세계의 B2G(Building-to-Grid) 시장 : 요구 반응, 태양광 발전, 배터리 에너지 저장을 활용한 그리드 인터랙티브 빌딩 예측(2022-2031년)
Building-to-Grid: Forecasts of Grid-Interactive Buildings Engaged in Demand Response, Solar Power Generation, and Battery Energy Storage, 2022-2031
세계의 B2G(Building-to-Grid) 보급을 뒷받침하고 있는 것은 송전망 근대화와 탈탄소화, 에너지 생산 소비자 증가, 기술 진보 하드웨어와 소프트웨어 입수 용이화, 지원 정책과 규제 같은 시장 환경입니다. 그러나 시장은 기술 성숙도와 도입 편차, 낮은 소비자 인식과 수용도, 기존 에너지 비즈니스 모형과 정책, 장비 상호 운용성과 사이버 보안 우려 등 몇 가지 과제를 직면하고 있습니다.
세계의 B2G 시장을 조사했으며 수요 유연성, 태양광 발전, 배터리 에너지 저장 참여를 통해 그리드 인터랙티브 빌딩 스톡을 분석했고 시장 촉진 요인과 장벽, 시장 예측 등 정보를 제공합니다.
Digitalization and technological advances have transformed the ways that buildings interact with the electric grid. In the past, buildings simply consumed energy and grid operators adjusted supply to meet energy demand. Today, the proliferation of distributed energy resources (DER), such as onsite solar PV, battery storage, and grid-connected appliances (e.g., thermostats and water heaters), allow buildings to have two way interactions with the grid. With these technologies, building owners have greater control and flexibility over their energy generation and consumption and are incentivized to provide benefits to the grid, like shedding or shifting loads during periods of supply constraint.
Several market conditions are driving increased building-to-grid (B2G) integration, including grid modernization and decarbonization goals, the rise of the energy prosumer, technological advances that have made enabling hardware and software readily available, and supportive policies and regulations. Nonetheless, this market faces several challenges, including uneven technology maturity and adoption, relatively low consumer awareness and acceptance, incumbent energy business models and policies, and concerns about equipment interoperability and cybersecurity.
This Guidehouse Insights report analyzes the global building stock interacting with the electrical grid through participation in demand flexibility, solar power generation, and battery energy storage. Market drivers and barriers are discussed in relation to the motivations of diverse stakeholders, including building owners, utilities, regulators, and equipment vendors. Global market forecasts of the number of grid-interactive buildings, segmented by building group (commercial, institutional, and residential) and global region (North America, Europe, Asia Pacific, and Rest of World), extend through 2031.