세계의 염소 알칼리 시장 : 유형별(가성소다, 염소, 소다회, 기타), 지역별 시장 규모 및 동향, 코로나19의 영향에 따른 예측 분석(-2028년)
Global Chlor Alkali Market: Analysis By Type (Caustic Soda, Chlorine, Soda Ash, and Others), By Region Size and Trends with Impact of COVID-19 and Forecast up to 2028
세계의 염소 알칼리 시장 규모는 2022년 762억 1,000만 달러에서 2028년 1,030억7,000만 달러에 달하고, 2023년부터 2028년까지 예측 기간 동안 약 5%의 CAGR을 나타낼 것으로 예상됩니다. 다양한 산업 수요 증가, 깨끗한 수처리 솔루션에 대한 필요성, 기술 혁신에 따른 신흥국 경제의 확장은 시장 성장을 가속하고 있습니다.
이 보고서는 세계의 염소 알칼리(Chlor Alkali) 시장을 조사했으며, 시장 개요, 시장 분석, 기업 프로파일 등의 종합적인 정보를 제공합니다.
The global chlor alkali market was valued at US$76.21 billion in 2022. The market value is expected to reach US$103.07 billion by 2028. The chlor-alkali process is an industrial process that splits salt (NaCl, also called sodium chloride) and water (H2O) into chlorine (Cl2), caustic soda (NaOH, also called sodium hydroxide), and hydrogen (H2). Chlorine and caustic soda are commodity chemicals used in many applications.
The chlor-alkali industry is constantly developing new applications for its products. For instance, chlor-alkali products are used in the production of solar panels, which are becoming increasingly popular as a source of renewable energy. The combination of increasing demand from various industries, the need for clean water treatment solutions, sustainable practices, and the expansion of emerging economies along with technological innovations is expected to contribute to the growth of the chlor alkali market. The market is expected to grow at a CAGR of approx. 5% during the forecasted period of 2023-2028.
Market Segmentation Analysis:
By Type: The report provides the bifurcation of the market into four types: Caustic Soda, Chlorine, Soda Ash, and Others. Caustic soda held the highest share of the market. Also, it is expected to be the fastest-growing segment in the forecasted period. Caustic soda is a versatile chemical used in the production of various other chemicals, such as dyes, pigments, pharmaceuticals, plastics, and solvents. The growth of chemical manufacturing industries across the globe has a positive impacton the caustic soda market, driving the demand for chlor alkali products. Chlorine is widely used for water treatment and disinfection purposes. It effectively kills bacteria, viruses, and other microorganisms, making it essential for ensuring safe drinking water and maintaining sanitary conditions in swimming pools, wastewater treatment plants, and industrial water systems. As the demand for clean and safe water increases globally, the demand for chlorine grows.
By Region: The report provides insight into the chlor alkali market based on the regions namely, Asia Pacific, North America, Europe, and the Rest of the World. Asia Pacific held the major share of the market in 2022. Like so many other chemical products, caustic soda is also dominated by China - in both supply and demand. The northeast Asian region (China) is a net exporter of caustic soda to Australia, Southeast Asia, and the US West Coast. China has the largest caustic soda production capacity in the world, accounting for almost half of global capacity. Thus, the increasing production capacity of caustic soda contributes to the growth of the overall chlor alkali market in China.
The US has experienced a significant increase in shale gas production in recent years. Chlor alkali production heavily relies on chlorine, which is derived from the electrolysis of salt (sodium chloride). The availability of low-cost and abundant chlorine feedstock derived from shale gas has positively impacted the chlor alkali market, making it more cost-competitive and supporting its growth.
Germany has some of the strictest environmental regulations in the world. This has led to an increased demand for green technologies in the chlor alkali industry, as companies look to reduce their environmental impact. Also, the German government offers a number of economic incentives for companies that adopt green technologies. This includes tax breaks, grants, and loans.
Growth Drivers: The global chlor alkali market growth is predicted to be supported by numerous growth drivers such as increasing chlorine production, rising demand for alumina, growing pharmaceutical industry, rapid urbanization, growing water treatment market, escalating paper and pulp market, and many other factors. Alumina refining requires the use of caustic soda as a key chemical reagent. Caustic soda is used to dissolve impurities and separate the desired alumina content from bauxite ore. As alumina production increases, the demand for caustic soda in the refining process also rises. This increased demand for caustic soda supports the growth of the chlor-alkali market.
Challenges: However, the market growth would be negatively impacted by various challenges such as stringent environmental regulations, shift towards sustainable practices from traditional chlor alkali processes, etc.
Trends: The market is projected to grow at a fast pace during the forecast period, due to various latest trends such as growing demand for green chlor alkali products, technological advancements, expanding product diversification and value-added solutions, increasing demand for polyvinyl chloride (PVC), etc. The demand for green chlor alkali products drives market expansion as industries and consumers increasingly prioritize sustainable sourcing and production methods. This demand creates new market opportunities for chlor alkali manufacturers who can provide environmentally friendly and responsibly produced products. It opens up avenues for growth, especially in sectors where sustainability considerations play a significant role, such as water treatment, food processing, and renewable energy industries.
Impact Analysis of COVID-19 and Way Forward:
COVID-19 had negatively affected the growth of the global chlor alkali market in the initial period of 2020, but as the restrictions eased, the market growth rates came back to the trajectory. The pandemic has led to a decline in demand for many of the products that use chlor-alkali, such as polyvinyl chloride (PVC), paper, and textiles. This has led to a decrease in the production and sales of chlor-alkali. In addition, the pandemic has disrupted supply chains, making it more difficult and expensive to obtain the raw materials needed to produce chlor-alkali. This has also contributed to the decline in the market. The market is expected to recover as the global economy recovers from the pandemic, and chlor-alkali producers are investing in new technologies and sustainability initiatives.
The global chlor alkali market is highly competitive and fragmented, with several key players operating on a global scale. The key players in the global chlor alkali market are:
The Dow Chemical Company
Occidental Petroleum Corporation
Tata Chemicals Limited
Hanwha Chemical Group
The AGC Group
Ineos Group (Inovyn)
Formosa Plastics Corp.
Occidental Petroleum, through the company's subsidiary OxyChem, is a significant player in the chlor alkali market. The company produces chlorine, caustic soda, and other related chemicals for various industries, including water treatment, pulp and paper, and chemical manufacturing. On the other hand, Olin Corporation is another major player in the global chlor alkali market. The company produces chlorine, caustic soda, bleach, and other chlor alkali products. Olin serves various industries, including chemicals, textiles, and water treatment. Some of the strategies among key players in the market are mergers, acquisitions, and collaborations.