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아이스크림 시장 : 세계 산업 동향, 점유율, 규모, 성장률, 기회, 예측(2021-2026년)

Ice Cream Market: Global Industry Trends, Share, Size, Growth, Opportunity and Forecast 2021-2026

리서치사 IMARC Services Private Limited
발행일 2021년 04월 상품 코드 999891
페이지 정보 영문 131 Pages
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아이스크림 시장 : 세계 산업 동향, 점유율, 규모, 성장률, 기회, 예측(2021-2026년) Ice Cream Market: Global Industry Trends, Share, Size, Growth, Opportunity and Forecast 2021-2026
발행일 : 2021년 04월 페이지 정보 : 영문 131 Pages

본 상품은 영문 자료로 한글과 영문목차에 불일치하는 내용이 있을 경우 영문을 우선합니다. 정확한 검토를 위해 영문목차를 참고해주시기 바랍니다.

세계의 아이스크림 시장 규모는 2020년에 658억 달러에 달했습니다. 아이스크림은 우유, 크림, 인공 또는 천연 향료를 조합하여 만들어진 단 냉동 디저트입니다. 냉동 커스터드 및 프렌치 아이스크림 등의 배리에이션도 주요 재료의 하나로서 계란을 사용하고 있습니다. 아이스크림은 탄수화물, 칼슘, 인, 티아민, 리보플라빈, 나이아신, 엽산, 비타민 A, C, D, E, K, B-6, B-12의 풍부한 공급원입니다. 시장에는 수많은 향료가 있으며, 그 중에서 가장 인기가 있는 것은 스트로베리, 초콜릿, 바닐라입니다. 아이스크림은 가장 오래된 디저트의 하나로, 메릴랜드주 볼티모어에 최초의 대규모 제조 공장이 설립된 1850년대 초로 거슬러 올라갑니다. 그 이후, 물류와 생산 프로세스의 급속한 진보에 의해 제조업체는 거의 모든 레스토랑, 슈퍼마켓, 코너 스토어에서 아이스크림을 제공할 수 있게 되었습니다.

과거 수년간 건강에 대한 인식의 향상과 지식의 향상에 의해 소비자는 색다른 유기 성분을 배합한 고급 대접(upmarket treats)으로 이동하고 있습니다. 또한 전 세계에서 몇개의 통치 기관이 아이스크림의 표시, 성분, 제조에 관한 새로운 규제를 발행하고 있습니다. 예를 들면 인도의 식품 안전기준국(FSSAI)은 2020년에 냉동 디저트의 라벨 표시 요건을 도입하는 것을 계획하고 있습니다. 이 기준에서는 식품 사업자(FBO)가 식물성 단백질 또는 식물성 지방/유의 비율을 눈에 띄도록 라벨에 표시하는 것을 요구하고 있습니다. 또한 급속한 도시화에 의해 백화점, 하이퍼마켓, 슈퍼마켓, 편의점 등의 현대적 소매 형태가 확대하며 판매량의 증가에 기여하고 있습니다. 또한 아이스크림 소비는 크게 확대하고 있으며, 가처분소득의 증가와 소비자 구매력의 향상에 의해 인도 및 중국 등 신흥 지역에서의 1인당 소비가 확대하고 있습니다. 세계의 아이스크림 시장은 향후 5년간 완만한 성장을 보일 것으로 예측됩니다.

아이스크림 시장에 대해 조사했으며, 시장의 개요와 향료별, 카테고리별, 제품별, 유통 채널별, 지역별 동향 및 시장에 참여하는 기업의 개요 등을 정리하여 전해드립니다.

목차

제1장 서문

제2장 범위와 조사 방법

제3장 개요

제4장 서론

제5장 세계의 아이스크림 업계

  • 시장 개요
  • 시장 성과
    • 볼륨 동향
    • 가치 동향
  • COVID-19의 영향
  • 가격 분석
    • 주요 가격 지표
    • 가격 구조
    • 가격 동향
  • 향료별 시장 세분화
  • 카테고리별 시장 세분화
  • 제품별 시장 세분화
  • 유통 채널별 시장 세분화
  • 지역별 시장 세분화
  • SWOT 분석
    • 개요
    • 강점
    • 약점
    • 시장 기회
    • 위협
  • 밸류체인 분석
    • 원재료 조달
    • 제조
    • 마케팅
    • 유통
    • 수출
    • 최종 용도
  • Porter의 산업 분석
    • 개요
    • 구매자의 교섭력
    • 공급 기업의 교섭력
    • 경쟁
    • 신규 진출업체의 위협
    • 대체품의 위협
  • 주요 성공요인과 리스크 요인

제6장 시장 세분화, 향료별

  • 초콜릿
  • 과일
  • 바닐라
  • 기타

제7장 시장 세분화, 카테고리별

  • 임펄스 아이스크림
  • 포장판매용 아이스크림
  • 아티장 아이스크림

제8장 시장 세분화, 제품별

  • 스틱
  • 블록
  • 기타

제9장 시장 세분화, 유통 채널별

  • 슈퍼마켓/하이퍼마켓
  • 편의점
  • 아이스크림 팔러
  • 온라인 스토어
  • 기타

제10장 시장 세분화, 지역별

  • 아시아태평양
  • 북미
  • 유럽
  • 라틴아메리카
  • 중동과 아프리카

제11장 경쟁 구도

  • 시장 구조
  • 주요 기업

제12장 아이스크림 제조 프로세스

  • 제품의 개요
  • 상세한 프로세스 플로우
  • 관계하는 다양한 유형의 단위 조작
  • 매스 밸런스와 원재료 요건

제13장 프로젝트 상세, 요건 및 관련 비용

  • 토지 요건과 지출
  • 건설 요건과 지출
  • 공장설비
  • 기계 사진
  • 원재료 요건과 지출
  • 원재료와 최종 제품 사진
  • 포장 요건과 지출
  • 운송 요건과 지출
  • 유틸리티 요건과 지출
  • 인적자원 요건과 지출
  • 기타 설비 투자

제14장 대출과 재정 지원

제15장 프로젝트 경제학

  • 프로젝트의 자본비용
  • 기술 경제 파라미터
  • 공급망의 다양한 레벨을 통한 제품의 가격결정과 마진
  • 과세와 감가상각
  • 수입 예측
  • 지출 예측
  • 재무 분석
  • 이익 분석

제16장 주요 기업의 개요

KSA 21.04.27

List of Figures

  • Figure 1: Global: Ice Cream Market: Major Drivers and Challenges
  • Figure 2: Global: Ice Cream Market: Volume Trends (in Million Tons), 2015-2020
  • Figure 3: Global: Ice Cream Market: Value Trends (in Billion US$), 2015-2020
  • Figure 4: Global: Ice Cream Market: Average Price Trends (in US$/Litre), 2015-2020
  • Figure 5: Ice Cream Market: Price Structure (in US$/Litre)
  • Figure 6: Global: Ice Cream Market: Breakup by Region (in %), 2020
  • Figure 7: Global: Ice Cream Market: Breakup by Flavor (in %), 2020
  • Figure 8: Global: Ice Cream Market: Breakup by Category (in %), 2020
  • Figure 9: Global: Ice Cream Market: Breakup by Product (in %), 2020
  • Figure 10: Global: Ice Cream Market: Breakup by Distribution Channel (in %), 2020
  • Figure 11: Global: Ice Cream Market Forecast: Volume Trends (in Million Tons), 2021-2026
  • Figure 12: Global: Ice Cream Market Forecast: Value Trends (in Billion US$), 2021-2026
  • Figure 13: Global: Ice Cream Market Forecast: Average Price Trends (in US$/Litre), 2021-2026
  • Figure 14: Global: Ice Cream Industry: SWOT Analysis
  • Figure 15: Global: Ice Cream Industry: Value Chain Analysis
  • Figure 16: Global: Ice Cream Industry: Porter's Five Forces Analysis
  • Figure 17: Asia-Pacific: Ice Cream Market: Volume Trends (in Tons), 2015 & 2020
  • Figure 18: Asia-Pacific: Ice Cream Market Forecast: Volume Trends (in Tons), 2021-2026
  • Figure 19: North America: Ice Cream Market: Volume Trends (in Tons), 2015 & 2020
  • Figure 20: North America: Ice Cream Market Forecast: Volume Trends (in Tons), 2021-2026
  • Figure 21: Europe: Ice Cream Market: Volume Trends (in Tons), 2015 & 2020
  • Figure 22: Europe: Ice Cream Market Forecast: Volume Trends (in Tons), 2021-2026
  • Figure 23: Latin America: Ice Cream Market: Volume Trends (in Tons), 2015 & 2020
  • Figure 24: Latin America: Ice Cream Market Forecast: Volume Trends (in Tons), 2021-2026
  • Figure 25: Middle East and Africa: Ice Cream Market: Volume Trends (in Tons), 2015 & 2020
  • Figure 26: Middle East and Africa: Ice Cream Market Forecast: Volume Trends (in Tons), 2021-2026
  • Figure 27: Global: Ice Cream Market (Chocolate Flavor): Volume Trends (in Tons), 2015 & 2020
  • Figure 28: Global: Ice Cream Market Forecast (Chocolate Flavor): Volume Trends (in Tons), 2021-2026
  • Figure 29: Global: Ice Cream Market (Fruit Flavor): Volume Trends (in Tons), 2015 & 2020
  • Figure 30: Global: Ice Cream Market Forecast (Fruit Flavor): Volume Trends (in Tons), 2021-2026
  • Figure 31: Global: Ice Cream Market (Vanilla Flavor): Volume Trends (in Tons), 2015 & 2020
  • Figure 32: Global: Ice Cream Market Forecast (Vanilla Flavor): Volume Trends (in Tons), 2021-2026
  • Figure 33: Global: Ice Cream Market (Other Flavors): Volume Trends (in Tons), 2015 & 2020
  • Figure 34: Global: Ice Cream Market Forecast (Other Flavors): Volume Trends (in Tons), 2021-2026
  • Figure 35: Global: Impulse Ice Cream Market: Volume Trends (in Tons), 2015 & 2020
  • Figure 36: Global: Impulse Ice Cream Market Forecast: Volume Trends (in Tons), 2021-2026
  • Figure 37: Global: Take-Home Ice Cream Market: Volume Trends (in Tons), 2015 & 2020
  • Figure 38: Global: Take-Home Ice Cream Market Forecast: Volume Trends (in Tons), 2021-2026
  • Figure 39: Global: Artisanal Ice Cream Market: Volume Trends (in Tons), 2015 & 2020
  • Figure 40: Global: Artisanal Ice Cream Market Forecast: Volume Trends (in Tons), 2021-2026
  • Figure 41: Global: Ice Cream Market (Cup): Volume Trends (in Tons), 2015 & 2020
  • Figure 42: Global: Ice Cream Market Forecast (Cup): Volume Trends (in Tons), 2021-2026
  • Figure 43: Global: Ice Cream Market (Stick): Volume Trends (in Tons), 2015 & 2020
  • Figure 44: Global: Ice Cream Market Forecast (Stick): Volume Trends (in Tons), 2021-2026
  • Figure 45: Global: Ice Cream Market (Cone): Volume Trends (in Tons), 2015 & 2020
  • Figure 46: Global: Ice Cream Market Forecast (Cone): Volume Trends (in Tons), 2021-2026
  • Figure 47: Global: Ice Cream Market (Brick): Volume Trends (in Tons), 2015 & 2020
  • Figure 48: Global: Ice Cream Market Forecast (Brick): Volume Trends (in Tons), 2021-2026
  • Figure 49: Global: Ice Cream Market (Tub): Volume Trends (in Tons), 2015 & 2020
  • Figure 50: Global: Ice Cream Market Forecast (Tub): Volume Trends (in Tons), 2021-2026
  • Figure 51: Global: Ice Cream Market (Other Types): Volume Trends (in Tons), 2015 & 2020
  • Figure 52: Global: Ice Cream Market Forecast (Other Types): Volume Trends (in Tons), 2021-2026
  • Figure 53: Global: Ice Cream Market: Sales through Supermarkets/Hypermarkets (in Tons), 2015 & 2020
  • Figure 54: Global: Ice Cream Market Forecast: Sales through Supermarkets/Hypermarkets (in Tons), 2021-2026
  • Figure 55: Global: Ice Cream Market: Sales through Convenience stores (in Tons), 2015 & 2020
  • Figure 56: Global: Ice Cream Market Forecast: Sales through Convenience stores (in Tons), 2021-2026
  • Figure 57: Global: Ice Cream Market: Sales through Ice Cream Parlours (in Tons), 2015 & 2020
  • Figure 58: Global: Ice Cream Market Forecast: Sales through Ice Cream Parlours (in Tons), 2021-2026
  • Figure 59: Global: Ice Cream Market: Online Stores (in Tons), 2015 & 2020
  • Figure 60: Global: Ice Cream Market Forecast: Online Stores (in Tons), 2021-2026
  • Figure 61: Global: Ice Cream Market: Sales through Other Distribution Channels (in Tons), 2015 & 2020
  • Figure 62: Global: Ice Cream Market Forecast: Sales through Other Distribution Channels (in Tons), 2021-2026
  • Figure 63: Ice Cream Manufacturing Plant: Detailed Process Flow
  • Figure 64: Ice Cream Manufacturing Process: Conversion Rate of Products
  • Figure 65: Ice Cream Manufacturing Plant: Breakup of Capital Costs (in %)
  • Figure 66: Ice Cream Industry: Profit Margins at Various Levels of the Supply Chain
  • Figure 67: Ice Cream Production: Manufacturing Cost Breakup (in %)

List of Tables

  • Table 1: Global: Ice Cream Market: Key Industry Highlights, 2020 and 2026
  • Table 2: Global: Ice Cream Market Forecast: Breakup by Flavor (in Tons), 2021-2026
  • Table 3: Global: Ice Cream Market Forecast: Breakup by Category (in Tons), 2021-2026
  • Table 4: Global: Ice Cream Market Forecast: Breakup by Product (in Tons), 2021-2026
  • Table 5: Global: Ice Cream Market Forecast: Breakup by Distribution Channel (in Tons), 2021-2026
  • Table 6: Global: Ice Cream Market Forecast: Breakup by Region (in Tons), 2021-2026
  • Table 7: Global: Ice Cream Market: Competitive Structure
  • Table 8: Global: Overview of Top Ice Cream Manufacturers
  • Table 9: Typical Composition of Ice Cream
  • Table 10: Ice Cream Manufacturing Plant: Costs Related to Land and Site Development (in US$)
  • Table 11: Ice Cream Manufacturing Plant: Costs Related to Civil Works (in US$)
  • Table 12: Ice Cream Manufacturing Plant: Costs Related to Machinery (in US$)
  • Table 13: Ice Cream Manufacturing Plant: Raw Material Requirements (Tons/Day) and Expenditures (US$/Ton)
  • Table 14: Ice Cream Manufacturing Plant: Costs Related to Salaries and Wages (in US$)
  • Table 15: Ice Cream Manufacturing Plant: Costs Related to Other Capital Investments (in US$)
  • Table 16: Details of Financial Assistance Offered by Financial Institutions
  • Table 17: Ice Cream Manufacturing Plant: Capital Costs (in US$)
  • Table 18: Ice Cream Manufacturing Plant: Techno-Economic Parameters
  • Table 19: Ice Cream Manufacturing Plant: Taxation and Depreciation (in US$)
  • Table 20: Ice Cream Manufacturing Plant: Income Projections (in US$)
  • Table 21: Ice Cream Manufacturing Plant: Expenditure Projections (in US$)
  • Table 22: Ice Cream Manufacturing Plant: Cash Flow Analysis Without Considering the Income Tax Liability (in US$)
  • Table 23: Ice Cream Manufacturing Plant: Cash Flow Analysis on Considering the Income Tax Liability (in US$)
  • Table 24: Ice Cream Manufacturing Plant: Profit and Loss Account (in US$)

The global ice cream market reached a value of US$ 65.8 Billion in 2020. Ice cream is a sweet, frozen dessert made from a combination of milk, cream and artificial or natural flavorings. Some variants like frozen custard and French ice creams also use egg as one of the main ingredients. Ice cream is a rich source of carbohydrates, calcium, phosphorus, thiamine, riboflavin, niacin and folate, as well as vitamins A, C, D, E, K, B-6 and B-12. There are numerous flavors available in the market amongst which the most popular are strawberry, chocolate, and vanilla. Ice cream is one of the oldest desserts with its commercial production dating back to the early 1850s, when the first large-scale manufacturing plant was established in Baltimore, Maryland. Since then, rapid advancements in logistics and production processes have enabled manufacturers to offer ice cream through nearly every restaurant, supermarket and corner store.

Over the past few years, rising health consciousness and better knowledge have led consumers to shift toward upmarket treats, which are formulated with unusual and organic ingredients. Besides, several governing bodies across the globe are issuing new regulations pertaining to the labeling, ingredients and manufacturing of ice cream. For instance, the Food Safety and Standards Authority of India (FSSAI) is planning to introduce labeling requirements for frozen desserts in 2020. The norms will require Food Business Operators (FBOs) to prominently mention the percentage amount of vegetable proteins or vegetable fat/oil on the label. Apart from this, rapid urbanization has led to an expansion in modern retail formats such as departmental stores, hypermarkets, supermarkets and convenience stores, which is contributing to an increase in sales. Moreover, owing to the income elastic nature of ice cream consumption, rising disposable incomes and the improving purchasing power of consumers are escalating its per capita consumption in emerging regions like India and China. Looking forward, IMARC Group expects the global ice cream market to exhibit moderate growth during the next five years.

Breakup by Flavor:

  • Vanilla
  • Chocolate
  • Fruit
  • Others
  • Currently, vanilla is mostly preferred by consumers as it is used in the preparation of several other desserts.

Breakup by Category:

  • Impulse
  • Take-Home
  • Artisanal
  • Amongst the categories mentioned above, impulse ice cream is expected to maintain its dominant position during the forecast period.

Breakup by Product:

  • Cup
  • Stick
  • Cone
  • Brick
  • Tub
  • Others
  • At present, the majority of consumers prefer purchasing ice cream cups.

Breakup by Distribution Channel:

  • Supermarkets/Hypermarkets
  • Convenience Stores
  • Ice Cream Parlors
  • Online Stores
  • Others
  • Supermarkets and hypermarkets represent the most popular distribution channel as they offer a wide collection of brands and flavors to the consumers.

Regional Insights:

  • Asia Pacific
  • North America
  • Europe
  • Latin America
  • Middle East and Africa
  • Asia Pacific presently accounts for the majority of the market share, on account of improvements in cold chain facilities which have improved the availability of ice cream in rural areas as well.

Key Questions Answered in This Report:

  • 1. What was the global ice cream market size in 2020?
  • 2. What will be the global ice cream market outlook during the forecast period (2021-2026)?
  • 3. What are the global ice cream market drivers?
  • 4. What are the major trends in the global ice cream market?
  • 5. What is the impact of COVID-19 on the global ice cream market?
  • 6. What is the global ice cream market breakup by flavor?
  • 7. What is the global ice cream market breakup by category?
  • 8. What is the global ice cream market breakup by product?
  • 9. What is the global ice cream market breakup by distribution channel?
  • 10. What are the major regions in the global ice cream market?

Table of Contents

1 Preface

2 Scope and Methodology

  • 2.1 Objectives of the Study
  • 2.2 Stakeholders
  • 2.3 Data Sources
    • 2.3.1 Primary Sources
    • 2.3.2 Secondary Sources
  • 2.4 Market Estimation
    • 2.4.1 Bottom-Up Approach
    • 2.4.2 Top-Down Approach
  • 2.5 Forecasting Methodology

3 Executive Summary

4 Introduction

  • 4.1 Overview
  • 4.2 Key Industry Trends

5 Global Ice Cream Industry

  • 5.1 Market Overview
  • 5.2 Market Performance
    • 5.2.1 Volume Trends
    • 5.2.2 Value Trends
  • 5.3 Impact of COVID-19
  • 5.4 Price Analysis
    • 5.4.1 Key Price Indicators
    • 5.4.2 Price Structure
    • 5.4.3 Price Trends
  • 5.5 Market Breakup by Flavor
  • 5.6 Market Breakup by Category
  • 5.7 Market Breakup by Product
  • 5.8 Market Breakup by Distribution Channel
  • 5.9 Market Breakup by Region
  • 5.10 Market Forecast
  • 5.11 SWOT Analysis
    • 5.11.1 Overview
    • 5.11.2 Strengths
    • 5.11.3 Weaknesses
    • 5.11.4 Opportunities
    • 5.11.5 Threats
  • 5.12 Value Chain Analysis
    • 5.12.1 Raw Material Procurement
    • 5.12.2 Manufacturing
    • 5.12.3 Marketing
    • 5.12.4 Distribution
    • 5.12.5 Exports
    • 5.12.6 End-Use
  • 5.13 Porter's Five Forces Analysis
    • 5.13.1 Overview
    • 5.13.2 Bargaining Power of Buyers
    • 5.13.3 Bargaining Power of Suppliers
    • 5.13.4 Degree of Competition
    • 5.13.5 Threat of New Entrants
    • 5.13.6 Threat of Substitutes
  • 5.14 Key Success Factors and Risk Factors

6 Market Breakup by Flavor

  • 6.1 Chocolate
    • 6.1.1 Market Trends
    • 6.1.2 Market Forecast
  • 6.2 Fruit
    • 6.2.1 Market Trends
    • 6.2.2 Market Forecast
  • 6.3 Vanilla
    • 6.3.1 Market Trends
    • 6.3.2 Market Forecast
  • 6.4 Others
    • 6.4.1 Market Trends
    • 6.4.2 Market Forecast

7 Market Breakup by Category

  • 7.1 Impulse Ice Cream
    • 7.1.1 Market Trends
    • 7.1.2 Market Forecast
  • 7.2 Take-Home Ice Cream
    • 7.2.1 Market Trends
    • 7.2.2 Market Forecast
  • 7.3 Artisanal Ice Cream
    • 7.3.1 Market Trends
    • 7.3.2 Market Forecast

8 Market Breakup by Product

  • 8.1 Cup
    • 8.1.1 Market Trends
    • 8.1.2 Market Forecast
  • 8.2 Stick
    • 8.2.1 Market Trends
    • 8.2.2 Market Forecast
  • 8.3 Cone
    • 8.3.1 Market Trends
    • 8.3.2 Market Forecast
  • 8.4 Brick
    • 8.4.1 Market Trends
    • 8.4.2 Market Forecast
  • 8.5 Tub
    • 8.5.1 Market Trends
    • 8.5.2 Market Forecast
  • 8.6 Others
    • 8.6.1 Market Trends
    • 8.6.2 Market Forecast

9 Market Breakup by Distribution Channel

  • 9.1 Supermarkets/Hypermarkets
    • 9.1.1 Market Trends
    • 9.1.2 Market Forecast
  • 9.2 Convenience stores
    • 9.2.1 Market Trends
    • 9.2.2 Market Forecast
  • 9.3 Ice cream Parlours
    • 9.3.1 Market Trends
    • 9.3.2 Market Forecast
  • 9.4 Online Stores
    • 9.4.1 Market Trends
    • 9.4.2 Market Forecast
  • 9.5 Others
    • 9.5.1 Market Trends
    • 9.5.2 Market Forecast

10 Market Breakup by Region

  • 10.1 Asia-Pacific
    • 10.1.1 Market Trends
    • 10.1.2 Market Forecast
  • 10.2 North America
    • 10.2.1 Market Trends
    • 10.2.2 Market Forecast
  • 10.3 Europe
    • 10.3.1 Market Trends
    • 10.3.2 Market Forecast
  • 10.4 Latin America
    • 10.4.1 Market Trends
    • 10.4.2 Market Forecast
  • 10.5 Middle East and Africa
    • 10.5.1 Market Trends
    • 10.5.2 Market Forecast

11 Competitive Landscape

  • 11.1 Market Structure
  • 11.2 Key Players

12 Ice Cream Manufacturing Process

  • 12.1 Product Overview
  • 12.2 Detailed Process Flow
  • 12.3 Various Types of Unit Operations Involved
  • 12.4 Mass Balance and Raw Material Requirements

13 Project Details, Requirements and Costs Involved

  • 13.1 Land Requirements and Expenditures
  • 13.2 Construction Requirements and Expenditures
  • 13.3 Plant Machinery
  • 13.4 Machinery Pictures
  • 13.5 Raw Material Requirements and Expenditures
  • 13.6 Raw Material and Final Product Pictures
  • 13.7 Packaging Requirements and Expenditures
  • 13.8 Transportation Requirements and Expenditures
  • 13.9 Utility Requirements and Expenditures
  • 13.10 Manpower Requirements and Expenditures
  • 13.11 Other Capital Investments

14 Loans and Financial Assistance

15 Project Economics

  • 15.1 Capital Cost of the Project
  • 15.2 Techno-Economic Parameters
  • 15.3 Product Pricing and Margins Across Various Levels of the Supply Chain
  • 15.4 Taxation and Depreciation
  • 15.5 Income Projections
  • 15.6 Expenditure Projections
  • 15.7 Financial Analysis
  • 15.8 Profit Analysis

16 Key Player Profiles

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