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마이크로그리드 및 가상발전소(VPP)용 전기자동차(EV)형 그리드 서비스의 시행

Implementing EV-Based Grid Services for Microgrids and VPPs

리서치사 Navigant Research
발행일 2019년 03월 상품 코드 816935
페이지 정보 영문 19 Pages; 4 Tables, Charts & Figures
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마이크로그리드 및 가상발전소(VPP)용 전기자동차(EV)형 그리드 서비스의 시행 Implementing EV-Based Grid Services for Microgrids and VPPs
발행일 : 2019년 03월 페이지 정보 : 영문 19 Pages; 4 Tables, Charts & Figures

마이크로그리드(Microgrids) 및 VPP(가상발전소)용 EV(전기자동차)형 그리드 서비스(Grid Services)를 다루었으며, PEV(플러그인 EV)에 의해 가능해지는 그리드 서비스의 종류, 마이크로그리드에 최적인 서비스, 단기적·장기적으로 최적의 기회를 제시하는 마이크로그리드 부문, PEV·마이크로그리드 및 VPP 이해관계자가 향후 5년간 시장을 구축하기 위해 해야 할 것 등에 대해 분석하여 전해드립니다.

목차

배경

마이크로그리드 및 VPP(가상발전소)용 PEV(플러그인 전기자동차) 그리드 서비스의 정의

PEV를 그리드 문제로부터 그리드 솔루션으로 전환

  • PEV의 유틸리티, 마이크로그리드 및 VPP 애플리케이션 비교
  • 그리드 자원으로서 PEV를 이용하는 마이크로그리드 및 VPP의 사례 연구

PEV는 향후 5년간 마이크로그리드 및 VPP용 시행 가능한 구현 기술로서 부상

  • 솔루션으로서의 마이크로그리드
  • 솔루션으로서의 VPP

PEV용 에너지 클라우드 여정의 다음 스텝

  • PEV 이해관계자는 규격, 신규 그리드 서비스 및 서비스로서의 에너지를 탐사해야 한다.
  • ES에 의한 온사이트 상승효과 및 파이오니어링은 마이크로그리드 이해관계자의 초점이 되어야 한다.
  • VPP 이해관계자는 AI를 이용하여 시장 개혁을 촉진하고, DERMS에 주목해야 한다.
KSA 19.04.11

List of Charts and Figures:

  • How Is the PEV Energy Cloud Transformation Different?
  • Annual Installed Total DER Capacity by Technology, World Markets: 2019-2028
  • ESEVC Power Capacity and Revenue by Region, World Markets: 2018-2027
  • Annual DC EV Fast Charging Capacity and Implementation Spending by Region, World Markets: 2018-2027

The projected growth in plug-in EVs (PEVs) offers challenges and opportunities to distribution utilities. If not managed in an intelligent way, these PEVs can pose a threat to overall grid reliability. Yet, if aggregated and optimized with smart controls, they can offer grid services under new business model platforms such as microgrids and virtual power plants (VPPs). While the primary purposes of these platforms differ-resiliency versus bidirectional value exchanges-they share the goal of extracting value from distributed energy resources (DER) portfolios.

Vehicle grid integration (VGI) enables PEVs to participate in grid balancing schemes as generation or demand assets for grid operators as well as similar balancing options for smaller subsets of the grid, including microgrids and VPPs. PEVs may do this by modulating the rate of power at which the battery is charged, known as V1G (unidirectional VGI), or by providing power back to the grid, known as vehicle-to-grid (V2G).

This Navigant Research report discusses how to develop a strategy to best extract grid services embedded in PEV batteries, charging loads, and charging infrastructure to help support microgrid and VPP deployments. The study defines the grid services possible from PEVs, showcases global deployments that tap PEVs as DER for microgrids and VPPs, and identifies lessons learned from deployments that point to market opportunities. Actionable recommendations for PEV, microgrid, and VPP stakeholders when implementing PEV-based applications within the next 5 years are also provided

Key Questions Addressed:

  • What types of grid services are possible from PEVs?
  • Which of these potential services are best suited for microgrids?
  • Which microgrid segments represent the best near-term and longer-term opportunities?
  • Which PEV grid services align with VPPs?
  • Which regions of the world will PEVs likely be integrated into VPPs within the next 5 years?
  • What should PEV, microgrid, and VPP stakeholders seek to do to build this market over the next 5 years?

Who Needs This Report:

  • PEV charging component and management software providers
  • Microgrid developers and controls specialists
  • VPP software providers
  • Stationary energy storage manufacturers
  • Energy storage software companies
  • Utilities
  • Transmission grid operators
  • Investor community

Table of Contents

Spark

Context

Context

Defining PEV Grid Services for Microgrids and VPPs

  • Vehicle Grid Integration Protects Utilities but Scaling Is Difficult
  • Added Value of VGI Realized in Microgrids and VPPs

Transforming PEVs from Grid Challenge into Grid Solution

  • Comparing Utility, Microgrid, and VPP Applications of PEVs
    • VGI for Microgrids and VPPs Adds Nuance to Value Propositions
    • Pairing EV Chargers with Stationary Batteries
  • Microgrid and VPP Case Studies Tapping PEVs as Grid Resources
    • Microgrids Show Real-World Benefits of VGI
      • San Diego Zoo, California
      • Camp Carson, Colorado
      • Wheeler Army Airfield, Hawaii
      • Island of Bornholm, Denmark
      • University of California San Diego, California
    • VPPs Expand Portfolios of DER Assets to Include PEVs
      • Green Omni-Terminal Demonstration, Port of Los Angeles, California
      • General Motors E-Motor Plant, Maryland
      • Alectra, Ontario
      • California Independent System Operator and eMotorWerks VPP, California
      • Jeju Island, South Korea

PEVs Emerge as Viable Enabling Technology for Microgrids and VPPs Within the Next 5 Years

  • Microgrids as a Solution
    • Campus/Institutional, Military, and Remote Applications Best Near-Term Opportunities for Microgrids
    • Incentive Misalignment Hinders PEV Assets from Driving Microgrid Adoption
    • Standards Can Drive Hardware and Software Suppliers Toward Microgrids
    • Effects of Microgrids on Utilities and Transmission Grid Operators Still Unclear
  • VPPs as a Solution
    • Several Markets Provide Near-Term Market Opportunities for VPPs
    • Looking Beyond PEVs as Simply Transportation Vehicles
    • Open Platforms are the Future for Hardware and Software Suppliers
    • VPPs Provide Upstream Value to Utilities and Transmission Grid Operators

Next Steps in the Energy Cloud Journey for PEVs

  • PEV Stakeholders Should Explore Standards, New Grid Services, and Energy as a Service
  • Onsite Synergy with ES and Pioneering Should be the Focus for Microgrid Stakeholders
  • VPP Stakeholders Should Tap AI, Promote Market Reforms, and Look to DERMS
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