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실내 공공안전통신 및 로컬라이제이션 기술과 시장

Indoor Wireless Coverage and Objects Localization: Technologies and Markets

리서치사 PracTel, Inc.
발행일 2019년 10월 상품 코드 640334
페이지 정보 영문 135 Pages
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실내 공공안전통신 및 로컬라이제이션 기술과 시장 Indoor Wireless Coverage and Objects Localization: Technologies and Markets
발행일 : 2019년 10월 페이지 정보 : 영문 135 Pages

건물이나 터널 등의 실내 환경에서 퍼스트 리스폰더의 오퍼레이션을 지원하는 무선 통신 및 로컬라이제이션 기술의 사양에 대해 조사했으며, 관련 산업, 적용 규격 및 시장 분석 등의 정보를 전해드립니다.

제1장 서론

제2장 PSC 스펙트럼

  • 미국
    • FCC : 개요
    • 800 MHz대
    • 700 MHz대
  • EU
  • 세계

제3장 특유의 검토사항

  • 요건 : 퍼스트 리스폰더 실내 통신
    • 개요
  • 선택
    • 클래스
    • 특징
  • 실내 통신의 사양
    • 커버리지 확장

제4장 발전 동향

  • 스몰셀의 개발
  • 명칭
  • 배경
  • 응용
    • 실내 이용 사례
    • 실외 이용 사례
    • 공공안전통신
    • 요약
  • 이점과 과제
  • 스몰셀 시장
    • 시장 지역
    • 추정
  • 표준화
    • 조직
  • 스몰셀 산업
    • Airspan
    • AirHop Communications
    • Alpha Networks
    • Argela
    • Broadcom (acquired by Avago in 2015)
    • BTI Wireless
    • Cavium
    • Cisco
    • CommScope
    • Contela
    • Ericsson
    • Fujitsu
    • Huawei
    • ip.access
    • Intel
    • Gilat
    • Juni
    • NEC
    • Nokia
    • Qualcomm
    • Radisys
    • Samsung
    • Spider Cloud (Corning)
    • Tektelic
    • TI
    • Xilinx
    • ZTE
  • 분산 안테나 시스템 (DAS)
    • 개요
    • 정의
    • 분류
    • 활용
    • DAS의 이점
    • 포럼
    • 공공안전통신에서 DAS의 사양
    • 시장
    • 산업

제5장 실내 무선 통신 : 시장 추정

제6장 실내 로컬라이제이션

  • 표준화 활동
  • 조사
  • 산업
    • Apple
    • Broadcom
    • Camero
    • decaWave
    • Google
    • indoo.rs
    • IndoorAtlas
    • iPosi
    • Motorola Solutions
    • NextNav
    • NIST
    • Pointer
    • Qualcomm
    • Q-Track
    • Skyhook Wireless
    • ViewPoint
    • Wifarer
  • 시장 추정

제7장 FirstNet 및 실내 통신

  • 투명성
  • 계약
  • 차이
  • 당국

제8장 비교

  • DAS
  • C-RAN 스몰셀
  • 스몰셀의 과제

제9장 결론

부록 I

부록 II

KSM 18.05.29

이 페이지에 게재되어 있는 내용은 최신판과 약간 차이가 있을 수 있으므로 영문목차를 함께 참조하여 주시기 바랍니다. 기타 자세한 사항은 문의 바랍니다.

This report is analyzing specifics of indoor communications and localization. Though the focus of the report is public safety applications, majority of findings relate to a wider spectrum of use cases (communications and localization) in the indoor environment.

This report addresses specifics of wireless communications and localization technologies that support first responders and other users' activities inside of enclosures such as buildings, tunnels and similar structures. It also addresses related industries, applicable standards and markets. The report is also relevant to other users' cases related to indoor communications and localization.

Increasingly, public safety entities, commercial wireless service providers, and wireless users require reliable indoor communications. For public safety, reliable coverage is often essential throughout a broad jurisdiction, including coverage on-street, in-building, and in-tunnel. In such cases, there is no substitute for a properly designed dedicated mission-critical communications system with sufficient transmit sites to provide the level of signal required for reliable coverage anywhere within the jurisdiction, whether on-street or indoors.

Indoor wireless communications environments usually do not allow using traditional PSC (Public Safety Communications) networking based on TETRA, P25 or LTE. Building materials attenuate signals and this makes communications unreadable. Localization based on GPS techniques is becoming also questionable due to weak satellite signals inside of a construction.

All these factors make it necessary to develop special methods to extend outdoor communications channels inside of enclosures. Two such methods are analyzed in this report; and they are based on utilization:

  • Small Cells
  • DAS - Distributed Antenna Systems.

Small Cells base stations are small in size, lightweight and designed to serve up to several tens of users. They may be conveniently spread throughout a building, covering each corridor, hall, corners and so on. The technology relatively recently became commercialized and brought multiple benefits to users.

DAS is used for in-building signals distributions for at least twenty years. The report concentrates on advances in this technology, its specifics and issues.

Standard organizations activities, the in-depth market analysis and survey of the industry are also included in this report.

There are multiple methods suggested for in-building localization of first responders as well as other people or objects in the operational area. They are based on utilization of sensors, RF signatures in a building, amplification of GPS signals and other. The report concentrates on commercialized methods, and provides details of their advantages and issues. The report also addresses marketing aspects of in-building localization; and surveys patents related to indoor localization.

The report is written for a wide audience of technical and managerial staff involved in the development of reliable PSC and localization inside buildings and other enclosures.

Table of Contents

1.0 Introduction

  • 1.1. Need
  • 1.2. Legislation
  • 1.3. Signal Attenuation
  • 1.4. Requirements -Transparency
  • 1.5. Unified In-Building Wireless
    • 1.5.1. Localization Services
    • 1.5.2. Solutions
  • 1.6. Public Safety Communications Specifics
  • 1.7. Scope and Goals
  • 1.8. Research Methodology
  • 1.9. Target Audience

2.0. PSC Spectrum

  • 2.1. U.S.
    • 2.1.1. FCC - General
    • 2.1.2. 800 MHz Band
      • 2.1.2.1. Latest Rulings: FCC
    • 2.1.3. 700 MHz Band
      • 2.1.3.1. 700 MHz Nationwide Network - FirstNet
  • 2.2. EU
  • 2.3. Global

3.0. Special Considerations

  • 3.1. Requirements: First Responders Indoor Communications
    • 3.1.1. General
  • 3.2. Choices
    • 3.2.1. Classes
    • 3.2.2. Properties
      • 3.2.2.1. Regulations
      • 3.2.2.2. Involved Parties
      • 3.2.2.3. Factors
  • 3.3. Functionalities
    • 3.3.1. Extended Coverage

4.0. Developmental Trends

  • 4.1. Small Cells Development
    • 4.1.1. Rational
  • 4.2. Nomenclature
    • 4.2.1. Group
  • 4.3. Background
  • 4.4. Applications
    • 4.4.1. Indoor Use Cases
    • 4.4.2. Outdoor Use Cases
    • 4.4.3. Public Safety Communications
    • 4.4.4. Summary
  • 4.5. Benefits and Issues
  • 4.6. Small Cell Market
    • 4.6.1. Market Geography
    • 4.6.2. Estimate
  • 4.7. Standardization
    • 4.7.1. Organizations
      • 4.7.1.1. Small Cell Forum
      • 4.7.1.2. 3GPP
        • 4.7.1.2.1. First Standard
        • 4.7.1.2.2. Interfaces - 3GPP
        • 4.7.1.2.3. 3GPP Rel.12 and SCs
      • 4.7.1.3. Other
  • 4.8. Small Cell Industry
    • Airspan
    • AirHop Communications
    • Alpha Networks
    • Argela
    • Broadcom (acquired by Avago in 2015)
    • BTI Wireless
    • CommScope
    • Contela
    • Ericsson
    • Fujitsu
    • Huawei
    • ip.access
    • Intel
    • Gilat
    • Juni
    • NEC
    • Nokia
    • Qualcomm
    • Radisys
    • Samsung
    • Spider Cloud (Corning)
    • Tektelic
    • TI
    • Xilinx
    • ZTE
  • 4.9. Distributed Antenna System (DAS)
    • 4.9.1. General
    • 4.9.2. Definition
    • 4.9.3. Utilization
    • 4.9.4. DAS Benefits
    • 4.9.5. Forum
    • 4.9.6. Specifics of DAS in Public Safety Communications
    • 4.9.7. Market
      • 4.9.7.1. General
      • 4.9.7.2. Cost Efficiency
      • 4.9.7.3. Market Drivers
      • 4.9.7.4. Forecast
    • 4.9.8. Industry
      • Boingo
      • Cel-Fi
      • Cobham
      • Comba
      • CommScope
      • Corning
      • Combilent
      • Crown Castle
      • Dali Wireless
      • Ethertronics
      • Radio Frequency Systems
      • Shyam Telecom
      • SoliD
      • Westell
      • Zinwave
  • 4.10. Increased Power: FirstNet Example

5.0. In-building Wireless Coverage: Market Estimate

6.0. In-building Localization

  • 6.1. Standardization Activity
  • 6.2. Survey
  • 6.3. Industry
    • Apple
    • Broadcom
    • Camero
    • decaWave
    • Google
    • indoo.rs
    • IndoorAtlas
    • iPosi
    • Motorola Solutions
    • NextNav
    • NIST
    • Pointer
    • Qualcomm
    • Q-Track
    • Skyhook Wireless
    • Wifarer
    • Table
  • 6.4. Market Estimate

7.0. FirstNet and Indoor Coverage

  • 7.1. Transparency
  • 7.2. Contract
  • 7.3. Differences
  • 7.4. Authorities
    • 7.4.1. Activity

8.0. Comparison

  • 8.1. DAS
  • 8.2. C-RAN Small Cells
  • 8.3. Small Cells Issues

9.0. Conclusions

Attachment I: Patents Survey - Indoor Localization (2016-2019)

Attachment II: Codes

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