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캐리어 뉴트럴 네트워크 오퍼레이터(CNNO) : 시장 분석(2021년 4분기) - 대형 M&A 안건과 새로운 PE 캐시로 디지털 인프라 융합 비지니스 모델로의 이동이 가속하고, 매출은 892억 달러로 급증(전년비 13%)

Carrier-Neutral Network Operators - 4Q21 Market Review: CNNO Market Speeds Up Move to Converged Digital Infra Business Models in 2021 with Big M&A Deals, New PE Cash, Revenues Spike 13% YoY to $89.2B

발행일: | 리서치사: MTN Consulting, LLC | 페이지 정보: 영문 | 배송안내 : 즉시배송

※ 본 상품은 영문 자료로 한글과 영문 목차에 불일치하는 내용이 있을 경우 영문을 우선합니다. 정확한 검토를 위해 영문목차를 참고해주시기 바랍니다.

캐리어 뉴트럴 네트워크 오퍼레이터(CNNO)의 매출은 2021년 시점에서 892억 달러(전년비 13% 증가), M&A 지출은 408억 달러(전년비 256% 증가), 설비투자는 307억 달러(2020년과 정체), 유형고정자산(Net PP&E)은 2,391억 달러(전년비 4% 증가)가 되고 있습니다.

CNNO 시장에서는 2011-2021년간 대부분의 재무 지표가 15-20%의 CAGR로 확대했습니다. 성장 배경에는 주로 2가지 이유가 있습니다. 첫번째로 통신사업자가 (더) 자산이 적은 운영 모델로 이동하고, 수동적 인프라의 대부분을 스핀오프함에 따라 CNNO도 유기적으로 네트워크를 확대하고 있습니다. 두번째로 클라우드 서비스를 제공하는 웹스케일 오퍼레이터가 급성장하고 있지만, 그것은 단독으로 네트워크 전체를 구축하지 못하고, 데이터센터와 대역폭의 자원을 CNNO로부터 빌리고 있습니다. 그 밖의 성장 원동력으로서 저금리에 따른 부채에서의 규모 확장(M&A·설비투자), REIT 운영 모델의 세제상 이점, 사모펀드가 관리하는 자산 풀 확대 등을 들 수 있습니다.

세계의 캐리어 뉴트럴 네트워크 오퍼레이터(CNNO) 시장 최신 동향에 대해 분석했으며, 기술 특징과 시장의 기본 구조·배경, 전체적인 시장 규모 동향(분기별, 2011-2021년), 부문별·기업별 상세 동향, 주요 기업 개요와 주요 지표 상호 비교(총 45개사) 등의 정보를 정리하여 전해드립니다.

분석 대상 기업

본 보고서의 분석 대상 기업은 다음과 같습니다:

  • 21Vianet
  • American Tower
  • Arqiva
  • Balitower
  • Bharti Infratel
  • Cellnex
  • China Tower
  • ChinData
  • Chorus Limited
  • Cogent
  • CoreSite Realty
  • Crown Castle
  • CyrusOne
  • Cyxtera
  • Digital Realty
  • DuPont Fabros
  • EI Towers
  • Equinix
  • GDS Data Centers
  • GTL Infrastructure
  • GTT Communications
  • IHS Towers
  • Internap
  • Interxion
  • Inti Bangun Sejahtera
  • Inwit
  • Keppel DC REIT
  • Level 3
  • Lumos
  • NBN Australia
  • NEXTDC
  • QTS Realty
  • Sarana Menara Nusantara
  • SBA Communications
  • Solusi Tunas Pratama
  • Summit Digitel
  • Sunevision
  • Superloop
  • Switch
  • TDF Infrastructure/Arcus
  • Telesites
  • Telxius/Telefonica
  • Tower Bersama Infrastructure
  • Uniti Group
  • Zayo

목차

  • 1. 요약
  • 2. CNNO 부문 개요
  • 3. 분석
  • 4. 운영 지표
  • 5. 주요 통계 데이터(2021년 4분기까지)
  • 6. 부문별 내역
  • 7. 기업별 내역
  • 8. 기업 벤치마크
  • 9. 미가공 데이터
  • 10. 환율
  • 11. 개요
KSM 22.07.01

Report summary

This interactive spreadsheet model is a detailed financial and operational review of the carrier-neutral network operator (CNNO) market for the 2011-2021 period. This report tracks 45 CNNOs across the globe, including 10 focused primarily on bandwidth/fiber infrastructure, 15 data center specialists, and 20 tower CNNOs. The CNNOs in this study have all been publicly held entities and reported audited financials at some point in the 2011-21 timeframe; some are now private, or have been acquired by other CNNOs.

CNNOs play an important role in the communications market. They sell independent, carrier-neutral access to network infrastructure, including mobile tower, data center, and bandwidth/fiber assets. In 2021, CNNOs accounted for $89.2 billion (B) in revenues (+13% YoY), $40.8B in M&A spending (+256%), $30.7B in capex (flat vs 2020), and $239.1B in net property, plant and equipment (net PP&E; +4% YoY). They owned and operated 1,062 data centers, 2.98 million cell towers, and nearly 800K route miles of fiber. CNNOs employed just over 102,000 people at year-end 2021, about the same as in 2020.

Market directions

The CNNO market has grown significantly over the last decade. Between 2011 and 2021, most key financial metrics have risen at a compound annual growth rate (CAGR) of between 15-20%: revenues, +16.4%; capex, 17.9%; total debt, 18.9%; and, net PP&E, 17.8%. There are two primary reasons for this rapid, sustained growth. First, telcos are moving to (more) asset light operating models and have spun off large portions of their passive infrastructure. This continues, and CNNOs are also expanding their networks organically. Second, webscale operators offering cloud services have grown rapidly and cannot build their entire network alone. They rent both data center and bandwidth resources from CNNOs. Secondary drivers for CNNO growth include: low interest rates enabling debt-financed expansion (M&A and capex); the tax advantages of the real estate investment trust (REIT) operating model; and, the growth of the asset pool managed by private equity, an important source of funding for CNNOs.

MTN Consulting simplifies the CNNO market into segments based upon their primary investment focus: towers, data centers, and fiber/bandwidth. However, many CNNOs own multiple types of infrastructure, and this cross-ownership is growing as companies leverage benefits from economies of scope. An influx of investment from asset management funds is also pushing CNNOs towards integrated business models. PE firms are acquiring assets across multiple infra types, and blending them into new, more converged entities. Asset managers with stakes in multiple types of CNNOs include Ardian, Brookfield, Carlyle, Cordiant, EQT, GI Partners, KKR, PAG Real Estate, TPG, and Triple Point. Colony Capital's creation, DigitalBridge, is probably the most mature example of this approach, and illustrative of where the CNNO market is headed. American Tower's 2021 acquisition of a major data center specialist, CoreSite Realty, is another illustration.

In July 2021, MTN Consulting published a report on CNNO market directions, whose central conclusion remains valid:

"Publicly held and private equity-controlled CNNOs will seek to offer integrated 'digital infrastructure' to communications network operators, with a focus on the telco and webscale markets as their primary customers... One of many reasons for this integration is the challenges faced by today's CNNOs: high levels of debt, weak cash flows, declining tenancy ratios in the tower sector, and the emergence of a need for data center and fiber buildouts at the network's edge. There will continue to be many niche CNNOs focused on one specific type of asset, or two (e.g. towers and fiber), but the economic logic for a more integrated offering is compelling. The new breed of CNNOs will compile some of their network by M&A, as they always have, but there will be significant new investment in network expansion, especially in the data center and fiber space."

Key findings

Key findings from this 4Q21 Market Review include:

  • Revenues: In 2021, global CNNO revenues rose by 13% from 2020, to $89.2 billion (B). That's a bit slower than the 2011-21 CAGR of 16% but an improvement on 2020's 8% growth. All three segments improved growth in 2021 v. the COVID-plagued 2020, but growth in the data center market was strongest: up 19%, to $19.1B.
  • Capex: CNNO capex held steady in 2021 at $30.7B (+0.3% YoY), as key players focused on M&A. The top three capex spenders were China Tower, Equinix, and Digital Realty, which accounted for about one-third of total CNNO capex.
  • M&A spending: CNNOs often spend more on M&A than capex, and this was the case in 2021: capex of $30.7B was outpaced by $40.7B on M&A. Tower CNNOs spent by far the most on M&A in 2021. The biggest individual spenders were American Tower (CoreSite, Telxius, DataSite) and Cellnex (Altice Tower, Arqiva, CK Hutch, Hivory). In the data center segment, China-based GDS spent by far the most on M&A in 2021.
  • Employees: CNNOs employ about 102K people, unchanged from 2021. The sector has a relatively high revenue per employee rate (~$900K in 2021), and free cash flow per employee has been rising for several years.
  • Data center infra: The number of data centers operated by CNNOs (of ALL types) tracked in this study ended 2021 at 1,062, up from 987 in 2020, and just 455 in 2011; net rentable footprint per data center has been climbing since 2017.
  • Bandwidth infra: CNNOs operate just under 800K route miles of fiber, used mainly for wholesale or similar services; roughly 18% was owned by companies outside the bandwidth segment, notably US-based Crown Castle and the Indonesia towercos.
  • Tower infra: CNNOs operate nearly 2.98 million towers, including China Tower. Excluding China, the figure was ~946 thousand (K) in 2021, from about 863K in 2020 and just over 200K in 2011. Focusing on the market ex-China, prior to 2021, the average tenancy ratio had been falling since 2011, but the tenancy ratio improved somewhat in 2021, to slightly above 1.7 tenants per (occupied) tower
  • CNNO market in context: CNNOs are one of three operator segments tracked at MTN Consulting, along with Telco and Webscale. The CNNO market plays a vital role in the development of these other two sectors. It remains relatively small, though. In 2021, capex spent by telcos and webscalers totaled $326 billion and $175 billion, respectively. That's roughly 11x and 6x the level of capex recorded by CNNOs in 2021. With all the private investment into CNNOs in recent years, though, and ongoing needs from telcos to rely more on third-parties for their network operations, there are strong signs that the CNNO market will continue to bridge this gap.

MTN Consulting expects to publish an update to its network operator spending forecast in the next two months. That may include modest adjustments to the CNNO market's outlook. However, the development of the CNNO market is largely on track with the last forecast, as published in December 2021.

COVERAGE:

The following companies are included in this Market Review:

  • 21Vianet
  • American Tower
  • Arqiva
  • Balitower
  • Bharti Infratel
  • Cellnex
  • China Tower
  • ChinData
  • Chorus Limited
  • Cogent
  • CoreSite Realty
  • Crown Castle
  • CyrusOne
  • Cyxtera
  • Digital Realty
  • DuPont Fabros
  • EI Towers
  • Equinix
  • GDS Data Centers
  • GTL Infrastructure
  • GTT Communications
  • IHS Towers
  • Internap
  • Interxion
  • Inti Bangun Sejahtera
  • Inwit
  • Keppel DC REIT
  • Level 3
  • Lumos
  • NBN Australia
  • NEXTDC
  • QTS Realty
  • Sarana Menara Nusantara
  • SBA Communications
  • Solusi Tunas Pratama
  • Summit Digitel
  • Sunevision
  • Superloop
  • Switch
  • TDF Infrastructure/Arcus
  • Telesites
  • Telxius/Telefonica
  • Tower Bersama Infrastructure
  • Uniti Group
  • Zayo

Table of Contents

  • 1. Abstract
  • 2. CNNO Segment Overview
  • 3. Analysis
  • 4. Operating Metrics
  • 5. Key Stats thru 4Q21
  • 6. Segment Drilldown
  • 7. Company Drilldown
  • 8. Company Benchmarking
  • 9. Raw Data
  • 10. Exchange Rates
  • 11. About

FIGURES & CHARTS

  • 1. Revenues by CNNO type (US$M)
  • 2. Revenues single-quarter (US$M)
  • 3. CNNO Profitability, annualized (%)
  • 4. Capex & M&A spending, single-quarter (US$M)
  • 5. Net PP&E by CNNO type (US$M)
  • 6. Number of data centers & NRSF per data center (K)
  • 7. Bandwidth fiber route miles, Global
  • 8. CNNO towers & average tenancy ratio

Below charts by total CNNO market, CNNO sub-segments, and by companies:

  • 1. Revenues: annual, single-quarter, and annualized (US$M)
  • 2. Profitability (Net Profit; Cash from operations; Free cash flow): annual, single-quarter, and annualized (US$M)
  • 3. Spending (M&A; Capex): annual, single-quarter, and annualized (US$M)
  • 4. Cash & Short-term Investments: annual and single-quarter (US$M)
  • 5. Debt (Total debt; Net debt): annual and single-quarter (US$M)
  • 6. Property, Plant & Equipment: annual and single-quarter (US$M)
  • 7. Key Ratios: Net margin; Capex/revenues; M&A/revenues; Free cash flow/revenues
  • 8. Total employees
  • 9. Revenue per employee, annualized (US$K)
  • 10. FCF per employee, annualized (US$K)
  • 11. Net PP&E per employee, annualized (US$K)

Company benchmarking charts:

  • 1. 2011 vs. 2021: company benchmark by KPI (Revenues, Net profit, Cash from operations, Capex, Free cash flow, Cash & short-term investments, Net PP&E, Total debt)
  • 2. 2011 vs. 2021: company benchmark by key ratio (Capex/revenues; Net margin; FCF margin)
  • 3. Top 5 CNNOs by sub-segment: by KPI (Revenues, Net profit, Cash from operations, Capex, Free cash flow, Cash & short-term investments, Net PP&E, Total debt)
  • 4. Top 5 CNNOs by sub-segment by Key ratio: Capex/revenues; Net margin; FCF margin
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