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5G 브로드밴드 네트워크 : 유선 액세스 기술, 시장, 표준 규격

5G Broadband Networks: Wireline Access - Technologies, Markets and Standardization

리서치사 PracTel, Inc.
발행일 2020년 06월 상품 코드 940102
페이지 정보 영문 161 Pages
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5G 브로드밴드 네트워크 : 유선 액세스 기술, 시장, 표준 규격 5G Broadband Networks: Wireline Access - Technologies, Markets and Standardization
발행일 : 2020년 06월 페이지 정보 : 영문 161 Pages

본 상품은 영문 자료로 한글과 영문목차에 불일치하는 내용이 있을 경우 영문을 우선합니다. 정확한 검토를 위해 영문목차를 참고해주시기 바랍니다.

유선 브로드밴드 액세스 기술은 현재의 네트워크에서 중요한 역할을 담당하고 있습니다. 미국 고정 브로드밴드 시장의 60%가 케이블이며, 로컬 루프의 55-65%는 구리선입니다. 최근까지 기술 및 경제적 과제로 인해 브로드밴드 통신의 가치가 최소한으로 억제되어 있었으나, PON(Passive Optical Networks)의 부상 및 고속 DSL의 진보에 의해 상황은 변화하고 있습니다.

세계의 유선 브로드밴드 액세스 기술을 조사했으며, 통신 네트워크의 현황과 과제, PON, 차세대 DSL, RFoG의 개요, 발전 경위, 주요 규격, 전망, 시장 추산·예측, 주요 기업 구상 등을 정리하여 전해드립니다.

제1장 서론

제2장 PON의 현재·미래

  • 개념
  • PON : ITU-FSAN 패밀리
    • Beginning-A/B-PON-G.983.x
    • G-PON-G.984.x
    • XG-PON-G.987x
    • NG-PON2-G.989x
    • XGS-PON
    • 플랜
  • PON : IEEE 패밀리
    • 802.3ah-GE-PON
    • 802.3av-10GE-PON
    • IEEE P802.3ca PON
  • PON 시장
    • PON 제품
    • 요인
    • 서비스
    • 시장 추산
  • 주요 기업
    • Ad-net
    • Adtran
    • Alphion
    • Broadcom
    • Calix
    • Cisco
    • Corecess
    • GigaLight
    • Hisense
    • Huawei
    • Marvell
    • Mitsubishi Electric
    • NEC
    • Nokia
    • PBN
    • Qualcomm Atheros
    • Raisecom
    • Source Photonics
    • Sumitomo Electric Networks
    • Tellabs

제3장 DSL Evolution

  • 추이
  • DSL 패밀리
    • ADSL
    • R-ADSL
    • HDSL
    • IDSL
    • VDSL
    • SDSL
    • 요약
  • Vectored DSL-G.993.5
    • 범위
    • 상세
    • 시장
    • 벤더
      • Adtran
      • Assia
      • Broadcom
      • Calix
      • Huawei
      • Intel/Lantiq
      • Nokia
      • Siligence
      • Zyxel
      • ZTE
  • G.fast
    • 규격
    • 주요 특징
    • 테스트·트라이얼
    • 더 큰 발전
    • 기업
      • Adtran
      • Arris(Commscope)
      • Broadcom
      • Calix
      • Cisco
      • Dasan Networks
      • Huawei
      • Metanoia
      • Nokia
      • Qualcomm/Ikonos
      • Sagemcom
      • Sckipio
      • XAVi
      • Zinwell
    • 시장

제4장 RFoG 개발

  • 하이브리드 섬유 동축(HFC) 기술
  • RFoG 솔루션
  • 유사점과 차이점(HFC와 RFoG)
  • RFoG의 주요 이점과 문제
  • 향후 확장 : RF-PON
  • 시장 추산
  • 기업
    • Adtran
    • Arris(Commscope)
    • BKtel
    • Calix
    • Cisco
    • CTDI
    • Electroline
    • Multicom
    • PBN
    • PCT

제5장 결론

별첨 1 : 벡터링 DSL 관련 특허 조사(2015-2020년)

별첨 2 : NG-PON2 관련 특허 조사(2015-2020년)

별첨 3 : RFoG 관련 특허 조사(2015-2020년)

별첨 4 : G.fast 관련 특허 조사(2015-2020년)

KSA 20.06.24

List of Figures

  • Figure 1: PON Reference Model
  • Figure 2: PON Details
  • Figure 3: PON Architecture Example
  • Figure 4: OLT Functional Block Diagram
  • Figure 5: ONU Functional Block Diagram
  • Figure 6: PON Evolution Path
  • Figure 7: FSAN Roadmap
  • Figure 8: Details
  • Figure 9: B-PON Frequency Arrangements
  • Figure 10: ITU Process
  • Figure 11: Functional Diagram - G.989 System
  • Figure 12: NG-PON2 Frequency Plan
  • Figure 13: XGS-PON
  • Figure 14: GE-PON - 10GE-PON Scenario
  • Figure 15: GE/10GE-PON Spectrum Allocation
  • Figure 16: 802.3ca Time Schedule
  • Figure 17: Price vs Wired Houses %
  • Figure 18: Estimate-PON Equipment Global Sales ($B)
  • Figure 19: Estimate-PON ONUs Global Sales ($B)
  • Figure 20: Estimate - xGPON Equipment Global Sales ($B)
  • Figure 21: PON Technology Geography - Major Regions (2019)
  • Figure 22: PON U.S. Providers (2019)
  • Figure 23: Estimate: U.S. PON Service Providers Revenue ($B)
  • Figure 24: Market Share (%) - Major Wireline Broadband Access Technologies (2019)
  • Figure 25: FEXT Illustration
  • Figure 26: Reference Model - Vectored System (ITU Rec. G.993.5)
  • Figure 27: Vectored DSL - Characteristics Improvement
  • Figure 28: Vectored DSL Channel
  • Figure 29: Estimate: Premises Passed -VDSL2 - Global (Mil.)
  • Figure 30: Estimate: Global Shipments of Vectored VDSL2 Ports (Mil. units)
  • Figure 31: DPU - Illustration
  • Figure 32: G.fast Illustration
  • Figure 33: Illustration - G.fast Link Arrangements
  • Figure 34: Estimate: G.fast Market Worth-Global ($B)
  • Figure 35: HFC Frequencies Assignment Illustration
  • Figure 36: RFoG Reference Architecture
  • Figure 37: R-ONU Block Diagrams
  • Figure 38: HFC and RFoG Illustration
  • Figure 39: Illustration: PON Overlay
  • Figure 40: Comparative Characteristics
  • Figure 41: Estimate: Global - RFoG Market Size ($B)
  • Figure 42: Estimate: Global - RFoG Service Providers Revenue ($B)

List of Tables

  • Table 1: G-PON Transmission Rates
  • Table 2: G.987 Family
  • Table 3: NG-PON2 - Line Rates
  • Table 4: EFM Signaling Schemes
  • Table 5: Interfaces - 10GE PON
  • Table 6: PONs Compared
  • Table 7: PON Service Scenarios
  • Table 8: DSL Family Evolution
  • Table 9: ADSL Characteristics
  • Table 10: Parameters
  • Table 11: Bandwidth
  • Table 12: Comparison - VDSL2 and G.fast
  • Table 13: Waveguide over Copper
  • Table 14: Optical Budget
  • Table 15: Downstream Transmission
  • Table 16: Frequency Plans

This report updates the status on wireline broadband access technologies, their markets, applications and industries as they relate to the 5G development.

Wireline broadband access technologies are playing an important role in today networks- cable accounts for 60% of the U.S. fixed broadband market; and 55%-65% of local loops are still on copper wire. However, until recently, technical and economic problems with such access did not allow effective use of a broadband pipe from a core to a subscriber side, minimizing a value of broadband communications.

The problems have been known for a long time, but absence of a cost-effective technology in the distribution plant prevented making any practical improvements. The specifics of access, such as the necessity to create highly distributed infrastructure and the price to support access service always contradicted each other. The situation changed with appearance Passive Optical Networks, their various modifications and progress in architecting of high-speed DSL, such as vectoring DSL.

The goal of this report is to address current and near-term advances in wireline broadband access networks that are transforming them into broadband pipes with characteristics similar to characteristics of the core networks. Particular, the report concentrates on the analysis technologies and markets for the following access architectures:

  • Passive Optical Networks - standardized or planning to be standardized by the IEEE and ITU-FSAN. Evolving PONs will allow transmission up to 100 Gb/s (shared).
  • New generations DSL - in the development and standardization by the ITU and the industry, including vectoring and G.fast. The technologies may support short reaches connectivity on the existing copper structures with speeds more than 1 Gb/s (non-shared).
  • RFoG - technology that allows efficient use of fiber combined with a short coaxial path to the user, allowing to reach gigabit per second speed and improving the economics of broadband access.

The report shows that the copper infrastructure continues to play an important role for connecting last hundreds meters from/to a subscriber equipment with the rest of the network. Advanced gigabit speed access technologies, such as DSL (G.fast, VDSL2-vec), are key in creating a homogenous and cost efficient core-access infrastructure. For example, in 2017, AT&T has begun rolling out G.fast-based services in 22 metro markets across the United States, signaling the service provider's desire to extend higher speed wireline broadband services in premises where it can't make a business case for all fiber.

PONs provide cost-efficient connectivity of the core with subscriber's equipment, supporting required by users characteristics, such as speed of transmission and other. Currently, service providers have three major next-generation FSAN PON paths: 10G-PON, XGS-PON and NG-PON2. Verizon, for example, plans to move directly to NG-PON2.

The IEEE NG-EPON standard 802.3ca, which promises the 100 Gb/s speed, planned to be finalized by 2020.

The report also stresses an important trend in the broadband wireline access: utilization of multi-functional platforms that allow flexibility and cost efficiency to serve a diversified group of users required different technologies.

The standardization processes are analyzed in details. Marketing statistics have been developed (2020-2024). The report also presents detailed surveys of companies that are working in the related industries and their products portfolios. Attachments contain the survey of recently approved patents related to the report subject.

The report is written for a wide audience of technical, managerial and sales staff involved in the development wireline broadband access networks.

Table of Contents

1.0. Introduction

  • 1.1. Issue
  • 1.2. Changes
    • 1.2.1. Geography
    • 1.2.2. 5G Necessity
  • 1.3. PON Appearance
  • 1.4. DSL Developments
  • 1.5. RFoG
  • 1.6. Scope
  • 1.7. Research Methodology
  • 1.8. Target Audience

2.0. PON: Today and Tomorrow

  • 2.1. Concept
    • 2.1.1. PON Benefits
    • 2.1.2. PON Proposition
    • 2.1.3. Details
    • 2.1.4. PON Classification
    • 2.1.5. PON Elements
      • 2.1.5.1. Optical Line Termination (OLT)
        • 2.1.5.1.1. PON Core Shell
        • 2.1.5.1.2. Cross-connect Shell
        • 2.1.5.1.3. Service Shell
        • 2.1.5.1.4. OLT Responsibilities
          • 2.1.5.1.4.1. Bandwidth Allocation
          • 2.1.5.1.4.2. Grant Mechanism
          • 2.1.5.1.4.3. Capture Effect
          • 2.1.5.1.4.4. Ranging
          • 2.1.5.1.4.5. Burst Mode Transceiver
      • 2.1.5.2. Optical Network Unit (ONU)
      • 2.1.5.3. Optical Distribution Network (ODN)
    • 2.1.6. PON Evolution Path
  • 2.2. PON: ITU-FSAN Family
    • 2.2.1. Beginning-A/B-PON-G.983.x
    • 2.2.2. G-PON-G.984.x
    • 2.2.3. XG-PON-G.987x
    • 2.2.4. NG-PON2-G.989x
      • 2.2.4.1. Project
      • 2.2.4.2. NG-PON2-General
      • 2.2.4.3. Major Properties
      • 2.2.4.4. Characteristics
        • 2.2.4.4.1. Support
        • 2.2.4.4.2. Rates and Reaches
        • 2.2.4.4.3. Combinations
      • 2.2.4.5. Services
      • 2.2.4.6. Capacity
      • 2.2.4.7. Spectrum Allocation
      • 2.2.4.8. Line Rate Summary
    • 2.2.5. XGS-PON
    • 2.2.6. Plans
  • 2.3. PON: IEEE Family
    • 2.3.1. 802.3ah-GE-PON
    • 2.3.2. 802.3av- 10GE-PON
      • 2.3.2.1. Goal
      • 2.3.2.2. Status
      • 2.3.2.3. Standard's Scope and Objectives
      • 2.3.2.4. 10GE-PON Technology Specifics
        • 2.3.2.4.1. Inheritance
        • 2.3.2.4.2. Properties
        • 2.3.2.4.3. Dynamic Bandwidth Allocation
      • 2.3.2.5. 10GE-PON: Drivers and Target Applications
    • 2.3.3. IEEE P802.3ca PON
  • 2.4. PON Market
    • 2.4.1. PON Commercialized
    • 2.4.2. Factor
    • 2.4.3. Services
    • 2.4.4. Market Estimate
      • 2.4.4.1. Equipment Sales
      • 2.4.4.2. Market Geography
      • 2.4.4.3. Service Providers Revenue
  • 2.5. Industry
    • Ad-net
    • Adtran
    • Alphion
    • Broadcom
    • Calix
    • Cisco
    • Corecess
    • GigaLight
    • Hisense
    • Huawei
    • Marvell
    • Mitsubishi Electric
    • NEC
    • Nokia
    • PBN
    • Qualcomm Atheros
    • Raisecom
    • Source Photonics
    • Sumitomo Electric Networks
    • Tellabs

3.0. DSL Evolution

  • 3.1. Developments
    • 3.1.1. Statistics
  • 3.2. DSL Family
    • 3.2.1. ADSL
    • 3.2.2. R-ADSL
    • 3.2.3. HDSL
    • 3.2.4. IDSL
    • 3.2.5. VDSL
    • 3.2.6. SDSL
    • 3.2.7. Summary
  • 3.3. Vectored DSL-G.993.5
    • 3.3.1. Scope
    • 3.3.2. Details
      • 3.3.2.1. Summary
      • 3.3.2.2. Broadband Forum Contributions
    • 3.3.3. Market
    • 3.3.4. Vendors
      • Adtran
      • Assia
      • Broadcom
      • Calix
      • Huawei
      • Intel/Lantiq
      • Nokia
      • Siligence
      • Zyxel
      • ZTE
  • 3.4. G.fast
    • 3.4.1. Standards
      • 3.4.1.1. Broadband Forum -G.fast
    • 3.4.2. Improvements over Vectoring
    • 3.4.3. Models-FTTdp
    • 3.4.4. Major Characteristics
    • 3.4.5. Testing and Trialing
    • 3.4.6. Further Developments
      • 3.4.6.1. G.mgfast
      • 3.4.6.2. Waveguide over Copper
    • 3.4.7. Industry
      • Adtran
      • Arris (Commscope)
      • Broadcom
      • Calix
      • Cisco
      • Dasan Networks
      • Huawei
      • Metanoia
      • Nokia
      • Qualcomm/Ikonos
      • Sagemcom
      • Sckipio
      • XAVi
      • Zinwell
    • 3.4.8. Market

4.0. RFoG Development

  • 4.1. Hybrid Fiber Coaxial (HFC) Technology
  • 4.2. RFoG Solution
    • 4.2.1. General
    • 4.2.2. Standardization
      • 4.2.2.1. Process
      • 4.2.2.2. Details
        • 4.2.2.2.1. ANSI/SCTE 174 2010
        • 4.2.2.2.2. Summary
        • 4.2.2.2.3. IEC
      • 4.2.2.3. Industry Needs
      • 4.2.2.4. Target
  • 4.3. Similarities and Differences (HFC and RFoG)
  • 4.4. RFoG Major Benefits and Issues
  • 4.5. Future Extensions-RF-PON
  • 4.6. Market Estimate
    • 4.6.1. Need
    • 4.6.2. Forecast
      • 4.7. RFoG Industry
      • Adtran
      • Arris (Commscope)
      • BKtel
      • Calix
      • Cisco
      • CTDI
      • Electroline
      • Multicom
      • PBN
      • PCT

5.0. Conclusions

Attachment 1: Vectoring DSL-related Patents Survey (2015-2020)

Attachment 2: NG-PON2-related Patents Survey (2015-2020)

Attachment 3: RFoG-related Patents Survey (2015-2020)

Attachment 4: G.fast-related Patents Survey (2015-2020)

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