인터모달 화물 운송 시장 : 성장, 동향, COVID-19의 영향, 예측(2022-2027년)
Intermodal Freight Transportation Market - Growth, Trends, COVID-19 Impact, and Forecasts (2022 - 2027)
Mordor Intelligence Pvt Ltd
|| 2022년 01월 || 상품코드
| 페이지 정보
|| 2-3일 (영업일 기준)
인터모달 화물 운송 시장 : 성장, 동향, COVID-19의 영향, 예측(2022-2027년)
Intermodal Freight Transportation Market - Growth, Trends, COVID-19 Impact, and Forecasts (2022 - 2027)
|발행일 : 2022년 01월 ||페이지 정보 : 영문
※ 본 상품은 영문 자료로 한글과 영문 목차에 불일치하는 내용이 있을 경우 영문을 우선합니다. 정확한 검토를 위해 영문목차를 참고해주시기 바랍니다.
비용과 탄소 배출량을 절감하는 새로운 방법으로서 긴 거리를 이동하는 경우에는 대체 운송 방법을 검토할 필요가 있습니다. 트럭 운송은 여전히 국내에서 제품을 운송하는 가장 지배적인 방법이지만, 인터모달 화물 운송은 특히 500마일 이상 거리로 제품을 운송할 경우에 배출량 절감이 가능합니다. 인터모달은 각 운송 방법의 상대적인 강점과 효율을 최적화하는 것으로, 화물의 취급, 손상, 손실을 줄이고, 화물을 보다 안전하게 전체적인 비용을 억제하여 운송할 수 있도록 합니다.
- 공급망 관리 전문가 평의회의 물류 보고서에 의하면 운송은 총물류비용의 66%를 차지하고 있습니다. 운송 네트워크를 적극적으로 관리하지 않으면 성장요인 부족과 생산성을 저해하는 트럭 운송 규제 등의 트럭 운송 과제에 의해 향후 몇 년간 화물 용량이 제한되기 때문에 이러한 비용이 상승할 가능성이 있습니다. 조직이 공급망 혼란을 최소한으로 억제하고 공급 위험을 경감하고 운송 비용을 절감하려고 할 경우 인터모달은 강력한 솔루션이 될 가능성이 있습니다. 다수의 운송 방법을 포함시켜 단일 용량에 대한 의존을 줄일 수 있습니다.
- 또한 미국 환경보호청(EPA)은 1,000마일 이상의 운송에 인터모달 운송을 사용하면 트럭 운송만의 경우와 비교해 연료 사용량과 온실가스 배출량을 최대 65% 절감할 수 있다고 보고하고 있습니다. 로스앤젤레스부터 보스턴까지 4만 파운드를 운송할 수 있는 트럭은 약 4.35톤의 탄소 배출량을 낳습니다. 인터모달 철도로 똑같이 4만 파운드를 운송하려고 하면 1.75톤의 탄소 배출량이 창출됩니다. 인터모달 운송은 기업의 이산화탄소 배출량을 효과적으로 절감하는데 도움이 됩니다.
- 대규모 인터모달 시설은 트럭 양이 많다는 과제가 있으며, 크레인에 도착한 순서로 트럭에 서비스를 제공하는 경우가 자주 있지만, 이것은 최적이지는 않습니다. 효율은 선착순으로 서비스를 제공하기 위해 박스를 셔플하는 것이 아니라, 컨테이너 축적 순서에 일치하도록 트럭을 크레인에 호출하는 것으로 얻을 수 있습니다.
인터모달 화물 운송(Intermodal Freight Transportation) 시장을 조사했으며, 시장 개요, 시장 성장 촉진요인 및 저해요인 분석, 서비스별·운송 방법별·최종 이용 산업별·지역별 시장 규모 추정과 예측, 경쟁 상황, 주요 기업 개요, 시장 기회 등의 정보를 제공합니다.
제2장 조사 방법
제3장 주요 요약
제4장 시장 인사이트
- 시장 개요
- Porter's Five Forces 분석
- COVID-19별 영향 평가
제5장 시장 역학
- 시장 성장 촉진요인
- 세계의 공급망별 효과적이고 비용 효율적 운송 수단 필요성 상승
- 이산화탄소 배출량 절감에 관한 인식 확산
- 시장 과제
- 효과적인 계획과 커뮤니케이션 결여는 운송 비용을 증가시킬 가능성이 있다
제6장 시장 세분화
- 운송 방법별
- 철도 및 도로 운송
- 항공 및 도로 운송
- 해상 및 도로 운송
- 기타 운송 방법
- 최종 이용 산업별
- 산업 및 제조
- 소비자 및 소매
- 기타 최종 이용 산업
- 중동과 아프리카
제7장 경쟁 상황
- 기업 개요*
- Oracle Corporation
- Cognizant Technology Solutions Corp
- HighJump(Korber AG)
- Blue Yonder Group, Inc.(JDA Software)
- Transplace, Inc.
- GE Transportation(Wabtec Corporation)
- The Descartes Systems Group Inc.(Descartes Aljex)
- Motorola Solutions, Inc.
- Elemica, Inc.(Eyefreight BV)
- Envase Technologies
제8장 투자 분석
제9장 시장 전망
The Intermodal Freight Transportation Market is expected to register a CAGR of 8.27% over the forecast period from 2021 to 2026. As companies evaluate new ways to reduce freight costs and their carbon footprint, alternative transportation mode options should be considered when moving long freight distances. While trucking remains the most dominant mode of shipping products domestically, intermodal freight transport offers freight savings and reduced emissions, especially when transporting products over distances of 500 miles or more. Optimizing each transport method's relative strengths and efficiencies, intermodal can help reduce cargo handling, damage, and loss, enabling freight to be transported more securely and at lower overall costs.
- According to the Council of Supply Chain Management Professionals State of Logistics Report, transportation comprises 66% of total logistics costs. Failing to proactively manage the transportation network can cause these costs to rise as trucking challenges such as driver shortages and productivity-hampering trucking regulations constrict capacity in the years ahead. If the organization seeks to minimize supply chain disruption, mitigate supply risk, and lower transportation costs, intermodal can be a powerful solution. Adding intermodal into the transportation mix delivers tangible cost savings. Incorporating multiple modes of transportation into the carrier base reduces reliance on a single source of capacity. Supply chain leaders who use multimodal freight moves could realize short and long-term benefits by leveraging each mode of transportation's strengths.
- Moreover, the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) reports that using intermodal transport for shipments over 1,000 miles can cut fuel use and greenhouse gas emissions by as much as 65%, relative to truck transport alone. A truck that can transport 40,000 lbs from Los Angeles to Boston produces approximately 4.35 tons of carbon emissions. The same 40,000 pounds, which could be shipped via intermodal rail, produces 1.75 tons of carbon emissions, significantly less. Intermodal transportation can effectively help reduce a company's carbon footprint. The EPA estimates that every ton-mile of freight moves by rail instead of highway can reduce greenhouse emissions by two-thirds. This is essential as companies are continually working to reduce their carbon footprint to comply with environmental regulations and meet their own corporate sustainability goals.
- Extensive intermodal rail facilities are challenged by high truck volume and often serve the trucks in the order they arrive at a crane, which is not optimal. Efficiencies can be gained by calling the trucks to the crane to match the containers' stacking order rather than shuffling boxes to serve the trucks on a first-come, first-served basis. This makes the trucker with transactions to significantly reduce the need to contact the terminal, helping terminals capture billable processes and events. Items such as checking whether a waybill is in place well before a trucker's arrival at the gate could be managed with the help of a mobile software application. This capability could help drivers perform advanced check-in and check-out, complete service requests confirm unit locations, and receive parking location updates from a mobile phone.
- The market is witnessing significant mergers and acquisitions by multiple companies to increase their presence. In February 2020, Elemica, a digital supply network provider for various industries, has acquired Eyefreight, a provider of multimodal SaaS Transportation Management Solutions. The combination is expected to create a unified global logistics and supply chain network. Together, the clients could take advantage of Elemica's comprehensive end to end supply chain network while providing it's clients the ability to incorporate transportation management capabilities to their supply chain. These capabilities will leverage a connected network of carriers and logistics service providers for multimodal visibility and business intelligence.
- In January 2020, Transplace, a provider of logistics technology solutions and transportation management services, has acquired Lanehub, a cloud-based platform, and community that encourages shipper-carrier collaboration by automatically identifying and connecting companies with parallel freight lanes to save on shipping expenses. The software is capable of matching recurring freight lanes consistently, increasing fleet revenue, reducing transportation costs, and improving overall carrier service and performance. Lanehub's collaboration network currently includes over 150 shipper members, 250 carrier members, 180,000 lanes, and over USD 23 billion in truckload spend. Lanehub customers have over 26 million matches within Lanehub's network.
Key Market Trends
Rail and Road Transport is Expected to Hold Significant Share
- Intermodal transportation provides predictable and reliable shipment of freight, and it's available at a compelling price and could be integrated into existing freight transportation systems. The United States rail industry accounts for more than 40 tons of freight per capita, and intermodal shipments usually take place in 53-foot-long containers. One intermodal train can move the same amount of freight as 280 trucks, according to an estimate by railroad CSX. Shippers, in general, are considering multiple factors when looking to use intermodal transportation, such as inefficiencies related to railroad conversions to precision scheduled railroading (PSR), the availability of shipping equipment, load pricing, and the ongoing truck driver shortage.
- While demand has increased for a more efficient and faster shipment of goods, the rail industry has worked to improve operations by implementing precision scheduled railroading. PSR regards the shipment of the same amount of freight with fewer railcars and locomotives, using a planned direct line for shipments across a rail network. Conventional trains move freight when full, but under PSR, trains begin to move at a set time whether the freight is there. PSR's goal is to enable faster speeds, longer trains, and less dwell time in terminals. However, as the rail industry has moved to PSR, it's impacted existing shipping lanes and led to a reduction in equipment and staff.
- Rail carriers in the United States and neighboring countries have worked to upgrade equipment, improve shipping schedules, reduce loading and unloading times, and increase the number of lanes to support multiple delivery locations. The United States intermodal rail system extends throughout the United States, touching every major port with some coast-to-coast service offerings faster than the truck. Mexico has an excellent rail system extending across most of the country, with well-established rail connections at the Unites States border. Canada has two major railroads that run coast-to-coast: the Canadian National Railway (CN) and the Canadian Pacific Railway (CP).
- Technology and intermodal rail are helping shippers to meet the challenges of the transportation environment. CSX Transportation operates over a network of over 40 terminals. The intermodal business serves across significant markets east of the Mississippi and the transportation of goods in multiple containers, providing companies with service similar to trucking for shipments moving over 500 miles. CSX CSX Transportation surveyed transportation management system providers to gain insight into transportation through intermodal rail. Intermodal rails are more focused on cost savings and capacity. Adding a transportation management system, beginning a multimodal conversion journey, or gaining the best use of both will advance shipper objectives.
- The international and domestic intermodal sector has not entered the restart phase in terms of returning to pre-COVID-19 pandemic levels, failing to exhibit the same bounce back seen in trucking, and railroads may not see a full recovery until some point in 2021. Shippers will be slower to return to rail because discretionary spending and industrial production will take a while to recover, and truckload rates will be very competitive. Intermodal volume had fallen between 10 and 20% below the five-year average in each week of the second quarter of 2020, according to Association of American Railroads (AAR), reaching its low point in mid-March, when the volume was down 18% from the same week over the last five years. According to AAR, the intermodal volume has declined 15% in the first nine weeks of the second quarter and 11% in 2020 through the end of May.
North America is Expected to Hold Significant Share
- The intermodal freight transportation market in the North American region is increasingly dependent on the consumer economy's demand. The rail industry in the region is concentrating on creating new intermodal services that can successfully rival the over the road options. In August 2019, Canadian National Railway (CN) and CSX Transportation announced a new intermodal service offering between CN's greater Montreal and Southern Ontario areas, and the CSX-served ports of New York, New Jersey, Philadelphia, and the New York City metropolitan area. This intermodal offering is expected to convert long-haul trucks to interline various rail services. Trains will be able to run directly into the center of Toronto and Montreal's urban markets via CN intermodal yards, making this partnership a natural opportunity for both railroads.
- In North America, total intermodal volumes decreased 7.4% in the last quarter of 2019, comparing year-on-year with 2018, according to the Intermodal Association of North America. Domestic containers decreased by 2.7%, international shipments, and trailers decreased by 9.1% and 21.4%, respectively. The region is also witnessing significant new players entering the market. For instance, in May 2020, The Firmament Group, a provider of tailored debt and equity capital solutions to small- and medium-sized enterprises (SMEs), announced the formation and launch of Envase Technologies, a provider of cloud-based transportation management systems and mobile applications for intermodal transportation providers, including third-party logistics companies, drayage carriers, global freight forwarders, and intermodal marketing companies. The company will provide service to 500+ intermodal customers spanning ports and terminals across nearly all 50 states in the U.S., Canada, and Mexico.
- In February 2019, Wabtec Corporation, a US-based company, has completed its merger with GE Transportation, a former business unit of GE. This merger is expected to establish Wabtec Corporation as a Fortune 500, global transportation and logistics player by combining Wabtec's broad range of freight, transit, and electronics products with GE Transportation's equipment, services, and digital solutions locomotive, mining, marine, stationary power, and drilling industries. The company plans to accelerate lifecycle solutions for the transportation industry and unlock significant productivity for customers by improving interoperability, efficiency, and competitiveness. Wabtec expects to benefit from the cyclical tailwinds the industry witnessed, including volume growth of 38 million carloads and intermodal units.
- Intermodal volume has been on a steady decline in the region since mid-February due to COVID-19, an aberration in typical seasonal trends based on the five-year average. In the last week of March 2020, North American intermodal rail volumes fell to the lowest point in nearly a decade, underscoring the dramatic fall-off in containerized imports and slowing growth in the shipment of trailers and domestic containers. According to a JOC.com analysis of data from the Association of American Railroads and BNSF Railway, intermodal volume declined 15% year over year to 339,125 containers and trailers in the week ending March 27, the worst final week of a first-quarter since 2013. The decline in volumes is contributing to a deep financial hit to Class I railroads, a rail industry analyst with Deutsche Bank, reckons will cost the industry some USD 9 billion in revenue, including intermodal and railcar business, and USD 4.7 billion in profits this year.
The Intermodal Freight Transportation market is moderately fragmented, as the few players are entering the market to provide various software and services related to support intermodal transportation methods. Moreover, the acquisitions have been a key trend observed across the years in the market. Some of the key players include Oracle Corporation, Cognizant Technology Solutions Corp, HighJump (Korber AG), Blue Yonder Group, Inc. (JDA Software), etc.
- July 2020 - Transplace has launched its Platform Services, including analytics and benchmarking tools, a command center with real-time visibility and optimization, and network collaboration. Shippers that utilize JDA, Oracle, and other resource planning systems to manage their supply chains can directly feed their data into the Company's Platform Services via standard API connections.
- February 2020 - JDA Software, Inc., announced that it would be named Blue Yonder. The name change is part of a company's strategy of a re-branding initiative to better align its name with its cloud transformation and product roadmap, embracing a future full of innovation, continuous improvement, and better customer experience.
- The market estimate (ME) sheet in Excel format
- 3 months of analyst support
TABLE OF CONTENTS
- 1.1 Study Assumptions and Market Definition
- 1.2 Scope of the Study
2 RESEARCH METHODOLOGY
3 EXECUTIVE SUMMARY
4 MARKET INSIGHTS
- 4.1 Market Overview
- 4.2 Industry Attractiveness - Porter's Five Forces Analysis
- 4.2.1 Threat of New Entrants
- 4.2.2 Bargaining Power of Buyers/Consumers
- 4.2.3 Bargaining Power of Suppliers
- 4.2.4 Threat of Substitute Products
- 4.2.5 Intensity of Competitive Rivalry
- 4.3 Assessment on the impact due to COVID-19
5 MARKET DYNAMICS
- 5.1 Market Drivers
- 5.1.1 Increasing need for effective and cost-efficient means of transportation by global supply chains
- 5.1.2 Rising awareness regarding the reduction of carbon footprint
- 5.2 Market Challanges
- 5.2.1 Lack of effective effective planning and communication can increase transportation costs
6 MARKET SEGMENTATION
- 6.1 By Component
- 6.1.1 Software
- 6.1.2 Service
- 6.2 By Transportation Mode
- 6.2.1 Rail and Road Transport
- 6.2.2 Air and Road Transport
- 6.2.3 Maritime and Road Transport
- 6.2.4 Other Transportation Modes
- 6.3 End-User Industry
- 6.3.1 Industrial and Manufacturing
- 6.3.2 Oil and Gas
- 6.3.3 Consumer and Retail
- 6.3.4 Food & Beverage
- 6.3.5 Construction
- 6.3.6 Other End-User Industries
- 6.4 Geography
- 6.4.1 North America
- 6.4.2 Europe
- 6.4.3 Asia-Pacific
- 6.4.4 Latin America
- 6.4.5 Middle East and Africa
7 COMPETITIVE LANDSCAPE
- 7.1 Company Profiles*
- 7.1.1 Oracle Corporation
- 7.1.2 Cognizant Technology Solutions Corp
- 7.1.3 HighJump (Korber AG)
- 7.1.4 Blue Yonder Group, Inc. (JDA Software)
- 7.1.5 Transplace, Inc.
- 7.1.6 GE Transportation (Wabtec Corporation)
- 7.1.7 The Descartes Systems Group Inc. (Descartes Aljex)
- 7.1.8 Motorola Solutions, Inc.
- 7.1.9 Elemica, Inc. (Eyefreight BV)
- 7.1.10 Envase Technologies
8 INVESTMENT ANALYSIS
9 FUTURE OF THE MARKET