure 77: Global V2X Backend Network Element Revenue: 2019 - 2030 ($ Million)
  • Figure 78: Global V2X Security Revenue: 2019 - 2030 ($ Million)
  • Figure 79: Global V2X-Equipped Vehicle Installed Base: 2019 - 2030 (Thousands of Units)
  • Figure 80: Global V2X-Equipped Vehicle Installed Base by Air Interface Technology: 2019 - 2030 (Thousands of Units)
  • Figure 81: Global C-V2X-Equipped Vehicle Installed Base: 2019 - 2030 (Thousands of Units)
  • Figure 82: Global LTE-V2X-Equipped Vehicle Installed Base: 2019 - 2030 (Thousands of Units)
  • Figure 83: Global 5G NR-V2X-Equipped Vehicle Installed Base: 2023 - 2030 (Thousands of Units)
  • Figure 84: Global IEEE 802.11p-Equipped Vehicle Installed Base: 2019 - 2030 (Thousands of Units)
  • Figure 85: Global IEEE 802.11p-2010-Equipped Vehicle Installed Base: 2019 - 2030 (Thousands of Units)
  • Figure 86: Global IEEE 802.11bd/NGV-Equipped Vehicle Installed Base: 2023 - 2030 (Thousands of Units)
  • Figure 87: Global V2X RSU Installed Base: 2019 - 2030 (Thousands of Units)
  • Figure 88: Global V2X RSU Installed Base by Air Interface Technology: 2019 - 2030 (Thousands of Units)
  • Figure 89: Global C-V2X RSU Installed Base: 2019 - 2030 (Thousands of Units)
  • Figure 90: Global LTE-V2X RSU Installed Base: 2019 - 2030 (Thousands of Units)
  • Figure 91: Global 5G NR-V2X RSU Installed Base: 2023 - 2030 (Thousands of Units)
  • Figure 92: Global IEEE 802.11p RSU Installed Base: 2019 - 2030 (Thousands of Units)
  • Figure 93: Global IEEE 802.11p-2010 RSU Installed Base: 2019 - 2030 (Thousands of Units)
  • Figure 94: Global IEEE 802.11bd/NGV RSU Installed Base: 2023 - 2030 (Thousands of Units)
  • Figure 95: V2X Communications Technology Revenue by Region: 2019 - 2030 ($ Million)
  • Figure 96: V2X Terminal Equipment Revenue by Region: 2019 - 2030 ($ Million)
  • Figure 97: V2X OBU Shipments by Region: 2019 - 2030 (Thousands of Units)
  • Figure 98: V2X OBU Shipment Revenue by Region: 2019 - 2030 ($ Million)
  • Figure 99: V2X RSU Shipments by Region: 2019 - 2030 (Thousands of Units)
  • Figure 100: V2X RSU Shipment Revenue by Region: 2019 - 2030 ($ Million)
  • Figure 101: V2X Application Revenue by Region: 2019 - 2030 ($ Million)
  • Figure 102: V2X Backend Network Element Revenue by Region: 2019 - 2030 ($ Million)
  • Figure 103: V2X Security Revenue by Region: 2019 - 2030 ($ Million)
  • Figure 104: V2X-Equipped Vehicle Installed Base by Region: 2019 - 2030 (Thousands of Units)
  • Figure 105: V2X RSU Installed Base by Region: 2019 - 2030 (Thousands of Units)
  • Figure 106: North America V2X Communications Technology Revenue: 2019 - 2030 ($ Million)
  • Figure 107: North America V2X Terminal Equipment Revenue: 2019 - 2030 ($ Million)
  • Figure 108: North America V2X OBU Shipments: 2019 - 2030 (Thousands of Units)
  • Figure 109: North America V2X OBU Shipment Revenue: 2019 - 2030 ($ Million)
  • Figure 110: North America V2X RSU Shipments: 2019 - 2030 (Thousands of Units)
  • Figure 111: North America V2X RSU Shipment Revenue: 2019 - 2030 ($ Million)
  • Figure 112: North America V2X Application Revenue: 2019 - 2030 ($ Million)
  • Figure 113: North America V2X Backend Network Element Revenue: 2019 - 2030 ($ Million)
  • Figure 114: North America V2X Security Revenue: 2019 - 2030 ($ Million)
  • Figure 115: North America V2X-Equipped Vehicle Installed Base: 2019 - 2030 (Thousands of Units)
  • Figure 116: North America V2X RSU Installed Base: 2019 - 2030 (Thousands of Units)
  • Figure 117: Asia Pacific V2X Communications Technology Revenue: 2019 - 2030 ($ Million)
  • Figure 118: Asia Pacific V2X Terminal Equipment Revenue: 2019 - 2030 ($ Million)
  • Figure 119: Asia Pacific V2X OBU Shipments: 2019 - 2030 (Thousands of Units)
  • Figure 120: Asia Pacific V2X OBU Shipment Revenue: 2019 - 2030 ($ Million)
  • Figure 121: Asia Pacific V2X RSU Shipments: 2019 - 2030 (Thousands of Units)
  • Figure 122: Asia Pacific V2X RSU Shipment Revenue: 2019 - 2030 ($ Million)
  • Figure 123: Asia Pacific V2X Application Revenue: 2019 - 2030 ($ Million)
  • Figure 124: Asia Pacific V2X Backend Network Element Revenue: 2019 - 2030 ($ Million)
  • Figure 125: Asia Pacific V2X Security Revenue: 2019 - 2030 ($ Million)
  • Figure 126: Asia Pacific V2X-Equipped Vehicle Installed Base: 2019 - 2030 (Thousands of Units)
  • Figure 127: Asia Pacific V2X RSU Installed Base: 2019 - 2030 (Thousands of Units)
  • Figure 128: Europe V2X Communications Technology Revenue: 2019 - 2030 ($ Million)
  • Figure 129: Europe V2X Terminal Equipment Revenue: 2019 - 2030 ($ Million)
  • Figure 130: Europe V2X OBU Shipments: 2019 - 2030 (Thousands of Units)
  • Figure 131: Europe V2X OBU Shipment Revenue: 2019 - 2030 ($ Million)
  • Figure 132: Europe V2X RSU Shipments: 2019 - 2030 (Thousands of Units)
  • Figure 133: Europe V2X RSU Shipment Revenue: 2019 - 2030 ($ Million)
  • Figure 134: Europe V2X Application Revenue: 2019 - 2030 ($ Million)
  • Figure 135: Europe V2X Backend Network Element Revenue: 2019 - 2030 ($ Million)
  • Figure 136: Europe V2X Security Revenue: 2019 - 2030 ($ Million)
  • Figure 137: Europe V2X-Equipped Vehicle Installed Base: 2019 - 2030 (Thousands of Units)
  • Figure 138: Europe V2X RSU Installed Base: 2019 - 2030 (Thousands of Units)
  • Figure 139: Middle East & Africa V2X Communications Technology Revenue: 2019 - 2030 ($ Million)
  • Figure 140: Middle East & Africa V2X Terminal Equipment Revenue: 2019 - 2030 ($ Million)
  • Figure 141: Middle East & Africa V2X OBU Shipments: 2019 - 2030 (Thousands of Units)
  • Figure 142: Middle East & Africa V2X OBU Shipment Revenue: 2019 - 2030 ($ Million)
  • Figure 143: Middle East & Africa V2X RSU Shipments: 2019 - 2030 (Thousands of Units)
  • Figure 144: Middle East & Africa V2X RSU Shipment Revenue: 2019 - 2030 ($ Million)
  • Figure 145: Middle East & Africa V2X Application Revenue: 2019 - 2030 ($ Million)
  • Figure 146: Middle East & Africa V2X Backend Network Element Revenue: 2019 - 2030 ($ Million)
  • Figure 147: Middle East & Africa V2X Security Revenue: 2019 - 2030 ($ Million)
  • Figure 148: Middle East & Africa V2X-Equipped Vehicle Installed Base: 2019 - 2030 (Thousands of Units)
  • Figure 149: Middle East & Africa V2X RSU Installed Base: 2019 - 2030 (Thousands of Units)
  • Figure 150: Latin & Central America V2X Communications Technology Revenue: 2019 - 2030 ($ Million)
  • Figure 151: Latin & Central America V2X Terminal Equipment Revenue: 2019 - 2030 ($ Million)
  • Figure 152: Latin & Central America V2X OBU Shipments: 2019 - 2030 (Thousands of Units)
  • Figure 153: Latin & Central America V2X OBU Shipment Revenue: 2019 - 2030 ($ Million)
  • Figure 154: Latin & Central America V2X RSU Shipments: 2019 - 2030 (Thousands of Units)
  • Figure 155: Latin & Central America V2X RSU Shipment Revenue: 2019 - 2030 ($ Million)
  • Figure 156: Latin & Central America V2X Application Revenue: 2019 - 2030 ($ Million)
  • Figure 157: Latin & Central America V2X Backend Network Element Revenue: 2019 - 2030 ($ Million)
  • Figure 158: Latin & Central America V2X Security Revenue: 2019 - 2030 ($ Million)
  • Figure 159: Latin & Central America V2X-Equipped Vehicle Installed Base: 2019 - 2030 (Thousands of Units)
  • Figure 160: Latin & Central America V2X RSU Installed Base: 2019 - 2030 (Thousands of Units)
  • Figure 161: Global V2X-Equipped Vehicle Installed Base by Air Interface Technology: 2019 - 2022 (Thousands of Units)

List of Companies Mentioned

  • 01LightCom
  • 3GPP (3rd Generation Partnership Project)
  • 5GAA (5G Automotive Association)
  • 5G-Connected Mobility Consortium
  • 7Layers
  • A1 Telekom Austria Group
  • AASA
  • AASHTO (American Association of State Highway and Transportation Officials)
  • Abu Dhabi Department of Transport
  • ACEA (European Automobile Manufacturers' Association)
  • ADI (Analog Devices Inc.)
  • AECC (Automotive Edge Computing Consortium)
  • Airbiquity
  • Airgain
  • Alibaba Group
  • Allgon
  • Alphabet
  • Alps Alpine (Alps Electric/Alpine Electronics)
  • Altran
  • Amphenol Corporation
  • Amsterdam Group
  • Anritsu Corporation
  • Apple
  • Applied Information
  • Aptiv (Delphi Automotive)
  • ARIB (Association of Radio Industries and Businesses, Japan)
  • Aricent
  • ARM Holdings
  • Arteris IP
  • ASECAP (European Association of Operators of Toll Road Infrastructures)
  • Association of Global Automakers
  • ASTM International
  • Aston Martin Lagonda
  • ASTRI (Hong Kong Applied Science and Technology Research Institute)
  • AT&T
  • ATA (American Trucking Associations)
  • ATEC ITS France
  • Athena Group
  • ATIS (Alliance for Telecommunications Industry Solutions)
  • Audi
  • Auto Alliance (Alliance of Automobile Manufacturers)
  • Autoliv
  • Automatic Labs
  • Autotalks
  • Aventi Intelligent Communication
  • BAIC Group
  • Baidu
  • Battelle
  • BCE (Bell Canada)
  • Beijing BDStar Navigation
  • BJEV
  • BlackBerry
  • BMW Group
  • BMW Motorrad
  • Boréal Bikes
  • Brilliance Auto (Brilliance China Automotive Holdings)
  • Broadcom
  • Bureau Veritas
  • BYD
  • C2C-CC (CAR 2 CAR Communication Consortium)
  • CAICT (China Academy of Information and Communications Technology)
  • CAICV (China Industry Innovation Alliance for Intelligent and Connected Vehicles)
  • CalAmp
  • CAMP (Crash Avoidance Metrics Partnership)
  • Carsmart (Beijing Carsmart Technology)
  • CAT (Cooperative Automated Transportation) Coalition
  • CCC (Car Connectivity Consortium)
  • CCSA (China Communications Standards Association)
  • CDOT (Colorado Department of Transportation)
  • CEDR (Conference of European Directors of Roads)
  • CEN (European Committee for Standardization)
  • CENELEC (European Committee for Electrotechnical Standardization)
  • CEPT (European Conference of Postal and Telecommunications Administrations)
  • Certicom
  • CEST Co. (Center for Embedded Software Technology)
  • CETECOM
  • CEVA
  • Changan Automobile
  • Chemtronics
  • Chery
  • China Mobile
  • China Telecom
  • China Transinfo
  • China Unicom
  • Chunghwa Telecom
  • CICT (China Information and Communication Technology Group)
  • CiDi (Changsha Intelligent Driving Institute)
  • Cisco Systems
  • C-ITS (China ITS Industry Alliance)
  • Clarion
  • CLEPA (European Association of Automotive Suppliers)
  • CMC (Connected Motorcycle Consortium)
  • CMIoT (China Mobile IoT)
  • CNH Industrial
  • Cohda Wireless
  • Commsignia
  • Confidex
  • Connected Signals
  • Continental
  • ConVeX (Connected Vehicle-to-Everything of Tomorrow) Consortium
  • CSTI (Council for Science, Technology and Innovation, Japan)
  • Cubic Corporation
  • Cubic Telecom
  • Cybercom Group
  • Cypress Semiconductor Corporation
  • DAF Trucks
  • Daimler
  • Daimler Trucks
  • Danlaw
  • Datang Telecom Technology & Industry Group
  • DEKRA
  • Delphi Technologies
  • Denso Corporation
  • Derq
  • Desay SV Automotive
  • DFM (Dongfeng Motor Corporation)
  • DT (Deutsche Telekom)
  • DT&C
  • Ducati Motor Holding
  • DXC Technology
  • EATA (European Automotive and Telecom Alliance)
  • Econolite
  • EFKON
  • Ericsson
  • ERTICO - ITS Europe
  • ERTRAC (European Road Transport Research Advisory Council)
  • ESCRYPT
  • eSSys
  • ETAS
  • ETRI (Electronics & Telecommunications Research Institute, South Korea)
  • ETSI (European Telecommunications Standards Institute)
  • Eurofins Scientific
  • European Commission
  • Faraday Future
  • FAW Group
  • FCA (Fiat Chrysler Automobiles)
  • Ferrari
  • FET (Far EasTone Telecommunications)
  • FEV Group
  • Ficosa
  • Firefly LiFi (Firefly Wireless Networks)
  • Flex
  • FLIR Systems
  • Fluidmesh Networks
  • Ford Motor Company
  • Foresight Autonomous Holdings
  • Forward Electronics
  • Fraunhofer FOKUS (Institute for Open Communication Systems)
  • Fraunhofer HHI (Heinrich Hertz Institute)
  • Fraunhofer IIS (Institute for Integrated Circuits)
  • Fraunhofer SIT (Institute for Secure Information Technology)
  • Fujitsu
  • GAC Group (Guangzhou Automobile Group)
  • GCF (Global Certification Forum)
  • Geely Auto
  • Geely Holding
  • Gemalto
  • GENIVI Alliance
  • Genvict
  • GM (General Motors)
  • Goodyear Tire & Rubber Company
  • Google
  • Gosuncn Technology Group
  • Great Wall Motor Company
  • Green Hills Software
  • Griiip
  • Groupe PSA
  • Groupe Renault
  • GSMA
  • HAAS Alert
  • Halla Group
  • Hancom MDS
  • Harada Industry
  • HARMAN International
  • Helix Technologies
  • HELLA
  • HERE Technologies
  • Hino Motors
  • Hirschmann Car Communication
  • HiSilicon
  • Hitachi
  • HKT
  • HNTB Corporation
  • Honda Motor Corporation
  • HORIBA MIRA
  • HSAE/Hangsheng Technology
  • Huali/iSmartWays Technology
  • Huawei
  • Hyundai Mobis
  • Hyundai Motor Company
  • Hyundai Motor Group
  • IAV
  • IBM Corporation
  • IDnomic
  • IEC (International Electrotechnical Commission)
  • IEEE (Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers)
  • IETF (Internet Engineering Task Force)
  • IMDA (Info-Communications Media Development Authority, Singapore)
  • IMT-2020 (5G) Promotion Group
  • Infineon Technologies
  • INRIX
  • Intel Corporation
  • InterDigital
  • Intertek
  • Invengo
  • IPC (Increment P Corporation)
  • ISED (Innovation, Science and Economic Development Canada)
  • ISO (International Organization for Standardization)
  • ISS (INTEGRITY Security Services)
  • Isuzu Motors
  • ITE (Institute of Transportation Engineers)
  • Iteris
  • ITRI (Industrial Technology Research Institute, Taiwan)
  • iTRONICS
  • ITS America (Intelligent Transportation Society of America)
  • ITS Asia-Pacific
  • ITS Australia
  • ITS Canada
  • ITS China
  • ITS Connect Promotion Consortium
  • ITS Info-Communications Forum
  • ITS Japan
  • ITS Korea
  • ITS Singapore
  • ITS Taiwan
  • ITS UK (United Kingdom)
  • ITT (IT Telecom)
  • ITU (International Telecommunication Union)
  • Iveco
  • JEITA (Japan Electronics and Information Technology Industries Association)
  • Jin Woo Industrial
  • JISC (Japanese Industrial Standards Committee)
  • JLR (Jaguar Land Rover)
  • JRC (Japan Radio Company)
  • JSAE (Society of Automotive Engineers of Japan)
  • Juniper Networks
  • JVCKENWOOD Corporation
  • Kapsch TrafficCom
  • Karamba Security
  • KATS (Korean Agency for Technology and Standards)
  • Kawasaki Heavy Industries
  • KDDI Corporation
  • Keysight Technologies
  • Kia Motors Corporation
  • KOSTAL Group (Leopold Kostal)
  • KPN
  • KSAE (Korean Society Automotive Engineers)
  • KT Corporation
  • KTM
  • Kymeta Corporation
  • Kyocera Corporation
  • LACROIX City/LACROIX Neavia
  • Laird
  • Lear Corporation
  • Leidos
  • Lenovo
  • Leonardo
  • Lesswire
  • LG Electronics
  • LG Innotek
  • Linux Foundation
  • LITE-ON Technology Corporation
  • LMT (Latvijas Mobilais Telefons)
  • LoJack
  • Longsung Technology
  • Lucid Motors
  • Luxoft
  • Lyft
  • Magna International
  • Magneti Marelli
  • Mahindra & Mahindra
  • MAN
  • Mando Corporation
  • Marben
  • Marvell
  • Mazda Motor Corporation
  • McCain
  • McLaren Automotive
  • Mediatek
  • MEMA (Motor & Equipment Manufacturers Association)
  • Mentor
  • MET Labs (MET Laboratories)
  • Michelin
  • Microchip Technology
  • Microsemi Corporation
  • Microsoft Corporation
  • MIIT (Ministry of Industry and Information Technology, China)
  • MinebeaMitsumi Group
  • MINI
  • Mitsuba Corporation
  • Mitsubishi Electric Corporation
  • Mitsubishi Motors Corporation
  • MLIT (Ministry of Land, Infrastructure, Transport and Tourism, Japan)
  • Mobile Mark
  • Mobileye
  • Molex
  • MOLIT (Ministry of Land, Infrastructure and Transport, South Korea)
  • Motorola Mobility
  • Murata Manufacturing
  • NavInfo
  • Navistar
  • Navya
  • Nebula Link
  • NEC Corporation
  • NEMA (National Electrical Manufacturers Association)
  • Neology
  • Neoway Technology
  • Neusoft Reach
  • NEVS (National Electric Vehicle Sweden)
  • Nexar
  • Nexus Group
  • NGMN Alliance
  • NI (National Instruments)
  • NICT (National Institute of Information and Communications Technology, Japan)
  • NIO
  • Nissan Motor Corporation
  • NJR (New Japan Radio)
  • Nokia
  • Nordsys
  • Noris Network
  • NTT DoCoMo
  • NXP Semiconductors
  • NYC DOT (New York City Department of Transportation)
  • Objective Software
  • OICA (International Organization of Motor Vehicle Manufacturers)
  • Oki Electric Industry
  • Oledcomm
  • OmniAir Consortium
  • OnBoard Security
  • oneM2M
  • OnStar
  • OPPO
  • Orange
  • P3 Group
  • PACCAR
  • Panasonic Corporation
  • Parsons Corporation
  • PCCW
  • Peloton Technology
  • Penta Security Systems
  • Phantom Auto
  • PIARC (World Road Association)
  • Pioneer Corporation
  • POLIS (Cities and Regions for Transport Innovation)
  • Prettl Group
  • Proximus Group
  • Pulse Electronics
  • pureLiFi
  • Q-Free
  • Qianxun SI (Spatial Intelligence)
  • QNX Software Systems
  • Qorvo
  • Qosmotec Software Solutions
  • Qualcomm
  • Quectel Wireless Solutions
  • Queensland TMR (Department of Transport and Main Roads)
  • RANIX
  • Redpine Signals
  • Renesas Electronics Corporation
  • Robert Bosch
  • Rohde & Schwarz
  • ROHM Semiconductor
  • Rolls-Royce Motor Cars
  • RoyalTek
  • S.E.A. Datentechnik
  • SAE International
  • SAE-China (Society of Automotive Engineers of China)
  • Safety Spectrum Coalition
  • SAIC Motor Corporation
  • Saleen Automotive
  • Samsung Electronics
  • Sanjole
  • Sanyo Techno Solutions Tottori
  • Savari
  • Scania
  • SEAT
  • Security Innovation
  • Sensefields
  • Sequans Communications
  • SGS
  • Shanghai Gotell Communication Technology Holdings (roam2free)
  • Siemens
  • Sierra Wireless
  • SIMCom Wireless Solutions
  • Sinclair Broadcast Group
  • SiriusXM
  • SK C&C
  • SK Telecom
  • Škoda Auto
  • Skyworks Solutions
  • Smart Mobile Labs
  • Smarteq Wireless
  • SMARTRAC
  • Socionext
  • SoftBank Group
  • Spirent Communications
  • SsangYong Motor Company
  • STAR Systems International
  • STMicroelectronics
  • sTraffic
  • Subaru Corporation
  • Sumitomo Electric Industries
  • Sunsea AIoT
  • Suzuki Motor Corporation
  • Swarco
  • Synopsys
  • TAICS (Taiwan Association of Information and Communication Standards)
  • Taiwan Mobile
  • Taoglas
  • TAPCO (Traffic and Parking Control Company)
  • TASS International
  • Tata AutoComp Systems
  • Tata Elxsi
  • Tata Motors
  • TCA (Transport Certification Australia)
  • TE Connectivity
  • Telefónica Group
  • Telenor Connexion
  • Telenor Group
  • Telit Communications
  • Telstra
  • Telus Corporation
  • Tencent
  • Terranet
  • Tesla
  • THEA (Tampa-Hillsborough Expressway Authority)
  • TIA (Telecommunications Industry Association)
  • TIAA (Telematics Industry Application Alliance)
  • TIM (Telecom Italia Mobile)
  • TISA (Travelers Information Services Association)
  • Tome Software
  • TomTom
  • Toshiba Corporation
  • TowerJazz
  • Toyota Motor Corporation
  • TransCore
  • Transport Canada
  • TRATON
  • Trek Bicycle Corporation
  • TTA (Telecommunications Technology Association, South Korea)
  • TTC (Telecommunication Technology Committee, Japan)
  • TTS (Traffic Technology Services)
  • TÜV Rheinland
  • TÜV SÜD
  • U.S. ARPA-E (Advanced Research Projects Agency - Energy)
  • U.S. FCC (Federal Communications Commission)
  • U.S. FHWA (Federal Highway Administration)
  • U.S. FMCSA (Federal Motor Carrier Safety Administration)
  • U.S. FTA (Federal Transit Administration)
  • U.S. NHTSA (National Highway Transportation Safety Administration)
  • U.S. NIST (National Institute of Standards and Technology)
  • Uber Technologies
  • U-Blox
  • UL
  • UMTRI (University of Michigan Transportation Research Institute)
  • UNECE (United Nations Economic Commission for Europe)
  • Unex Technology Corporation
  • Unicore Communications
  • Unisoc
  • USDOT (U.S. Department of Transportation)
  • Valens
  • Valeo
  • VdTÜV (Association of Technical Inspection Agencies)
  • Vector Informatik
  • Veniam
  • Veoneer
  • Verizon Communications
  • Verizon Connect
  • Viavi Solutions
  • VIIC (Vehicle Infrastructure Integration Consortium)
  • Vinli
  • Visteon Corporation
  • VLNComm
  • Vodafone Group
  • Volkswagen Group
  • Volvo Cars
  • Volvo Group/Volvo Trucks
  • VT iDirect
  • VTT Technical Research Centre of Finland
  • W3C (World Wide Web Consortium)
  • Wanji Technology
  • Waymo
  • Wayties
  • Wieson Technologies
  • WISeKey
  • WNC (Wistron NeWeb Corporation)
  • WSP Global
  • WYDOT (Wyoming Department of Transport)
  • Xiaomi Corporation
  • Xilinx
  • Yamaha Motor Company
  • YoGoKo
  • Yokowo
  • ZF
  • Zotye Auto (Zotye Automobile International)
  • ZTE

COUNTRIES COVERED

  • Afghanistan
  • Albania
  • Algeria
  • Andorra
  • Angola
  • Anguilla
  • Antigua & Barbuda
  • Argentina
  • Armenia
  • Aruba
  • Australia
  • Austria
  • Azerbaijan
  • Bahamas
  • Bahrain
  • Bangladesh
  • Barbados
  • Belarus
  • Belgium
  • Belize
  • Benin
  • Bermuda
  • Bhutan
  • Bolivia
  • Bosnia Herzegovina
  • Botswana
  • Brazil
  • British Virgin Islands
  • Brunei
  • Bulgaria
  • Burkina Faso
  • Burundi
  • Cambodia
  • Cameroon
  • Canada
  • Cape Verde
  • Cayman Islands
  • Central African Republic
  • Chad
  • Chile
  • China
  • Cocos Islands
  • Colombia
  • Comoros Islands
  • Congo
  • Cook Islands
  • Costa Rica
  • Côte d'Ivoire
  • Croatia
  • Cuba
  • Cyprus
  • Czech Republic
  • Democratic Rep of Congo (ex-Zaire)
  • Denmark
  • Djibouti
  • Dominica
  • Dominican Republic
  • East Timor
  • Ecuador
  • Egypt
  • El Salvador
  • Equatorial Guinea
  • Eritrea
  • Estonia
  • Ethiopia
  • Faroe Islands
  • Federated States of Micronesia
  • Fiji
  • Finland
  • France
  • French Guiana
  • French Polynesia (ex-Tahiti)
  • French West Indies
  • Gabon
  • Gambia
  • Georgia
  • Germany
  • Ghana
  • Gibraltar
  • Greece
  • Greenland
  • Grenada
  • Guam
  • Guatemala
  • Guernsey
  • Guinea Republic
  • Guinea-Bissau
  • Guyana
  • Haiti
  • Honduras
  • Hong Kong
  • Hungary
  • Iceland
  • India
  • Indonesia
  • Iran
  • Iraq
  • Ireland
  • Isle of Man
  • Israel
  • Italy
  • Jamaica
  • Japan
  • Jersey
  • Jordan
  • Kazakhstan
  • Kenya
  • Kirghizstan
  • Kiribati
  • Korea
  • Kosovo
  • Kuwait
  • Laos
  • Latvia
  • Lebanon
  • Lesotho
  • Liberia
  • Libya
  • Liechtenstein
  • Lithuania
  • Luxembourg
  • Macau
  • Macedonia
  • Madagascar
  • Malawi
  • Malaysia
  • Maldives
  • Mali
  • Malta
  • Marshall Islands
  • Mauritania
  • Mauritius
  • Mayotte
  • Mexico
  • Moldova
  • Monaco
  • Mongolia
  • Montenegro
  • Montserrat
  • Morocco
  • Mozambique
  • Myanmar
  • Namibia
  • Nepal
  • Netherlands
  • Netherlands Antilles
  • New Caledonia
  • New Zealand
  • Nicaragua
  • Niger
  • Nigeria
  • Niue
  • North Korea
  • Northern Marianas
  • Norway
  • Oman
  • Pakistan
  • Palau
  • Palestine
  • Panama
  • Papua New Guinea
  • Paraguay
  • Peru
  • Philippines
  • Poland
  • Portugal
  • Puerto Rico
  • Qatar
  • Réunion
  • Romania
  • Russia
  • Rwanda
  • Samoa
  • Samoa (American)
  • Sao Tomé & Principe
  • Saudi Arabia
  • Senegal
  • Serbia
  • Seychelles
  • Sierra Leone
  • Singapore
  • Slovak Republic
  • Slovenia
  • Solomon Islands
  • Somalia
  • South Africa
  • Spain
  • Sri Lanka
  • St Kitts & Nevis
  • St Lucia
  • St Vincent & The Grenadines
  • Sudan
  • Suriname
  • Swaziland
  • Sweden
  • Switzerland
  • Syria
  • Tajikistan
  • Taiwan
  • Tanzania
  • Thailand
  • Togo
  • Tonga
  • Trinidad & Tobago
  • Tunisia
  • Turkey
  • Turkmenistan
  • Turks & Caicos Islands
  • UAE
  • Uganda
  • UK
  • Ukraine
  • Uruguay
  • US Virgin Islands
  • USA
  • Uzbekistan
  • Vanuatu
  • Venezuela
  • Vietnam
  • Yemen
  • Zambia
  • Zimbabwe
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